A drum kit — called a drum set, trap set, or drums — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments cymbals, which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum. A drum kit consists of a mix of drums and idiophones – most cymbals, but can include the woodblock and cowbell. In the 2000s, some kits include electronic instruments. Both hybrid and electronic kits are used. A standard modern kit, as used in popular music and taught in music schools, contains: A snare drum, mounted on a stand, placed between the player's knees and played with drum sticks A bass drum, played by a pedal operated by the right foot, which moves a felt-covered beater One or more toms, played with sticks or brushes A hi-hat, played with the sticks and closed with left foot pedal One or more cymbals, mounted on stands, played with the sticksAll of these are classified as non-pitched percussion, allowing the music to be scored using percussion notation, for which a loose semi-standardized form exists for both the drum kit and electronic drums.
The drum kit is played while seated on a stool known as a throne. While many instruments like the guitar or piano are capable of performing melodies and chords, most drum kits are unable to achieve this as they produce sounds of indeterminate pitch; the drum kit is a part of the standard rhythm section, used in many types of popular and traditional music styles, ranging from rock and pop to blues and jazz. Other standard instruments used in the rhythm section include the piano, electric guitar, electric bass, keyboards. Many drummers extend their kits from this basic configuration, adding more drums, more cymbals, many other instruments including pitched percussion. In some styles of music, particular extensions are normal. For example, some rock and heavy metal drummers make use of double bass drums, which can be achieved with either a second bass drum or a remote double foot pedal; some progressive drummers may include orchestral percussion such as gongs and tubular bells in their rig. Some performers, such as some rockabilly drummers, play small kits that omit elements from the basic setup.
Before the development of the drum set and cymbals used in military and orchestral music settings were played separately by different percussionists. In the 1840s, percussionists began to experiment with foot pedals as a way to enable them to play more than one instrument, but these devices would not be mass-produced for another 75 years. By the 1860s, percussionists started combining multiple drums into a set; the bass drum, snare drum and other percussion instruments were all struck with hand-held drum sticks. Drummers in musical theater shows and stage shows, where the budget for pit orchestras was limited, contributed to the creation of the drum set by developing techniques and devices that would enable them to cover the roles of multiple percussionists. Double-drumming was developed to enable one person to play the bass and snare with sticks, while the cymbals could be played by tapping the foot on a "low-boy". With this approach, the bass drum was played on beats one and three. While the music was first designed to accompany marching soldiers, this simple and straightforward drumming approach led to the birth of ragtime music when the simplistic marching beats became more syncopated.
This resulted in dance feel. The drum set was referred to as a "trap set", from the late 1800s to the 1930s, drummers were referred to as "trap drummers". By the 1870s, drummers were using an "overhang pedal". Most drummers in the 1870s preferred to do double drumming without any pedal to play multiple drums, rather than use an overhang pedal. Companies patented their pedal systems such as Dee Dee Chandler of New Orleans 1904–05. Liberating the hands for the first time, this evolution saw the bass drum played with the foot of a standing percussionist; the bass drum became the central piece around which every other percussion instrument would revolve. William F. Ludwig, Sr. and his brother, Theobald Ludwig, founded the Ludwig & Ludwig Co. in 1909 and patented the first commercially successful bass drum pedal system, paving the way for the modern drum kit. Wire brushes for use with drums and cymbals were introduced in 1912; the need for brushes arose due to the problem of the drum sound overshadowing the other instruments on stage.
Drummers began using metal fly swatters to reduce the volume on stage next to the other acoustic instruments. Drummers could still play the rudimentary snare figures and grooves with brushes that they would play with drumsticks. By World War I, drum kits were marching band-style military bass drums with many percussion items suspended on and around them. Drum kits became a central part of jazz Dixieland; the modern drum kit was developed in the vaudeville era during the 1920s in New Orleans. In 1917, a New Orleans band called "The Original Dixieland Jazz Band " recorded jazz tunes that became hits all o
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented. Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs music is referred to as a musician. A musician who plays a musical instrument is known as an instrumentalist. Musicians can specialize in any musical style, some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background. Examples of a musician's possible skills include performing, singing, producing, composing and the orchestration of music. In the Middle Ages, instrumental musicians performed with soft ensembles inside and loud instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church, they provided arrangements structured around Gregorian chant structure and Masses from church texts. Notable musicians Phillipe de Vitry Guillaume Dufay Guillaume de Machaut Hildegard of Bingen John Jenkins Beatritz de Dia Tyagaraja Purandara Dasa Bhimsen Joshi Bismillah Khan A. R. RAHMAN Renaissance musicians produced music that could be played during masses in churches and important chapels.
