Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with an estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017. Named after the Dutch village of Breukelen, it borders the borough of Queens at the western end of Long Island. Brooklyn has several bridge and tunnel connections to the borough of Manhattan across the East River, the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connects Staten Island. Since 1896, Brooklyn has been coterminous with Kings County, the most populous county in the U. S. state of New York and the second-most densely populated county in the United States, after New York County. With a land area of 71 square miles and water area of 26 square miles, Kings County is New York state's fourth-smallest county by land area and third-smallest by total area, though it is the second-largest among the city's five boroughs. Today, if each borough were ranked as a city, Brooklyn would rank as the third-most populous in the U. S. after Los Angeles and Chicago. Brooklyn was an independent incorporated city until January 1, 1898, after a long political campaign and public relations battle during the 1890s, according to the new Municipal Charter of "Greater New York", Brooklyn was consolidated with the other cities and counties to form the modern City of New York, surrounding the Upper New York Bay with five constituent boroughs.
The borough continues, however. Many Brooklyn neighborhoods are ethnic enclaves. Brooklyn's official motto, displayed on the Borough seal and flag, is Eendraght Maeckt Maght, which translates from early modern Dutch as "Unity makes strength". In the first decades of the 21st century, Brooklyn has experienced a renaissance as an avant garde destination for hipsters, with concomitant gentrification, dramatic house price increases, a decrease in housing affordability. Since the 2010s, Brooklyn has evolved into a thriving hub of entrepreneurship and high technology startup firms, of postmodern art and design; the name Brooklyn is derived from the original Dutch colonial name Breuckelen, meaning marshland. Established in 1646, the name first appeared in print in 1663; the Dutch colonists named it after the scenic town of Netherlands. Over the past two millennia, the name of the ancient town in Holland has been Bracola, Brocckede, Brocklandia, Broikelen and Breukelen; the New Amsterdam settlement of Breuckelen went through many spelling variations, including Breucklyn, Brucklyn, Brookland, Brockland and Brookline/Brook-line.
There have been so many variations of the name. The final name of Brooklyn, however, is the most accurate to its meaning; the history of European settlement in Brooklyn spans more than 350 years. The settlement began in the 17th century as the small Dutch-founded town of "Breuckelen" on the East River shore of Long Island, grew to be a sizeable city in the 19th century, was consolidated in 1898 with New York City, the remaining rural areas of Kings County, the rural areas of Queens and Staten Island, to form the modern City of New York; the etymology of Breuckelen may be directly from the dialect word Breuckelen meaning buckle or from the Plattdeutsch Brücken meaning bridge. The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle Long Island's western edge, largely inhabited by the Lenape, an Algonquian-speaking American Indian tribe who are referred to in colonial documents by a variation of the place name "Canarsie". Bands were associated with place names, but the colonists thought their names represented different tribes.
The Breuckelen settlement was named after Breukelen in the Netherlands. The Dutch West India Company lost little time in chartering the six original parishes: Gravesend: in 1645, settled under Dutch patent by English followers of Anabaptist Lady Deborah Moody, named for's-Gravenzande, Netherlands, or Gravesend, England Brooklyn Heights: as Breuckelen in 1646, after the town now spelled Breukelen, Netherlands. Breuckelen was located along Fulton Street between Smith Street. Brooklyn Heights, or Clover Hill, is where the village Brooklyn was founded in 1816. Flatlands: as Nieuw Amersfoort in 1647 Flatbush: as Midwout in 1652 Nieuw Utrecht: in 1657, after the city of Utrecht, Netherlands Bushwick: as Boswijck in 1661 The colony's capital of New Amsterdam, across the East River, obtained its charter in 1653 than the village of Brooklyn; the neighborhood of Marine Park was home to North America's first tide mill. It was built by the Dutch, the foundation can be seen today, but the area was not formally settled as a town.
