Hammerhead is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is an enemy of Spider-Man and a member of organized crime who exists in Marvel's main shared universe, known as the Marvel Universe, he is associated with the "Hammerhead Family", a Maggia crime family. Hammerhead distinguishes himself from other villains in that he dresses up and acts somewhat like a gangster from the 1920s. Due to an injury he suffered, much of his skull was replaced with an unbendable steel alloy by Jonas Harrow, giving his head a flattened shape. Hammerhead made his first appearance in The Amazing Spider-Man #113, was created by writer Gerry Conway and artist John Romita Sr. Conway recalled that Hammerhead "was most directly influenced by the Big Man and the Crime-Master, who were among the first villains in Amazing Spider-Man. One of the more interesting things Stan, Jack Kirby, and, of course, Steve Ditko did was combining the two different kinds of milieus: superhero and Dick Tracy, with the unusual criminal characters who had some kind of physical deformity....
Plus, Hammerhead—I liked name, John Romita came up with an interesting look. Hammerhead's family immigrated from the Soviet Union to Italy, he got help from a man named The General. His father ran a garage in Toirrano, where he insisted the young man speak only in Russian, beating him with a mallet when he would not. Though not much is known about his life before he became an evil criminal and supervillain, he is known to have a sister. All the while, Hammerhead dreamed of becoming a gangster, he is recruited into one of the "families" of the criminal organization known as the Maggia when a member oversees Hammerhead murdering a childhood bully and his girlfriend in a theater showing The Godfather Part II. A small-time hitman, Hammerhead rises through the ranks of the Maggia, while hiding the fact that he is Russian so he can be "made". In his final test, Hammerhead is brought to his father's garage, where he proceeds to kill his father, while telling him in Russian that he does not hate him, that he made him this way.
One day, Hammerhead was found beaten and delirious with pain in an alley in New York City's Bowery by Jonas Harrow, a surgeon who had lost his medical license due to his illegal experiments. Seeing the opportunity both to save this man's life and to redeem his reputation, Harrow operated on the gunman for three days, replacing much of his shattered skull with a strong steel alloy. During the surgery, the unconscious thug fixated on the only memory he retained: an image of a poster for a movie called "The Al Capone Mob", hanging in the alley where he lay beaten and bloodied before Harrow found him; when he recovered, the memory of the poster and its images of 1930s-era gangsters prompted Hammerhead to start a gang of his own in the style of Capone and other mobsters of the 1920s. He dressed as if he were living in that decade. On, Hammerhead's entire skull was replaced with or reinforced with some type of nearly unbreakable metal. A gang war broke out between Doctor Octopus's criminal organization.
Hammerhead was forced to flee the country due to Spider-Man's interference. He had a rematch with Doctor Octopus next to an atomic breeder reactor on a remote Canadian island which caused a chain reaction, blasting Hammerhead "out of phase" with this dimension; some time he appeared as an immaterial ghost-like being to haunt Doctor Octopus. Doctor Octopus unwittingly restored Hammerhead to his material form. Hammerhead kidnapped Spider-Man's Aunt May, rescued by Spider-Man as Doctor Octopus caused Hammerhead's helicopter to plummet into the Hudson River. Hammerhead proposed that all Maggia "families" unite under his leadership. Wearing a strength-enhancing exoskeleton, he battled the Human Torch who fused the exoskeleton's power pack. Hammerhead was nearly assassinated by the Kingpin's Arranger during a gang war. Hammerhead was forced out of a major role in New York City organized crime by the Kingpin. Hammerhead allied himself with the Chameleon in the latter's bid to become the new crime lord of New York City.
