Kappa Alpha Order

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Kappa Alpha Order
ΚΑ
Kappa Alpha Order coat of arms.png
Founded December 21, 1865; 152 years ago (1865-12-21)
Washington College,
Lexington, Virginia
Type Social
Motto

Dieu et les Dames[1]
(God and the Ladies)

Fratres usque ad aram fidelis
(Brothers faithful unto death)
Colors      Crimson
     Old Gold
Flag Kappa Alpha Order flag.gif
Flower Crimson Rose and Magnolia Blossom
Publication The Kappa Alpha Journal
Philanthropy Muscular Dystrophy Association
Chapters

122 active[2]

103 alumni[citation needed]
Members approx. 7,600[citation needed] collegiate
approx. 150,000[citation needed] lifetime
Nicknames Kappa Alpha, KA, The Order
Headquarters Mulberry Hill
Lexington, Virginia
United States
Website www.kappaalphaorder.org

Kappa Alpha Order (KA), commonly known as Kappa Alpha or simply KA, is a social fraternity and a fraternal order founded in 1865 at Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. As of December 2015, the Kappa Alpha Order lists 133 active chapters, five provisional chapters, and 52 suspended chapters.[2] Along with Alpha Tau Omega and Sigma Nu, the order represents a third of the Lexington Triad. Since its establishment in 1865, The Order has initiated more than 150,000 members.[3]

History[edit]

Kappa Alpha Order was founded as Phi Kappa Chi on December 21, 1865, at Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia. James Ward Wood, William Archibald Walsh, and brothers William Nelson Scott and Stanhope McClelland Scott are the founders of the fraternity.[4] Soon after the founding, the local Virginia Beta chapter of Phi Kappa Psi protested the name "Phi Kappa Chi", due to the similarity of the names, leading Wood to change the name of the fraternity to K.A. by April 1866. Within one year, the order's ritual would be expanded upon by Samuel Zenas Ammen, who was dubbed the "practical founder". In the years that followed, the fraternity spread throughout the Southern United States, as well as other states such as California, Arizona and New Mexico.

KA is one-third of the Lexington Triad, along with Alpha Tau Omega and Sigma Nu.[5] The founders listed Robert E. Lee's chivalry and gentlemanly conduct as an inspiration. At the 1923 Convention, Lee was designated as the "Spiritual Founder" of the Order by John Temple Graves.[6]

Referring to Kuklos Adelphon, Ku Klux Klan founder John Lester claimed that the Klan's initiation ritual was based on a popular collegiate fraternal order, and it has been speculated by Allen Trelease that "Kuklos Adelphon almost certainly provided the model" for the early Klan. It is likely that this organization inspired the creation of the Kappa Alpha Order, a prominent fraternity in the United States.[7][8]

Administrative office[edit]

The Kappa Alpha Order National Administrative Office is located at Mulberry Hill, in Lexington, Virginia. It is documented that Mulberry Hill is where Robert E. Lee spent his first night in Lexington, after arriving to take over as president of Washington College.[9] Mulberry Hill is a Virginia Historic Landmark, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[10] The offices for the Kappa Alpha Order Educational Foundation are also housed there.

Member programs[edit]

Number I's Leadership Institute[edit]

The Number I's Leadership Institute (Number 1 is the title of the chapter president[11]) is an intensive informational and educational retreat for chapter presidents. The retreat is held at a Christian conference center.[12]

Kappa Alpha Order Educational Foundation (KAOEF)[edit]

Established in 1982, the Kappa Alpha Order Educational Foundation (KAOEF) is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization. The Foundation provides grants for educational programs of the fraternity, such as the National Leadership Institute and Province Councils, and provides scholarships to graduate and undergraduate students. KAOEF funds these programs with donations contributed by KA alumni.[13]

Journal[edit]