Many incidents and documents relating to this period are in Gabriel Furman's 1824 compilation. What is Brooklyn today left Dutch hands after the final English conquest of New Netherland in 1664, a prelude to the Second Anglo–Dutch War. New Netherland was taken in a naval action, the conquerors renamed their prize in honor of the overall English naval commander, Duke of York, brother of the monarch King Charles II of England and future king himself as King James II of England and James VII of Scotland; the English reorganized the six old Dutch towns on southwestern Long Island as Kings County on November 1, 1683, one of the "original twelve counties" established in New York Pro
Toyota Land Cruiser (J40)
The Toyota Land Cruiser, is a series of Land Cruisers made by Toyota from 1960 until 1984. Traditional body on frame SUVs, most 40 series Land Cruisers were built as 2-door models with larger dimensions than the similar Jeep CJ; the model was available in short and long wheelbase versions, with petrol and diesel engines. For the history of the J series from the original 1951 Toyota Jeep BJ through the J20 series see Land Cruiser History from 1950 to 1955. 1960: J40 series launched. 1963: Longer wheelbase, FJ45-B, pickup and cab-chassis were added). 1967: End of four-door FJ45V production, replaced by FJ55 Station wagon).2-door FJ45-B renamed FJ45.1968 40-series production commences as the Bandeirante in Brazil, with locally produced Mercedes-Benz diesel engine. : HJ45 launched with the 3.6-litre inline 6-cylinder diesel engine. 1974: BJ40/43 launched with the B, 3.0-litre inline 4-cylinder diesel engine. A factory-fitted roll bar becomes standard in the United States. 1975: Rear barn doors are added to US model FJ40s.
The lift gate remains available as an option in other countries. 1976: Disc brakes on the front axle. 1977: Front door vent windows removed, added rear vent windows on the hard top in the United States 1979: Power steering and air conditioning added to the options, gear ratios modified from 4:11 to 3:70 in the United States to be more freeway friendly 1980: HJ47 launched with a 4.0-liter six-cylinder diesel engine. End of HJ45 production. BJ42/46 and BJ45 launched with a 3.4-liter four-cylinder diesel engine.1981: Power steering added on the BJ models to the options, disk brakes added in Australia. 1984: End of J40 series production. 1993: Five-speed transmission becomes available for the Toyota Bandeirante. 1994: In Brazil, the Mercedes-Benz OM-364 engine is replaced by the Toyota 14B unit. 2001: End of Bandeirante production. The J40/41/42 was a two-door short wheelbase four-wheel-drive vehicle, with either a soft or a hardtop, it was available with various diesel engines over its lifetime. It was replaced on most markets from 1984 by the J70 series.
The FJ42 is 4X2 model, for only The Middle East. The J43/J44/46 was an rare two-door medium wheelbase four-wheel-drive vehicle, with either a soft or a hard-top, it was replaced on most markets from 1984 by the J70 series. The J45/47 was a long-wheelbase four-wheel-drive vehicle, available in two-door hardtop, three-door hardtop, four-door station wagon and two-door pickup models; the four-door station wagon model was the shortest-lived of the J40 series, as it was replaced by the FJ55G/V in 1967. The Bandeirante TB25/TB41/TB51 Series are J25 series Land Cruisers built in Brazil by Toyota do Brasil Ltda from 1962 to 1968. In 1966 they were replaced by the OJ32 and OJ31 for the TB25, the TB81 for the TB51; the second generation Bandeirante OJ40/OJ45 Series, OJ50/OJ55 Series and BJ50/BJ55 Series are J40 series cars built in Brazil by Toyota do Brasil Ltda from 1968 to 2001. Identical to the BJ40 in every respect, it had a few stylistic modifications to the grille and used Mercedes-Benz OM-314/OM-324/OM-364 diesel engines for much of its production life.
1968: OJ40L - Short soft top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 - replaces the OJ32L OJ40LV - Short hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 - replaces the OJ31L OJ40LV-B - Long hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 - replaces the TB41L OJ45LP-B - Short pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 - replaces the TB81L 1973: OJ50L - Short soft top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - replaces the OJ40L OJ50LV - Short hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - replaces the OJ40LV OJ50LV-B - Long hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - replaces the OJ40LV-B OJ55LP-B - Short pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - replaces the OJ45LP-B between 1973 and 1989: OJ55LP-B3 - Short chassis-cab pickup - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - new in 19?? OJ55LP-BL - Long pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - new in 19?? OJ55LP-BL3 - Short chassis-cab pickup - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - new in 19?? OJ55LP-2BL - Long 2-door double cabin pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - new in 19??
