Catawba College is a private, coeducational college in Salisbury, North Carolina, United States. Founded in 1851 by the North Carolina Classis of the Reformed Church in Newton, the college adopted its name from its county of origin, Catawba County, before moving to its current home of Salisbury in 1925. Catawba College still holds loose ties with the successor to the Reformed Church, the United Church of Christ, offers over 70 undergraduate degrees. Catawba College was founded by the North Carolina Classis of the Reformed Church in the United States in 1851; the years following the opening of the college were years of growing prosperity for the school, but the Civil War changed this as funds and students became less available. During the war years, the college became an academy, operating as Catawba High School from 1865 until 1885, whereupon it resumed operations under its original charter as Catawba College. Catawba became coeducational in 1890. With the addition of women to the student body, the College struggled to overcome the depletion brought on by the war.
Responding to the offer of a constructed dormitory-administration building and several acres of land in Salisbury, trustee and church officials closed the campus in Newton in 1923 and re-opened in Salisbury in 1925. The college is now affiliated with the United Church of Christ, the successor to the Evangelical and Reformed Church, itself the successor to the Reformed Church in the United States. Catawba College offers over 70 fields of study in a variety of disciplines. Special programs and college centers include the Lilly Center for Vocation and Values, the Writing Center, the Math Center, Sustainable Catawba, Volunteer Catawba, the Center for the Environment, Career Services, the Curriculum Materials Center, Summer School, Winter Term. For working adults, Catawba's School of Evening and Graduate Studies offers the Bachelor of Business Administration. In conjunction with the Department of Teacher Education, the Bachelor of Arts in Education degree may be earned with a major in Birth-Kindergarten Education.
A RN to BSN degree is offered as well as part of the evening program. The honors program seeks to help students who want to pursue challenging educational experiences through interdisciplinary and intellectually challenging courses. Most classes are instructed by more than one professor, each providing input from their specific field of study; the program includes travel abroad opportunities to enrich the educational experience. Students can be invited into the program as incoming freshmen, or students can apply any time during their education at Catawba. Incoming freshmen seeking acceptance into the Honors Program must have a 3.5 or higher weighted GPA, 1150 or higher SAT, and/or 25 ACT score. The school of business was named after Ralph W. Ketner, the co-founder and former CEO of Food Lion; the school of business provides students with a rigorous and challenging curriculum in many different areas of the business world. These areas are Accounting and Finance, Integrated Marketing Communication, Communication Arts with concentrations in communications and sports communications, Business Administration with concentrations in Accounting, Economics, General Management, Information Systems, International Business and Entrepreneurship.
The school offers the Center for Entrepreneurship and Experimental Development and the Institute of Business and Accounting. Further information on internships, mentoring program, latest news, scholarships can be found on the business school's website. Catawba created the West Scholars Program in 2006; the program offers a scholarship for North Carolina residents, in addition to "leadership seminars, service, scholarly researched presentations" and various other benefits. Catawba is one of 18 institutions in North Carolina to offer a N. C. Teaching Fellows program; the Center for the Environment at Catawba College was established in 1996 to educate the local and campus community about environmental stewardship and sustainability. The Center aims to advance sustainable solutions and maintain a leadership role in the region on issues such as air and water quality, land preservation, sustainable development, solar initiatives; the facility that houses the Center opened in 2001, hailed by the top state environmental official as "the wave of the future in resource and energy efficiency."
Sustainable building materials, green furnishings, geothermal heating and cooling were used when constructing the Center for the Environment building. Adjacent to the Center is the 187-acre Fred Stanback Jr. Ecological Preserve, which consists of mature hardwood and floodplain forests; the preserve is recognized by the NC Natural Heritage Program as a significant natural area under management by Catawba College. Catawba's athletic teams compete in the NCAA Division II South Atlantic Conference as the Catawba College Indians, named after the Catawba Indian Tribe, native to the piedmont regions of the southeastern USA. Catawba features women's sports. Men's sports: baseball, cross country, golf, soccer and tennis Women's sports: basketball, cross country, lacrosse, softball, swimming and volleyball Co-ed programs: cheerleading The Catawba College football team holds the distinction of winning not only the inaugural, but the second annual Tangerine Bowl, now known as the Citrus Bowl, while allowing only six points.