Vocal pieces were in Latin—the language of church texts of the time—and were Church-polyphonic or "made up of several simultaneous melodies." By the end of the 16th century, patronage split among many areas: the Catholic Church, Protestant churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, music printing—all provided income sources for composers. Notable musicians Giovanni Palestrina Giovanni Gabrieli Thomas Tallis Claudio Monteverdi Leonardo da Vinci The Baroque period introduced heavy use of counterpoint and basso continuo characteristics. Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the Renaissance style of music, emphasized much of the volume and pace of each piece. Notable musicians George Frideric Handel Johann Sebastian Bach Antonio Vivaldi Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class. Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies; because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared with the flourishing times of the Renaissance and Baroque eras.
Notable musicians Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Joseph Haydn Ludwig Van Beethoven The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is called the age of revolutions, an age of upheavals in political, economic and military traditions. This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution. A revolutionary energy was at the core of Romanticism, which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world; some major Romantic Period precepts survive, still affect modern culture. Notable musicians Ludwig van Beethoven Frédéric Chopin Franz Schubert Niccolò Paganini Franz Liszt Charles-Valentin Alkan Richard Wagner Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Johannes Brahms Johann Strauss II The world transitioned from 19th-century Romanticism to 20th century Modernism, bringing major musical changes. In 20th-century music and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated Romantic period, strove to represent the world the way they perceived it.
Musicians wrote to be"... objective. While past eras concentrated on spirituality, this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete."The advent of audio recording and mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of all kinds of music—pop, dance, folk and all forms of classical music. Musicians can experience a number of health problems related to the practice and performance of music; these can include tinnitus and noise-induced hearing loss, which occurs and over a long period of time, most musicians do not seek help until they start to experience secondary symptoms such as tinnitus, distortion of sounds and hyperacusis. In addition, musicians are at increased risk for both musculoskeletal and vocal health problems when producing high sound levels on musical instruments. Increased biomechanical demands, whether at the hands, embouchure, or vocal cords, elevates the risks for occupational health problems like tendonitis, carpal tunnel, rupture of facial muscles, vocal cord malfunction.
Singer Composer Tour manager Musicians' or'Hi-Fi' earplugs Media related to Musicians at Wikimedia Commons
Swallow the Sun
Swallow the Sun is a Finnish extreme metal band. Their death-doom style emphasizes atmosphere. Swallow the Sun was formed in early 2000 by Juha Raivio, soon joined by Pasi Pasanen, they rehearsed a couple of songs, one of them being "Through Her Silvery Body" which would end up on their first demo,Out of This Gloomy Light. In 2001 Markus Jämsen, whom Raivio and Pasanen knew from their earlier bands, joined as a second guitarist, Mikko Kotamäki from Funeris Nocturnum as singer. In the spring of 2002 they started arranging songs for the demo Out of This Gloomy Light, recorded in January 2003 at Sam's Workshop with Sami Kokko, who mixed the demo. A record deal with Firebox Records was signed a few months after the recordings of the demo, Swallow the Sun entered studio at late July 2003. During the following three weeks they recorded their debut album, The Morning Never Came. In February 2005, Swallow the Sun released Ghosts of Loss, their single, "Forgive Her..." gained fourth place on the Finnish Top 20 singles chart in its first week of release, stayed on the charts for six weeks.
Their album entered the charts as well: System of a Down. During the year 2006 they did a small European tour. In January 2007 they released their third album, which includes a cover version of the Timo Rautiainen & Trio Niskalaukaus song "Alavilla mailla" as a bonus track on the digipack edition, sung by Tomi Joutsen, the frontman of fellow Finnish metal band, Amorphis. There is a guest appearance by Jonas Renkse of Katatonia on the song "The Justice of Suffering." They went on a US tour with Katatonia, Scar Symmetry and Insomnium in late 2007. In September 2008, they released an EP called Plague of Butterflies, followed by a December tour of the UK of ten live shows supporting Apocalyptica. On May 18, 2009 Kai Hahto of Wintersun joined Swallow the Sun to fill the void left by former drummer Pasi Pasanen. Kai Hahto did the drums on their next album, entitled New Moon, Produced by Jens Bogren, the album was released on November 9, 2009; the fifth studio album Emerald Forest and the Blackbird was released February 1, 2012, on Spinefarm Records.