The two served as partners in a splinter group of the Maggia. Hammerhead hired Tombstone as a hitman, he hired the Hobgoblin to kill Joe Robertson. Hammerhead was kidnapped and beaten by Tombstone, who had gained superhuman powers and resented Hammerhead for not sending him to kill Joe Robertson. Hammerhead attended a Las Vegas crime conference to divide the resources left by the Kingpin's downfall at the time. Around this time he participates in a multi-sided gang-war focused on the Kingpin's attempt to re-take New York City for his own. Hammerhead is a major player in underworld activities in the Marvel Universe and is sought after for elimination by the Punisher, he is one of several gang warlords struggling to control the criminal underworld in the major cities of the Eastern United States. During one of the first meetings of such warlords, Hammerhead was killed by the Strucker twins Fenris; this meeting was being manipulated by Baron Von Strucker, the head of HYDRA. When Don Fortunato made a bid for control of the New York underworld, Hammerhead opposed him and was killed as a result.
When every other crime lord surrendered to Fortunato and his HYDRA allies, Hammerhead went rogue, launching a raid on Fortunato's home and fighting off a HYDRA attack on his own headquarters. He did have assistance from Spider-Man and Morbius, the Livin
Sodomy or buggery is anal or oral sex between people or sexual activity between a person and a non-human animal, but it may mean any non-procreative sexual activity. The term sodomy, derived from the story of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Book of Genesis, was restricted to anal sex. Sodomy laws in many countries criminalized the behavior. In the Western world, many of these laws have been overturned or are not enforced; the term is derived from the Ecclesiastical Latin peccatum Sodomiticum or "sin of Sodom", which in turn comes from the Ancient Greek word Σόδομα. Genesis tells how God wished to destroy the "sinful" cities of Gomorrah. Two angels are invited by Lot to take refuge with his family for the night; the men of Sodom surround Lot's house and demand that he bring the messengers out so that they may "know" them. Lot protests that the "messengers" are his guests and offers the Sodomites his virgin daughters instead, but they threaten to "do worse" with Lot than they would with his guests; the angels strike the Sodomites blind, "so that they wearied themselves to find the door."
In current usage, the term is used in law. Laws prohibiting sodomy were seen in past Jewish and Islamic civilizations, but the term has little modern usage outside Africa and the United States; these laws in the United States have been challenged and have sometimes been found unconstitutional or been replaced with different legislation. Many cognates in other languages, such as French sodomie, Spanish sodomía, Portuguese sodomia, are used for penetrative anal sex, at least since the early nineteenth century. In those languages, the term is often current vernacular and a formal way of referring to any practice of anal penetration. In modern German, the word Sodomie has no connotation of anal or oral sex and refers to bestiality; the same goes for the Polish sodomia. The Norwegian word sodomi carries both senses. In Danish, sodomi is rendered as "unnatural carnal knowledge with someone of the same sex or with animals". In Arabic and Persian, the word for sodomy, لواط, is derived from the same source as in Western culture, with much the same connotations as English.
Its direct reference is to Lot and a more literal interpretation of the word is "the practice of Lot", but more it means "the practice of Lot's people" rather than Lot himself. The word sod, a noun or verb used as an insult, is derived from sodomite, it is a general-purpose insult term for anyone the speaker dislikes without specific reference to their sexual behaviour. Sod is considered mildly offensive. However, in New Zealand and Australia it is not considered offensive at all, but only'coarse', because it is locally assumed if incorrectly, that it refers to'sod' as in a wet clump of dirt. While religion and the law have had a fundamental role in the historical definition and punishment of sodomy, sodomitical texts present considerable opportunities for ambiguity and interpretation. Sodomy is both an imagined category. In the course of the eighteenth century, what is identifiable as sodomy becomes identified with effeminacy, for example, or in opposition to a discourse of manliness. In this regard, Ian McCormick has argued that "an adequate and imaginative reading involves a series of intertextual interventions in which histories become stories and reconstructions in lively debate with, around,'dominant' heterosexualities...
