Hanza Media is the leading media company in Croatia and Southeast Europe, with 5 daily newspapers and more than 30 magazines. According to Media Market Monitor, it is the largest and fastest growing media company in Southeast Europe. EPHs book publishing division sold more than 20 million books in the last few years, hanza Media has strong national and international operations and is involved in printed media distribution, media production and tourism. EPH did not timely nor successfully adapt to market and financial crisis hit the newspaper industry after 2008. Faced with the impossibility of regular loan repayment, the ownership reached in February 2014 a pre-failure settlement with creditors, so 90 percent of the share passed into the hands of the Hypo Group, which soon sold its share to the local attorney Marijan Hanžeković. Founded in 1990 by Ninoslav Pavić and his partners, Europapress Holdings first publication was the news magazine Globus. First published in December 1990, Globus was originally devised as a tabloid, low circulation and financial losses marked its first year in print.
However, with the start of the Croatian War of Independence, Globus instantly shifted its focus and it was the first publication to report war crimes committed by Serbian forces against Croats in Croatia. Later on, in mid and late 1990s, Globus started writing about the aspects of privatization in Croatia, organized crime. As such, Globus is credited for introducing investigative and independent journalism in Croatia, ever since its founding, Globus remained the most influential political magazine in Croatia. In 1996, Playboy Enterprises and Europapress Holding announced a partnership to launch a new edition of Playboy magazine in Croatia, Playboy Croatia officially launched with its February/March 1997 issue. EPH sold its rights on Playboy and Grazia in 2010, in 1998, Europapress Holding decided to start Jutarnji list, a modern daily newspaper with progressive social views. It was launched in April 1998, being the first successful daily newspaper to appear after Croatian independence and it was named after a Zagreb daily that used to circulate before WW2.
It quickly took the share of Croatian media market and became one of the most read newspapers in country. Today, its circulation is about 115,000, in 1999, Europapress holding bought Sportske novosti, the only sports daily in Croatia and one of the leading sports newspapers in Europe. On 30 December 2005 Zvonimir Boban was appointed CEO of Sportske novosti, Boban resigned from his position in December 2008 due to his long-standing dissatisfaction with the editorial board. On 1 March 2003, a bomb exploded under the car of Nino Pavić, Pavić was not in the car when the bomb exploded. No one was hurt, but the investigation failed to trace the attacker or attackers
A newspaper is a serial publication containing news about current events, other informative articles about politics, arts, and so on, and advertising. A newspaper is usually, but not exclusively, printed on relatively inexpensive, the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves often metonymically called newspapers. As of 2017, most newspapers are now published online as well as in print, the online versions are called online newspapers or news websites. Newspapers are typically published daily or weekly, News magazines are weekly, but they have a magazine format. General-interest newspapers typically publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news, typically the paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings. Papers include articles which have no byline, these articles are written by staff writers, a wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. As of 2017, newspapers may provide information about new movies, most newspapers are businesses, and they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, and advertising revenue.
Some newspapers are government-run or at least government-funded, their reliance on advertising revenue, the editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government. Some newspapers with high editorial independence, high quality. This is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world, circa 2005, there were approximately 6,580 daily newspaper titles in the world selling 395 million print copies a day. Worldwide annual revenue approached $100 billion in 2005-7, plunged during the financial crisis of 2008-9. Revenue in 2016 fell to only $53 billion, hurting every major publisher as their efforts to gain online income fell far short of the goal. Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has challenged the business models of the era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more specifically, journalism. In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles from online newspapers.
Increasing paywalling of online newspapers may be counteracting those effects, the oldest newspaper still published is the Gazzetta di Mantova, which was established in Mantua in 1664. While online newspapers have increased access to newspapers by people with Internet access, literacy is a factor which prevents people who cannot read from being able to benefit from reading newspapers. Periodicity, They are published at intervals, typically daily or weekly. This ensures that newspapers can provide information on newly-emerging news stories or events, Its information is as up to date as its publication schedule allows
Gloria is a Croatian language weekly womens magazine published in Zagreb, Croatia. As of 2007, it was the weekly magazine in Croatia. Gloria was first published on 8 February 1994, the magazine is published on a weekly basis. With a circulation of 130,000 copies in 2007, Gloria was the weekly magazine in Croatia. A significant part of the circulation is sold in Bosnia. Glorias focus is coverage of the jet set, as well as Croatian high society events. Like many other magazines, Gloria has columns on beauty, fashion trends. One of the regular columnists was Žuži Jelinek
Prime Minister of Croatia
Following the first-time establishment of the office in 1945, the 1990-2001 semi-presidential period is the only exception where the President of Croatia held de facto authority. In the formal Croatian order of precedence, the position of minister is the third highest state office, after the President of the Republic. Since 2000, the minister has had various added constitutional powers and is mentioned before the Government itself in the text of the Constitution. The current Prime Minister of Croatia is Andrej Plenković, the Government of Croatia meets in Banski dvori, a historical building located on the west side of St. The official name of the office, literally translated, is President of the Government, when the office was first established in 1945, the name President of the Government was introduced. The name of the office was changed 8 years with the Yugoslav constitutional reforms of 1953, after another round of constitutional reforms in 1990, the office was renamed back to its original 1945-1953 title of President of the Government.