1989: OJ50L - Short soft top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ50L with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor OJ50LV - Short hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ50LV with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor OJ50LV-B - Long hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ50LV-B with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor OJ55LP-B - Short p
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring. Amateur boxing is both an Olympic and Commonwealth Games sport and is a common fixture in most international games—it has its own World Championships. Boxing is overseen by a referee over a series of one- to three-minute intervals called rounds; the result is decided when an opponent is deemed incapable to continue by a referee, is disqualified for breaking a rule, or resigns by throwing in a towel. If a fight completes all of its allocated rounds, the victor is determined by judges' scorecards at the end of the contest. In the event that both fighters gain equal scores from the judges, professional bouts are considered a draw. In Olympic boxing, because a winner must be declared, judges award the content to one fighter on technical criteria. While humans have fought in hand-to-hand combat since the dawn of human history, the earliest evidence of fist-fighting sporting contests date back to the ancient Near East in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC.
The earliest evidence of boxing rules date back to Ancient Greece, where boxing was established as an Olympic game in 688 BC. Boxing evolved from 16th- and 18th-century prizefights in Great Britain, to the forerunner of modern boxing in the mid-19th century with the 1867 introduction of the Marquess of Queensberry Rules; the earliest known depiction of boxing comes from a Sumerian relief in Iraq from the 3rd millennium BC. Depictions from the 2nd millennium BC are found in reliefs from the Mesopotamian nations of Assyria and Babylonia, in Hittite art from Asia Minor. A relief sculpture from Egyptian Thebes shows both spectators; these early Middle-Eastern and Egyptian depictions showed contests where fighters were either bare-fisted or had a band supporting the wrist. The earliest evidence of fist fighting with the use of gloves can be found on Minoan Crete. Various types of boxing existed in ancient India; the earliest references to musti-yuddha come from classical Vedic epics such as the Ramayana and Rig Veda.
The Mahabharata describes two combatants boxing with clenched fists and fighting with kicks, finger strikes, knee strikes and headbutts. Duels were fought to the death. During the period of the Western Satraps, the ruler Rudradaman - in addition to being well-versed in "the great sciences" which included Indian classical music, Sanskrit grammar, logic - was said to be an excellent horseman, elephant rider and boxer; the Gurbilas Shemi, an 18th-century Sikh text, gives numerous references to musti-yuddha. In Ancient Greece boxing was enjoyed consistent popularity. In Olympic terms, it was first introduced in the 23rd Olympiad, 688 BC; the boxers would wind leather thongs around their hands. There were no boxers fought until one of them acknowledged defeat or could not continue. Weight categories were not used; the style of boxing practiced featured an advanced left leg stance, with the left arm semi-extended as a guard, in addition to being used for striking, with the right arm drawn back ready to strike.
It was the head of the opponent, targeted, there is little evidence to suggest that targeting the body was common. Boxing was a popular spectator sport in Ancient Rome. In order for the fighters to protect themselves against their opponents they wrapped leather thongs around their fists. Harder leather was used and the thong soon became a weapon; the Romans introduced metal studs to the thongs to make the cestus. Fighting events were held at Roman Amphitheatres; the Roman form of boxing was a fight until death to please the spectators who gathered at such events. However in times, purchased slaves and trained combat performers were valuable commodities, their lives were not given up without due consideration. Slaves were used against one another in a circle marked on the floor; this is. In AD 393, during the Roman gladiator period, boxing was abolished due to excessive brutality, it was not until the late 16th century. Records of Classical boxing activity disappeared after the fall of the Western Roman Empire when the wearing of weapons became common once again and interest in fighting with the fists waned.
However, there are detailed records of various fist-fighting sports that were maintained in different cities and provinces of Italy between the 12th and 17th centuries. There was a sport in ancient Rus called Kulachniy Boy or "Fist Fighting"; as the wearing of swords became less common, there was renewed interest in fencing with the fists. The sport would resurface in England during the early 16th century in the form of bare-knuckle boxing sometimes referred to as prizefighting; the first documented account of a bare-knuckle fight in England appeared in 1681 in the London Protestant Mercury, the first English bare-knuckle champion was James Figg in 1719. This is the time when the word "boxing" first came to be used; this earliest form of modern boxing was different. Contests in Mr. Figg's time, in addition to fist fighting contained fencing and cudgeling. On 6 January 1681, the first recorded boxing match took place in Britain when Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle engineered a bout between his butler and his butcher with the latter winning the prize.