On January 1, 1947, they defeated Maryville College 31–6 a
Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2017, the U. S. Census Bureau estimated the population was 859,035, making it the 17th-most populous city in the United States; the Charlotte metropolitan area's population ranks 22nd in the U. S. and had a 2016 population of 2,474,314. The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a sixteen-county market region or combined statistical area with a 2016 census-estimated population of 2,632,249. Between 2004 and 2014, Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest-growing metro area, with 888,000 new residents. Based on U. S. Census data from 2005 to 2015, it tops the 50 largest U. S. cities as the millennial hub. It is the second-largest city in the southeastern United States, just behind Florida, it is the third-fastest-growing major city in the United States. It is listed as a "gamma" global city by World Cities Research Network. Residents are referred to as "Charlotteans".
Charlotte is home to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo, which along with other financial institutions has made it the second-largest banking center in the United States since 1995. Among Charlotte's many notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Carolina Panthers of the NFL, the Charlotte Hornets of the NBA, the Charlotte Checkers of the AHL, the Charlotte Independence of the USL, the Charlotte Hounds of Major League Lacrosse, two NASCAR Cup Series races and the NASCAR All-Star Race, the Wells Fargo Championship, the NASCAR Hall of Fame, the Charlotte Ballet, Children's Theatre of Charlotte, Carowinds amusement park, the U. S. National Whitewater Center. Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate, it is located several miles east of the Catawba River and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city; the Catawba Native Americans were the first known historic tribe to settle Mecklenburg County and were first recorded around 1567 in Spanish records.
By 1759 half the Catawba tribe had died from smallpox, endemic among Europeans, because the Catawba had no acquired immunity to the new disease. At the time of their largest population, Catawba people numbered 10,000, but by 1826 their total population had dropped to 110; the European-American city of Charlotte was developed first by a wave of migration of Scots-Irish Presbyterians, or Ulster-Scot settlers from Northern Ireland, who dominated the culture of the Southern Piedmont Region. They made up the principal founding European population in the backcountry. German immigrants settled the area before the American Revolutionary War, but in much smaller numbers, they still contributed to the early foundations of the region. Mecklenburg County was part of Bath County of New Hanover Precinct, which became New Hanover County in 1729; the western portion of New Hanover split into Bladen County in 1734, its western portion splitting into Anson County in 1750. Mecklenburg County formed from Anson County in 1762.
Further apportionment was made in 1792, after the American Revolutionary War, with Cabarrus County formed from Mecklenburg. In 1842, Union County formed from Mecklenburg's southeastern portion and a western portion of Anson County; these areas were all part of one of the original six judicial/military districts of North Carolina known as the Salisbury District. The area, now Charlotte was settled by people of European descent around 1755, when Thomas Spratt and his family settled near what is now the Elizabeth neighborhood. Thomas Polk, who married Thomas Spratt's daughter, built his house by the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers. One path was part of the Great Wagon Road. Nicknamed the "Queen City", like its county a few years earlier, Charlotte was named in honor of German princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland in 1761, seven years before the town's incorporation. A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents.
He wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion", leading to the nickname "The Hornet's Nest". Within decades of Polk's settling, the area grew to become "Charlotte Town", incorporating in 1768; the crossroads in the Piedmont became the heart of Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked the streets in a grid pattern for future development; the east–west trading path became Trade Street, the Great Wagon Road became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina. The intersection of Trade and Tryon—commonly known today as "Trade & Tryon," or "The Square"—is more properly called "Independence Square". While surveying the boundary between the Carolinas in 1772, William Moultrie stopped in Charlotte Town, whose five or six houses were "very ordinary built of logs". Local leaders came together in 1775 and signed the Mecklenburg Resolves, more popularly known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. While not a true declaration of independence from British rule, it is among the first such declarations that led to the American Revolution.