For all periods, the term Prime Minister is colloquially used in English-language usage, the Royal Government of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia was headed by Ban, who represented the King. The first head of government of Croatia as a constituent republic of Federal Peoples Republic of Yugoslavia was Vladimir Bakarić, the position was then, as it is today, the most powerful public office in the state. In post-World War II Socialist Republic of Croatia, a single-party system was in place, during this time there were twelve heads of government, all from the ranks of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, which was reformed and renamed into the League of Communists of Yugoslavia in 1952. The federal party was organized into six sub-organizations - the republic parties, the office remained the central post of Croatian politics in spite of the institution of a collective Presidency in 1974. During this period, lasting until constitutional amendments in late 2000, the first Prime Minister of Croatia since the 1990 constitutional reforms was Stjepan Mesić, assuming office on 30 May 1990.
Croatia proclaimed independence from Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991 following the May 1991 independence referendum, the country signed the July 1991 Brijuni Agreement in which it agreed to postpone the formal declaration of independence for three months. Meanwhile, the Croatian War of Independence ensued, and Franjo Gregurić was appointed to lead a Government of National Unity, in October the same year, Croatia formally declared independence, with Gregurić continuing on as the first prime minister of Croatia after the secession from Yugoslavia. The Prime Minister again became the foremost post in Croatian politics, to date there have been twelve Prime Ministers who have chaired 14 governments since the first multi-party elections. Nine Prime Ministers were members of the Croatian Democratic Union during their terms of office, two were members of the Social Democratic Party and one was not a member of any political party
Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, is a sovereign state between Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. Its capital city is Zagreb, which one of the countrys primary subdivisions. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometres and has diverse, mostly continental, Croatias Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand islands. The countrys population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats, the Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croatia during the early part of the 7th century AD. They organised the state into two duchies by the 9th century, tomislav became the first king by 925, elevating Croatia to the status of a kingdom. The Kingdom of Croatia retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries, reaching its peak during the rule of Kings Petar Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir, Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102. In 1527, faced with Ottoman conquest, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I of the House of Habsburg to the Croatian throne. In 1918, after World War I, Croatia was included in the unrecognized State of Slovenes and Serbs which seceded from Austria-Hungary, a fascist Croatian puppet state backed by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany existed during World War II.
After the war, Croatia became a member and a federal constituent of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. On 25 June 1991 Croatia declared independence, which came wholly into effect on 8 October of the same year, the Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully during the four years following the declaration. A unitary state, Croatia is a republic governed under a parliamentary system, the International Monetary Fund classified Croatia as an emerging and developing economy, and the World Bank identified it as a high-income economy. Croatia is a member of the European Union, United Nations, the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization, the service sector dominates Croatias economy, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. Tourism is a significant source of revenue during the summer, with Croatia ranked the 18th most popular tourist destination in the world, the state controls a part of the economy, with substantial government expenditure. The European Union is Croatias most important trading partner, since 2000, the Croatian government constantly invests in infrastructure, especially transport routes and facilities along the Pan-European corridors.
Internal sources produce a significant portion of energy in Croatia, the rest is imported, the origin of the name is uncertain, but is thought to be a Gothic or Indo-Aryan term assigned to a Slavic tribe. The oldest preserved record of the Croatian ethnonym *xъrvatъ is of variable stem, the first attestation of the Latin term is attributed to a charter of Duke Trpimir from the year 852. The original is lost, and just a 1568 copy is preserved—leading to doubts over the authenticity of the claim, the oldest preserved stone inscription is the 9th-century Branimir Inscription, where Duke Branimir is styled as Dux Cruatorvm. The inscription is not believed to be dated accurately, but is likely to be from during the period of 879–892, the area known as Croatia today was inhabited throughout the prehistoric period
A writer is a person who uses written words in various styles and techniques to communicate their ideas. Writers texts are published across a range of media, skilled writers who are able to use language to express ideas well often contribute significantly to the cultural content of a society. The word is used elsewhere in the arts – such as songwriter – but as a standalone term. Some writers work from an oral tradition, Writers can produce material across a number of genres, fictional or non-fictional. Other writers use multiple media – for example, graphics or illustration – to enhance the communication of their ideas, some writers may use images or multimedia to augment their writing. In rare instances, creative writers are able to communicate their ideas via music as well as words, as well as producing their own written works, writers often write on how they write, why they write, and comment on the work of other writers. Writers work professionally or non-professionally, that is, for payment or without payment and may be either in advance.
