Kamala in 2009
|Birth name||James Harris|
May 28, 1950|
Senatobia, Mississippi, United States
(m. 1974; div. 2005)
|Professional wrestling career|
Bad News Harris|
The Mississippi Mauler
Sugar Bear Harris
Ugly Bear Harris
|Billed height||6 ft 7 in (201 cm)|
|Billed weight||380 lb (172 kg)|
|Trained by||Tim Hampton|
James Harris (born May 28, 1950) is an American retired professional wrestler, better known by the ring name Kamala. As Kamala, Harris portrayed a fearsome Ugandan "headhunter" who wrestled barefoot and wearing war paint and a loincloth, and approached the ring wearing an African mask and carrying a spear and shield. He is best known for his appearances with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) in the mid-1980s and early-1990s.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 Early career (1978–1982)
- 2.2 Continental Wrestling Association (1982)
- 2.3 Mid-South Wrestling (1982–1986)
- 2.4 World Class Championship Wrestling (1983–1985)
- 2.5 World Wrestling Federation (1984)
- 2.6 Various promotions (1984–1986)
- 2.7 World Wrestling Federation (1986–1987)
- 2.8 Various promotions (1988–1992)
- 2.9 World Wrestling Federation (1992–1993)
- 2.10 Semi-retirement (1993–1995)
- 2.11 World Championship Wrestling (1995)
- 2.12 Semi-retirement (1995–2003)
- 2.13 Independent circuit (2003–2010)
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Bibliography
- 5 Championships and accomplishments
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Harris was born on May 28, 1950 in Senatobia, Mississippi. He grew up in Coldwater, Mississippi, where his family owned a furniture store. He has four sisters. When he was around four, his father was shot dead during a dice game, leaving the family impoverished. As a youth, Harris worked as a sharecropper to help support his family.
Harris left high school in the ninth grade and became a habitual burglar. In 1967, local police suggested he leave town. As Harris put it, "Back then if you didn't leave like they said, you would be found dead somewhere." He relocated to Florida, where he drove trucks and picked fruit. At age 25, he moved to Benton Harbor, Michigan, where he met wrestler Bobo Brazil. Harris then began training as a wrestler, under Brazil's friend, "Tiny" Tim Hampton. He moved to Arkansas to continue training and escape the snow in Michigan.
Professional wrestling career
Early career (1978–1982)
Harris debuted in 1978 under the ring name "Sugar Bear" Harris. He spent most of his early career in the Southern United States, also using the ring names "Ugly Bear" Harris and "Big" Jim Harris. His first manager was Percy Pringle. He won his first championship in NWA Tri-State in 1979, teaming with Oki Shikina to win the NWA Tri-State Tag Team Championship. In 1980, Harris joined Southeastern Championship Wrestling as "Bad News Harris", winning the NWA Southeastern Heavyweight Championship in 1980.
In 1981, Harris travelled to Europe for seasoning. Following a stint in Germany, he travelled to the United Kingdom, where he wrestled for Joint Promotions as "The Mississippi Mauler", a character with some similarities to his future Kamala character. In June 1981, he competed in a tournament for the vacant WWA World Heavyweight Championship, losing to Wayne Bridges in the final in Wembley Stadium in London.
Continental Wrestling Association (1982)
Harris returned to Senatobia in the United States in 1982 after sustaining a broken ankle. While visiting his friend The Dream Machine at the Mid-South Coliseum in nearby Memphis, Tennessee to borrow ring attire, Harris met Continental Wrestling Association promoter Jerry Lawler, who offered him a job. Harris, Lawler and Jerry Jarrett developed a new character for Harris, "Kimala" (later adjusted to "Kamala"), drawing upon ideas for a character originally developed for Harris by The Great Mephisto. The character was a vicious Ugandan headhunter with face and body paint copied from a Frank Frazetta painting. His backstory was that he was a former bodyguard of deposed President of Uganda Idi Amin who had been discovered by J.J. Dillon during an excursion to Africa. A promotional vignette aired on WMC-TV featuring a spear-wielding Kamala seemingly emerging from a steamy African jungle; the vignette was actually filmed on Jarrett's farm in Hendersonville, Tennessee, with the steam effect created using dry ice. To establish Kamala as a monstrous character, Jarrett instructed him to wrestle in a brawling style with chops and biting. To preserve kayfabe, Harris wore robes and refused to speak English while in public in Memphis.
