SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

KMFDM

KMFDM is a German industrial band from Hamburg led by multi-instrumentalist Sascha Konietzko, who founded the group in 1984 as a performance art project. The group's earliest incarnation included German drummer En Esch and British vocalist Raymond Watts, the latter of whom left and rejoined the group several times over its history; the trio recorded the band's earliest albums in Germany before Konietzko and Esch moved to the United States, where they found much greater success with seminal industrial record label Wax Trax!. German guitarist Günter Schulz joined in 1990. Konietzko resurrected KMFDM in 2002 on Metropolis Records, by 2005 he had assembled a consistent line-up that included American singer Lucia Cifarelli, British guitarists Jules Hodgson and Steve White, British drummer Andy Selway. Konietzko and Cifarelli moved back to Germany in 2007, while the rest of the band stayed in the U. S. Hodgson and White moved on to other pursuits between 2015 and 2017, leaving the band a working trio unofficially.

In addition to these core members, dozens of other musicians have worked with the group across its twenty studio albums and two dozen singles, with sales totaling in excess of two million records worldwide. Critics consider KMFDM to be one of the first bands to bring industrial music to mainstream audiences, though Konietzko refers to the band's music as "The Ultra-Heavy Beat"; the band incorporates heavy metal guitar riffs, electronic music and both male and female vocals in its music, which encompasses a variety of styles including industrial rock and electronic body music. The band is fiercely political, with many of its lyrics taking stands against violence and oppression. KMFDM tours at least once after every major release, band members are known for their accessibility to and interaction with fans, both online and at concerts. Members, singly or working together and with other musicians, have recorded under many other names Watts' Pig, Konietzko's Excessive Force, Esch and Schulz's Slick Idiot.

KMFDM was founded in Paris, France, on February 29, 1984, as a performance art project between Sascha Konietzko and German painter and multimedia artist Udo Sturm at the opening of an exhibition of young European artists at the Grand Palais. The first show consisted of Sturm playing an ARP 2600 synthesizer, Konietzko playing vacuum cleaners and bass guitars with their amplifiers spread throughout the building, four Polish coal miners pounding on the foundations of the Grand Palais. KMFDM is an initialism for the nonsensical and grammatically incorrect German phrase Kein Mehrheit Für Die Mitleid, keeping the same word order translates as "no majority for the pity", but is given the loose translation of "no pity for the majority". In the original phrase, the articles preceding the nouns Mehrheit and Mitleid are inflected for the wrong gender, as the proper declension would be Keine Mehrheit für das Mitleid. Swapping the two nouns yields the grammatically correct Kein Mitleid für die Mehrheit, which translates directly as "no pity for the majority".

In a 2003 interview, Konietzko explained the origins of the phrase: "On the morning of February 29th, 1984 I woke up and went down to breakfast at a hotel in Paris. We had a show that night opening for an exhibition for young European artists.... We needed a motto for the night so that we could post them around. There was a German newspaper on the table and so I started cutting out words and threw them all into a cap. We picked a few of them out and it read "Kein Mehrheit Für Die Mitleid". It's kinda improper German in regards to its translation but in the DA-DA-esque mindset of the early morning it made perfect sense. So when I was on my way back to Hamburg I'd mentioned it to Raymond, he liked it but he was having difficulty pronouncing it correctly. So he said,'Why don't you just call it KMFDM?' So, it. We were KMFDM." The initialism has jokingly been said to stand for "Kill Motherfucking Depeche Mode", coined by the band on their first U. S. tour and used as as Kunst. Sturm left early on, but Konietzko continued performing, at one point having twenty people in his troupe, which by was engaged in antics such as fire eating and throwing entrails at audiences.

Konietzko returned to Hamburg, where he joined up with Peter Missing in his new band Missing Foundation. Drummer Nicklaus Schandelmaier, who had moved to Hamburg from Frankfurt joined the group, took the stage name En Esch. Although the group did some live performances and Esch dropped out of Missing Foundation before any recordings were made and went back to work as KMFDM, collaborating with Hamburg-based studio owner Raymond Watts. Cassette copies of the band's first album, began circulating through the underground clubs and bars of Hamburg in 1984. KMFDM released its next album, What Do You Know, Deutschland?, in December 1986. It was recorded from 1983 to 1986, with some of the songs recorded by Konietzko and Watts before Esch was a member of the band, indeed, before the band existed. Skysaw Records gave the album a second UK release in 1987 and introduced the band to visual artist Aidan Hughes credited as Brute!. Hughes redesigned the album's cover, went on to design every KMFDM album cover.

Watts left the group after working on just three songs on 1988's Don't Blow Your Top to start his own project, Pig. After working the Hamburg underground music scene and releasing albums on European labels, t

2001 Belarusian Premier League

Belarusian Premier League 2001 was the 11th season of top-tier football in Belarus. It started on April 11 and ended on November 7, 2001. Slavia Mozyr were the defending champions. Due to league reduction from 16 to 14 teams, three worst placed teams in 2000 – Lida, Torpedo-Kadino Mogilev and Kommunalnik Slonim relegated to the First League, while only one team, winners of 2000 First League Molodechno, replaced them. Molodechno changed their name to Molodechno-2000 following the promotion. Naftan-Devon Novopolotsk shortened their name to Naftan Novopolotsk midway through 2001 season. Belshina Bobruisk won their 1st champions title and qualified for the next season's Champions League; the championship runners-up Dinamo 2001-02 Cup winners Gomel qualified for UEFA Cup. Teams finished on the last two places, Naftan Novopolotsk and Vedrich-97 Rechitsa relegated to the First League. 2001 Belarusian First League 2000–01 Belarusian Cup 2001–02 Belarusian Cup RSSSF

499th Fighter-Bomber Squadron

The 499th Fighter-Bomber Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 85th Fighter-Bomber Group stationed at Waycross Army Airfield, Georgia, it was inactivated on 1 May 1944. Constituted 305th Bombardment Squadron on 13 January 1942Activated on 10 February 1942 Redesignated: 305th Bombardment Squadron on 27 July 1942 Redesignated: 499th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 10 August 1943 Disbanded on 1 May 1944. 85th Bombardment Group, 10 February 1942 – 1 May 1944. Savannah AAB, Georgia, 10 February 1942 Bowman Field, Kentucky, 16 February 1942 Hunter Field, Georgia, 9 June 1942 Waycross AAF, Georgia, 15 August 1942 Gillespie Field, Tennessee, 3 October 1942 Blythe AAB, California, 2 November 1942 Rice AAF, California, 10 December 1942 Harding AAF, Louisiana, 8 April 1943 Waycross AAF, Georgia, 22 August 1943 Harris Neck AAF, Georgia, 20 September 1943 Waycross AAF, Georgia, 13 December 1943 – 1 May 1944 V-72 Vengeance, 1942 A-24 Dauntless, 1942–1943 North American A-36, 1943 P-39 Airacobra, 1943–1944 P-40 Warhawk, 1944 P-47 Thunderbolt, 1944 Participated in air-ground maneuvers, October 1942— April 1943, afterward served as a replacement training unit until 1 May 1944 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556