Swallow the Sun released Songs from the North I, II & III on November 13, 2015. On the album Juuso Raatikainen replaced Kai Hahto as full-time drummer as Hahto was filling in on Nightwish's 2015 album and tour. However, Hahto resigned. In November 2018, the band announced on their official Facebook page that their seventh album would be released on January 25, 2019, through Century Media Records, along with the album's track list. One single was released on December 21, 2018, titled "Lumina Aurea", featuring Wardruna's Einar Selvik and The Foreshadowing's Marco I. Benevento. "Descending Winters" "Don't Fall Asleep" "Doomed to Walk the Earth" "Falling World" "Cathedral Walls" "Rooms and Shadows" "Lumina Aurea" "Firelights" Out of This Gloomy Light Official web site Official Fan Club Interview with Juha Raivio and Matti Honkonen received on 08/09/2010 Interview with Juha Raivio for "Emerald Forest and the Blackbird" published on 02/25/2012
Jukka Antero "Julius" Nevalainen is the drummer in the Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish and the Finnish progressive metal band Sethian. He spent his early years in the city of Kitee, his music teacher at school told him that a new educational program for music was opening, he thought Nevalainen would fit in well as a drummer. He lacked a suitable place to practice, his first band was "The Highway" but he joined his first real band at the age of 15–16. The band was restricted to practice only a couple of days a week. After he left that band, he joined up with Emppu Vuorinen and they got a permanent practice place. Nevalainen lives with daughter Luna and son Niki in Joensuu, Finland, his second daughter Lara was born on 22 June 2010. He is a vegetarian. At the age of 17, Vuorinen had been contacted by the songwriter and keyboard-player Tuomas Holopainen. Holopainen wanted to start an acoustic music project that would become Nightwish and they needed a drummer, at which point Vuorinen recommended Nevalainen to him.
After the early years of the band, Nevalainen got a new professional drum kit. He used that kit from the album Wishmaster to the end of the Once world tour in 2005, he is endorsed by Tama drums, Paiste cymbals and Pro-Mark sticks. He has a side-project. On 6 August 2014, it was announced that Nevalainen would not be able to take part of Nightwish's eighth album and its subsequent tour due to insomnia, thus making the album Endless Forms Most Beautiful the first Nightwish recording without his participation. Nevalainen still handles the day-to-day affairs of the band, though. Kai Hahto took his place on the subsequent tour, he returned to perform one song during their unofficial 20th-anniversary concert in August 2016 at Himos Park in Jämsä, Finland Tama Starclassic Maple drums: 22"x18" Bass drum 6"x14" Starclassic G Maple Snare drum 9"x10" Tom 10"x12" Tom 14"x14" Floor Tom 16"x16" Floor TomPaiste Cymbals: RUDE 18" china Signature 14" medium hi-hat 2002 18" wild crash 2002 19" wild crash Signature 8" splash 2002 10" wild splash 2002 20" wild crash Signature 21" dry heavy ride Signature 13" sound edge hi-hat 2002 18" wild crash RUDE 18" chinaDrumsticks: Promark: Promark 5B drumsticksDrumheads: Remo: Uses Remo Controlled Sound Clear and Clear Emperor drumheads Nightwish Official Site
Time I is the second full-length album by the Finnish metal band Wintersun. It was scheduled for release in November 2006, but ended up being marred by many delays, it was released on October 2012 via Nuclear Blast. As of the commencement of recording, Jari Mäenpää stated that the album length would run over 65 minutes, that it would be a concept album. Furthermore, according to Mäenpää, the album's sound was to be intricate; each song was said to contain about 200 tracks. The album's complexity was one of the main reasons for its slow production process; as of April 2007, drums and all the guitars had been recorded. Kai Hahto stated on the official site that due to studio intervention, progress was being made, but announced that they would not be giving any more release dates at that time, so as not to disappoint fans if they were not met; as a teaser for the upcoming album, Wintersun ended their Metalcamp 2008 set with a 15-second preview of "Sons of Winter and Stars". On February 27, 2009, Mäenpää announced through Wintersun's official website that the band would cancel all their live appearances, including Bloodstock Open Air and Summer Breeze, in order to make way for the slow progress of the album.