May 20, the traditional date of the signing of the declaration, is celebrated annually in Charlotte as "MecDec", with musket and cannon fire by reenactors in Independence Square. North Carolina's state flag and state seal bea
Duke University is a private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist James Buchanan Duke established The Duke Endowment and the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father, Washington Duke. Duke's campus spans over 8,600 acres on three contiguous campuses in Durham as well as a marine lab in Beaufort; the main campus—designed by architect Julian Abele—incorporates Gothic architecture with the 210-foot Duke Chapel at the campus' center and highest point of elevation. East Campus, home to all first-years, contains Georgian-style architecture, while the main Gothic-style West Campus 1.5 miles away is adjacent to the Medical Center. The university administers two concurrent schools in Asia, Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore and Duke Kunshan University in Kunshan, China; as of 2018, 13 Nobel laureates and 3 Turing Award winners have been affiliated with the university.
Further, Duke alumni include 25 Churchill Scholars. The university has produced the 5th highest number of Rhodes, Truman and Udall Scholars of any American university between 1986 and 2015; as of 2018, Duke holds a top-ten position in several national rankings. Duke started in 1838 as Brown's Schoolhouse, a private subscription school founded in Randolph County in the present-day town of Trinity. Organized by the Union Institute Society, a group of Methodists and Quakers, Brown's Schoolhouse became the Union Institute Academy in 1841 when North Carolina issued a charter; the academy was renamed Normal College in 1851 and Trinity College in 1859 because of support from the Methodist Church. In 1892, Trinity College moved to Durham due to generosity from Julian S. Carr and Washington Duke and respected Methodists who had grown wealthy through the tobacco and electrical industries. Carr donated land in 1892 for the original Durham campus, now known as East Campus. At the same time, Washington Duke gave the school $85,000 for an initial endowment and construction costs—later augmenting his generosity with three separate $100,000 contributions in 1896, 1899, 1900—with the stipulation that the college "open its doors to women, placing them on an equal footing with men."
In 1924 Washington Duke's son, James B. Duke, established The Duke Endowment with a $40 million trust fund. Income from the fund was to be distributed to hospitals, the Methodist Church, four colleges. William Preston Few, the president of Trinity at the time, insisted that the institution be renamed Duke University to honor the family's generosity and to distinguish it from the myriad other colleges and universities carrying the "Trinity" name. At first, James B. Duke thought the name change would come off as self-serving, but he accepted Few's proposal as a memorial to his father. Money from the endowment allowed the University to grow quickly. Duke's original campus, East Campus, was rebuilt from 1925 to 1927 with Georgian-style buildings. By 1930, the majority of the Collegiate Gothic-style buildings on the campus one mile west were completed, construction on West Campus culminated with the completion of Duke Chapel in 1935. In 1878, Trinity awarded A. B. degrees to three sisters—Mary and Theresa Giles—who had studied both with private tutors and in classes with men.
With the relocation of the college in 1892, the Board of Trustees voted to again allow women to be formally admitted to classes as day students. At the time of Washington Duke's donation in 1896, which carried the requirement that women be placed "on an equal footing with men" at the college, four women were enrolled. In 1903 Washington Duke wrote to the Board of Trustees withdrawing the provision, noting that it had been the only limitation he had put on a donation to the college. A woman's residential dormitory was built in 1897 and named the Mary Duke Building, after Washington Duke's daughter. By 1904, fifty-four women were enrolled in the college. In 1930, the Woman's College was established as a coordinate to the men's undergraduate college, established and named Trinity College in 1924. Engineering, taught since 1903, became a separate school in 1939. In athletics, Duke hosted and competed in the only Rose Bowl played outside California in Wallace Wade Stadium in 1942. During World War II, Duke was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a navy commission.