Deconstructing what we think we see may well involve reconstructing ourselves in surprising and unanticipated ways." The modern English word "bugger" is derived from the French term bougre, that evolved from the Latin Bulgarus or "Bulgarian". The Catholic Church used the word to describe members of a religious sect known as the Bogomils, who originated in medieval Bulgaria in the 10th Century and spread throughout Western Europe by the 15th Century; the Church used it as a term of offence against a group they considered heretical. The first use of the word "buggery" appears in Middle English in 1330 where it is associated with "abominable heresy"; the Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology quotes a similar form: "bowgard", but claims that the Bulgarians were heretics "as belonging to the Greek Church, sp. Albigensian". Webster's Third New International Dictionary gives the only meaning of the word "bugger" as a sodomite, "from the adherence of the Bulgarians to the Eastern Church considered heretical".
Bugger is still used in modern English as an exclamation while "buggery" is synonymous with the act of sodomy. In the Hebrew Bible, Sodom was a city destroyed by God because of the evil of its inhabitants. No specific sin is given as the reason for God's great wrath; the story of Sodom's destruction — and of Abraham's failed attempt to intercede with God and prevent that destruction — appears in Genesis 18-19. The connection between Sodom and homosexuality is derived from the described attempt by a mob of the city's people to rape L
Grizzly is the name of four unrelated fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The first is a wild west villain, the second is an A. I. M. Agent, the third is a foe of Spider-Man, the fourth is a mutant, a member of Six Pack; the third Grizzly is one of Spider-Man's enemies. He first was created by Gerry Conway and Ross Andru; the fourth Grizzly is Theodore Winchester. He first was created by Rob Liefeld. Ace Fenton is a criminal in the Old West; as the Grizzly made off with money he robbed from the bank, he ran afoul of Two-Gun Kid and the Rawhide Kid. After his rifle ran out, he ran off with his steel-lined suit protecting him from their bullets; when Rawhide Kid was suspected of robbing a train, Two-Gun Kid advised him to turn himself over. Ace Fenton himself began stirring up the people of Tombstone to turn against the Rawhide Kid claiming that he trained the Grizzly to rob a train. On the day of the trial, Grizzly broke into the courtroom and abducted Rawhide Kid to make it look like they are partners in crime.
He tried to kill Rawhide Kid. Rawhide Kid wasn't able to get a glimpse of the Grizzly's face. Rawhide Kid and Two-Gun Kid found his empty costume and headed to a saloon that the Grizzly had made on mistake; when Ace Fenton revealed himself as the Grizzly, he and Rawhide Kid got into a gunfight. Rawhide Kid handed him over to the authorities. A. I. M. had sent Grizzly and Agent R-2 to capture an atomic scientist named Paul Fosgrave at Manning University. Posing as students, they persuaded Mart Baker to help them by using the Hypno-Ray to turn protests into hostile activities as a cover to capture Paul Fosgrave. Mart Baker demanded that his committee be placed in control of the university and the student body divided against each other resulting in a massive fight. Captain America showed up at the scene and MODOK instructed Grizzly and Agent R-2 to capture Paul Fosgrave immediately; as they brought Paul Fosgrave to the roof where their portable copter was waiting, Captain America pursued them with the help of Mart Baker.
Grizzly tried to escape on the copter with Paul Fosgrave, but Captain America shot the copter down with Grizzly's gun. Fosgrave was brought to safety, Agent R-2 was defeated, Mart Baker and his followers were granted amnesty by the University. Grizzly's fate after the copter crashed is unrevealed. Maxwell Markham is a professional wrestler, his violent actions brought him to the attention of J. Jonah Jameson whose articles got Maxwell expelled from wrestling. Ten years he met with the Jackal who gave him a grizzly bear suit and an exoskeleton harness that amplified his strength and durability, he used this harness to attack the Daily Bugle in an attempt to get revenge against Jameson for ruining his wrestling career, but Spider-Man defeated him. The Grizzly attempted to defeat Spider-Man alongside the Jackal, but was defeated again by Spider-Man and went to jail. After his release, Markham took his grizzly suit and exoskeleton harness to the Tinkerer for them to be fixed and upgraded; the Grizzly demanded a rematch with Spider-Man so that he could take revenge on Spider-Man and save face among his peers.
