Kannada known as Kanarese, is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by people of Karnataka in southwestern India, by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and abroad. The language has 44 million native speakers, who are called Kannadigas. Kannada is spoken as a second and third language by over 12.9 million non-Kannada speakers in Karnataka, which adds up to 56 million speakers. It is one of the scheduled languages of India and the official and administrative language of the state of Karnataka.. Kannada has the distinction of being court language of some of the most powerful emperors of South and Central India such as Chalukya dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Vijayanagara Empire, Hoysala Empire; the Kannada language is written using the Kannada script, which evolved from the 5th-century Kadamba script. Kannada is attested epigraphically for about one and a half millennia, literary Old Kannada flourished in the 6th-century Ganga dynasty and during the 9th-century Rashtrakuta Dynasty.
Kannada has an unbroken literary history of over a thousand years. Kannada literature has been presented with 8 Jnanapith awards, the most for any Dravidian language and the second highest for any Indian language. Based on the recommendations of the Committee of Linguistic Experts, appointed by the ministry of culture, the government of India designated Kannada a classical language of India. In July 2011, a center for the study of classical Kannada was established as part of the Central Institute of Indian Languages at Mysore to facilitate research related to the language.. Kannada is a Southern Dravidian language, according to scholar Sanford B. Steever, its history can be conventionally divided into three periods: Old Kannada from 450–1200 CE, Middle Kannada from 1200–1700, Modern Kannada from 1700 to the present. Kannada is influenced to an appreciable extent by Sanskrit. Influences of other languages such as Prakrit and Pali can be found in the Kannada language; the scholar Iravatham Mahadevan indicated that Kannada was a language of rich oral tradition earlier than the 3rd century BCE, based on the native Kannada words found in Prakrit inscriptions of that period, Kannada must have been spoken by a widespread and stable population.
The scholar K. V. Narayana claims that many tribal languages which are now designated as Kannada dialects could be nearer to the earlier form of the language, with lesser influence from other languages; the sources of influence on literary Kannada grammar appear to be three-fold: Pāṇini's grammar, non-Paninian schools of Sanskrit grammar Katantra and Sakatayana schools, Prakrit grammar. Literary Prakrit seems to have prevailed in Karnataka since ancient times; the vernacular Prakrit speaking people may have come into contact with Kannada speakers, thus influencing their language before Kannada was used for administrative or liturgical purposes. Kannada phonetics, vocabulary and syntax show significant influence from these languages; some naturalised words of Prakrit origin in Kannada are: baṇṇa derived from vaṇṇa, hunnime from puṇṇivā. Examples of naturalized Sanskrit words in Kannada are: varṇa, paurṇimā, rāya from rāja. Like the other non Aryan languages Kannada has borrowed words such as dina, surya, nimiṣa and anna.
Purava Hale Gannada: This Kannada term translated means "Previous form of Old Kannada" was the language of Banavasi in the early Common Era, the Satavahana, Chutu Satakarni and Kadamba periods and thus has a history of over 2500 years. The Ashoka rock edict found at Brahmagiri has been suggested to contain words in identifiable Kannada. In some 3rd–1st century BCE Tamil inscriptions, words of Kannada influence such as nalliyooraa, kavuDi and posil have been introduced; the use of the vowel a as an adjective is not prevalent in Tamil but its usage is available in Kannada. Kannada words such as gouDi-gavuDi transform into Tamil's kavuDi for lack of the usage of Ghosha svana in Tamil. Hence the Kannada word'gavuDi' becomes'kavuDi' in Tamil.'Posil' was introduced into Tamil from Kannada and colloquial Tamil uses this word as'Vaayil'. In a 1st-century CE Tamil inscription, there is a personal reference to ayjayya, a word of Kannada origin. In a 3rd-century CE Tamil inscription there is usage of oppanappa vIran.
Here the honorific appa to a person's name is an influence from Kannada. Another word of Kannada origin is found in a 4th-century CE Tamil inscription. S. Settar studied the sittanvAsal inscription of first century CE as the inscriptions at tirupparamkunram, adakala and neDanUpatti; the inscriptions were studied in detail by Iravatham Mahadevan also. Mahadevan argues that the words erumi, kavuDi, poshil and tAyiyar have their origin in Kannada because Tamil cognates are not available. Settar adds the words iLayar to this list. Mahadevan feels that some grammatical categories found in these inscriptions are unique to Kannada rather than Tamil. Both these scholars attribute these influences to the movements and spread of Jainas in these regions; these inscriptions belong to the period between the first century BCE and fourth century CE. These are some examples that are proof of the early usage of a few Kannada origin words in early Tamil inscriptions before the common era and in the early centuries of the common era.