In 1963 the Board of Trustees desegregated the undergraduate college. Duke enrolled its first graduate students in 1961; the school did not admit Black undergraduates until September 1963. The teaching staff remained all-White until 1966. Increased activism on campus during the 1960s prompted Martin Luther King Jr. to speak at the University in November 1964 on the progress of the Civil Rights Movement. Following Douglas Knight's resignation from the office of university president, Terry Sanford, the former governor of North Carolina, was elected president of the university in 1969, propelling The Fuqua School of Business' opening, the William R. Perkins library completion, the founding of the Institute of Policy Sciences and Public Affairs; the separate Woman's College merged back with Trinity as the liberal arts college for both men and women in 1972. Beginning in the 1970s, Duke administrators began a long-term effort to strengthen Duke's r
Concord, North Carolina
Concord is a city in Cabarrus County, in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 79,066, with an estimated population in 2018 of 94,546, it is the largest city in Cabarrus County. In terms of population, the city of Concord is the second-largest city in the Charlotte Metropolitan Area and is the tenth largest city in North Carolina. In 2015, Concord was ranked as the city with the 16th fastest growing economy in the United States; the city was a winner of the All-America City Award in 2004. Located near the center of Cabarrus County in the Piedmont region, it is 20 miles northeast of Charlotte center city. Concord is the home to some of North Carolina's top tourist destinations, including NASCAR's Charlotte Motor Speedway and Concord Mills. Concord, located in today's growing northeast quadrant of the Charlotte metropolitan area, was first settled about 1750 by German and Scots-Irish immigrants; the name Concord means with harmony. This name was chosen after a lengthy dispute between the German Lutherans and Scotch-Irish Presbyterians over where the county seat should be located.
Concord is considered a old town by US standards, as it was incorporated in 1806. Today, markers identifying the original town limits can be seen in the downtown area; as county seat, Concord became a center of trade and retail for the cotton-producing region on court days. The downtown would be crowded with townfolk, in addition to lawyers and their clients. During the antebellum era, wealth was built by planters through the cultivation of cotton as a commodity crop. Located in the Piedmont, Concord became a site of industrialization with cotton mills in the late 19th century. Among the owners of the new mills in the area were men of the rising black middle-class in Wilmington, North Carolina, such as W. C. Coleman, John C. Dancy, others, who organized Coleman Manufacturing Company in 1897, they built and operated what is believed to have been the first cotton mill owned by blacks in the nation. They hoped to promote economic security for people of color. However, the Wilmington Insurrection of 1898, with white attacks on black areas of the city, caused many deaths, as well as destroying homes and businesses built by blacks since the Civil War.
In 1900, Dancy was among more than 2000 blacks. He moved to Washington, DC, appointed as the federal Recorder of Deeds, serving until 1910; the mill operated under black ownership through 1904. The brick mill building was taken over by Fieldcrest Cannon, it added on to, nearly doubling its square footage. Based on wealth from cotton as a commodity crop and through textile manufacturing, Concord's white planters and business owners built some significant homes in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Within the North Union Historic District is Memorial Garden. Located on 3 acres, the garden winds through the 200-year-old cemetery of the First Presbyterian Church. In addition to the Cabarrus County Courthouse, the Barber-Scotia College, Boger-Hartsell Farm, McCurdy Log House, Mill Hill, North Union Street Historic District, Odell-Locke-Randolph Cotton Mill, Reed Gold Mine, South Union Street Courthouse and Commercial Historic District, South Union Street Historic District, Spears House, Stonewall Jackson Training School Historic District, Union Street North-Cabarrus Avenue Commercial Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
From the time of incorporation in the late 1700s through the 1970s, Concord's jurisdiction was centered around the downtown area. Since most annexations have taken place west of the center-city area toward Charlotte. Portions of the city limit boundary adjoin the Cabarrus/Mecklenburg County line. Concord is located in western Cabarrus County at 35°24′16″N 80°36′2″W; the city is located in the Piedmont area of North Carolina, characterized by rolling hills and forest. Land left untended will return to native forest land within a few years; the climate can be described as cool winter seasons with humid summer seasons. The average high temperature in the winter is 43 °F, the average daily low temperature is 29 °F. In the summer the average temperature is 79 °F, the average daily high temperature is 88 °F, it is not unusual for summer daytime temperatures to reach in the mid to upper 90s and exceed 100 °F. It is typical for winter temperatures to fall into the teens at night, but temperatures warm to above freezing during the day.
