Utah's 2nd congressional district
Utah's 2nd Congressional District serves Salt Lake City and the rural western and southern portions of Utah, including Saint George and Tooele. The current U. S. House Representative is Republican Chris Stewart. A map of current 2012 district boundaries can be found at the Utah Lieutenant Governor's office page: http://elections.utah.gov/map/district-maps Election results from presidential races District borders are periodically redrawn and some district residences may no longer be in the current 2nd district. Note: The 1912 election consisted of an all-party election to the two at-large seats. Howell was elected to the first at-large seat, while Johnson was elected to the second at-large seat. Utah's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is part of the Western and the Mountain states, it is the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah and New Mexico. Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912, coinciding with Valentine's Day. Part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848; the southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase. Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, spruce trees. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff and Tucson. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, there are several national forests, national parks, national monuments.
About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations in the state from voting until the state Supreme Court ruled in favor of Native American plaintiffs in Trujillo v. Garley; the state's name appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, derived from the O'odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning "small spring", which applied only to an area near the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora. To the European settlers, their pronunciation sounded like "Arissona"; the area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O'odham language. Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona, as there were numerous Basque sheepherders in the area. A native Mexican of Basque heritage established the ranchería of Arizona between 1734 and 1736 in the current Mexican state of Sonora, which became notable after a significant discovery of silver there, c.
1737. There is a misconception. For thousands of years before the modern era, Arizona was home to numerous Native American tribes. Hohokam and Ancestral Puebloan cultures were among the many that flourished throughout the state. Many of their pueblos, cliffside dwellings, rock paintings and other prehistoric treasures have survived, attracting thousands of tourists each year; the first European contact by native peoples was with Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan, in 1539. He explored parts of the present state and made contact with native inhabitants the Sobaipuri; the expedition of Spanish explorer Coronado entered the area in 1540–1542 during its search for Cíbola. Few Spanish settlers migrated to Arizona. One of the first settlers in Arizona was José Romo de Vivar. Father Kino was the next European in the region. A member of the Society of Jesus, he led the development of a chain of missions in the region, he converted many of the Indians to Christianity in the Pimería Alta in the 1690s and early 18th century.
Spain founded presidios at Tubac in 1752 and Tucson in 1775. When Mexico achieved its independence from the Kingdom of Spain and its Spanish Empire in 1821, what is now Arizona became part of its Territory of Nueva California known as Alta California. Descendants of ethnic Spanish and mestizo settlers from the colonial years still lived in the area at the time of the arrival of European-American migrants from the United States. During the Mexican–American War, the U. S. Army occupied the national capital of Mexico City and pursued its claim to much of northern Mexico, including what became Arizona Territory in 1863 and the State of Arizona in 1912; the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified that, in addition to language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants of former Mexican citizens being considered as inviolable, the sum of US$15 million dollars in compensation be paid to the Republic of Mexico. In 1853, the U. S. acquired the land south below the Gila River from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase along the southern border area as encompassing the best future southern route for a transcontinental railway.
What is now known as the state of Arizona was administered by the United States government as part of the Territory of New Mexico until the southern part of that region seceded from the Union to form the Territory of Arizona. This newly established territory was formally organized by the Confederate States government on Saturday, January 18, 1862, when President Jefferson Davis approved and signed An Act to Organize the Territory of Arizona, marking the first official use of the name "Territory of Arizona"; the Southern territory supplied the Confederate government with men and equipment. Formed in 1862, Arizona scout companies served with the Confederate States Army duri
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Coral Pink Sand Dunes State Park
Coral Pink Sand Dunes State Park is a state park of Utah, United States, located between Mount Carmel Junction and Kanab and west of U. S. Highway 89 in southwestern Utah; the park features coral-hued sand dunes located beside red sandstone cliffs. The Dunes are formed from the erosion of pink-colored Navajo Sandstone surrounding the park. High winds passing through the notch between the Moquith and Moccasin Mountains pick up loose sand particles and drop them onto the dunes because of the Venturi effect; the dunes are estimated to be between 15,000 years old. The park allows camping, off-road vehicle driving, photography. There is a conservation area of 265 acres, the total grounds include 3,370 acres, it was established as a Utah state park in 1963. The Coral Pink Sand Dunes tiger beetle is an insect species, endemic to the dunes, being found nowhere else in the world; this state park contains most of the remaining individuals of a rare plant, Welsh's milkweed, a federally listed threatened species.