Named for Vice-Admiral Robert FitzRoy, The Admiral Fiztroy Inn is located at 398 Thames Street in Newport, Rhode Island, in the Newport Historic District. It was designed by architect Dudly Newton, built in 1854, it served as the home of the Sisters of Mercy Convent for nuns of St. Mary's church from 1854 to 1924, housed the first private Catholic school in Rhode Island, St Mary's Academy from 1854-1924. Jacqueline Bouvier and future U. S. President John F. Kennedy were married in St Mary's Church; the building was moved from the original site, to the current location of 398 Thames Street, in 1985. It now serves as the Admiral Fitzroy Inn; the principal architectural style is Gothic, the secondary is Italianate. The eighteen rooms have decorative hand-painted walls; the Admiral Fitzroy Inn has a conference room, a roof-top deck for guests, a small dining room, a view of the ocean. There is off-street parking for guests. There are some antiques displayed including an original Admiral Fitzroy Barometer that hangs in the lobby.
“Rhode Island - Newport County”. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service “Admiral Fitzroy Inn”. “Wedding Details: Jacqueline Lee Bouvier and John Fitzgerald Kennedy Wedding”. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum
Villmark is a 2003 Norwegian thriller/horror film. It was nominated for an Amanda award in best actor; the tagline of the film, "De skulle holdt seg unna det vannet", translates to "They should've stayed away from that lake". The film was seen by over 150,000 Norwegians when it first premiered, could be said to have re-introduced the thriller genre back into Norwegian film; the film is about a TV company, planning on making a new Reality TV show called Real TV. The show they are working will have the contestants living in an uninhabited part of Norway without any help. In an effort to create bonds between the members of Real TV's production team, the boss, decides that they should try it for themselves. Gunnar takes the crew to an old cabin in the woods, far from any contact. To make sure that the crew are living with the same conditions as the real contestants will have, Gunnar takes away all of their cellphones and cigarettes. While scouting out the area around the cabin and Per stumble upon an abandoned camp site.
Near the site, Per finds the body of a dead woman in the depths of the lake. After telling Gunnar about the dead girl, he pressures them to keep their mouths shut, so that they don't scare the other team members and ruin the whole trip. After they head back to their cabin and night sets in, things become creepier. Villmark on IMDb
Gerhard Stolze was a German operatic tenor. He was a character tenor best known as a Wagner singer, his signature role was Mime. Other important roles were David, Loge and Herod, he sang the Captain in Wozzeck and, the roles of Oberon and the Emperor Nero, both of which were written for countertenor. He recorded Mozart's high-tenor Singspiel roles and Pedrillo, he portrays Mime on both the studio recordings of Siegfried by Herbert von Georg Solti. His voice was high and piercing, capable of an extraordinary range of colors, his style divided critics and audiences in the roles of Mime and Herod. It was denigrated as being over-neurotic, glorified sprechstimme by some, while others praised it for its deep characterization and astonishing virtuosity, he made his debut in 1949 at the State Opera in Dresden as Moser, one of the Mastersingers in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, the same role in which he made his first appearance at the Bayreuth Festival in 1951. He was a member of the Berlin State Opera from 1953–1961.