On April 26, 2010, Mäenpää announced on the Wintersun message board that "Land of Snow and Sorrow" was finished and that the tracks "Storm" and "Silver Leaves" would be done soon. On November 17, 2010, the band members announced on Wintersun's official website that the album was close to being completed for the most part and that the synths and orchestrations might be finished around December 2010/January 2011. Jari intended to start mixing the album afterwards. On December 25, 2010, Jari stated on the Winter Madness message board that "Silver Leaves" was finished except for some orchestrations. On December 26, 2010, Jari stated that three songs are finished and ready for mixing, that four songs have "bits and pieces" missing, including vocals. On March 19, 2011, Jari announced via the Winter Madness message board that mixing had been put on hold until late summer at the earliest due to various complications, ranging from a lack of 64-bit DAW plugins to noisy nearby construction. On March 16, 2012, Mäenpää announced via Wintersun's official website that Time was nearly finished and would be released in late summer of 2012.
Two months on May 25, 2012, Wintersun announced that Time was to be split into two halves and released separately, with the titles of Time I and Time II. At the time, the mixing process of Time I was underway and scheduled to be finished around July 2012; the first album was released in October 2012, with the second album tentatively planned for release at an unknown date in 2013. A studio trailer was posted to the Nuclear Blast YouTube channel on July 4, 2012, revealing the release date of Time I to be October 19, 2012 in Europe and October 22, 2012 in North America. On October 17, 2012, the album was made available for streaming on the band's website. Concerning the album and potential Japanese influence, Jari Mäenpää stated in a 2004 interview, "Right now I'm exploring some Japanese style melodies, so beautiful and magical. You can hear some in the next album." The introduction track is confirmed to have Japanese influence. All tracks written by Jari Mäenpää.1 Limited edition contains a hidden track after the last track.
This contains acappella parts reminiscent of the hidden track on the limited editions of the first two Ensiferum albums. Jari Mäenpää − vocals, computer, keyboard programming Teemu Mäntysaari − guitar, backing vocals Jukka Koskinen − bass, backing vocals Kai Hahto − drums Wintersun has announced that they will have a sequel to this album sometime in the future, but has been delayed due to not having a studio, instead the recorded a new album called The Forest Seasons. Time II is still scheduled to be released but there is no definite release date
Murderworks is the third studio album by the Finnish grindcore band Rotten Sound. The album was recorded at Soundlab studios with production of Mieszko Talarczyk. Murderworks was released in June 2002 through Deathvomit Records in the United States, Century Media in Europe, where the album's artwork was censored by manufacturers in Germany, who considered the original cover and band photos too disturbing for German consumers; as a replacement, the cover was re-colored in shades of red and white, with a note on top saying, "Check booklet for original artwork."The album includes two live videos for "Seeds" and "Strongman," and the "Targets" music video, which appeared on the Murderlive DVD, released in 2004. Murderworks was reissued by Relapse Records in 2005, regarding this re-release, critics have different opinions. While a review in the Exclaim! magazine defined this reissue of Murderworks as "essential to the grind fan," Kevin Stewart-Panko from Decibel quoted it with a question, which says: "The easiest reissue job ever?"
He noted that "the actual recording doesn't appear to have been remastered" and concluded his review stating, "Maybe the advantage with Relapse reissuing this is that, this time, it’ll get released." Allmusic writer Alex Henderson, stated that "from start to finish, Murderworks is an exercise in sensory assault for the sake of sensory assault." Henderson defined the band's tempo as "insanely fast", criticized their "one-dimensional" musical style, comparing with Rotten Sound's previous releases, saying: After you have heard the opening number, "Targets," you've pretty much heard it all. But despite the CD's obvious limitations, Murderworks is, in its own way, exhilarating—that is, if you have a taste for this type of extreme metal. Evaluating all aspects of Murderworks, Chronicles of Chaos reviewer Aaron McKay gave the album six out of ten stars, saying, "Fourteen tracks of single-word titles rip unforgivingly and in a way such that enjoyment can be gained from every cut to some degree." He stated, "Anger and aggression are, of course, the staples on which Murderworks fuels its insatiable appetite."
Exclaim! Writer Greg Pratt praised the album stating, "Not since Nasum's last album has there been a grindcore onslaught as relentless and energetic as Rotten Sound's Murderworks." Pratt praised the "crushing production" of Mieszko Talarczyk "that is as heavy as it is clear." Mika Häkki – bass Kai Hahto – drums Mika Aalto – guitar Mieszko Talarczyk – guitar, engineer, mixing, high tenor vocal Keijo Niinimaa – vocals Mika Jussila – mastering Rotten Sound – arranger, production accountant
Tuomas Lauri Johannes Holopainen is a Finnish songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and record producer, best known as the founder, leader and songwriter of symphonic metal band Nightwish. He has studied jazz and classical styles, but prefers to be influenced by harmonic film music, he has played in the bands Nattvindens Gråt and Darkwoods My Betrothed, collaborated with the gothic metal band For My Pain... and the band of Timo Rautiainen. Holopainen has written several songs that have been included in movie soundtracks, including a collaboration with Nightwish bass player, male vocalist Marco Hietala on "While Your Lips Are Still Red", for the Finnish film Lieksa! in 2007. He co-wrote the music for Nightwish's own film, released in November 2012. Holopainen released his first solo album Music Inspired by the Life and Times of Scrooge in 2014. Tuomas Holopainen was born in Kitee, Finland, on 25 December 1976, his parents were entrepreneur Pentti Holopainen and Kirsti Nortia-Holopainen, a former music and English teacher in a small elementary school.