Coral Pink Sand Dunes State Park travel guide from Wikivoyage Official Coral Pink Sand Dunes State Park website
Washington County, Utah
Washington County is a county in the southwestern corner of Utah, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 138,115, making it the fifth-most populous county in Utah, its county seat and largest city is St. George; the county was created in 1852 and organized in 1856. It was named for the first President of George Washington. Washington County experienced the fifth-highest job-growth rate in the United States at one point. A portion of the Paiute Indian Reservation is in western Washington County. Washington County comprises UT Metropolitan Statistical Area; the earliest settlement was Fort Harmony in 1852. Santa Clara was established in 1854 as a mission to the natives. Hamblin and Pinto were settled along the Los Angeles - Salt Lake Road in 1856, as was Gunlock in 1857. Next came the settlements established as colonies to grow cotton, before the beginning of the American Civil War, they were located along the Virgin River, in the warmer climate below the Great Basin, called Utah's Dixie.
The first were Virgin, Washington in 1857. Heberville and Toquerville followed in 1858, Grafton and Pine Valley in 1859, Adventure in 1860, Duncans Retreat, Shonesburg and St. George in 1861. Fort Harmony, Northrup were abandoned and Santa Clara, St. George, Harrisburg, Heberville and Duncans Retreat, were nearly destroyed by the Great Flood of 1862 that followed 44 days of rainfall in January and February 1862. New Harmony and Rockville were founded in 1862 by settlers flooded out of Fort Harmony, Adventure and other places in the vicinity. Harrisburg was relocated. Shoal Creek called Hebron, was a ranching community established in 1862 in the west of the county. Leeds was settled in 1867, Silver Reef was a mining town begun in 1875 and abandoned by 1891 due to the collapse in silver prices; the Utah Territory legislature created Washington County on March 3, 1852. It was not organized at that time, it was attached to Iron County for administrative and judicial purposes; this continued until February 23, 1856 when the organization was completed, Saint George was listed as the county seat, the attachment to Iron was terminated.
The county boundaries were altered a dozen times after that. Washington County lies at the SW corner of Utah, its south border abuts the north border of the state of Arizona and its west border abuts the east border of the state of Nevada. Its terrain is arid, with little area devoted to agriculture, it is a mixture of flat stretches. The terrain slopes to the west; the county's highest point is Signal Peak in the Pine Valley Mountains, at 10,369' ASL. The county has a total area of 2,430 square miles, of which 2,426 square miles is land and 3.6 square miles is water. The elevation varies from 2,178 to 10,365 feet in elevation. Washington County is made up of three major geographic areas. Most of the population is centered in the south-central part of the county near the Arizona border. Most national shopping and hospitality chains are located here, along with several local businesses; the climate of this section of the county is typical of the Mojave Desert. Most homes are located in subdivisions.
In Downtown St. George, several local restaurants and stores call this area home, despite its compact size, it tends to attract many locals and tourists alike. To combat the sprawl and promotion is being projected inward to the central area of St. George, with many new centrally located developments being planned and constructed; the center of the city, or downtown contains Dixie State University, the only 4-year college within a 50-mile radius. Dixie High School is located in the downtown area. Most commercial and industrial lots exist in the eastern portion of the Greater St. George Area in eastern St. George and Washington, where land is less expensive and closer to Interstate 15, making it a more viable option for shopping and dining. Expanding suburbs exist there in an area known as Washington Fields. Large irrigated farms have been sold to commercial and residential developers to make way for the anticipated need of more housing and business. Pine View High School serves the east side and Washington.