Other house debuts include the Vienna State Opera in 1957, the Covent Garden in 1960, the Metropolitan Opera in 1968 as Loge. He sang in the first performances or first stagings of Werner Egk's Der Revisor, Heimo Erbse's Julietta, Carl Orff's Oedipus der Tyrann, Frank Martin's Le mystère de la Nativité, Giselher Klebe's Jacobowsky und der Oberst. 1951 - Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, conducted by Herbert von Karajan 1951 - Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, conducted by Rudolf Kempe 1951 - Parsifal, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1952 - Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1952 - Tristan und Isolde, conducted by Herbert von Karajan 1952 - Parsifal, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1953 - Parsifal, conducted by Clemens Krauss 1953 - Tristan und Isolde, conducted by Eugen Jochum 1953 - Das Rheingold, conducted by Clemens Krauss 1953 - Das Rheingold, conducted by Joseph Keilberth 1953 - Lohengrin, conducted by Joseph Keilberth 1954 - Lohengrin, conducted by Eugen Jochum 1954 - Parsifal, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1954 - Otello, conducted by Herbert Kegel 1954 - Tannhäuser, conducted by Joseph Keilberth 1955 - Tannhäuser, conducted by André Cluytens 1956 - Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, conducted by André Cluytens 1956 - Parsifal, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1956 - Luisa Miller, conducted by Herbert Kegel 1957 - Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, conducted by André Cluytens 1958 - Lohengrin, conducted by André Cluytens 1958 - Parsifal, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1958 - Das Rheingold, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1958 - Siegfried, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1959 - Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, conducted by Erich Leinsdorf 1960 - Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1960 - Die Fledermaus, conducted by Herbert von Karajan 1960 - Das Rheingold, conducted by Rudolf Kempe 1960 - Tristan und Isolde, conducted by Karl Böhm 1961 - Parsifal, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1961 - Antigonae, conducted by Ferdinand Leitner 1961 - Tannhäuser, conducted by Wolfgang Sawallisch 1962 - Tannhäuser, conducted by Wolfgang Sawallisch 1962 - Parsifal, conducted by Hans Knappertsbusch 1962 - Lohengrin, conducted by Wolfgang Sawallisch 1962 - Tristan und Isolde, conducted by Karl Böhm 1962 - Siegfried, conducted by Georg Solti 1963 - L'incoronazione di Poppea, conducted by Herbert von Karajan 1965 - Wozzeck, conducted by Karl Böhm 1965 - Salome, conducted by Georg Solti 1966 - Falstaff, conducted by Leonard Bernstein 1966 - Boris Godunov, conducted by Herbert von Karajan 1966 - Oedipus der Tyrann, conducted by Rafael Kubelík 1966 - Messe solennelle de Sainte Cécile, conducted by Igor Markevitch 1967 - Das Rheingold, conducted by Herbert von Karajan 1967 - Elektra, conducted by Georg Solti 1968 - Siegfried, conducted by Herbert von Karajan 1968 - Carmina Burana, conducted by Eugen Jochum 1969 - Die Zauberflöte, conducted by Georg Solti 1973 - Das Rheingold, conducted by Herbert von Karajan 1976 - Tristan und Isolde, conducted by Horst Stein Short online bio Wagnerian Tenors and Heldentenors Entry in Oxford Dictionary of Music via Oxford Music Online.
Jason Brown is an American figure skater. He is a seven-time medalist on the Grand Prix circuit, the 2015 U. S. national champion, a two-time Four Continents medalist. Earlier in his career, he became a two-time World Junior medalist, the 2011 Junior Grand Prix Final champion, the 2010 national junior champion. Brown won a bronze medal in the team event at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, becoming one of the youngest male figure skating Olympic medalists. Jason Brown was born December 1994, in Los Angeles, California, his mother, Marla, is a television producer, his father, Steven Brown, works for a lighting company. He has an older sister, a younger brother, Dylan, he is Jewish and celebrated his bar mitzvah in 2007. Brown graduated from Highland Park High School and received the Ralph Potter Memorial Award for Exceptional Ability and Achievement and the President's Education Award for Outstanding Academic Excellence. In 2013, he enrolled at the University of Colorado Colorado Springs, he plays piano.
Brown began skating at age three and a half when his mother enrolled him and his sister in Learn to Skate classes. Coached by Kori Ade since the age of five, he trained at various rinks in the Chicago area until April 2013. Since 2009, his programs have been choreographed by Rohene Ward. Brown skated pairs with Thea Milburn for three years. At 11, Brown won the national juvenile title, he won the bronze medal on the novice level at the 2009 U. S. Championships. Competing on the junior level at the 2010 U. S. Championships, he placed second in the short program, 0.07 behind Max Aaron, second to Joshua Farris in the long program. Brown's overall score was the highest and he won the national junior title. Brown won the silver medal in his Junior Grand Prix debut in France and placed sixth in his second JGP event, in Japan, he finished 9th in his senior national debut at the 2011 U. S. Championships with an impressive performance despite not attempting a triple axel, which he had decided to put off due to a growth spurt.