Kimala made his debut in the CWA in May 1985 with Dillon as his manager, losing to Lawler by disqualification in a match that sold out the Mid-South Coliseum . In June, he defeated Lawler for the AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship, which he held until August that year. Towards the end of the year, he feuded with the imposter "Kimala II"
Mid-South Wrestling (1982–1986)
In late-1982, Kamala began wrestling for Bill Watts' Mid-South Wrestling promotion. He was managed by Skandor Akbar and Friday (originally portrayed by Buddy Wayne, then by Frank Dalton), forming part of Akbar's villainous Devastation, Inc. stable. In April 1983, he wrestled André the Giant in a highly-promoted bout at the Louisiana Superdome. During 1983, he faced The Junkyard Dog in a series of "battle of the monsters" matches.
World Class Championship Wrestling (1983–1985)
In March 1983, Kamala debuted in the Dallas, Texas-based World Class Championship Wrestling promotion. In October of that year, he challenged Harley Race for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, losing by disqualification. In the same month, he began a lengthy feud with the Von Erich family, repeatedly facing brothers David, Kerry, and Kevin. In May 1984, he faced The Great Kabuki at the David Von Erich Memorial Parade of Champions, a tribute to David, who had died suddenly in February. Kamala continued to appear regularly with WCCW until late-1985.
World Wrestling Federation (1984)
At the instigation of André the Giant, Kamala debuted in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) in July 1984. He was managed by Freddie Blassie and a masked "handler" in safari clothing known as "Friday" (played by a variety of people). In a memorable segment on the television program Tuesday Night Titans, Kamala seemingly devoured a live chicken (with a cutaway shot of feathers flying out of his mouth shown to create the illusion).
After defeating a series of opponents including B. Brian Blair, Salvatore Bellomo, and Chief Jay Strongbow, in August 1984 Kamala challenged Hulk Hogan for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship, wrestling him to a double count-out. In October 1984, he began a series of matches against André the Giant, among them a steel cage match which he lost after André twice sat on his chest. Kamala's final appearance was in a battle royal in November 1984.
Various promotions (1984–1986)
After leaving the WWF in late-1984, Kamala went on to appear with multiple promotions throughout the United States and Canada.
Throughout 1985, Kamala wrestled for the Minneapolis, Minnesota-based American Wrestling Association. He was established as a "monster" by winning a series of handicap matches. He feuded with Sgt. Slaughter, who he defeated in a "Ugandan Death Match" in April 1985 but lost to in a "Boot Camp" steel cage match in June. At the SuperClash supercard in September 1985, Kamala lost to Jerry Blackwell in a bodyslam challenge. Towards the end of the year, Kamala repeatedly challenged Rick Martel for the AWA World Heavyweight Championship but failed to win the championship.
In November 1985, Kamala made his first tour of Japan with All Japan Pro Wrestling. Wrestling as "Giant Kamala", he formed a tag team with fellow gaijin King Cobra. He made a second tour in February 1986 as "Kimala".
World Wrestling Federation (1986–1987)
In February 1987, Kamala formed a tag team with the "Wild Samoan" Sika. In the same month, he began a feud with Jake Roberts, during which Roberts repeatedly exploited Kamala's purported fear of snakes.
Various promotions (1988–1992)
World Wrestling Federation (1992–1993)
Kamala returned to the WWF in April 1992, with Kim Chee and Harvey Wippleman acting as his managers. In June 1992, he unsuccessfully challenged Randy Savage for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship. Throughout mid-1992, he wrestled primarily on house shows, with his regular opponents including The Undertaker, Bret Hart, The Texas Tornado, and The Ultimate Warrior.