He has an older sister named Susanna who works as a surgeon-urologist, an older brother named Petri, an autopsy assistant. He and singer Elina Siirala are second cousins, his musicality and skill in text expression showed early in school. His mother signed him up for piano class in school when he was seven years old, he studied clarinet, tenor saxophone and music theory for twelve years at a music college. However, he has not played the saxophone since the mid-nineties. Aspiring to be a biologist, Holopainen had no interest in metal until his school foreign exchange partner took him to see Metallica and Guns N' Roses in America, he became hooked. Holopainen is a fan of Disney and Dragonlance. In 2006 Holopainen said that he is "not religious, but an open-minded, thinking individual", he does not consider "religion to be bad, but human interpretation of it."He is a vegetarian. A new insect species, Sciophilia holopaineni, discovered by a Finnish biologist named Jukka Salmela of Metsähallitus Parks & Wildlife, has been named after Tuomas Holopainen, because of Holopainen's love for nature.
Holopainen joined his first bands in 1993. He played in several bands, including recording keyboards for three albums with black metal band Darkwoods My Betrothed and playing with Dismal Silence, Nattvindens Gråt and Sethian, he was conscripted for the Finnish Army, where he managed to earn a position as the clarinet player of the military band, which spared him from gun-related activities. In July 1996, a 19-year-old Holopainen began thinking of starting a band of his own, for which he would write the music and play keyboards; this was the birth of Nightwish, around a camp fire. He asked Erno "Emppu" Vuorinen and classmate Tarja Turunen to join what was an acoustic project, with music he wrote during his time in the army. After hearing Turunen's strong voice, because of the metal influences of Vuorinen and drummer Jukka Nevalainen, Tuomas decided to turn Nightwish into a metal act. Before becoming a full-time musician, Holopainen worked for two years as a high school stand-in teacher in his hometown.
Nightwish's first non-demo release, Angels Fall First, came in 1997, followed by Oceanborn in 1998. In 1999, Holopainen and members of other Finnish metal acts like Embraze, Eternal Tears of Sorrow and Reflexion started the gothic metal supergroup For My Pain.... However, as all the members were busy with their own bands, the project was postponed for the future. Nightwish's third studio album, was released in 2000; the third release sold better than the previous album. In 2001, again the idea of For My Pain... was brought up, the members started planning a debut. In Nightwish's fourth studio album Century Child, released in 2002, Holopainen began collaborating with symphonic orchestras from Finland and the United Kingdom, a change in the band's music and Holopainen's style of composition, allowed for more freedom with additional instruments; the use of orchestral elements has been present in the studio album releases from Nightwish as of 31 December 2007. In 2003, For My Pain... released its debut album, entitled Fallen.
The album was received well, but the band has since lost fans due to a lack of new albums –- for the same reason that Fallen was delayed by four years. In 2004 for My Pain... released "Killing Romance", a Finnish single with three unreleased tracks. Nightwish's fifth studio album, Once was released in 2004, became their US break-through. Singles "Nemo" and "Wish I Had an Angel" were played on MTV. Nightwish started their most extensive tour to date, the Once World Tour, visiting several countries, like Japan, for the first time. After the last concert, in October 2005, Nightwish gave vocalist Tarja Turunen a letter explaining her dismissal from the band. In 2006, Holopainen went through a dark period filled with anxiety and depression, made worse by rumours about himself and Nightwish in the tabloids every day; these events inspired him in the writing of Dark Passion Play, Nightwish's sixth album. After heavy metal singer Timo Rautiainen's break up of Trio Niskalaukaus, he published his first solo album titled Sarvivuori with a crew gathered from different bands, including Holopainen on keyboards.
Holopainen wrote one song on the album. Early the next year, For My Pain... announced that they would soon start recording the successor to Fallen, but it was reported in the same autumn that the album once again was postponed. In April 2007 Holopainen collaborated w