He was assigned to compete at the 2011 World Junior Championships. Brown worked on the triple Axel for the following season, while adapting to another growth spurt, he stopped wearing hinge boots. Brown began his season with a win in Brisbane, Australia, he took silver in Milan, Italy, to qualify for the final. In a December 2011 interview, Brown said that he needed the triple axel to be competitive on the senior level and continued to work on it, he uses Dartfish, a computer imaging system, a harness. At the Junior Grand Prix Final, Brown won the gold medal overall. Brown won the bronze medal. Brown won gold and silver medals on the JGP series and qualified for his second JGP Final, where he finished fourth. At the 2013 U. S. Figure Skating Championships, he placed eighth overall, he was sent to the 2013 World Junior Championships where he placed third in the short program and first in the free skate after landing two triple Axels for the first time in his career. Brown won the silver medal while fellow Americans Joshua Farris and Shotaro Omori took the gold and bronze medals, respectively.
In May 2013, Brown and his coach, Kori Ade, moved to the Colorado Sports Center in Monument, Colorado. His secondary coaches include Ryan Jahnke. Brown won the silver medal in his senior international debut at the 2013 Nebelhorn Trophy in Oberstdorf, Germany. On September 30, 2013, he was called up to replace reigning Olympic champion Evan Lysacek at Skate America after the latter withdrew due to injury. Brown finished fifth at his first senior Grand Prix event. In November 2013, he competed at a Grand Prix event in Paris, the 2013 Trophée Éric Bompard, won the bronze medal, he attracted much attention from the skating public and the French in particular, becoming a crowd favorite. At the U. S. Championships in January 2014, Brown placed third in the short program and first in the free skate with his Riverdance program, which became a viral video garnering more than 4 million hits, he won the silver medal and was named in the U. S. team to the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. In Sochi, while Jeremy Abbott skated the short program in the team event, Brown was assigned to the free program and placed fourth.
He and team USA were awarded the bronze medal. In the singles event, he was in sixth place after the short program, but less than a point off third, he finished ninth overall. At the end of the season, he performed in twelve Stars on Ice shows before returning to training. Brown began the 2014–15 season at the 2014 Nebelhorn Trophy, an ISU Challenger Series event, won the gold medal after placing first in both programs. At 2014 Skate America, he came in second, he placed fifth at 2014 Rostelecom Cup with a personal best in the free skate of 159.24 points. His placements earned just missing the cut for the final. At the 2015 U. S. Championships, Brown won the short program with the second highest points in the U. S. Championships' history, he finished the free skating second and won his first U. S. title. Until he had not tried a quad jump in competition. At the 2015 Four Continents Championships, he tried a quad jump in the short program. In the free skate he finished sixth overall. Brown placed fourth overall at the 2015 World Figure Skating Championships, placing sixth in the short program and fifth in the free skate.
At the 2015 ISU World Team Trophy, he placed second overall to contribute to Team USA's gold medal. Brown began hi
110 Plaza known as the Commonwealth Building or the 110 Tower Building, is a 266 feet modernist office building in downtown San Diego, Civic / Core Neighborhood. The address of the building is 110 West A Street, San Diego, CA 92101 and is bordered by Front Street, A Street, 1st Avenue, Ash Street; when the building opened in 1971, it was the first all-glass high rise in San Diego. The 18-story building has a bronze plate-glass exterior and can be identified by the Commonwealth Financial Network sign located on the top of the north and west-facing sides; the building is owned by Forester Properties, Inc. It was acquired for $80 million, or about $245 per square foot, in September 2011. Cushman & Wakefield handle the leasing for the property. 110 Plaza opened on September 14, 1971. Construction was completed in less than a year at a cost of $14 million. Built by the Bank of California, the building gained fame as a landmark consisting of 142,000 square feet of bronze plate glass. News articles of the day suggested the all-glass building might be an inviting target for “social dissidents”, but the concern was unfounded.
One of the outstanding features of the building, still remarkable today, is the 32 tons of granite in the building header. Quarried in Quebec, the granite was shipped to Querceto, Italy where it was cut and polished. A longshoreman’s strike stranded the granite in Central America, it had to be flown to Los Angeles and trucked to San Diego in order to complete the building; the building was topped by an “executive dining room”, featuring cuisine by the former executive chef of the Westgate Hotel. The average number of lunch patrons, consisting of bank executives and their guests, was 18. Menu selections included such delicacies as “Green Turtle Soup Au Sherry” and “Frog Legs Sauté Provençale”; the building introduced the world's first automatic banking machine. Located outside the building entrance, this predecessor of today's ATM performed innovative functions such as cash deposits and withdrawals, bank payments and transfers between accounts. Customer accessed the machine using a personal code.