A new high school is being planned for Washington Fields. The western portion of the urban area contains the suburbs of Santa Clara and Ivins, the neighborhoods of Green Valley, Dixie Downs and Tonaquint. While there is still some commercial and few industrial lots, land is more expensive due to the scenic vivid-red cliffs and volcano lava fields, along with the close proximity to Snow Canyon State Park; this has resulted in the construction of many resort-style communities and gated subdivisions such as Entrada and the Palisades. Abundant luxurious housing exceeds $1,000,000 in price. However, there still are older houses that tend to be more affordable. Thi
Kanab is a city in and the county seat of Kane County, United States. It is located on Kanab Creek just north of the Arizona state line; this area was first settled in 1864 and the town was founded in 1870 when ten Latter-Day Saint families moved into the area. The population was 4,312 at the 2010 census. Kanab is situated in the "Grand Circle" area, centrally located among Vermilion Cliffs National Monument, Bryce Canyon National Park, the Grand Canyon, Zion National Park, Lake Powell. Other nearby attractions include Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Coral Pink Sand Dunes State Park, the owned Moqui Cave, the largest animal sanctuary in the United States, Best Friends Animal Society. Locals refer to Kanab as "Little Hollywood" due to its history as a filming location for many movies and television series, prominently western, such as Stagecoach, The Lone Ranger, Death Valley Days. Gunsmoke, Daniel Boone, El Dorado, Planet of the Apes, Mackenna's Gold, Sergeants 3, WindRunner: A Spirited Journey, Western Union, The Desperadoes, In Old Oklahoma, Buffalo Bill, Westward the Women, Tomahawk Trail, Fort Bowie, Sergeants Three, Duel at Diablo, Ride in the Whirlwind, The Shooting, The Outlaw Josey Wales.
Kanab is located on the western Colorado Plateau. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.1 square miles, of which, 14.0 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. Kanab has a borderline Mediterranean climate, more typical of exposed regions around Arizona’s Mogollon Rim; the town is rather wetter during the winter months, hotter than the typical Mountain West cool semi-arid climate. The dry spring season from April to June is warm to hot during the day and clear but the hot sun and thin air typical of Utah mean that nights remain cool and frosts can occur in May. In the summer, monsoon thunderstorms break up the dry weather between October; the winters are cool during the day and cold at night, though a large proportion of the precipitation is still rain rather than snow, which accumulated beyond 1 inch and has a median total fall of only 14.8 inches, or three-tenths that of Salt Lake City. As noted above, overall winter precipitation is in excess of that required to qualify as a subhumid rather than semi-arid climate.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,312 people, 1,729 households, 1,130 families residing in the townships. The population density was 308 people per square mile. There were 1,999 housing units at an average density of 141.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.2% White, 0.3% African American, 1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population. There were 1,729 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, a decrease of 6.4% compared to the 2000 census. 65.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families, an increase of 7.9% over the 2000 census. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.08. The median income for a household in the town was $42,286, the median income for a family was $48,008.
Males had a median income of $30,018 versus $22,205 for females. About 4.0% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over. In 2010, construction began on the Jackson Flat Reservoir under the direction of the Kane County Water Conservancy District; the reservoir had been in various stages of planning for 19 years. Completion of the reservoir took 2 years of construction, one year of filling; the Dam structure is composed of 800,000 yards of clay and rock. The project was supervised by four engineering firms including the Utah State Engineer of Dam Safety, the Army Corps of Engineers; the 4,228 acre-feet reservoir is an off stream site fed by a 24-inch pipe capable of transferring 23 acre feet of water per day. The average depth of the reservoir is 28 feet with a conservation pool that will sustain a 400 acre-foot pool of water. In April 2015, the reservoir reached 3000 acre-feet of water. Water volumes vary throughout the year as reserves are tapped during summer months to supplement local irrigation needs, are refilled during the winter season based on annual rainfall.
The reservoir is located directly south of Kanab, East of the municipal airport and is visible from Highway 89A. During planning and construction, crews discovered 10 sites of prehistoric Anasazi ruins, including human remains. Sites which would be below the water line were excavated and remains turned over to the local Paiute tribe for proper care and burial ceremonies. Sites above the projected water line remain un-excavated; the Jackson Flat Reservoir has been stocked with trout and bluegill fish varieties. The site supports non-motorized boating and swimming. On January 10, 2006, Mayor Kim Lawson and the city council unanimously passed Resolution 1-1-06R, titled The Natural Family: A Vision for the City of Kanab: "On the fifth anniversary of the Sutherland Institute it was said that'words matter', they have to be followed by deeds, you have to be prepared to communicate them vividly and with repetition, unending. Today there are large waves coming towards us in all directions, the most serious is the denigra
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website