Payment is only one of the motivations of writers and many are never paid for their work, Writers choose from a range of literary genres to express their ideas. Most writing can be adapted for use in another medium, for example, a writers work may be read privately or recited or performed in a play or film. Satire for example, may be written as a poem, an essay, a film, the writer of a letter may include elements of criticism, biography, or journalism. The genre sets the parameters but all kinds of creative adaptation have been attempted, novel to film, poem to play, Writers may begin their career in one genre and change to another. For example, historian William Dalrymple began in the genre of travel literature, many writers have produced both fiction and non-fiction works and others write in a genre that crosses the two. For example, writers of romances, such as Georgette Heyer, invent characters. In this genre, the accuracy of the history and the level of detail in the work both tend to be debated.
Some writers write both fiction and serious analysis, sometimes using different names to separate their work. Dorothy Sayers, for example, wrote crime fiction but was a playwright, translator, poets make maximum use of the language to achieve an emotional and sensory effect as well as a cognitive one. To create these effects, they use rhyme and rhythm and they exploit the properties of words with a range of techniques such as alliteration. A common theme is love and its vicissitudes, Shakespeares famous love story Romeo and Juliet, for example, written in a variety of poetic forms, has been performed in innumerable theatres and made into at least eight cinematic versions
Zadarski list is a Croatian daily newspaper. It is the first daily published in Zadar. Zadarski list started on 3 November 1994 as a weekly, at that time, it was focused on the news from Zadar and the Zadar County, reaching a circulation of 12,000. Zadarski list became a newspaper on 21 December 1998, and switched to wider coverage of events in Croatia
Narodne novine is the official gazette of the Republic of Croatia which publishes laws, regulations and official decisions and releases them in the public domain. It is published by the public company. The Narodne novine started as the Novine Horvatzke, first published on January 6,1835 by Ljudevit Gaj, who created and printed the paper. The first usage of the term Narodne novine was in 1843, Gaj sold the original publishing company to the government in 1868. The current incarnation of the company was founded in 1952. In 2001 the company became a public company, on publication, legislation begins a brief period known as vacatio legis, allowing for it to become widely known before taking legal effect
Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality. Liberalism first became a political movement during the Age of Enlightenment. Liberalism rejected the social and political norms of hereditary privilege, state religion, absolute monarchy. The 17th-century philosopher John Locke is often credited with founding liberalism as a philosophical tradition. Locke argued that man has a natural right to life and property. Liberals opposed traditional conservatism and sought to replace absolutism in government with representative democracy, prominent revolutionaries in the Glorious Revolution, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution used liberal philosophy to justify the armed overthrow of what they saw as tyrannical rule. Liberalism started to spread rapidly especially after the French Revolution, the 19th century saw liberal governments established in nations across Europe, South America, and North America. During the 20th century, liberal ideas spread even further as liberal democracies found themselves on the side in both world wars.
In Europe and North America, the establishment of social liberalism became a key component in the expansion of the welfare state, liberal parties continue to wield power and influence throughout the world. Words such as liberal, liberty and libertine all trace their history to the Latin liber, which means free. One of the first recorded instances of the word occurs in 1375. The words early connection with the education of a medieval university soon gave way to a proliferation of different denotations and connotations. In 16th century England, liberal could have positive or negative attributes in referring to someones generosity or indiscretion, in Much Ado About Nothing, Shakespeare wrote of a liberal villaine who hath. confest his vile encounters. With the rise of the Enlightenment, the word acquired decisively more positive undertones, being defined as free from narrow prejudice in 1781, in 1815, the first use of the word liberalism appeared in English. In Spain, the Liberales, the first group to use the label in a political context.
From 1820 to 1823, during the Trienio Liberal, King Ferdinand VII was compelled by the liberales to swear to uphold the Constitution, by the middle of the 19th century, liberal was used as a politicised term for parties and movements worldwide. Over time, the meaning of the word began to diverge in different parts of the world. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, In the United States, liberalism is associated with the policies of the New Deal programme of the Democratic administration of Pres