Spider-Man faked defeat. He joined up with Gibbon and Kangaroo II to become the Legion of Losers. Planning only to get back at Spider-Man and Gibbon were shocked to see Kangaroo and Spot robbing a bank, they did capture Spider-Man, but released him, claiming that "He's an all-right guy". Grizzly and Gibbon teamed up with Spider-Man to capture Spot. Grizzly and Gibbon became crime-fighters and helped Spider-Man again to stop the White Rabbit's bank robbery. At one point, out on probation, he tries to turn his life around, his desire to keep wearing the suit, several accidents and the interference of his criminal friends make his life that much more miserable. He was brought in by S. H. I. E. L. D. At one point or another, his interrogation yielded key information that would drive the events of the "Secret War." He is receiving legal services from the law offices that employ She-Hulk. He had been accused of a robbery at Madison Square Garden, but his defense was to be that he had been seen fighting Power Pack in New Jersey at the same time.
Grizzly meets Starfox, moments later. Not understanding that Walter's employers have taken on villains for a client, he believes his old Avengers comrade is being menaced by supervillains. Grizzly is punched out by Starfox. For a time, Maxwell works as an enforcer for the criminal Hammerhead. With a new costume and fangs, he teams with a stylized Boomerang. At one point, he claims to have a child and that he used his kid's college fund to pay for his super-human fangs. Following the "Civil War" storyline, Maxwell is a self-confessed loser at the wake of Stilt-Man. All of the supervillains at the wake were the victims of murder/attempted murder: the Punisher disguised himself as a barman, poisoned the drinks, blew up the bar. Due to prompt medical attention, there were no actual fatalities. Alyosha Kraven began collecting a zoo of animal-themed superhumans, including Bushmaster, Tiger Shark, Aragorn, Mongoose, Man-Bull, Dragon Man, Mandrill, Frog-Man and Rhino. In the end, Punisher managed to sabotage this zoo.
Stephen Colbert's fear of bears is well known. So the Grizzly was the natural choice for a villain, when Colbert teamed
Gibbon is the name of two fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee and John Romita Sr. the Gibbon first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #110. The character subsequently appears in Amazing Spider-Man #111, The Spectacular Spider-Man #59-#60, #245-246, #252-253, #256, She-Hulk #6, Punisher War Journal #4, #16, Marvel Apes #1-4; the Gibbon received an entry in the All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #4 Martin Blank is a man, born a mutant with an ape-like build and agility. Gibbon joins a circus where he does well as an acrobat, his powers are enhanced by a potion given to him by Kraven the Hunter to "Unleash the Beast Within". Martin Blank begins his career as a friend of Spider-Man's while wearing a gibbon suit, he wants to be his partner, but Spider-Man laughs at him. Sick of being seen as a freak, Martin cannot take further ridicule and lashes out, he catches the eye of Kraven the Hunter who enhances the Gibbon's powers with a herb broth giving him a great animal rage.
Gibbon was defeated by Spider-Man. Gibbon was one of the inmates at Ryker's Island. Gibbon sought revenge on Spider-Man, he is caught in the middle of a fight with Beetle. Gibbon helps Spider-Man by punching out the Beetle. Gibbon joins up with other has-beens: Kangaroo and Spot to form the Legion of Losers; this team falls apart when Spider-Man carted Kangaroo to jail for bank robbery. He and Grizzly would attempt to go hero, helping Spider-Man thwart a bank robbery by White Rabbit and getting an action figure deal; the Gibbon has been shown as retaining his physical mutation, but showed no sign of his former mutant abilities. Gibbon is seen as a client for the law offices, he steals her tuna melt lunch out of the fridge. Following the "Civil War" storyline, the Gibbon is a self-confessed loser at the wake of Stilt-Man, held at the Bar With No Name. All of the supervillains at the wake are the victims of murder/attempted murder. Disguised as a barman, Punisher poisons drinks and blows up the bar, it is mentioned that "they all had to get their stomachs pumped and be treated for third-degree burns."Martin is being considered as a "potential recruit" for the Initiative program.
