Kaktovik is a city in North Slope Borough, United States. The population was 293 at 239 as of the 2010 census; until the late nineteenth century, Barter Island was a major trade center for the Inupiat and was important as a bartering place for Inupiat from Alaska and Inuit from Canada. Kaktovik was a traditional fishing place—Kaktovik means "Seining Place"—that has a large pond of good fresh water on high ground, it had no permanent settlers until people from other parts of Barter Island and northern Alaska moved to the area around the construction of a runway and Distant Early Warning Line station in the 1950s. The area was incorporated as the City of Kaktovik in 1971. Due to Kaktovik's isolation, the village has maintained its Inupiat Eskimo traditions. Subsistence is dependent upon the hunting of caribou and whale. In the early twenty-first century Kaktovik became a tourist destination to view polar bears. Kaktovik is located at 70°7′58″N 143°36′58″W. Kaktovik is on the north shore of Barter Island, between the Okpilak and Jago River on the Beaufort Sea coast.
It lies in the 19.6 million acre Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile, of which, 0.8 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. Barter Island LRRS Airport is located near the city. Being located at 70°N, Kaktovik experiences a Tundra climate. Winters are long cold and owing to its high latitude the sun does not rise above the horizon leaving only twilight as the source of light during mid-winter. Summers, on the other hand, bring along temperatures above freezing with the midnight sun appearing for a few weeks. Kaktovik first appeared on the 1950 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village. In 1960 it returned as Barter Island. In 1970, the name of Kaktovik was restored and it was formally incorporated in 1971; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 239 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 88.7% Native American, 10.0% White and 1.3% from two or more races. As of the census of 2000, there were 293 people, 89 households, 70 families living in the city.
The population density was 371.0 people per square mile. There were 95 housing units at an average density of 120.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 14.68% White, 75.43% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.68% from other races, 8.87% from two or more races. There were 89 households out of which 47.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.3% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.76. In the city the population was spread out with 35.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $55,624, the median income for a family was $60,417.
Males had a median income of $50,000 versus $38,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,031. About 9.9% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over. The North Slope Borough School District operates the Harold Kaveolook School in Kaktovik; the school suffered a major loss due to fire on the night of 6 Feb 2020. Arctic Slope Regional Corporation: Kaktovik A Place Called Kaktovik
Leonard Warren Cook CBE is a professional statistician, Government Statistician of New Zealand from 1992 to 2000 and National Statistician and Director of the Office for National Statistics, United Kingdom, Registrar General for England and Wales from 2000 to 2005. He served as Families Commissioner in New Zealand from 2015 to 2018. Cook was born in Dunedin, New Zealand, in 1949 and was educated at Bayfield High School and the University of Otago where he did a BA in Maths and Stats, he attended Henley Management Centre in 1989 and INSEAD in 1998. Cook was elected a Chartered Statistician of the Royal Statistical Society in 1973 and a Companion of the Royal Society of New Zealand in 2005, he served as one of three vice-presidents of the International Statistical Institute from 2005 to 2007 and is a visiting fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford. He was made a CBE in June 2005. Cook had a particular interest in social policy, statistical methodology and the application of information technology in statistical systems.
He was interested in the promotion of research methodology in public policy analysis and decision-making with past interests in retirement provision and taxation policies. He and his partner, Shirley Flora Vollweiler, have no children, his hobbies are languages, travel and fly fishing. After joining the Department of Statistics, New Zealand, in 1971, he was appointed as Assistant Government Statistician in 1982, Deputy Government Statistician in 1986 and Government Statistician in 1992, he was a member of the secretariat of the Prime Minister's Task Force on Tax Reform in 1981/82 and a member of the Royal Commission on Social Policy in New Zealand in 1987/88. Cook took up the post of National Statistician and Director of the Office for National Statistics at the end of May 2000, he was the second head of the ONS but the first to have the title of National Statistician. He returned to New Zealand and was succeeded by Karen Dunnell in September 2005, he led the publication of the National Statistics Code of Practice.