Summer months are characterized as having cool to warm nights with warm to hot temperatures during the day. The area receives a generous amount of rainfall at 43.8 inches per year, with February and April being the two driest months. Rainfall in the winter is lighter but more frequent, whereas rainfall in the summer is heavier but less frequent. Thunderstorms, both light and strong, are common in the summer months; the sun shines 70 percent of 55 percent in winter. The prevailing wind is from the southwest, with the average highest windspeed of 9 miles per hour in spring; the city has a total area of 60.3 square miles, of which 0.06 %, is water. The elevation at the center of downtown is 706 feet above sea level. Concord is located northeast of the largest city in North Carolina. Concord is the second-largest city in the Charl
North Carolina A&T State University
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University is a public black, research university in Greensboro, North Carolina. It is a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina, one of the oldest public universities in the United States. Founded by the North Carolina General Assembly on March 9, 1891, as the Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race, it is the second college established under the provisions of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts, first for people of color in the state of North Carolina; the college offered instruction in Agriculture, English and Mathematics. In 1967, the college was designated a Regional University by the North Carolina General Assembly and renamed North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. With an enrollment of over 12,000 students, North Carolina A&T is the largest black university in the U. S. According to U. S. News & World Report, the university was ranked seventh nationally among black institutions, first among public black institutions.
The university is well recognized for its degree program in engineering. The university's College of Engineering has ranked first in the nation for the number of degrees awarded to African Americans at undergraduate level, is a leading producer of African-American engineers with master's and doctorate degrees; the university is a leading producer of African-American psychology undergraduates. The university offers 54 Undergraduate, 29 master, nine doctoral degrees through its two professional colleges and seven schools; the main campus encompasses over 200 acres in area, the university operates a 600 acres working farm, two research parks totaling a combined 150 acres. The university is classified as a high activity research university by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education; the university ranks third in sponsored funding among University of North Carolina system institutions, As of 2018, the university conducts over $64 Million in academic and scientific research annually, operates 20 research centers and institutes on campus.
The university's designation as a land grant institution reflects its broad range of research with ongoing projects funded by agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U. S. Department of Agriculture, U. S. Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation; the school's students and sports teams are known as "Aggies." The university's varsity athletic teams, are members of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference, in all sports with the exception of women's swimming, compete in the NCAA Division I. The football team are three-time Black College Football National Champions, enjoyed much success in the 1990s; the men's basketball team has earned 16 total conference regular-season and tournament championships, including an eight consecutive titles in the 1980s. In 2013, the program won their first NCAA tournament game after nine previous appearances; the women's basketball program is the first team from a Division I black university to win two games in a post-season tournament when the Lady Aggies advanced to the regional semifinals in the 2010 Women's National Invitation Tournament.
North Carolina A&T's history can be traced back to 1890 when the United States Congress passed the Second Morrill Act. Aimed at the Confederate states, the second Morrill Act of 1890 required that each state show that race was not an admissions criterion, or else to designate a separate land-grant institution for persons of color. In order to comply with the Second Morrill Act and yet prevent admission of African Americans to the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, now known as North Carolina State University, the college's Board of Trustees were empowered to make temporary arrangements for students of color. On March 9, 1891, the Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race was established by an act of the North Carolina General Assembly as an annex of the private Shaw University in Raleigh; the act read in part: "That the leading objective of the college shall be to teach practical agriculture and the mechanic arts and such learning as related thereto, not excluding academic and classical instruction."
The college, which started with four teachers and 37 students offered instruction in Agriculture, English and Mathematics. The college continued to operate in Raleigh until the Board of Trustees voted, in 1892, to relocate the college to Greensboro. With monetary and land donations totaling $11,000 and 14 acres, the new Greensboro campus was established the following year and the college's first President, John Oliver Crosby, was elected on May 25, 1892; the college granted admission to both men and women of color from 1893, until the Board of Trustees voted to restrict admission to males only in 1901. This policy would remain until 1928. In 1899, The college conferred its first degrees to seven graduates. In 1904, the college developed a 100-acre farm equipped with the latest in farm machinery and labor-saving devices; the university farm provided much of the food for the campus cafeteria. In 1915, the North Carolina General Assembly changed the name of the college to Negro Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina.