Martin, nearly hairless, has spent his time since the bar attack plotting vengeance on the Punisher against the wishes of Martin's wife Princess Python. When Martin finds the Punisher, however, he decides his revenge is not worth throwing away his life, hands his gun over to the Punisher, returning home. Gibbon returns as the lead character in the Marvel Apes storyline; the Gibbon wasn’t the perfect choice just because he’s a mainstream Marvel character who can "pass" in an ape-filled monkeyverse, but because he’s such a lovable loser. Nothing goes right for him— he never gets a break, the girl, or the glory— and he finds the fate of an entire universe in his hands. In some ways, Marvel Apes is a sprawling epic like Lord of the Rings, the Gibbon is our Frodo— one small person dwarfed by the overwhelming forces that stand between him and his goal, he has his own Samwise— a spunky gal-scientist named Fiona Fitzhugh who gets sucked into this adventure along with him. Gibbon restored to his simian appearance with the related abilities, is left with his personal life in shambles.
His attempts to side with the heroes are frustrated by his ineptitude, Princess Python a caring and loving wife, has now become fed up with the meek loser Gibbon is reverting to. Out of boredom and depression, he replies to an ad posted on the Daily Bugle by Fiona Fitzhugh, a spunky and cheery young scientist hoping to study the nature of superpowered individuals, her experiments fling both of them into a reality populated by simian version of the Marvel Heroes, destroy the machines that could have been used to bring Gibbon back. Fiona supposes, due to Gibbon having his powers since birth, instead of gaining them in puberty as the majority of the mutants, being "drawn" to that particular reality, that Gibbon may be connected somehow to the Simian World. While Fiona asks for help from the simian version of the Fantastic Four, Gibbon is inducted by Spider-Monkey into the Ape-Vengers. Despite their friendly facade, the Ape-Vengers are far more ruthless and bestial than their human counterparts.
The Gibbon sets out to discover the truth, with the help of a cadre of dissident simian heroes: the Ape-Vengers are under the thrall of Baron Blood, who in this reality stole the appearance and the powers of Captain America, using his influence to prey over villains' and dissidents' blood at his leisure. Along with Speedball and Wolverine, despite being now pursued by Baron Blood and his followers, Gibbon manages to free Captain America from the iceberg in which he was entombed since the 1940s, gaining his help in battling the impersonator, he and Fiona make their way back home. While now resembling a man-sized Gibbon, he travels with Gorilla Girl and several other allies as Norman Osborn seeks to exploit the potential of the now somewhat-accessible'ape' universe. Fiona works to provide the Gibbon with various means of disguise to hide his simian nature. During the "Hunted" storyline, Gibbon is among the animal-themed superhumans that were captured by Taskmaster and Black Ant for Kraven the Hunter's Great Hunt that i
The Sinister Six is a group of supervillains appearing in Spider-Man comic books published by Marvel Comics. They are drawn from Spider-Man's list of enemies; the original incarnation of the group was organized by Doctor Octopus. The Sinister Six first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man Annual #1. After suffering three defeats in a row from Spider-Man, Doctor Octopus is separated from his tentacle pack. After his tentacle pack breaks free and helps Doctor Octopus get out of prison, he contacts every known supervillain who had crossed paths with Spider-Man. Only Electro, Kraven the Hunter, the original Mysterio and Vulture respond; as none of the members are willing to relinquish the honor of killing Spider-Man themselves, they decide to challenge Spider-Man individually with the order in which they face him determined by a random drawing. The Sinister Six kidnap Aunt May and Daily Bugle secretary Betty Brant, holding them hostage in order to force Spider-Man to confront them. Spider-Man defeats the Sinister Six one-by-one, mocking their decision to battle him individually instead of as a team.
