Sanjna Kapoor is an Indian theatre personality and former Indian film actress of British and Indian descent. She is the daughter of the late Jennifer Kendal, she ran the Prithvi Theatre in Mumbai from 1993 to February 2012. Sanjna Kapoor was born in the Kapoor family, her paternal grandfather was Prithviraj Kapoor and her paternal uncles are Raj Kapoor and Shammi Kapoor. Her brothers Kunal Kapoor and Karan Kapoor have acted in some films, her maternal grandparents, Geoffrey Kendal and Laura Kendal, were actors who toured India and Asia with their theatre group, performing Shakespeare and Shaw. The Merchant Ivory film, Shakespeare Wallah, was loosely based on the family, which starred her father and her aunt, actress Felicity Kendal. Sanjna attended the prestigious Bombay International School in Mumbai, she made her acting debut in the 1981 film 36 Chowringhee Lane, produced by her father and starred her mother Jennifer Kendal in the lead. She played the younger version of the character, she appeared in Utsav produced by her father, played her first leading role in a Bollywood film titled Hero Hiralal, successful at the box office.
She appeared in Mira Nair's critically acclaimed film Salaam Bombay in 1988 but has since quit acting in films, shifting her focus to theatre in the 1990s. In 1991, she played the role of the Japanese wife in the theatre Production of Akira Kurosawa's immortalised film Rashomon based on the Broadway play by Fay and Michael Kanin, she has acted in A. K. Bir's Aranyaka, she hosted the Amul India Show on television for three and a half years. She managed the Prithvi Theatre in Juhu and ran theatre workshops for children till 2011. In 2011, she announced her decision to leave Prithvi Theatre, launched Junoontheatre in 2012, an arts based organisation which would work with travelling groups. Sanjna has been married twice, her first husband was actor and director Aditya Bhattacharya, son of filmmaker Basu Bhattacharya and Rinki Bhattacharya. Kapoor married the tiger conservationist, Valmik Thapar, son of the journalist Romesh Thapar and his wife Raj Thapar. Valmik is a nephew of JNU historian Romila Thapar.
Sanjna and Valmik have Hamir Thapar. Sanjana Kapoor on IMDb Carrying On With Family Tradition, An Interview The Moving Stage
Chelsea is an affluent area of West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour, its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, now in a pipe above Sloane Square Underground station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and Brompton, but it is considered that the area north of King's Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea; the district is within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, although Chelsea gives its name to nearby locations, such as Chelsea Harbour in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, Chelsea Barracks in the City of Westminster. From 1900, until the creation of Greater London in 1965, it formed the Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea in the County of London; the exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has resulted in the term Sloane Ranger being used to describe its residents.
Since 2011, Channel 4 has broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the lives of affluent young people living there. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea residents being born in the U. S; the word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for "landing place for chalk or limestone". Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD; the first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King's Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor, gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, it passed into private ownership. By 1086 the Domesday Book records that Chelsea was in the hundred of Ossulstone in Middlesex, with Edward of Salisbury as tenant-in-chief. King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536. Two of King Henry's wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House.
In 1609 James I established a theological college, "King James's College at Chelsey" on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682. By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, once described as "a village of palaces" – had a population of 3,000. So, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis; the street crossing, known as Little Chelsea, Park Walk, linked Fulham Road to King's Road and continued to the Thames and local ferry down Lover's Lane, renamed "Milmans Street" in the 18th century. King's Road, named for Charles II, recalls the King's private road from St James's Palace to Fulham, maintained until the reign of George IV. One of the more important buildings in King's Road, the former Chelsea Town Hall, popularly known as "Chelsea Old Town hall" – a fine neo-classical building – contains important frescoes.
Part of the building contains the Chelsea Public Library. Opposite stands the former Odeon Cinema, now Habitat, with its iconic façade which carries high upon it a large sculptured medallion of the now almost-forgotten William Friese-Greene, who claimed to have invented celluloid film and cameras in the 1880s before any subsequent patents. According to Encyclopædia Britannica, "the better residential portion of Chelsea is the eastern, near Sloane Street and along the river; this is no longer the case, although Council property do remain. The areas to the west attract high prices; this former fashionable village was absorbed into London during the eighteenth century. Many notable people of 18th century London, such as the bookseller Andrew Millar, were both married and buried in the district; the memorials in the churchyard of Chelsea Old Church, near the river, illustrate much of the history of Chelsea. These include Lady Dacre; the intended tomb Sir Thomas More erected for himself and his wives can be found there, though More is not in fact buried here.