Kamala lost to The Undertaker by disqualification at SummerSlam in August 1992. Kamala later claimed that he was paid $13,000 for the bout while The Undertaker was paid $500,000. Professional wrestling journalist Dave Meltzer questioned this claim, saying: "I'm not saying he's lying, but that's hard to believe [...] for there to be that big of a disparity wouldn't make any sense." In November 1992, Kamala lost to The Undertaker at Survivor Series in the first ever televised casket match.
In January 1993, Kim Chee and Wippleman began mistreating Kamala, leading him to break away from them and align himself with Reverend Slick. Slick set out to "humanize" Kamala, leading to a series of skits in which he introduced him to activities such as ten-pin bowling. Kamala feuded with Kim Chee throughout early 1993. In March 1993, he began a series of matches with Bam Bam Bigelow. The two were scheduled to face one another at WrestleMania IX, but the match was cancelled due to time constraints.
In May 1993, Kamala lost a King of the Ring tournament qualifying match via countout to Mr. Hughes on an episode of WWF Wrestling Challenge. He went on to compete primarily at house shows until being released by the WWF that July.
In December 1993, Kamala was announced as a participant in the 1994 Royal Rumble Match. However, during the bout the announcers noted that Virgil, as an alternate participant, had replaced him.
After leaving the WWF once more, Harris stepped back from professional wrestling. He began working as a truck driver using two semi-trailer trucks he had purchased following his series of matches with Hulk Hogan.
World Championship Wrestling (1995)
At Hulk Hogan's suggestion, Kamala joined World Championship Wrestling (WCW) in 1995. He was introduced as part of Kevin Sullivan's Dungeon of Doom stable, whose goal was to end Hogan's career. In his first WCW pay-per-view appearance, he defeated "Hacksaw" Jim Duggan at Bash at the Beach. He lost a singles match to Hogan at Clash of the Champions XXXI. He was part of the "Dungeon of Doom" team at Fall Brawl, which lost to Hogan's team, "The Hulkamaniacs".
Kamala participated in "The Gimmick Battle Royal" at WrestleMania X-Seven and was eliminated by Sgt. Slaughter. On July 26, 2004, he made a surprise return to World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE), participating in a Raw Diva Search segment on RAW, in which the female contestants were instructed to try to seduce him. Kamala faced Randy Orton on the August 11, 2005 edition of SmackDown! (accompanied by Kim Chee) but the match was interrupted by a message from The Undertaker to Orton, and ended in a no contest. Kamala appeared at the 2005 Taboo Tuesday event, as one of the choices for Eugene's tag team partner. He lost the fan vote to Jimmy Snuka, but came to the ring after the match to deliver a big splash to Tyson Tomko. On June 25, 2006, at Vengeance, he accompanied Eugene to the ring (along with Doink the Clown and Hacksaw Jim Duggan) to take on Umaga. Umaga quickly won the match, after which he attacked Eugene, Doink, and Duggan. Before Kamala and Umaga could fight, Umaga's manager, Armando Estrada, intervened. Kamala was defeated by Umaga in a match on the following night on Raw.
Independent circuit (2003–2010)
Kamala had a lengthy run on the independent circuit. In September 2006, he wrestled to a non-finish with Bryan Danielson, in a match for the ROH World Championship at a National Wrestling Alliance event in Bridgeport, Connecticut. Kamala appeared at Total Nonstop Action Wrestling's Slammiversary pay-per-view in June 2008, as a guest at Jay Lethal and SoCal Val's storyline wedding. His last match was in 2010.
Harris was married to Sheila Stover from 1974 to 2005. After the couple divorced, Harris married Melissa Guzman. Harris lived with his niece Ashley in Senatobia, Mississippi until moving to Oxford, Mississippi.
In July 1993, Harris was called away from a WWF tour after an Oakland, California show when his youngest sister and her stepdaughter were shot to death. The killer attempted suicide, but only severely disfigured himself. After his WWF release that August, Harris pushed for the man's arrest and conviction. He was sentenced to life imprisonment, and died in 2013. Harris went on to help raise his surviving niece.
Since 1993, he has been writing, performing, and producing his own music. He has written over 100 songs. Some discuss his frustration with the working conditions he experienced in the wrestling industry, most notably the low pay. He released his debut album, The Best of Kamala Vol 1, through his official website. The album features a ballad dedicated to the memory of Stanley "Tookie" Williams.