His most publicised act in his time in the United Kingdom came in February 2005, when as Registrar General he had to rule on the legality of the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles. Len Cook, Esq, CBE at Debrett's People of Today
Iraj Mesdaghi is an Iranian writer, human rights activist, former political prisoner. He lives in Stockholm, Sweden since 1994, he was a supporter of the PMOI in the past and now is among the critics of that organization. Mesdaghi has written various books and articles on 1988 mass executions of political prisoners in Iran. Mesdaghi was born in 1960 in Iran; as a teenager, he traveled to the United States to work with the Confederation of Iranian Students to revive the student movement unit and returned to Iran after the Iranian revolution. He has been in Ghazelhasar and Gohardasht prisons for over 10 years, from 1981 to 1991, on charges of supporting the PMOI Organization, he is one of the survivors of the 1988 mass executions of political prisoners in Iran. After being released from prison, he was forced to flee from Iran in 1994. In Sweden, he resumed his political activities, he has been working on human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran for many years in the Commission, the United Nations Human Rights Commissioner for Human Rights, the International Labor Organization, the European Parliament.
He is independently engaged in political activity and research. He is a member of the "Committee for the Observation and Use of Iranian Justice Data", headed by Nobel Peace Prize winner Shirin Ebadi; this leaked file contain Tehran's Judiciary data from 1978 to 2009 and was delivered to Reporters Without Borders. He played as main character in the film documentary Those Who Said directed by Nima Sarvestani; this film is about an International People's Tribunal in The Hague court of justice investigating mass executions of political prisoners in Iran in the 1980s and was displayed at IDFA. Neither Life Nor Death Bar Saghe Tabideh Kanaf Torture in the Name of Allah violation of fundamental rights of labour in iran Negahi Ba Cheshme Jan Raghse Ghoughounosha va Avaze khakestar United Nations and violation of Human Rights in Iran Despite publishing books, Iraj Mosadghi has published hundreds of articles and reports on human rights and disclosure against Islamic Republic policies. Iraj Mesdaghi on IMDb Official website
Anthony J. Russo Jr. was an American researcher who assisted Daniel Ellsberg, his friend and former colleague at the RAND Corporation, in copying the Pentagon Papers. Russo was born in Virginia, he graduated from Virginia Tech with a degree in aeronautical engineering in 1960 worked on a NASA space capsule program. He continued his education at Princeton University, earning master's degrees in aeronautical engineering and in public affairs, he began working at the RAND Corporation as a researcher in the late 1960s. Russo and Ellsberg were charged with espionage and conspiracy. On May 11, 1973, a federal court judge dismissed all charges against them. Judge William M. Byrne Jr. dismissed the case in May 1973 before it reached a jury, after the office of Ellsberg's psychiatrist had been burglarized and the Federal Bureau of Investigation had lost records of what may have been illegally taped telephone conversations. Byrne was offered the position of FBI director by John Ehrlichman during the trial.
Russo died of natural causes at his home in Suffolk, Virginia on August 6, 2008. Espionage Act of 1917 New York Times Co. v. United States "Top Secret: Battle for the Pentagon Papers" a resource site that supports a currently-playing docu-drama about the Pentagon Papers; the site provides historical context, time lines, bibliographical resources, information on discussions with current journalists, helpful links. Official website for "Secrets: A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers" by Daniel Ellsberg Podcast of a live panel discussion moderated by Jill Abramson, New York Times managing editor and former Washington bureau chief, marking the 35th anniversary of the Supreme Court ruling. VIDEO Mike Gravel tells the story of how he released the secret Pentagon Papers into the public record 1971 - The Pentagon Papers A report from Steve Holt of WCBS Newsradio 880 Part of WCBS 880's celebration of 40 years of newsradio. Beacon Press & The Pentagon Papers
The Lyman Woodard Company Workers' Housing is a former multi-family housing unit located at 601 Clinton Street in Owosso, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. In the 1880s, Lyman Woodard relocated his furniture and casket company to this area, building a large factory building and expanding both his product line and workforce. Woodard was in a competition for skilled craftsmen for his factory, new that the housing market in Owosso was tight. To attract and retain these craftsmen, Woodard built this multi-family housing unit next door to the factory, for new employees to use until they were able to secure their own home. Although the exact date of construction is unknown, it is similar enough to the 1885 factory building to suggest that it was constructed at nearly the same time. At some point the building was turned into a commercial space, now houses the H. K. Allen Paper Company; the Lyman Woodard Company Workers' Housing is a two-story red brick building, with a balanced window location, containing six units.