In The Amazing Spider-Man #334–339, Doctor Octopus recruits Electro, Sandman and Vulture, along with the demonic Hobgoblin as part of his plan to take over the world. However, this was a trick, part of a larger plan by which Doc Ock alone would be the master of the world. Sandman, who at this point in his career had reformed and was blackmailed into joining, aids Spider-Man in defeating the Sinister Six, stopping Doc Ock's plans to conquer the world. In Spider-Man #18-23, Mysterio and Hobgoblin reunite in a bid to take revenge on Doctor Octopus. To trick Sandman into joining them, they hit his foster family with a bomb, leading him to believe Doctor Octopus attacked them as punishment for betraying him. Sandman contacts Spider-Man and asks him to shadow the group as insurance against him being double-crossed. Doctor Octopus defeats the other members of the six with his newly reacquired adamantium arms zaps Sandman with a weapon that transforms his body into glass and beats Spider-Man nearly to death.
When police surround the building, the other members of the Sinister Six agree to serve Doctor Octopus in exchange for his helping them escape. The assembled Sinister Six go off on a rampage, stealing advanced weapons and technology from several sources, including an alien dimension and a facility specializing in cybernetics. To again complete their quorum of six, they recruit Gog. Spider-Man and several other heroes confront the villains as they are seizing a HYDRA base to gain access to deadly, world-devastating weapons. Most of the members are again incarcerated. A variation known as the Sinister Seven is formed by Hobgoblin to fight Kaine after he killed Doctor Octopus and the Grim Hunter. Hobgoblin's Sinister Seven consists of Beetle, Mysterio, Scorpia and Vulture, they find Kaine and a battle erupts. Spider-Man saves Kaine from being executed. Sandman and the second Mysterio form a new version of the Sinister Six, with Venom temporarily replacing Doctor Octopus and the other members consisting of Electro, the second Kraven the Hunter, Vulture.
Sandman uses the Sinister Six. The Sinister Six are defeated again and Venom subsequently attacks the various members of the Sinister Six, he nearly kills Sandman and badly injures Electro and Kraven the Hunter before he and his symbiote are separated from each other. In Marvel Knights Spider-Man, Norman Osborn is unmasked to the public as the Green Goblin and imprisoned. Osborn contacts a group of supervillains who bear grudges against Spider-Man, all of whom had been financed by Osborn's fortunes for years. Eager to retaliate, the villains agree to band together, the Sinister Twelve is formed. Mac Gargan is the de facto leader of the Twelve while Osborn is in prison, he kidnaps Peter Parker's Aunt May and threatens to kill her if Spider-Man does not help Osborn escape from jail. Spider-Man, with help from Black Cat, breaks Osborn out only to be confronted by the Vulture, the Sandman, the Chameleon, the Lizard, Hydro-Man, the Shocker, Hammerhead and Tombstone. Osborn, now in the guise of the Goblin, introduces them as the Sinister Twelve.
Spider-Man and Black Cat are rescued by Captain America, Iron Man, Daredevil and the Fantastic Four. Furious, Goblin rockets away and kidnaps Mary Jane Watson and Spider-Man pursues him. Spider-Man and the Goblin clash upon a bridge. Osborn gives a vital clue as to Aunt May's whereabouts before being knocked into the river below. In the aftermath, Aunt May is saved; the rest of the Sinister Twelve are arrested. A new version of the Sinister Six bands together during the Civil War storyline; the line-up consists of Doctor Octopus, Grim Reaper, Shocker and Vulture. They are stopped by Captain America and his Secret Avengers off-panel and discovered bound and subdued by S. H. I. E. L. D. Following the events of the "Origin of the Species" storyline which involves Doctor Octopus assembling Spider-Man's enemies into targeting Harry Osborn's baby, only Chameleon, Mysterio and Sandman remain with Doctor Octopus to reform t
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w
Doctor Octopus is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. A intelligent mad scientist, Doctor Octopus is portrayed as a stocky, myopic man who utilizes four powerful, mechanical appendages, is a prominent enemy of the superhero Spider-Man; the character has appeared in numerous Spider-Man animations and video games, is portrayed by Alfred Molina in the 2004 film Spider-Man 2. In 2009, Doctor Octopus was ranked as IGN's 28th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time, his first brief appearance as the Superior Spider-Man was in Daredevil vol. 3 #21 and his first full appearance of the same character was in Avenging Spider-Man #15.1. Comics journalist and historian Mike Conroy writes of the character: "Created by Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko, Doc Ock, as he became known, has become one of the web slinger's most persistent and dangerous foes." IGN rated him as the greatest enemy of Spider-Man. Though portrayed as a supervillain, some depictions of him in the 2000s have indicated him to harbor more noble and honorable character traits, including those seen in the film Spider-Man 2, in the action-adventure video game Marvel's Spider-Man, in the Superior Spider-Man comics series.
