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Kaiju is a Japanese genre of films featuring giant monsters. The term kaiju can refer to the giant monsters themselves, which are depicted attacking major cities and engaging the military, or other kaiju, in battle; the kaiju genre is a subgenre of tokusatsu entertainment. The 1954 film Godzilla is regarded as the first kaiju film. Kaiju characters are somewhat metaphorical in nature. Other notable examples of kaiju characters include Rodan, King Ghidorah, Gamera; the Japanese word kaijū referred to monsters and creatures from ancient Japanese legends. After sakoku had ended and Japan was opened to foreign relations, the term kaijū came to be used to express concepts from paleontology and legendary creatures from around the world. For example, in 1908 it was suggested that the extinct Ceratosaurus was alive in Alaska, this was referred to as kaijū. However, there are no traditional depictions of kaiju-like creatures in Japanese folklore; the first appearance within a film title of kaijū was Genshi Kaijū ga Arawareru "An Atomic Kaiju Appears", the title in Japan of The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms.

However, Gojira is regarded as the first kaiju film and was released in 1954. Tomoyuki Tanaka, a producer for Toho Studios in Tokyo, needed a film to release after his previous project was halted. Seeing how well the Hollywood giant monster movie genre films King Kong and The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms had done in Japanese box offices, himself a fan of these films, he set out to make a new movie based on them and created Godzilla. Tanaka aimed to combine Hollywood giant monster movies with the re-emerged Japanese fears of atomic weapons that arose from the Daigo Fukuryū Maru fishing boat incident. Godzilla had commercial success in Japan, inspiring other kaiju movies; the term kaijū translates as "strange beast". Kaiju characters can be considered giant science fiction and fantasy creatures, can be depicted as antagonistic, protagonistic, or a neutral force of nature. Godzilla has taken on all three roles at various points in the Godzilla franchise. Other examples of kaiju include Rodan, King Ghidorah, King Kong, Daimajin, Guilala and Yonggary.

Some Mecha characters, such as Mechagodzilla, M. O. G. U. E. R. A. Mechani King Kong, Trypticon and Dragonzord may count as kaiju; the term urutora-kaijū is longhand for kaijū in the Ultra Series. Daikaijū translates as "large kaiju" or "great kaiju" and refers to the larger monsters; the exact distinction is debated. This term is used for the most powerful kaiju, the prefix dai- emphasizing great power or status; the first appearance of the term daikaiju is in the Japanese title of Sora no Daikaijū Radon. Godzilla and Mothra are the san daikaijū, the three great kaiju. An example of the term exists in a 1908 book. Kaijin refers to humanoid kaiju found in tokusatsu media, is translated as "monster man" or "mystery man"; the villains of the week from the Kamen Rider Series are examples of kaijin. Seijin "star people", appears within Japanese words for extraterrestrial aliens, such as Kaseijin, which means "Martian". Aliens can be called uchūjin which means "beings from space". Kaijū eiga is a film featuring one or more kaiju.

Toho has produced a variety of kaiju films over the years. Eiji Tsuburaya, in charge of the special effects for Gojira, developed a technique to animate the kaiju that became known colloquially as "suitmation". Where Western monster movies used stop motion to animate the monsters, Tsubaraya decided to attempt to create suits, called "creature suits", for a human to wear and act in; this was combined with the use of miniature models and scaled-down city sets to create the illusion of a giant creature in a city. Due to the extreme stiffness of the latex or rubber suits, filming would be done at double speed, so that when the film was shown, the monster was smoother and slower than in the original shot. Kaiju films used a form of puppetry interwoven between suitmation scenes which served for shots that were physically impossible for the suit actor to perform. From the 1998 release of Godzilla, American-produced kaiju films strayed from suitmation to computer-generated imagery. In Japan, CGI and stop-motion have been used for certain special sequences and monsters, but suitmation has been used for an overwhelming majority of kaiju films produced in Japan of all eras.