The many-banded krait known as the Taiwanese krait or the Chinese krait, is a venomous species of elapid snake found in much of central and southern China and Southeast Asia. The species was first described by the scientist Edward Blyth in 1861; this species has two known subspecies, the nominate Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus, Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi. The many-banded krait inhabits marshy areas throughout its geographical distribution, though it does occur in other habitat types. Since the species' description by zoologist and pharmacist Edward Blyth in 1861, Bungarus multicinctus has been the binomial of the species; the generic name, Bungarus, is a Latinisation of Telugu baṅgāru, "krait." The specific name multicinctus is derived from the Latin multi-, combining form of multus, "much, many", Latin cinctus, past participle of cingere, "to encircle"—as in a "band". The full species name thus means "many-banded krait"; the common name "krait" is from Hindi, ultimately derived from the Sanskrit word, which means "black".
It is called as "கட்டுவிரியன்" in Tamil, a common name given to the genus Bungarus. The kraits, as they are known, belong to the family Elapidae and the genus Bungarus; the genus is endemic to the continent of Asia. They are morphologically well connected, forming a cohesive unit; the genus has 12–13 species who are morphologically distinct from the genus Naja and the Afro-elapids according to McDowell. McDowell stated "species diversity is greatest in Africa, but the Asiatic Bungarus and Ophiophagus are each so peculiar in anatomy as to suggest an ancient divergence". Others, including Slowinski, believed that the kraits, are part of a clade that clusters with a group including the king cobra and oddly enough, with the African mambas on the most-parsimonious tree or with Elapsoidea on the maximum-likelihood tree; this result calls into question the monophyly of cobras and underscores the uncertainty of the homology of the hood spreading behavior in cobras and mambas. The relationships of Dendroaspis and Bungarus differed between the parsimony and likelihood analyses, suggesting that more work is necessary to resolve the relationships of these problematic taxa.
McDowell's findings in regard to the sister-group of Bungarus and the sea snakes family, propose that the kraits might just be a per-mutable clade between the elapidae "palatine-erectors" and the hydrophiinae "palatine draggers". Two genera within the subfamily Hydrophiinae in particular, support McDowell's hypothesis; the two genera are Loveridgelaps due to many shared characteristics. Mao et al. showed that this species, Bungarus multicinctus was distinct from the other members of its genus and was immunologically more similar to Laticauda, terrestrial Australian elapids, true sea snakes than it is to Elapsoidea sundevalli, Naja naja or two Micrurus species. Minton, Schwaner et al. and Cadle & Gorman all suggested similar things to Mao et al. based on immunological data. The many-banded krait was more similar to the Australian elapids and true sea snakes than they were to numerous elapids they were compared to; the many-banded krait is a medium to large sized species of snake, averaging 1 to 1.5 m in length, with maximum lengths reaching 1.85 m.
Its body is moderately compressed. The scales of this species are glossy, with a noticeably distinct vertebral ridge; the colour of the snake is black to dark bluish-black with 21–30 white or creamy white cross bands along the entire length of its upper body. More banding is seen in longer than average sized specimens; the tail is short and pointed, black in colour with alternating white cross bands, of which there are 7–11. The belly of the snake is white in colour, but could be an off white or creamy white; the head is black in colour, is broad and oval in shape, but flat and distinct from the body. The eyes are black in colour; the pupils are black in colour, thus making them hardly noticeable as they blend in with the rest of the eyes. This species has large nostrils; the fangs are small and are located in the anterior of the upper jaw. Juveniles of this species have whitish blotches on the lower side of their heads. Dorsal scales in 15 rows; this species is found throughout Taiwan, in the central and southern regions of China, Hong Kong, Myanmar and northern Vietnam.
It may be found in Thailand. Although it can be found in elevations up to about 1,500 m, it is far more found in humid lowland areas, most observed in subtropical, marshy regions of its range, it is frequently found in shrublands, agricultural fields, mangroves adjacent to water, such as rivers, rice paddies, ditches. It may sometimes be found in villages and suburban areas, it is able to survive in other habitats also. The snake is nocturnal, may be more defensive at night, it is, however, a placid species of snake. In the daytime, it hides in holes; the snake appears from retreats into hibernation in November. It is considered to be