Kansas State University shortened to Kansas State or K-State, is a public research university with its main campus in Manhattan, Kansas. It was opened as the state's land-grant college in 1863 and was the first public institution of higher learning in the state of Kansas, it had a record high enrollment of 24,766 students for the Fall 2014 semester. The university is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity." Kansas State's academic offerings are administered through nine colleges, including the College of Veterinary Medicine and the College of Technology and Aviation in Salina. Graduate degrees offered include 45 doctoral degrees. Branch campuses are in Olathe; the Kansas State University Polytechnic Campus in Salina is home to the College of Technology and Aviation. The Olathe Innovation Campus has a focus on graduate work in research bioenergy, animal health, plant science and food safety and security. Kansas State University named Kansas State Agricultural College, was founded in Manhattan on February 16, 1863, during the American Civil War, as a land-grant institution under the Morrill Act.
The school was the first land-grant college created under the Morrill Act. K-State is the third-oldest school in the Big 12 Conference and the oldest public institution of higher learning in the state of Kansas; the effort to establish the school began in 1861, the year that Kansas was admitted to the United States. One of the new state legislature's top priorities involved establishing a state university; that year, the delegation from Manhattan introduced a bill to convert the private Blue Mont Central College in Manhattan, incorporated in 1858, into the state university. But the bill establishing the university in Manhattan was controversially vetoed by Governor Charles L. Robinson of Lawrence, an attempt to override the veto in the Legislature failed by two votes. In 1862, another bill to make Manhattan the site of the state university failed by one vote. Upon the third attempt on February 16, 1863, the state accepted Manhattan's offer to donate the Blue Mont College building and grounds and established the state's land-grant college at the site – the institution that would become Kansas State University.
When the college opened for its first session on September 2, 1863, it became only the second public institution of higher learning to admit women and men in the United States. Enrollment for the first session totaled 52 students: 26 women. Twelve years after opening, the university moved its main campus from the location of Blue Mont Central College to its present site in 1875; the original site is now occupied by Central National Bank of Manhattan and Founders Hill Apartments. The early years of the institution witnessed debate over whether the college should provide a focused agricultural education or a full liberal arts education. During this era, the tenor of the school shifted with the tenure of college presidents. For example, President John A. Anderson favored a limited education and President George T. Fairchild favored a classic liberal education. Fairchild was credited with saying, "Our college exists not so much to make men farmers as to make farmers men."During this era, in 1873, Kansas State helped pioneer the academic teaching of home economics for women, becoming one of the first two colleges to offer the program of study.
In November 1928, the school was accredited by the Association of American Universities as a school whose graduates were deemed capable of advanced graduate work. The name of the school was changed in 1931 to Kansas State College of Agriculture and Applied Science. In 1959, the Kansas legislature changed the name again to Kansas State University of Agriculture and Applied Science to reflect a growing number of graduate programs. However, since the "Agriculture and Applied Science" portion has been omitted from official documents such as state statutes, as a practical and legal matter it is called Kansas State University. Milton S. Eisenhower served as president of the university from 1943 to 1950, Dr. James McCain succeeded him, serving from 1950 to 1975. Several buildings, including residence halls and a student union, were added to the campus in the 1950s; the 1960s witnessed demonstrations against the Vietnam War, though fewer than at other college campuses. Enrollment was high through most of the 1970s, but the university endured a downward spiral from 1976 to 1986, when enrollment decreased to 17,570 and a number of faculty resigned.
In 1986, Jon Wefald assumed the presidency of Kansas State University. During his tenure and donations increased. On June 15, 2009, Kirk Schulz became the 13th president of Kansas State University. In March 2010 he announced his K-State 2025 plan; the initiative is designed to elevate K-State to a top 50 nationally recognized research university by 2025. His last day was April 2016, as he was selected as Washington State University's next president. In late April 2016, Ret. General Richard Myers began serving as the interim president of Kansas State University and was announced as the permanent president on November 15, 2016; the state legislature established the state's land-grant college in Manhattan on January 13, 1863. A commission to establish a state university in Lawrence was called for in the same legislative session, provided that town could meet certain requirements, finalized that year. Kansas State was the first public institution of higher learning founded in the state and began teaching college-level classes in 1863.