King Kong Son of Kong Wasei Kingu Kongu King Kong Appears in Edo The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms Godzilla series Godzilla Godzilla Raids Again King Kong vs. Godzilla Mothra vs. Godzilla Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster Invasion of Astro

Beretta BM 59

The Beretta BM 59 is an Italian-made rifle based on the M1 Garand rifle, but chambered in 7.62×51mm NATO, modified to use a detachable magazine. Revisions incorporated other features common to more modern rifles. After World War II, Italy adopted the US-designed M1 Garand rifle in.30-06 Springfield and manufactured it under license. This semi-automatic rifle proved itself well during World War II, but in the late 1950s it was considered outdated and obsolete and the Italian military wanted a new rifle chambered for the NATO-standard 7.62×51mm round. To meet these requirements, Beretta designed the BM 59, a rechambered M1 fitted with a removable 20-round magazine, folding bipod and a combined muzzle brake/flash suppressor/rifle grenade launcher; the BM 59 is capable of selective fire. The BM 59 was adopted in 1959 and served with Italian, Argentinian and Moroccan armies. In the early 1980s, semi-automatic versions were imported to the United States and sold to private collectors; the earliest BM 59s were manufactured from U.

S.-manufactured M1 parts, including re-chambered barrels. In 1990, the BM 59 was replaced in Italian service by the Beretta AR70/90 assault rifles, although some may be in service in the Italian Navy; the BM 59 has several military and civilian variants that include the following: BM 59 Mark I: had a wooden stock with a semi-pistol grip stock. BM 59 Mark II: had a wooden stock with pistol grip to achieve a better control during full-auto fire; the BM 59 Para was intended for paratroopers. It was equipped with flash-hider. BM 59 Mark IV: had a heavier barrel with a plastic stock, was used as a light squad automatic weapon; the rare BM62 and 69 are civilian sporting rifles with sights removed. With the following: BM62: Semi-auto chambered in.308 Winchester, came with 20-round magazines, civilian flash hider (no bayonet lug, no grenade launcher, no tri-compensator Does not have bipod capability on gas cylinder, or gas-compensator BM69: Semi-auto with a bipod and tri-compensator. Algeria Argentina: Used in the Falklands War.

Bahrain Biafra: Some ex-Nigerian Army rifles Eritrea Ethiopia Italy Indonesia: Under license at the Bandung Weapons Factory as the SP-1. Libya Morocco: Built under license Nigeria: Under license by Defense Industries Corporation in Kaduna. Adopted by Nigerian Army in 1963. San Marino Somalia M14 rifle Franchi LF-59 MAS-49 Itajuba Model 954 Mosquetao List of battle rifles Beretta BM 59 at Modern Firearms

Kowloon Peak

Kowloon Peak known as Fei Ngo Shan, is a 602 m tall mountain in the northeast corner of New Kowloon, Hong Kong, situated in Ma On Shan Country Park. It is the tallest mountain in Kowloon, is crossed by both the Wilson Trail and the MacLehose Trail. On the lower slopes is Gilwell Campsite, belonging to The Scout Association; the highest point of New Kowloon is to the west of peak. There are several paths from Fei Ngo Shan Road that lead to the summit. One of Hong Kong's most treacherous and dangerous climbs is the rock climb from Clear Water Bay Road to Kowloon Peak's summit through Suicide Cliff. Suicide Cliff is not a place where people commit suicide, but it's such named most because the climb is so treacherous, it's akin to committing suicide. Only experts in rock climbing and hiking should attempt the Suicide Cliff ascent. Casual tourists and inexperienced hikers must not attempt the Suicide Cliff hike as this hike has seen numerous injuries and fatalities. In one instance, two mainland China tourists ran into trouble on Kowloon Peak's Suicide Cliff and caused an extensive rescue operation involving 160 firefighters.

