click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

KDKA-TV

KDKA-TV, virtual channel 2, is a CBS owned-and-operated television station licensed to Pittsburgh, United States. The station is owned by the CBS Television Stations subsidiary of ViacomCBS, as part of a duopoly with Jeannette-licensed CW owned-and-operated station WPCW; the two stations share studios at the Gateway Center in downtown Pittsburgh. On cable, the station is carried on Comcast Xfinity channel 6, Verizon FiOS channel 2. KDKA-TV is available on cable in parts of the Johnstown–Altoona, Wheeling–Steubenville and Youngstown markets, as well as several other out-of-market cable systems in northwestern Pennsylvania, northwestern Maryland and east-central Ohio, north-central West Virginia; the farthest south KDKA-TV is carried on cable is in Beverly, West Virginia. The station went on the air on January 11, 1949, as WDTV on channel 3, it was the 51st television station in the U. S. the third and last DuMont-owned station to sign on the air, behind WABD in New York City and WTTG in Washington, D.

C. and the first owned-and-operated station in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. To mark the occasion, a live television special aired that day from 8:30 to 11 p.m. on WDTV, which began with a one-hour local program broadcast from Syria Mosque in Pittsburgh. The remainder of the show featured live segments from DuMont, CBS, NBC, ABC with Arthur Godfrey, Milton Berle, DuMont host Ted Steele, many other celebrities; the station represented a milestone in the television industry, providing the link between the Midwestern and East Coast stations which included 13 other cities able to receive live telecasts from Boston to St. Louis for the first time.. WDTV was one of the last stations to receive a construction permit before the Federal Communications Commission-imposed four-year freeze on new television station licenses; when the release of the FCC's Sixth Report and Order ended the license freeze in 1952, DuMont was forced to give up its channel 3 allocation to alleviate interference with nearby stations broadcasting on the frequency, notably NBC-owned WNBK in Cleveland, who itself moved to the frequency to avoid interference with stations in Columbus and Detroit.

WDTV moved its facilities to channel 2 on November 23, 1952. Shortly after moving, it was the first station in the country to broadcast 24 hours a day, seven days a week, advertising that its 1:00–7:00 a.m. Swing Shift Theatre served the "200,000 workers who finish shift work at midnight." DuMont's network of stations on coaxial cable stretched from Boston to St. Louis; these stations were linked together via AT&T's coaxial cable feed with the sign-on of WDTV allowing the network to broadcast live programming to all the stations at the same time. Stations not yet connected to the coaxial cable received kinescope recordings via physical delivery; until the end of the freeze, WDTV's only competition came in the form of distant signals from stations in Johnstown, Altoona and Youngstown. However, Pittsburgh saw two UHF stations launch during 1953—ABC affiliate WENS-TV, WKJF-TV, an independent station. At the time, UHF stations could not be viewed without the aid of an expensive, set-top converter, the picture quality was marginal at best with one.

UHF stations in the area faced an additional problem because Pittsburgh is located in a somewhat rugged dissected plateau, the reception of UHF stations is poor in such terrain. These factors played a role in the short-lived existences of both WKJF and WENS. Although Pittsburgh was the sixth largest market in the country, the other VHF stations in town were slow to develop; this was because the major cities in the Upper Ohio Valley are so close together that they must share the VHF band. After the FCC lifted the license freeze in 1952, it refused to grant any new commercial VHF construction permits to Pittsburgh in order to give the smaller cities in the area a chance to get on the air. WDTV had a de facto monopoly on Pittsburgh television. Like its sister stations WABD and WTTG, it was far stronger than the DuMont network as a whole. According to network general manager Ted Bergmann, WDTV brought in $4 million a year, more than enough to keep the network afloat. Owning the only viewable station in such a large market gave DuMont considerable leverage in getting its programs cleared in large markets where it did not have an affiliate.

As CBS, NBC and ABC had secondary affiliations with WDTV, this was a strong incentive to stations in large markets to clear DuMont's programs or risk losing valuable advertising in the sixth-largest market. NBC affiliates from Johnstown and Wheeling were able to be received in Pittsburgh and a CBS affiliate from Steubenville, Ohio was able to be received there as well. CBS, in fact attempted to purchase WSTV-TV's license before it went on the air and move its channel 9 allocation to Pittsburgh due to the close proximity between Pittsburgh and Steubenville, but the FCC turned CBS down; the Wheeling/Steubenville TV market, despite its close proximity to Pittsburgh and overlapping signals, remains a se