In the mainstream comics universe, Octavius has been portrayed as struggling to redeem himself, as the antihero Superior Octopus. The character of Doctor Octopus first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #3, was created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko. Lee recounted: "usually in creating a villain the first thing I would think of was a name, I would try to think of,'Well, now that I've got the name, who's the character going to be and what will he do?' For some reason, I thought of an octopus. I thought,'I want to call somebody Octopus, and I want him to have a couple of extra arms just for fun.' But I had to figure out how to do that." The character soon appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #11-12, again in #31-33. Doctor Octopus is regarded as one of Spider-Man's most infamous enemies, he has been cited as the man Peter might have become if he had not been raised with a sense of responsibility. He is infamous for defeating him the first time in battle and for marrying Peter's Aunt May, he is the core leader of the Sinister Six and has referred himself as the "Master Planner".
Depictions revealed him in Peter Parker's body where he was the titular character from 2013-2014. In 2018 it was announced that he would return as Superior Spider-Man again in a series written by Christos Gage and illustrated by Mike Hawthorne. Born in Schenectady, New York, Otto Octavius had a turbulent upbringing, his father Torbert Octavius, a factory worker, was abusive and violent towards both Otto and his mother Mary Octavius. Young Otto's shyness and good work in school got him labeled as a "teacher's pet" and targeted as a subject for bullying. Torbert did not appreciate having a bullied son, roared at Otto to use violence in dealing with the bullies. Mary Octavius would defend her son from Torbert's tirades, saying Otto was a gifted thinker who would use his brain to solve problems, not his fists. Due to his mother's insistence and her disgust towards men who worked in manual labor, Otto was determined not to become like his father and threw all his efforts into his education scoring top marks.
Otto's devotion to study paid off with him being awarded a university scholarship. During Otto's freshman year of college, his father's death due to an industrial accident pushed Otto towards the study of, obsession with, physical science. After graduating from college, Otto found work in an engineering firm. Otto became a brilliant and respected nuclear physicist, atomic research consultant and lecturer, he designed a set of advanced mechanical arms controlled via a brain–computer interface to assist him with his research into atomic physics. The tentacle arms were resistant to radiation and were capable of great strength and precise movement, attached to a harness that fit around his body. In his criminal career, he claimed the inspiration for the device came from the Vitruvian Man, the famous pencil sketch by Leonardo da Vinci, one of his idols. Though his relationship with co-workers was hostile, a fellow researcher named Mary Alice Anders befriended him when Otto impressed her with a demonstration of his harness, the two began a courtship.
In due time, Otto proposed marriage to Mary Alice. However, Otto's mother did not approve. To please her, he ended his engagement; when he discovered that his mother had begun dating a librarian, he rebuked her, causing her to have a fatal heart attack in the heat of their argument. With the death of his mother and Mary Alice Anders out of his life, Octavius' disposition towards nearly everyone became mean-spirited, he had become more distracted from paying attention to detail and safety precautions in his work, his co-workers called him "Dr. Octopus" behind his back, a pun on his actual name inspired by the four-armed apparatus. During an accidental radiation leak that ended in an explosion, the apparatus became fused to Otto Octavius's body, it was revealed that the radiation had mutated his brain so that he could control the movement of the arms using his thoughts alone. The tentacles have since been surgically removed from his body, although Octavius retains the power to control them telepathically from a great distance.
The accident seemingly damaged his brain (although it was suggested that what was interpreted as brain damage was in fact his m