Kapilvastu District

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Kapilvastu District(jilla)
कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला
Location of Kapilvastu
Location of Kapilvastu
Country Nepal
Region* {{{region}}}
Zone* Lumbini
 • Total 1,738 km2 (671 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 571,936
 • Density 330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Main language(s) Awadhi, Tharu, Urdu, Nepali
Website www.ddckapilvastu.gov.np

Kapilvastu district (Nepali: कपिलवस्तु जिल्लाAbout this sound Listen ), often Kapilbastu, is one of the districts of Province No. 5, Nepal. The district, with Kapilbastu municipality as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,738 square kilometres (671 sq mi) and in 2001 had a population of 481,976, which increased to 571,936 in 2011. Kapilvastu district has 3 number of seats for central whereas 6 seats for state level elections.

Map of Kapilvastu showing new and old Local level structure


The district's name comes from the sage Kapila and his followers who built here a city called Kapilavastu. This District was a part of the ancient Shakya Kingdom ruled by King Śuddhodana who was the father of Gautama Buddha. Tilaurakot, the Headquarter of then Kingdom is situated here.[citation needed]

Geography and climate[edit]

The district is situated at a height of 93 to 1,491 metres (305 to 4,892 ft) above sea level.[1] Geographically, the district can be divided into the low land plains of Terai and the low Chure hills.

Kapilvastu is bounded by Rupandehi District to the east, Dang Deukhuri District in Rapti zone to the northwest, Arghakhanchi District to the north, Balrampur district, Awadh region, Uttar Pradesh, India to the west and Siddharthnagar district, Purvanchal region, Uttar Pradesh to the south.

Climate zone[2] Elevation range  % of area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 86.8%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.

The summer is hot with temperature above 27 °C and winter temperature remains below 15 °C.


According to the 2001 census, the major ethnic groups in this district are[3] Nepali (90%) and Indians (10%).

The 2011 census found that 80% of people in the district were Awadhi speakers followed by, Tharu (5%) and (15%) are native Nepali speakers. The number of immigrants from the neighboring hilly region is increasing every year. The major caste of the district is Muslim.

Administrative Divisions[edit]

See latest division here.


Map of municipalities and Rural municipalities in Kapilvastu District


Kapilvastu Municipality
Banganga Municipality
Buddhabhumi Municipality
Shivaraj Municipality
Krishnanagar Municipality
Maharajgunj Municipality

Rural Municipality[edit]

Mayadevi Rural Municipality
Yashodhara Rural Municipality
Suddhodhan Rural Municipality
Bijaynagar Rural Municipality


Most of the population of the district is dependent on agriculture. Paddy rice is a major crop of the district. A number of youths rely on foreign employment while sugarcane is an important cash crop.

Crop Production in metric tonnes
Paddy > 150,000
Wheat 25,000-35,000
Sugarcane > 175,000
Oil seed 1,000-5,000
Tauleshwor Nath temple in Taulihawa
Holi festival celebration in Kapilvastu


At the time of 2011 A.D National population and Housing census 2011 was reported that total population of kapilvastu district was 571,936 . Male=285,599 and Female=286,337 and number of total household was 91,321 Data source: central bureau of statistics, kathmandu government of Nepal .


Awadhi people are the major inhabitants of this region, which is very rich in their culture. Awadhi cuisine is well known. As majority of the population are Muslims, they celebrate Eid(Eid-ul-fitre) and Bakrid( Eid-ul-Adha). Tharu people living in the western part of the district have their own distinct culture. The main culture of Tharu is Maghi.

Places of interest[edit]

World Marsh Region[edit]

A region with biodiversity, cultural, archaeological and historical monuments that has been proposed to be enlisted in the list of World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.

Archaeological sites[edit]

More than 138 historical sites related to Buddha have already been identified within the boundary to the east of Banganga, west of Kothi, north to Indian border and south to Mahendra highway. The forest of the district stands as a natural park. The land is irrigated by the rivers like Banganga, Koili, Surai, Chirai, Bhutera and others.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b http://www.ddckapilvastu.gov.np/DDCKapilvastu/aboutkapilvastu.htm. Retrieved October 7, 2008.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved November 22, 2013 
  3. ^ Population Monograph of Nepal, Volume I

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°32′N 83°3′E / 27.533°N 83.050°E / 27.533; 83.050