Kaohsiung, Wade–Giles: Kao¹-hsiung² Kaohsiung City, is a city in southern Taiwan. The city proper is a special municipality with an area of 2,952 km2 stretching from the coastal urban centre to the rural Yushan Range; as of 2018, the municipality has a population of 2.77 million, making it the third most populous administrative division and second largest metropolis in Taiwan. Since founding in the 17th century, Kaohsiung has grown from a small trading village into the political and economic centre of southern Taiwan, with key industries such as manufacturing, steel-making, oil refining, freight transport and shipbuilding, it is classified as'High Sufficiency' by GaWC, with some of the most prominent infrastructures in Taiwan. The Port of Kaohsiung is the largest and busiest harbour in Taiwan while Kaohsiung International Airport is the second busiest airport in number of passengers; the city is well-connected to other major cities by high speed and conventional rail, as well as several national freeways.
It hosts the Republic of China Navy fleet headquarters and its naval academy. More recent public works such as Pier-2 Art Center, National Kaohsiung Center for the Arts and Kaohsiung Music Center have been aimed at growing the tourism and cultural industries of the city. Hoklo immigrants to the area during the 16th and 17th centuries called the region Takau; the surface meaning of the associated Chinese characters was "beat the dog". According to one theory, the name Takau originates from the aboriginal Siraya language and translates as "bamboo forest". According to another theory, the name evolved via metathesis from the name of the Makatao tribe, who inhabited the area at the time of European and Hoklo settlement; the Makatao are considered to be part of the Siraya tribe. During the Dutch colonization of southern Taiwan, the area was known as Tancoia to the western world for a period of about three decades. In 1662, the Dutch were expelled by the Kingdom of Tungning, founded by Ming loyalists of Koxinga.
His son, Zheng Jing, renamed the village Banlian-chiu in 1664. The name of "Takau" was restored in the late 1670s, when the town expanded drastically with immigrants from mainland China, was kept through Taiwan's cession to the Japanese Empire in 1895. In his 1903 general history of Taiwan, US Consul to Formosa James W. Davidson relates that "Takow" was a well-known name in English. In 1920, the name was administered the area under Takao Prefecture. While the new name had quite a different surface meaning, its pronunciation in Japanese sounded more or less the same as the old name spoken in Hokkien. After Taiwan was handed to the Republic of China, the name did not change, but the official romanization became Kaohsiung, derived from the Wade-Giles romanization of the Mandarin Chinese pronunciation for 高雄; the name Takau remains the official name of the city in Austronesian languages of Taiwan such as Rukai, although these are not spoken in the city. The name remains popular locally in the naming of businesses and events.
The written history of Kaohsiung can be traced back to the early 17th century, through archaeological studies have found signs of human activity in the region from as long as 7,000 years ago. Prior to the 17th century, the region was inhabited by the Makatao people of the Siraya tribe, who settled on what they named Takau Isle; the earliest evidence of human activity in the Kaohsiung area dates back to 4,700–5,200 years ago. Most of the discovered remnants were located in the hills surrounding Kaohsiung Harbor. Artifacts were found at Shoushan, Longquan Temple, Zuoying, Houjing and Fengbitou; the prehistoric Dapenkeng, Niuchouzi and Niaosong civilizations were known to inhabit the region. Studies of the prehistoric ruins at Longquan Temple have shown that that civilization occurred at the same times as the beginnings of the aboriginal Makatao civilization, suggesting a possible origin for the latter. Unlike some other archaeological sites in the area, the Longquan Temple ruins are well preserved.
Prehistoric artifacts discovered have suggested that the ancient Kaohsiung Harbor was a lagoon, with early civilizations functioning as Hunter-gatherer societies. Some agricultural tools have been discovered, suggesting that some agricultural activity was present; the first Chinese records of the region were written in 1603 by Chen Di, a member of Ming admiral Shen You-rong's expedition to rid the waters around Taiwan and Penghu of pirates. In his report on the "Eastern Barbarian Lands", Chen Di referred to a Ta-kau Isle: It is unknown when the barbarians arose on this island in the ocean beyond Penghu, but they are present at Keeong Harbor, the bay of Galaw, Yaw Harbor, Takau Isle, Little Tamsui, Gali forest, the village of Sabah, Dwabangkang. Taiwan became a Dutch colony in 1624, after the Dutch East India Company was ejected from Penghu by Ming forces. At the time, Takau was one of the most important fishing ports in southern Taiwan; the Dutch named the place Tankoya, the harbor Tancoia. The Dutch missionary François Valentijn named Takau Mountain "Ape Berg", a name that would find its w
William Thomas Hinton is a former Canadian Football League offensive guard who played nine years for the BC Lions from 1958 to 1966. In 1991, he was enshrined into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame. Hinton attended Louisiana Tech University and was a three-time All-GSC pick and as a senior, he helped lead his team to the Gulf States Conference Championship, he was inducted into the Louisiana Tech University Athletic Hall of Fame in 1987. Hinton played in an amazing 136 games and finished his career as the best offensive lineman in the team's history; as a rookie in 1958, he made the Western all-star team. In his second year in the CFL, he was chosen the Outstanding Lineman and the Outstanding Player of the CFL. In 1963, Hinton makes both the All-Western and the All-Canadian All-Star teams, helped lead his team to the Grey Cup. In addition, Hinton was a five time CFL All-Star selection, he was elected into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame on May 11, 1991 and the BC Sports Hall of Fame in 1992
John Michael "Red" Corriden was a player, coach and scout in American Major League Baseball. A shortstop and third baseman in his playing days, Corriden appeared in 223 big league games with the St. Louis Browns, Detroit Tigers and Chicago Cubs, batting.205 with 131 hits. He was born in Indiana, he had an important role in the 1910 Chalmers Award batting title controversy. When playing third base, he was ordered by catcher Jack O'Connor to play back, giving Nap Lajoie a good chance to beat out bunts for hits that could help win the award for Lajoie instead of the hated Ty Cobb, leading in the batting average race prior to the last-day's doubleheader.385 to.376. After his playing career ended, Corriden managed in the minor leagues during the 1920s. In 1932 he was named a coach with the Cubs; as a Major League coach for the next 17 years, Corriden would assist managers such as Rogers Hornsby, Charlie Grimm, Gabby Hartnett, Leo Durocher and Bucky Harris with the Cubs, Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Yankees — working for five pennant-winning teams and one World Series champion.
The Yankees' "raiding" of Corriden and Chuck Dressen from the coaching staff of Durocher's Dodgers was one of the factors in the public feud between Durocher and Yankee president Larry MacPhail that spilled into print in early 1947. When a newspaper column under Durocher's name accused MacPhail of allowing known gamblers to use his box seats at spring training games in Havana, Commissioner of Baseball Happy Chandler initiated an investigation that resulted in Durocher's suspension for the entire 1947 campaign. Corriden left the Yankees after the 1948 season, he began 1950 in the familiar role of coach for the Chicago White Sox when his only MLB managing chance occurred. On May 26, 1950, with the Sox only 8–22 and last in the American League, skipper Jack Onslow was dismissed and Corriden, 62 years old at the time, finished out the season. Under Corriden, the White Sox climbed two places, finishing sixth, he returned to the Dodgers as a scout. His son, John M. Jr. an outfielder in professional baseball, had a brief big-league trial as a pinch runner with Brooklyn in 1946.
Red Corriden died in Indianapolis, Indiana, at 72 from a heart attack suffered while watching the 1959 National League tie-breaker series between the Milwaukee Braves and the Dodgers on television. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference Retrosheet The Deadball Era