Early fighting had no written rules. There were no weight divisions or round limits, no referee. In general, it was chaotic. An early article on boxing was published i
Barry O'Brien is an American television writer and producer best known as the co-creator of Disney Channel Original Series Hannah Montana. His credits include Happy Days, Perfect Strangers, Hangin' with Mr. Cooper, Judging Amy, CSI: Miami. Barry O'Brien was born in California, to a large Irish Catholic family, he attended Terra Linda High School, before joining Santa Clara University on a football scholarship, studying business and finance. While convalescing from a knee injury, O’Brien began writing his first television scripts, a successful submission resulting in a commission for the hit television series Happy Days. For the next three decades he would script some of America’s most popular family shows, including Perfect Strangers, Judging Amy, Hangin' with Mr. Cooper and the Chipmunks, Muppet Babies, The Jetsons, Fraggle Rock, CSI: Miami, where he served as writer and executive producer. O’Brien’s biggest hit is Disney’s Hannah Montana, a concept he pitched based on the premise of an famous teenager-with-a-double-life, an idea conceived during a tenure on Nickelodeon’s television series All That, where the teenage American pop singer Britney Spears featured as a guest.
Aside from writing for television, O’Brien co-wrote Jerry Bruckheimer’s Kangaroo Jack, two junior novels. He resides in Los Angeles, with his wife and two children. Happy Days Laverne & Shirley Joanie Loves Chachi The New Odd Couple Silver Spoons Muppet Babies MoonDreamers The Love Boat Ghostbusters Blondie & Dagwood Pinocchio and the Emperor of the Night Beverly Hills Teens The Jetsons Fraggle Rock BraveStarr Alvin and the Chipmunks She's the Sheriff Blondie & Dagwood: Second Wedding Workout Perfect Strangers All-New Dennis the Menace Getting By Hangin' with Mr. Cooper Guys Like Us Between Brothers Titans Kangaroo Jack Drake & Josh Judging Amy The Einstein Factor Hannah Montana CSI: Miami Touch King & Maxwell Intelligence Hannah Montana Bind Up #2, with Laurie McElroy Ace London, with John Worsley, Kaj Melendez, Mirza Javed Nominated for an Edgar Award for Best Television Episode Teleplay of 2008. Hannah Montana Barry O'Brien on IMDb
Scott Rosenberg is an American screenwriter, film producer, actor. Rosenberg was born in Massachusetts. After high school graduation in 1981, he attended Boston University, from which he received his bachelor's degree in 1985, he earned his MFA from UCLA. His screenwriting credits include major motion pictures such as Con Air, High Fidelity and Gone in 60 Seconds. During production of the film Domestic Disturbance in April 2001, Rosenberg was arrested along with actor Vince Vaughn after a bar brawl in Wilmington, North Carolina; the scuffle broke out at the Firebelly Lounge, where actor Steve Buscemi had been stabbed in the face and arm. On Beautiful Girls, starring Timothy Hutton, Matt Dillon, Uma Thurman: "It was the worst winter in this small hometown. Snow plows were coming by, I was just tired of writing these movies with people getting shot and killed. So I said,'There is more action going on in my hometown with my friends dealing with the fact that they can't deal with turning 30 or with commitment' – all that became Beautiful Girls."
In October 2015, Rosenberg was brought in to rewrite Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle with his writing partner Jeff Pinkner. In February 2018, Rosenberg and director Jake Kasdan were expected to return to the film's sequel. Scott has two children and Sawyer, with his partner Langley Perer. Scott Rosenberg on IMDb The Dialogue: Learn from the Masters Interview Scott Rosenberg at Library of Congress AuthoritiesWARNING: Scott Rosenberg at LC Authorities is an unresolved name with catalog records for three works by this screenwriter, published 1995 to 2000, others by Scott Rosenberg, born 1959
Kangaroo Jack: G'Day U.S.A.!
Kangaroo Jack: G'Day U. S. A.! is an animated sequel to 2003's Kangaroo Jack, directed by Emory Myrick and Jeffrey Gatrall. It was produced by Warner Bros. Animation and sister company Castle Rock Entertainment and was distributed by Warner Bros. and released direct-to-video in 2004. The movie takes place some time after the first film; the sequel's protagonists - Charlie Carbone, his wife Jessie and his best friend Louis Booker - travel to Australia once again and it is up to them to save the animals of the outback from danger by poachers along with the help of their old friend Jackie Legs, the kangaroo character from the original film. He is an anthropomorphic rapping kangaroo who had a previous encounter with Charlie Carbone and Louis Booker from the original film. An animal with a love for candy, he is a friend to Charlie and Louis, he is living in the Australian outback along with his family. Jackie's voice is provided by Jeff Bennett. Charlie Carbone is the step-son of Salvatore Maggio, he is married to another character from the original film.