The Kappa Alpha Journal (or KA Journal) is the fraternity's magazine. It has been published since 1879.[14] Members of the Kappa Alpha Order are entitled to a free subscription to The KA Journal if initiated within the last ten years, or are a member of The Loyal Order. Members initiated between 1936 and 1951 are given a lifetime subscription to the publication.[15]

Loyal Order[edit]

The Loyal Order is an alumni program for the Kappa Alpha Order. The national office uses the money from Loyal Order memberships to help defray the cost of distributing the KA Journal, as well as other alumni resources.[16]

Military Division[edit]

The Military Division of Kappa Alpha Order was established in 2009. Membership is open to Kappa Alphas who are currently serving, honorably discharged, or retired from the United States Armed Forces. The Recognition Pin of the Military Order features the Maltese Cross, utilizing KA’s colors crimson and old gold, and has 8 points in the cross, which symbolize the chivalric virtues of loyalty, piety, frankness, bravery, glory and honor, contempt of death, helpfulness towards the poor and sick, and respect for the church.[17]

Symbolism[edit]

The colors of The Order are traditionally Crimson and Old Gold. The colors represent the blood sacrificed (crimson red) and the money spent (old gold) in defense of the country.[18] The flowers of the Order are the crimson rose and the magnolia blossom. The crimson rose represents masculine might and the white magnolia blossom represents purity.[11]

The flowers of the order and a ribbon featuring the order's motto adorn the bottom of the crest. The crest itself is representative of several things; the hand holding the axe represents the continuing power of the Knight Commander and of the order. The Helmet was, at one time, a symbol used by the Knight Commander of the Order. The badge is featured at the center of the crest, and the lions on either side represent different things each. The lion on the left, looking away, symbolizes "rampant", meaning magnanimous. The lion on the right, looking towards you, symbolizes "regardent", which means cautious or circumspect.[1]

Motto[edit]

The Kappa Alpha Order motto is "Dieu et les Dames" (God and the Ladies)[1] and is written on the ceiling of the Mississippi State Capitol.[19]

Accusations of racism[edit]

Thomas Dixon's dedication to his Kappa Alpha brothers in his book The man in gray : a romance of north and south

The fraternity has been criticized for identification with the Confederacy and other forms of racism. In November 2002, the Zeta Psi and Kappa Alpha Order chapters at the University of Virginia were suspended and subsequently cleared after the fraternities held a Halloween party where a few guests were photographed wearing blackface and dressed up as Uncle Sam and Venus and Serena Williams.[20][21]

In 2009, Kappa Alpha Order at the University of Alabama was criticized for wearing Confederate uniforms for an "Old South" parade that passed by an African-American sorority house celebrating its 35th anniversary. The organization apologized for any offense that might have been caused. Kappa Alpha Order on other campuses, including Auburn, Centenary College, Mississippi State University, and the University of Georgia had already ceased to wear Confederate uniforms in public following complaints from students.[22] The national organization banned the wearing of Confederate uniforms to its "Old South" parades in 2010,[23] although video from 2012 showed the uniforms still being worn.[24]

In April 2016, the fraternity's Tulane chapter in New Orleans, Louisiana, constructed a sand-bag wall around its house that contained spray-painted slogans in reference to Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump's proposal to build a wall between the U.S. and Mexico. The chapter said that the wall had been built for an annual "capture the flag" game and that the pro-Trump slogans were satirical and not in support of the candidate or his message. Some students protested that the wall was offensive and anti-immigrant or anti-Latino. The wall was later forcefully dismantled, allegedly in part by members of the Tulane football team.[25]

Notable hazing incidents and controversies[edit]

In 1980, several students at Vanderbilt University, one of whom was African American, decided to hold Nat Turner Day to protest the fraternity's celebration of Old South Day, when KA brothers dressed as CSA personnel.[26] The university administrators sided with KA, banned Nat Turner Day, and let KA parade in their Confederate costumes.[27] The African-American student was called a homophobic slur and beaten up by the KA chapter.[27]