By comparison, the University of Kansas opened in 1866, offered only preparatory-level classes until college-level classes began i
Events from the year 1807 in Denmark. Monarch – Christian VII Prime minister – Christian Günther von Bernstorff 7 January – England declares an embargo against France and its allies, including Denmark. 29 January – The Danish fortress Frederiksnagore surrenders to the British forces and will remain occupied until 1815. Trankebar and the Danish West Indies are occupied by the British during the conflict. 17 April – The Royal Institute for the Deaf is founded in Copenhagen. 6 May – Mozart's Don Juan is performed in Copenhagen for the first time, with Édouard Du Puy in the title role. 29 August – The Battle of Køge known as the'Clogs Battle', between British troops besieging Copenhagen and Danish militia raised on Zealand ends in British victory. 16 August – British troops land at Vedbæk. 29–31 August – Battle at Classens Have, destroyed. 2 September – Bombardment of Copenhagen starts: 290 properties burn and another 1,500 to 1,600 are damaged. 7 September – Peymann, the commander of Copenhagen, surrenders to the British after four days of bombardment of the city.
21 October – The British sail away with the Danish naval fleet after destroying the ships under construction at the Holmen Naval Base. 31 October – Denmark is forced into an alliance with Napoleon. 4 November – England declares war on Denmark. From this year annual art exhibitions are held at Charlottenborg; the first step towards the establishment of the museum for Nordic antiquities are made when a small collection is exhibited in the loft above Trinitatis Church in Copenhagen. 30 March – Henrik Rung, composer and vocal pedagogue 5 June – Georg Hilker, decorative painter during the Danish Golden Age 22 August – Emma Hartmann, composer 18 September – Mads Johansen Lange, trader, "King of Bali" 23 November – Carl Joachim Hambro, founder of Hambros Bank
The second generation Honda Civic debuted in June 1979 with a more angular shape, increased engine power, larger dimensions in all models. The design was closer aligned to its larger sister, the Accord and the car was more comfortable and sophisticated than the first generation Honda Civic; the wheelbase now measured 88.6 inches for 91.3 inches for the wagon. The Civic engines came in cross CVCC design depending on the market they were sold in. In some countries the 1170 cc EB1 engine was still available as a base version. Three transmissions were offered: a four-speed manual, a five-speed manual, a two-speed Hondamatic, from 1981 a three-speed automatic. In North America, the Civic 1300 and 1500 both came in DX versions; the latter featured a five-speed manual transmission, partial cloth seats, rear window defroster, intermittent wipers, a cigarette lighter. The 1500 GL added radial tires, a rear window wiper/washer, tachometer and body side moldings; the Civic wagon was available only with the 1500 engine in a trim similar to the DX hatchback.
The two engines still utilized cylinder heads of the CVCC type as before, but the 1500 engine could no longer meet US emissions standards without the use of a small two-way catalytic converter. As such cars with the 1500 engine required the use of unleaded fuel; the 1300 engine—still capable of using leaded gasoline—was not available in California and high-altitude areas of the United States. In September 1980, for model year 1981, a three-box four-door sedan debuted, as did a three-speed automatic transmission that replaced the aging two-speed unit fitted to the first generation Civic; the four-door was marketed as the Honda Ballade in the Japanese domestic market. A minor facelift arrived in late 1980. In early 1982, another facelift added larger plastic bumpers, a new grille and rectangular headlights. A somewhat larger Civic-based five-door hatchback arrived, called the Honda Quint in Japan, it was marketed at a Japanese dealership sales channel called Honda Verno along with the Honda Ballade, a high luxury model based on the Civic sedan.
Introduced was a new fuel efficient I4 model, the five-speed "FE", rated at 41 mpg‑US in the city and 55 mpg‑US on the highway. However the standard 1500-cc model achieves 34 mpg‑US city, 47 mpg‑US highway when driven 55 mph, the maximum U. S. speed limit at the time. The slogan for 1983 Civic was We Make It Simple. A sport-oriented Civic "S" was introduced in 1983 and was fitted with firmer suspension and 165/70R13 Michelin tires. A red accent encircled the S and set it apart from other Civics as well as a black grille and blackout paint around the window frames; this model was fitted with two different motors. In some markets it was fitted with the high performance 1335 cc EN4, of traditional cross-flow design, was fitted with twin Keihin CV carburettors, the same camshaft, fitted to the earlier first generation GL models; the twin carburettors were similar to the design used by the 1200RS models of the mid-70s, using the same intake manifold, however Honda updated the configuration by fitting twin velocity stacks to help increase bottom-end and mid-range response.
The Civic "S" was available in black paint colours. A restyled saloon version of this model was sold, badged as the Ballade; this model was made under licence by British Leyland, badged as the Triumph Acclaim, featuring new front and rear styling, as well as a revised interior