Ozell Miller Trask

Ozell Miller Trask was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Born in Wakita, Trask received an Artium Baccalaureus degree from Washburn University in 1931 where he was a member of the Kansas Beta chapter of Phi Delta Theta and initiated into Sagamore, Washburn's most exclusive honor society. Trask was a finalist for the Rhodes Scholarship in 1929, he received a Bachelor of Laws from Harvard Law School in 1934. He entered private practice in Kansas City, Missouri in 1934 moving his practice to Phoenix, where he continued until 1969. On June 26, 1969, Trask was nominated by President Richard Nixon to a new seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit created by 82 Stat. 184. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 12, 1969, received his commission on September 16, 1969, he assumed senior status on October 31, 1979, serving in that capacity until his death on May 5, 1984. Ozell Miller Trask at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center

Alfords Point Bridge

Alfords Point Bridge is a twin 445-metre-long concrete and steel box girder road bridge that carries state route A6 across the lower Georges River between Padstow Heights in the City of Bankstown and Alfords Point in the Sutherland Shire in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The first bridge opened on 7 September 1973 and although the deck was built wide enough to accommodate three lanes of traffic, carried one lane of traffic in each direction. In 1980 the lane arrangements on the bridge were changed to provide a third lane, a tidal-flow traffic management system was introduced, with two lanes northbound in the morning and two lanes southbound in the evenings; when the first bridge was built, a second set of piles and abutments was built a few metres downstream, allowing for future duplication. The second bridge was opened for southbound traffic on 22 August 2008, leaving the first bridge for northbound use only. There are two other road crossings over Georges River downstream of the Alfords Point Bridge: the Captain Cook Bridge, which opened in 1965 and Tom Uglys Bridge, which opened in 1929.

Captain Cook Bridge connects Sans Souci to Taren Point. Tom Uglys Bridge connects Blakehurst to Sylvania; the bridge was built as the last link in the Hornsby-Heathcote county road, serves a metropolitan function. Construction of the bridge allowed the decommissioning of Lugarno ferry, which had operated since 1843 on Surveyor-General Thomas Mitchell's line of the Illawarra Road; the ferry had operated between Illawong. List of bridges in Sydney

Parallel database

A parallel database system seeks to improve performance through parallelization of various operations, such as loading data, building indexes and evaluating queries. Although data may be stored in a distributed fashion, the distribution is governed by performance considerations. Parallel databases improve processing and input/output speeds by using multiple CPUs and disks in parallel. Centralized and client–server database systems are not powerful enough to handle such applications. In parallel processing, many operations are performed as opposed to serial processing, in which the computational steps are performed sequentially. Parallel databases can be divided into two groups, the first group of architecture is the multiprocessor architecture, the alternatives of which are the following: Shared memory architecture Where multiple processors share the main memory space but each processor has its own disk. If many processes run the speed is reduced, the same as a computer when many parallel tasks run and the computer slows down.

Shared disk architecture Where each node has its own main memory, but all nodes share mass storage a storage area network. In practice, each node also has multiple processors. Shared nothing architecture; the other architecture group is called hybrid architecture, which includes: Non-Uniform Memory Architecture, which involves the non-uniform memory access. Cluster, formed by a group of connected computers.in this switches or hubs are used to connect different computers its most cheapest way and simplest way only simple topologies are used to connect different computers. Much smarter. Interquery parallelism Independent parallelism – Execution of each operation individually in different processors only if they can be executed independent of each other. For example, if we need to join four tables two can be joined at one processor and the other two can be joined at another processor. Final join can be done later. Pipe-lined parallelism – Execution of different operations in pipe-lined fashion. For example, if we need to join three tables, one processor may join two tables and send the result set records as and when they are produced to the other processor.

In the other processor the third table can be joined with the incoming records and the final result can be produced. Intraoperation parallelism – Execution of single complex or large operations in parallel in multiple processors. For example, ORDER BY clause of a query that tries to execute on millions of records can be parallelized on multiple processors

United States military ration

The United States military ration refers to various preparations and packages of food provided to feed members of the armed forces. U. S. military rations are made for quick distribution and eating in the field and tend to have long storage times in adverse conditions due to being thickly packaged and/or shelf-stable. The current ration is Ready-to-Eat. From the Revolutionary War to the Spanish–American War, the United States army ration, as decreed by the Continental Congress, was the garrison ration, which consisted of meat or salt fish, bread or hardtack, vegetables. There was a spirit ration. In 1785, it was set at four ounces of rum, reduced to two ounces of whiskey, brandy, or rum in 1790. In 1794, troops about to enter combat or who were engaged in frontier service could receive a double ration of four ounces of rum or whiskey, it was discontinued in 1832 and replaced with a ration of coffee and sugar, increased in 1836. In 1846, a spirit ration was reinstated for issue to troops engaged in construction or surveying duties.