In 1997, a former pledge at Texas A&M University had to have a testicle surgically removed due to a fraternity member giving him a "super wedgie." This same year a pet goat was shot and killed with a gun in front of pledges at the fraternity's chapter house. One fraternity member was indicted for the incident.[28]

In 2008, the fraternity chapter at Midwestern State University was suspended for three years after a pledge almost died due to alcohol poisoning under the fraternity's supervision.[29]

In 2011, the chapter at Georgetown College was suspended by the national office of the fraternity after several members shouted racial slurs at a minority student on campus. The national office also issued a public apology on behalf of the chapter.[30]

In 2011, an investigation was started after a frat member fired a shotgun inside the University of Texas at Austin's chapter house. Following claims by the fraternity that the chapter had hazed pledges, hired adult performers for multiple live sex shows, and broken other fraternity rules, the fraternity suspended the chapter for one year. The chapter refuted the hazing allegation as minor and unsupported by evidence, and broke-ties with the national organization, forming a new fraternity, Texas Omicron. Kappa Alpha Order then sued Texas Omicron, unsuccessfully, for dues and other monies, as well as furnishings from the chapter house.[31][32][33]

In 2013, the fraternity at the University of Virginia was temporarily suspended due to several serious allegations of hazing and misconduct.[34][35]

In 2015, Jonathan Ford, the son of Alabama State Representative Craig Ford and a former football recruit at Birmingham-Southern College, sued the fraternity for hazing and injuries he says he sustained while pledging which resulted in his football career ending prematurely.[36][37]

In 2015 the fraternity chapter at Virginia Wesleyan College was suspended for at least four years by the national organization.[38] An investigation by the school determined that hazing had occurred in violation of school policy, but that it was not criminal.[39][40]

In 2015, the chapter at Emory University was suspended for three years due to violating hazing laws.[41]

In 2016, the chapter at the University of Richmond was suspended after a strongly sexist and offensive email sent by the fraternity was reported to the university.[42]

In 2016, the chapter at the University of Missouri was placed on suspension and investigation after a freshman pledging was hospitalized due to a hazing incident that involved drinking excessive amounts of alcohol to validate his manhood.[43]

In 2016, the fraternity chapter at the College of Charleston was closed after the chapter president and other members were arrested for being involved in a major off-campus drug ring. The fraternity was also accused of drugging and taking sexual advantage of several young women who attended their parties.[44]