In 2015, Harris completed his autobiography along with one of his wrestling managers, Kenny Casanova, to help him offset medical costs. Kamala Speaks was funded on Kickstarter and self-published in December 2014. It tells his life story, his wrestling career, and the loss of both of his legs to diabetes.
On November 7, 2011, Harris had his left leg amputated below the knee due to complications of high blood pressure and diabetes, a condition he has had since 1992, but not accepting dialysis treatment, forcing him to retire. In April 2012, his right leg was also amputated below the knee and a campaign was launched seeking donations to cover his financial needs. Harris told Bleacher Report in 2014 that he relies on a disability check, sells handmade wooden chairs, and recently wrote a book about his life.
In July 2016, Harris was named part of a class action lawsuit filed against WWE which alleged that wrestlers incurred traumatic brain injuries during their tenure and that the company concealed the risks of injury. The suit is litigated by attorney Konstantine Kyros, who has been involved in a number of other lawsuits against WWE.
On November 19, 2017, Harris underwent "life-saving" emergency surgery to clear fluid from around his heart and lungs at a hospital in Oxford, Mississippi. Following it, he was put on life support due to complications. The next day, his daughter said he showed signs of improvement but remained on life support. On November 22, 2017, it was reported that Harris was able to breathe on his own yet is unable to talk and remains under intensive care.
- Kamala Speaks: The Official Autobiography of WWE Wrestler James "Kamala" Harris (January 17, 2015) – with Kenny Casanova
Championships and accomplishments
- Continental Wrestling Association
- Great Lakes Wrestling Association
- GLWA Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- International Wrestling Association
- NWA Mississippi
- NWA Tri-State
- NWA United States Tag Team Championship (Tri-State version) (1 time) - with Oki Shikina
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- PWI ranked him #144 of the 500 best singles wrestlers of the "PWI Years" in 2003.
- Southeastern Championship Wrestling
- Southeastern Xtreme Wrestling
- SXW Hardcore Championship (1 time)
- Texas Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Class of 2012
- United States Wrestling Association
- Kristian Pope (2005). Tuff Stuff Professional Wrestling Field Guide: Legend and Lore. Krause Publications. p. 253. ISBN 1-4402-2810-8.
- Harris M. Lentz III (2003). Biographical Dictionary of Professional Wrestling, 2d ed. McFarland & Company. pp. 179–180. ISBN 978-1-4766-0505-0.
- Stephen Laroche (July 2001). "Breaking Kayfabe with Kamala". Canoe.com. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "Kamala". WWE.com. WWE. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- Adam Kleinberg; Adam Nudelman (2005). Mysteries of Wrestling: Solved. ECW Press. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978-1-55022-685-0.
- Bret Hart (2009). Hitman: My Real Life in the Cartoon World of Wrestling. Ebury Publishing. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-4070-2931-3.
- Simon Garfield (2013). The Wrestling. Faber & Faber. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-571-26545-9.
- Steven Pantaleo (2015). WWE Ultimate Superstar Guide. DK Publishing. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-241-23501-0.
- Philip Kreikenbohm. "Kamala". Cagematch.net. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- R. D. Reynolds (2010). The Wrestlecrap Book of Lists!. ECW Press. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-55490-287-3.
- David Shoemaker (2013). The Squared Circle: Life, Death, and Professional Wrestling. Penguin Publishing Group. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-101-60974-3.
- Jason King (November 19, 2014). "From Wrestling Legend to Double Amputee, Kamala Keeps Fighting". Bleacher Report. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Ryan Nation (September 16, 2007). "Kamala sings! Learning about the recording career of The Ugandan Giant". Canoe.com. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
- Joel Murphy (August 2006). "One on One with Kamala". HoboTrashCan.com. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Philip Kreikenbohm. "Kamala – Career". Cagematch.net. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Mike Pentelow; Peter Arkell (2014). Freedom Pass London. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-84162-565-2.