He is long-time friends with Louis Booker. He takes things and is selling a new shampoo alongside Louis. Charlie is voiced by Josh Keaton. Louis Booker is chubby slow-witted and is the closest one to Jackie Legs, he is Charlie Carbone's best friend who enjoys adventuring yet he seems to attract bad luck. Louis is voiced by Ahmed Best. Charlie Carbone's wife. Rather than being a wildlife preserve worker, she is an adventurer traveling alongside her husband and Louis Booker aside from being a close one to Jackie Legs. Jessie is voiced by Kath Soucie, he acts as an innocent park owner with many Australian animals but is revealed to be an evil smuggler who disguises his New York accent with an Australian accent. At the end of the movie, he ends up spending the rest of his life in prison, he is voiced by Jim Ward. Outback Ollie's henchmen. Rico and Mikey are the men who stole the sacred stones from his tribe, they dressed up as cops in one scene to take the stones from Charlie and Jessie because they thought they had them but Louis knocked them out.
The trio discovered the thieves were the pair because Rico was the one with a smiling forehead and Mikey was the one who carried a snake on his left arm. They are arrested at the end, but end up serving 16 years in prison. Rico and Mikey are both voiced by Phil LaMarr. Louis' selfish cousin, he acts dumb but is able to trick the police to rescue his cousin and friends from jail when they were framed. He has two jobs and limo driver, he is crazy about gems. Ronald is voiced by Keith Diamond; the leader and medicine man of the Aborigines. He and his people worship the legendary rainbow serpent with four sacred stones which he described as "one as red as fire, one as blue as the sky, one as green as the ocean and one as black as night"; the stones go by these names of the gods when Ankamuti used his magic, the red one was "Kakuru", representing the fire element, the blue one was "Kalseru", representing the sky element, the green one was "Langal", representing the water element, the black one was "Galeru", representing the earth element.
Louis mispronounces his name. He gave Charlie's group two gifts for returning their stones - pango pangoes for their shampoo and the gift of being "one with nature", so they can talk to Jackie and the other animals. Charlie considers the chief a lunatic until he gives them the gift of being "one with nature". Chief Ankamuti is voiced by Obba Babatundé; the corrupt FBI agent and policeman who thought Charlie and his friends were stealing Jackie from Outback Ollie and lost them when Jackie caused a large traffic jam. Agent Jackson is voiced by Dorian Harewood. A crazy elderly woman, one of Ronald's customers, her house is loaded with booby traps to capture aliens from outer space. She has a bulldog named Neil as an assistant, she thinks Jackie is a "six-foot tall red possum that stands on its hind legs". Like Jessie, she is voiced by Kath Soucie. Jackie's son. According to Louis, they are "Mrs. Legs" and "Jackie Legs, Jr." They do not talk in the film. A heavyweight boxing champion, he first appeared on a poster.
His final appearance was in Louis' dream. Like Ronald, he is voiced by Keith Diamond. A show animal and black panther, he tried to eat Charlie and Louis but he licked the gravy on them instead, he is voiced by Frank Welker. An emu, captured by the poachers; when Charlie and Jessie were hiding in his crate, the emu kept pecking Charlie in the head, much to Charlie's annoyance. He is seen on TV, seemed to be missing. After a long absence from the film, he reappears at Outback Ollie's Animal Park where he pecks Charlie's head again. At the end of the film, he apologizes for pecking Charlie's head and explains that he loves hollow sounds "rather like an empty coconut"; the emu's voice is provided by Steve Miller. An echidna who appears on Outback Ollie's Animal Park show under the name "Eric the Echidna." He takes his true name seriously and doesn't appreciate being called by another name. Like Jackie, he was voiced by Jeff Bennett. A frilled lizard, he appears in the epilogue where he asks Larry the echidna if his fri
Christopher Walken is an American actor, director and playwright who has appeared in more than 100 films and television shows. Walken has had roles in films such as Annie Hall, The Deer Hunter, The Dogs of War, The Dead Zone, A View to a Kill, Batman Returns, True Romance, Pulp Fiction, Vendetta, Sleepy Hollow, Catch Me If You Can, Seven Psychopaths, the first three Prophecy films, The Jungle Book, Irreplaceable You, as well as music videos by many popular recording artists, he has received a number of awards and nominations, including the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for The Deer Hunter. He was nominated for the same award and won BAFTA and Screen Actors Guild Awards for Catch Me If You Can. Walken's films have grossed more than $1 billion in the United States. A two-time Tony Award nominee, he has played the lead in the Shakespeare plays Hamlet, Macbeth and Juliet, Coriolanus, he is a popular guest-host of Saturday Night Live. His most notable roles on the show include record producer Bruce Dickinson in the "More Cowbell" sketch.