During the American Civil War, both armies struggled to keep their soldiers adequately fed. Difficulties with food logistics led to a multitude of rations. In World War I three types of rations came into usage by the American forces: the Reserve ration, the Trench ration, the Emergency ration; the first attempt to make an individual ration for issue to soldiers in the field was the "iron ration", first introduced in 1907. It consisted of three three ounce cakes, three one ounce bars of sweetened chocolate, packets of salt and pepper, issued in a sealed tin packet that weighed one pound, it was designed for emergency use. It was discontinued by the adoption of the "Reserve Ration" but its findings went into the development of the emergency D-ration; this ration was issued in the early part of the war to address a problem. Soldiers fighting in the front lines needed to be supplied with their daily rations, but cooked food prepared at field kitchens was sometimes spoiled by gas attacks; the trench ration was the answer.

It was a variety of canned meats that were commercially procured and sealed in a large tin box covered in canvas. It was bulky and heavy and the soldiers began to get weary of the limited menu and it was soon replaced by the Reserve Ration; the reserve ration was first issued during the latter part of World War I to feed troops who were away from a garrison or field kitchen. It consisted of 12 ounces of fresh bacon or one pound of canned meat known as the Meat Ration—usually, corned beef. Additionally, two 8-ounce cans of hard bread or hardtack biscuits, a packet of 1.16 ounces of pre-ground coffee, a packet of 2.4 ounces of granulated sugar, a packet of 0.16 ounces of salt were issued. There was a separate "tobacco ration" of 0.4 ounces of tobacco and 10 cigarette rolling papers replaced by brand-name machine-rolled cigarettes. After the war, there were attempts to improve the ration based on input from the field. In 1922, the Meat Ration was revised; this was supplemented by hard chocolate, 14 ounces of hard bread or hardtack biscuits and sugar.

In 1925, the Meat Ration was changed, removing the dried beef in favor of canned pork and beans, reducing the bread component. The corned beef allowance was reduced in size. In 1936, menu planners attempted to introduce more variety by developing an alternate Meat Ration consisting of an "A"-menu and a "B"-menu; the A & B Reserve or combat ration was canceled after being superseded in 1938 by the Field Ration, Type C. After 1918, the army ration system went through several revisions leading to the: A-ration: Garrison Ration. Fresh, frozen food prepared in dining halls or field kitchens; the most valued of all rations. B-ration: Field Ration. Canned, packaged, or preserved foods prepared in field kitchens without refrigeration. C-ration: Individual Ration. A complete pre-cooked, ready-to-eat canned individual meal. K-ration: Individual Ration. Designed as a short duration individual "assault" ration for paratroopers and other specialized light infantry forces. Declared obsolete in 1948. D-ration: Emergency Ration.

Bars of concentrated chocolate combined with other ingredients to provide high calorie content. A-rations were whatever meat and produce could be obtained locally, so there could be great variety from one theatre of operations to the next. B-rations were used when there was inadequate refrigeration for perishable A-rations; the composition of the D-ration did not change much throughout the war but the C-ration developed many variations. A- and B-rations were only served at bases or established camps in rear areas as they require cooking. C-rations could be eaten hot or cold and required no special preparation or storage, so these could be served anywhere. During the war a new ration for assault troops, the 2,830 calories K-ration, was developed. K-rations were intended to be used as short duration rations for only 2–3 days, but cost concerns and standardization led to its overuse, contributing in some cases to vitamin deficiencies and malnourishment. There were various other special rations developed for specific circumstances, including: Type X Ration 5-in-1 ration 1

Lanxi, Zhejiang

Lanxi, alternately known as Lanchi and Lanki, is a county-level city under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Jinhua in Zhejiang Province, China. The city executive and judiciary are at Lanjiang Subdistrict, together with the CPC and PSB branches; the town lies on a tributary of the Fuchun River, both north-flowing. The city's population was estimated at 104,000 inhabitants; the population was around 666,700 in 2013. Now is around 660,000. Huangdian Zhuge Majian Youbu Notice that Lanjiang Zhen had been cancelled and changed into Lanjiang Jiedao. Lanjiang Chixi Nyubu Notice that some of the area of Nyvbu had been accepted by Lanjiang Jiedao. Yunshan Yongchang Shanghua Shuiting She Ethnic Township Zhuge Village TRAVELZHEJIANG - The Official Travel Guide of Zhejiang Province