In 2017, the fraternity chapter at Southern Methodist University was suspended for four years (until 2021) and members living in the chapter house were forced to evacuate the premises for hazing pledges in the spring. The hazing found, according to the university: "paddling; servitude required of new members; forcing new members to consume alcohol; forcing new members to participate in calisthenics; forcing new members to consume food items such as jalapeños, habaneros, red onions, and milk until vomiting was induced; forcing new members to wear clothing soiled with vomit; sleep deprivation; 'underground membership.'"[45]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Shelton, Todd. "Insignia and Publications". Archived from the original on 2010-09-23. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  2. ^ a b "Active Chapters - Kappa Alpha Order". kappaalphaorder.org. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  3. ^ Lyons, Jesse. "Kappa Alpha Order surpasses 150,000 initiates in its history". Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
  4. ^ Zeta Zeta Chapter - Wingate University. "The Beginning..." Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  5. ^ Sigma Nu Fraternity. "The Virginia Fraternities & The Lexington Triad". Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  6. ^ Kappa Alpha Order. "The mission of Kappa Alpha Order". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  7. ^ Lester, John C., Ku Klux Klan: Its Origin, Growth and Disbandment Walter L. Fleming ed. New York; Neale Publishing Company, 1905. p.60
  8. ^ Trelease p.4
  9. ^ Shelton, Todd. "Knight Commander's Message, Fall 2004". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  10. ^ Shelton, Todd. "Mulberry Hill, Part One: History". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  11. ^ a b "The Varlet" (twelfth ed.). Kappa Alpha Order. 2010.
  12. ^ Rowson, Scott. "2008 Number I's Leadership Institute". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  13. ^ Kappa Alpha Order. "What does the KAOEF do?". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  14. ^ Kappa Alpha Order. "The Kappa Alpha Journal". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  15. ^ Rowson, Scott. "The Kappa Alpha Journal Subscription Policy Explained". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  16. ^ KAO. "The Loyal Order". Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  17. ^ https://www.kappaalphaorder.org/alumnus/military-division
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ ALPHA UPSILON Chapter Kappa Alpha Order. "KA Motto in MS State Capitol". Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  20. ^ Argetsinger, Amy (December 3, 2002). "University of Virginia Frats Cleared in Blackface Incident". Washington Post. p. A15. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008.
  21. ^ "UVA latest in string of blackface incidents. (Noteworthy News).(University of Virginia fraternities)". Black Issues in Higher Education. 2002-12-19.
  22. ^ "'Old South' frat targeted over Confederate event". Associated Press. 2009-05-13. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  23. ^ Wheeler, Linda (23 April 2010). "Southern fraternity banishes Confederate uniforms". Washington Post. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  24. ^ Blake, Eben (2 July 2015). "Confederate Flag On College Campuses: Where Race, White Supremacy And Tradition Collide In The South". International Business Times. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  25. ^ "'Trump Wall' at Kappa Alpha fraternity sets Tulane abuzz". nola.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  26. ^ Shoulders, Carolyn (April 2, 1980). "Black To Lead Protest of Fraternity Dixie Ball". The Tennessean. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
  27. ^ a b Suddath, Claire (August 26, 2004). "Where the Freaks Are". Nashville Scene. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
  28. ^ Falls, Clay. "Texas A&M Greek Life Investigation Reveals Cases of Hazing, Goat Shot". kbtx.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  29. ^ "Kappa Alpha Suspended from Midwestern State". NBC 5 Dallas-Fort-Worth. Associated Press. November 9, 2008. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  30. ^ "Fraternity suspends Georgetown chapter after racial allegations". kentucky.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  31. ^ "Allegations of sex shows, hazing at Texas frat". Bloomberg Business. Associated Press. September 27, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  32. ^ Kreytak, Kevin (September 27, 2011). "UT fraternity accused of live sex shows, hazing". The Statesman. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  33. ^ McShane, Larry (October 2, 2011). "University of Texas' Kappa Alpha fraternity sued". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  34. ^ Progress, K. BURNELL EVANS Charlottesville Daily. "Kappa Alpha chapter at UVa suspended". richmond.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  35. ^ "UVA's Kappa Alpha Fraternity Under Investigation". WVIR-TV. NBC. April 26, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  36. ^ White, Linda (May 29, 2015). "Birmingham-Southern College, Kappa Alpha face hazing lawsuit". WVTM. NBC News. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
  37. ^ Faulk, Kent (May 29, 2015). "Son of Alabama House minority leader files lawsuit claims 'hazing' injuries at BSC frat house". Al.com. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
  38. ^ "Virginia Wesleyan College suspends fraternity for alleged hazing". 13 News Now. ABC. February 13, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
  39. ^ Alvarez-Wertz, Jane (February 13, 2015). "Virginia Wesleyan fraternity suspended amid hazing allegations". WAVY. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
  40. ^ "Kappa Alpha: Members of the closed fraternity speak out". marlinchronicle.vwu.edu. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  41. ^ "News Briefs: KA Suspended, New Dining Options and More - The Emory Wheel". emorywheel.com. 11 June 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  42. ^ "Richmond's Kappa Alpha Order chapter suspended after sexist email". thecollegianur.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  43. ^ Ransom, Alexander. "UPDATE: Hazing incident results in Kappa Alpha suspension at MU". columbiamissourian.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  44. ^ Pardue, Tony Bartelme Doug. "Cocaine, pills … and textbooks". postandcourier.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  45. ^ http://www.smudailycampus.com/news/smu-chapter-of-kappa-alpha-order-suspended-for-4-years

External links[edit]