In 1925, Dr. Ferdinand D
Shaw University, founded as the Raleigh Institute, is a private liberal arts institution and black university in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States. Founded on December 1, 1865, Shaw University is the first HBCU in the Southern United States. Shaw University has been called the mother of African-American colleges in North Carolina, as the founding presidents of North Carolina Central University, Elizabeth City State University, Fayetteville State University were all Shaw alumni; the founder of Livingstone College studied before transferring to Lincoln University. What became North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University was located on Shaw's campus during its first year. Shaw University is affiliated with the General Baptist State Convention of North Carolina and a member of the National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. which supports the Shaw University Divinity School. Along with Howard University, Hampton University, Lincoln University, PA and Virginia Union University, Shaw was a co-founding member of the NCAA Division II's Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Conference, the oldest African American athletic association in the U.
S. The university has won CIAA championships in Football, Basketball and volleyball; the university won a 5-year grant with University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill to create a Partnership for the Elimination of Health Disparities for minorities, a 7-year grant with Johns Hopkins University for Gerontological Research. In 2007, Shaw received $2.5 million from the National Science Foundation to support its Nanoscience and Nanotechnology program. In 2004, Shaw University received $1.1 million from the U. S. Department of Education to develop an Upward Bound Program. Shaw University is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, the Council on Social Work Education, the American Psychological Association; the Divinity School is accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada as its Allied Health Professions programs are accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs, the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education, the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education.
The University offers undergraduate degrees in natural science and accounting, religion and philosophy and computer science. The University offers graduate programs in Divinity, Religious Education and Early Childhood Instruction; the Center for Alternative Programs in Education has centers in Greenville, High Point, Rocky Mount, Fayetteville, Durham and Asheville. The school was founded by the American Baptist Home Mission Society. Henry Martin Tupper came south after the end of the Civil War, establishing the Second Baptist Church of Raleigh Later Tupper and his Bible study students constructed a two-story church, with one story for the church, one for the Raleigh Institute, where he taught freedmen. By 1915, supported by the American Baptist Home Mission, the school had 291 students, evenly divided between men and women. In 1867 the school consisted of three buildings; as of 1875 when Shaw Collegiate Institute became Shaw University only two major structures existed – The Shaw Building and Estey Seminary.
The former, erected where once stood corn fields in which Tupper hid from lynch mobs, with a 165-foot frontage, four stories high and possessing a tower, was the most commodious school building in all of North Carolina at that time. It provided instruction services, a library, lodging; the seminary, reputed to be the first building erected for the education of African-American females, was devoted to training women in cooking, sewing and the like. Henry Martin Tupper bought the material from which the women made garments and he himself sold the garments in an effort to pay for the cost of the material and other expenses. In 1879, a third major building was erected – a chapel and dining hall called the Greenleaf Building, it was named for O. H. Greenleaf of Springfield, MA, a yearly liberal contributor; the upper part of the building was accessible by stairs. Doors on either side of the tower provided entrance to the dining room. At the right of the chapel was a small room and at the left a library.
A storeroom existed under the stairway. Funds saved from the school were used to build this structure; these were augmented by contributions of $650 from O. H. Greenleaf, Captain Ebenezer Morgan, Deacon O. B. Grant of Stonington, it was renamed Shaw Collegiate Institute after Elijah Shaw, benefactor of Shaw Hall, the first building. In 1875, it became Shaw University. In 1873, Estey Hall was built, marked the first female dormitory on the campus of a co-ed school in the United States. In 1866 when the Raleigh Institute was first being developed, Tupper had hoped to open a medical school; the medical school complex consisted of three structures – a four story medical dormitory built to accommodate 75 men and erected around 1880 when the trustees approved the establishment of a medical department. It was the first four-year medical school. On December 11, 1888 the university opened
The Cannon Mills Company was an American textile company founded by James William Cannon, based in Kannapolis, North Carolina. It was founded in 1888 and went bankrupt in July 2003; the Cannon brands were purchased by the Iconix Brand Group. Cannon Mills was purchased four times, had four names. Cannon Manufacturing Company Cannon Mills Company Fieldcrest-Cannon Corporation Pillowtex Corporation In 1887 James William Cannon founded the Cannon Manufacturing Company in Kannapolis, North Carolina, his goal was to produce a basic textile product instead of yarn making or a product in which another company could produce. His company produced towels that were sold under the brand name “Cannon Towels”. Ten years he opened another mill in Concord, North Carolina. In 1905, Jim Cannon designed and purchased 600 acres of land in northwestern Cabarrus County, North Carolina; the land was used as a cotton plantation. He laid out a plan for a small mill village with homes for the workers. By 1907, the first mill was completed just west of.