- "WWA World Heavyweight Championship". Wrestling-Titles.com. 2015. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- Jerry Lawler (2002). It's Good to Be the King...Sometimes. Simon and Schuster. pp. 222–223. ISBN 978-0-7434-7557-0.
- Dewey Robertson; Meredith Renwick (2006). Bang Your Head: The Real Story of the Missing Link. ECW Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-55022-727-7.
- Bill Watts; Scott Williams (2006). The Cowboy and the Cross: The Bill Watts Story: Rebellion, Wrestling and Redemption. ECW Press. pp. 204–205. ISBN 978-1-55022-708-6.
- Greg Klein (2014). The King of New Orleans: How the Junkyard Dog Became Professional Wrestling's First Black Superhero. ECW Press. p. 110. ISBN 978-1-77090-224-4.
- Mike Rickard (2010). Wrestling's Greatest Moments. ECW Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-55490-331-3.
- Lillian Ellison (2003). The Fabulous Moolah: First Goddess of the Squared Circle. HarperCollins. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-06-001258-8.
- James Guttman (2010). World Wrestling Insanity: The Decline and Fall of a Family Empire. ECW Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-55490-269-9.
- Mike McAvennie (May 8, 2007). "Kamala Matata". WWE.com. WWE. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- Pamela Dell (2012). Undertaker: Life of the Dead Man. Capstone Publishers. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-4296-8679-2.
- Dan Ross (2013). The Undertaker. Infobase Learning. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-4381-4655-3.
- Randy Baer; R. D. Reynolds (2010). Wrestlecrap: The Very Worst of Professional Wrestling. ECW Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-55490-544-7.
- Brian Shields (2010). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s. Simon & Schuster. p. 133. ISBN 978-1-4516-0467-2.
- "WrestleMania X-Seven Results". WWE. Archived from the original on 2007-11-19. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- Keith, Scott (2006). Wrestling's Made Men: Breaking the WWE's Glass Ceiling. Citadel Press. p. 88. ISBN 0-8065-2771-4.
- "Insult and Injury". WWE. 2005-08-11. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
- "Taboo Tuesday 2005 Results". WWE. Archived from the original on 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
- Sokol, Chris (2005-11-02). "Taboo Tuesday delivers decently". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
- Zeigler, Zack (2006-06-25). "The streak continues". WWE. Archived from the original on 2008-03-31. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- Dolan, Adam (October 2, 2006). "NWA Pro Wrestling In Bridgeport, CT Live Report: Kamala Challenged for the ROH Title (Not A Typo), Rock N' Roll Express vs. Midnights, Crowbar & More". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
- Waldman, Jon (2008-06-08). "Slammiversary: No gimmicks needed for thumbs up PPV". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "Kamala Medical Update, Hospitalized Due to Complications from Diabetes". Pro Wrestling Sheet. November 20, 2017.
- "Kamala Speaks: The Official Autobiography of James "Kamala" Harris". WOHW Publishing. Dec 13, 2014. Retrieved Dec 13, 2014.
- "A message from Kamala". Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "'Ugandan Giant' Kamala To Have Foot Amputated", by Daniel Pena, WrestlingInc.com
- "Mick Foley's comedy act coming to Ocala, Remembering Malenko, Helping Kamala". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2013-01-29. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
- "Kamala the wrestling headliner is now a double amputee". Fox News. Nov 23, 2014. Retrieved Nov 22, 2014.
- "WWE sued in wrestler class action lawsuit featuring Jimmy 'Superfly' Snuka, Paul 'Mr Wonderful' Orndorff". FoxSports.com. Fox Entertainment Group (21st Century Fox). July 18, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
- "WWE LEGEND KAMALA FIGHTING FOR HIS LIFE AFTER SURGERY". TMZ. November 20, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Some positive news about the health of WWE legend James 'Kamala' Harris". Cage Side Seats. November 22, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
- "Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame, hall of famers". 0362dc8.netsolhost.com. Archived from the original on October 26, 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
- "NWA Southeastern Heavyweight Title History". Solie's Title Histories. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "IHWE Texas Wrestling Hall of Fame". IHWE Texas Wrestling Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 5, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
- "USWA Unified World Heavyweight Title History". Solie.org. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
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