He has appeared in Hallmark Hall of Fame's Sarah and Tall, which earned him a Primetime Emmy Award nomination. Walken debuted as screenwriter with the 2001 short film Popcorn Shrimp, he wrote and played the lead role in a 1995 play about his idol, Elvis Presley, titled Him. Christopher Walken was born Ronald Walken on March 31, 1943, in Astoria, New York, the son of Rosalie, a Scottish immigrant from Glasgow, Paul Wälken, a German immigrant from Gelsenkirchen who owned and operated Walken's Bakery in Astoria. Walken was named after actor Ronald Colman, he was raised Methodist. He and his brothers and Glenn, were child actors on television in the 1950s, influenced by their mother's dreams of stardom; when he was 15, a girlfriend showed him a magazine photo of Elvis Presley, Walken said, "This guy looked like a Greek god. I saw him on television. I loved everything about him." He has not changed it since. As a teenager, he worked as a lion tamer in a circus, he attended Hofstra University but dropped out after one year, having gotten the role of Clayton Dutch Miller in an off-Broadway revival of Best Foot Forward alongside Liza Minnelli.
Walken trained as a dancer at the Washington Dance Studio before moving on to dramatic stage roles and film. As a child, Walken appeared on screen as an extra in numerous anthology series and variety shows during the Golden Age of Television. After appearing in a sketch with Martin and Lewis on The Colgate Comedy Hour, Walken decided to become an actor, he landed a regular role in the 1953 television show The Wonderful John Acton as the show's narrator. During this time, he was credited as Ronnie Walken. Over the next two years, he appeared on television and had a thriving career in theatre. From 1954 to 1956, Walken and his brother Glenn originated the role of Michael Bauer on the soap opera The Guiding Light. In 1963, he appeared. In 1966, Walken played the role of King Philip of France in the Broadway premiere of The Lion in Winter. In 1968 he played Lysander in A Midsummer Night's Dream and Romeo in Romeo and Juliet at the Stratford Festival in Canada. In 1969, Walken guest-starred in Hawaii Five-O as Navy SP Walt Kramer.
In 1964, he changed his first name to Christopher at the suggestion of Monique van Vooren, who had a nightclub act in which Walken was a dancer and who believed the name suited him better than Ronnie, which he was credited as until then. He prefers to be known informally as Chris instead of Christopher. Walken made his feature film debut with a small role opposite Sean Connery in Sidney Lumet's The Anderson Tapes. In 1972's The Mind Snatchers a.k.a. The Happiness Cage, Walken played his first starring role. In this science fiction film, which deals with mind control and normalization, he plays a sociopathic U. S. soldier stationed in Germany. Paul Mazursky's 1976 film Next Stop, Greenwich Village had Walken, under the name "Chris Walken", playing fictional poet and ladies' man Robert Fulmer. In Woody Allen's 1977 film Annie Hall, Walken played the homicidal and borderline crazy brother of Annie Hall. In 1977, Walken had a minor role as Eli Wallach's partner in The Sentinel. In 1978, he appeared in Shoot a western filmed in 1976 that costarred Margot Kidder.
Along with Nick Nolte and Burt Reynolds, Walken was considered by George Lucas for the part of Han Solo in Star Wars. In 1977, Walken starred in an episode of Kojak as Ben Wiley, a robber. Walken won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in Michael Cimino's 1978 film The Deer Hunter, he plays a young Pennsylvania steelworker, destroyed by the Vietnam War. To help achieve his character's gaunt appearance before the third act, Walken consumed only bananas and rice for a week. Walken's first film of the 1980s was the controversial Heaven's Gate directed by Cimino. Walken starred in the 1981 action adventure The Dogs of War, directed by John Irvin, he surprised many critics and filmgoers with his intricate tap-dancing striptease in Herbert Ross's musical Pennies from Heaven. In 1