For casual hikers, choosing the easiest path to the summit through Fei Ngo Shan Road is recommendable. List of mountains and hills in Hong Kong Lion Rock Tate's Cairn

2013 PGA Tour

The 2013 PGA Tour was the 98th season of the U. S.-based golf tour, the 46th since separating from the PGA of America. The season began on January 4, 2013; the season ran from January to September, the shorter-than-usual schedule aiding in the transition from the long-running January–December schedule to the new wraparound October–September schedule. It was the last season to be held in one calendar year; the following table lists the main season events for 2013. "Date" is the ending date of each event. The numbers in parentheses after the winners' names are the number of wins they had on tour up to and including that event. For an explanation of the "Status" column, see PGA Tour event categories. OWGR is the number of Official World Golf Ranking points awarded for that tournament; the 2013 schedule included 40 tournaments, ran from January 4 to October 6. The following events did not carry official money. Source: This section shows the final money leaders table. Source: 2013 European Tour 2013 Tour 2013 Champions Tour Official website 2013 PGA Tour at ESPN


L'Île-Cadieux is a village and municipality in the Montérégie region of Quebec, part of the Vaudreuil-Soulanges Regional County Municipality. It is located on and contiguous with Cadieux Island, which projects into Lake of Two Mountains just north off Vaudreuil-sur-le-Lac; the population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 105. The island was known as Vaudreuil Island but was named "Île à Cadieu" in an unpublished document of the second half of the nineteenth century; this name could be a reference to one of two Cadieux and Hyacinthe, who owned land in the first concession along the Cove of Vaudreuil at that time. In 1922, the municipality was formed by separating from the Parish Municipality of Saint-Michel-de-Vaudreuil. Commission Scolaire des Trois-Lacs operates Francophone schools, it is zoned to École Sainte-Madeleine in Vaudreuil-Dorion. Lester B. Pearson School Board operates Anglophone schools, it is zoned to Mount Pleasant Elementary School in Hudson. List of cities in Quebec

River Hamble

The River Hamble is a river in Hampshire, England. It rises near Bishop's Waltham and flows for some 7.5 miles through Botley and Swanwick before entering Southampton Water near Hamble-le-Rice and Warsash. The Hamble is tidal for half its length and is navigable in its lower reaches, which have facilitated shipbuilding activities since medieval times. Leisure craft are still built there today. One of these builders was Luke & co Luke Bros, a reputed yard at Hamble from around 1890 to 1945; the river, its shipbuilding yards have been used for military purposes during World War II. Its lower reaches are now popular for boating, being known throughout the sailing world as The Heart of British Yachting From its source near Bishop's Waltham, the river flows in a southerly direction picking up several small tributary streams before reaching Botley, the site of an ancient watermill. Below Botley, the river becomes navigable, it gains strength from adjoining streams, draining the surrounding areas of Hedge End, Curdridge and Burridge.

This section has been extensively used for medieval shipbuilding, using timber grown locally in the neighbouring woods. Nearby Kings Copse Kings Forest, indicates the former importance of this area; the river's west bank can be accessed from Manor Farm Country Park, where it is possible to walk through Dock Copse and Fosters Copse. At extreme low tide, it is just possible to see the remains of the wreck of Henry V's 15th century warship Grace Dieu; this section of the river was home to HMS Cricket during World War II. Some 2 miles south of Botley, the river passes between the villages of Bursledon and Lower Swanwick and is crossed by the M27 motorway, the Portsmouth to Southampton railway line, the A27 road on three substantial bridges. A further 2 miles south of Bursledon, the river flows between the villages of Hamble-le-Rice and Warsash before entering Southampton Water. A passenger ferry crosses the river between Hamble-le-Rice and Warsash, forming an important link in the Solent Way and E9 European Coastal Path.

The river is the location for several large marinas, the largest being the Port Hamble Marina and boat yards, situated on both banks as far upstream as Bursledon. In the 1970s and 80s the large number of yachts in this area resulted in significant pollution from tributyltin used in anti fowling paints. By 1988 the area had the highest known level of tributyltin pollution in the UK. With the banning of tributyltin for vessels under 25 meters the levels of tributyltin began to decline towards levels considered harmless. Rivers of the United Kingdom Walks in the Hamble Valley Map sources for River Hamble for the source of the River Hamble. Map sources for River Hamble for the mouth of the River Hamble; the River Hamble Harbour Authority Port Hamble Marina