The mill, known now as Plant 1, was opened in 1908 after a brief two-year cotton shortage. By January of the next year, the Cannon Manufacturing Company had employed 840 people in its single Kannapolis plant. James William Canon and his company built hundreds of homes for the mill workers, a world-class YMCA facility. At that time, it had the largest membership in the world, he donated land and money for school construction and education. That year, McIver was opened. Cannon erected stores and churches. Cannon donated funds to the Cabarrus County Government to improve the main road leading to Kannapolis from Concord. In 1917, James Cannon arranged a life insurance policy for all Cannon employees; this had never yet been done for employees of a company. 1921 was an important year for the Cannon Mills Company. A strike occurred in the localized Charlotte, North Carolina area, affecting all textile mills in this area. Charles A. Cannon was in charge of Cannon Mills affairs, since his father was trying to recuperate from ill health.
The correspondence between James W. Cannon and his son reveal that Charles was doing an exemplary job handling affairs and not recognizing the union activities. On June 1, 1921, the members of the United Textile Workers Union of America went on strike. Employees starved as the union failed to support the strikers. Although Cannon called the National Guard to "keep the peace," the strike ended because union official fled town after union corruption. Cannon Mills did not unionize during this attempt, which left the whole World War I generation skeptical of labor unions. J. W. Cannon was elected as Chairman of the Board and his son, Charles Albert, was made president of the Company; that year, Jim Cannon developed an unknown illness in the winter of 1921 and died on December 21, 1921. He was buried at Oakwood Cemetery in downtown Concord; the Cannon Manufacturing Company was left to the youngest son, Charles. By the time of J. W. Cannon’s death, the population of Kannapolis was 6,000 citizens and the mill had employed about 15,000 workers.
With Charles Albert Cannon in charge, the Cannon Mills Corporation entered its golden years. In 1924, funds and land for James William Cannon High School were donated by the company. In 1928, Charles Cannon organized nine textile companies into a large corporation, Cannon Mills. 300,000 towels were produced each day, it soon became the world's largest producer of textile products. Cannon retired in 1962 at the age of seventy and was replaced as president by Donnell S Holt, moving up to chairman of the board. Sales and profit continued to rise; the one-million-square-foot towel distribution center was built in 1962 and the 840,000 sq ft sheet distribution center was constructed in the early 1970s. Cannon died on April 1971 of a massive stroke. Holt remained president until 1974, helping modernize the management style and fighting hard to combat negative public images of Cannon Mills. In 1911, Marshall Field & Company, the Chicago department store, acquired seven mills in Eden, North Carolina from Benjamin Franklin Mebane, a local entrepreneur who had secured financing from Field's.
In 1916, Field's began construction on Fieldcrest Mills in Fieldale, a 1,600-acre mill town near Martinsville, completed in 1919. Field's purchased more mills to supply its retail and wholesale operation. In 1935, company chairman James O. McKinsey reorganized the firm's 24 textile mills into one manufacturing operation, called Fieldcrest, with headquarters in New York City. In 1953, Fieldcrest was spun off from Field's into a freestanding business. In 1982, California billionare David H. Murdock purchased the Cannon Mills Company and its 660 acres of surrounding property. Murdock proposed a redevelopment plan to the company and the community which included the renewal of downtown Kannapolis and the construction of a brand new YMCA. On November 6, 1984, the Town of Kannapolis was incorporated, becoming the city of Kannapolis; that year the new YMCA opened. The next year, the company and all of its Bath and Bedding division were bought by Eden, North Carolina-founded Fieldcrest Mills, for somewhat less than $250,000,000.
This became the Fieldcrest-Cannon Corporation. The newer smokestack of Plant One, painted white since its construction in 1950, was repainted maroon bearing the corporate name. In September, 1997, Fieldcrest-Cannon was sold to the Pillowtex Corporation for $700,000,000. Sales slid, problems began to appear as Pillowtex lost money. According t