In 1718, the Raw Silk Company was established in Chelsea Park, with mulberry trees and a hothouse for raising silkworms. At its height in 1723, it supplied silk to Caroline of Ansbach Princess of Wales. Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns, made from a long strip of sweet dough coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, topped with sugar; the Chelsea Bun House was patronised by the Georgian royalty. At Easter, great crowds would assemble on the open spaces of the Five Fields – subsequently developed as Belgravia; the Bun House would do a great trade in hot cross buns and sold about quarter of a million on its final Good Friday in 1839. The area was famous for its "Chelsea China" ware, though the works, the Chelsea porcelain factory – thought to be the first workshop to make porcelain in England – were sold in 1769, moved to Derby. Examples of the original Chelsea ware fetch high values; the best-known building is Chelsea R
The term Anglo-Indian can refer to at least two groups of people: those with mixed Indian and British ancestry, people of British descent born or living in the Indian subcontinent. The latter sense is now historical, but confusions can arise; the Oxford English Dictionary, for example, gives three possibilities: "Of mixed British and Indian parentage, of Indian descent but born or living in Britain or of British descent or birth but living or having lived long in India". People fitting the middle definition are more known as British Asian or British Indian; this article focuses on the modern definition, a distinct minority community of mixed Eurasian ancestry, whose native language is English. During the centuries that Britain was in India, the children born to the British and Indians began to form a new community; these Anglo-Indians formed a small but significant portion of the population during the British Raj, were well represented in certain administrative roles. The Anglo-Indian population dwindled from two million at the time of independence in 1947 to 300,000 - 1,000,000 by 2010.
Many have adapted to local communities or emigrated to the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States and New Zealand. This process was replicated in many other meetings of European traders and colonisers across the subcontinent, creating the Anglo-Burmese people in Myammar and the Burgher people in Sri Lanka; the first use of "Anglo-Indian" was to describe all British people living in India. People of mixed British and Indian descent were referred to as "Eurasians". Terminology has changed, the latter group are now called "Anglo-Indians", the term that will be used throughout this article. During the British East India Company's rule in India in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, it was common for British officers and soldiers to take local wives and have Eurasian children, owing to a lack of British women in India. By the mid-19th century, there were around 40,000 British soldiers, but fewer than 2,000 British officials present in India. Under Regulation VIII of 1813, they were excluded from the British legal system and in Bengal became subject to the rule of Islamic law outside Calcutta – and yet found themselves without any caste or status amongst those who were to judge them.
In 1821, a pamphlet entitled "Thoughts on how to better the condition of Indo-Britons" by a "Practical Reformer," was written to promote the removal of prejudices existing in the minds of young Eurasians against engaging in trades. This was followed up by another pamphlet, entitled "An Appeal on behalf of Indo-Britons." Prominent Eurasians in Calcutta formed the "East Indian Committee" with a view to send a petition to the British Parliament for the redress of their grievances. John William Ricketts, a pioneer in the Eurasian cause, volunteered to proceed to England, his mission was successful, on his return to India, by way of Madras, he received quite an ovation from his countrymen in that presidency. In April 1834, in obedience to an Act of Parliament passed in August 1833, the Indian Government was forced to grant government jobs to Anglo-Indians; as British women began arriving in India in large numbers around the early to mid-19th century as family members of officers and soldiers, British men became less to marry Indian women.
Intermarriage declined after the events of the Rebellion of 1857, after which several anti-miscegenation laws were implemented. As a result, Eurasians were neglected by both the Indian populations in India. Over generations, Anglo-Indians intermarried with other Anglo-Indians to form a community that developed a culture of its own, their cuisine, dress and religion all served to further segregate them from the native population. A number of factors fostered a strong sense of community among Anglo-Indians, their English language school system, their Anglo-centric culture, their Christian beliefs in particular helped bind them together. They formed social clubs and associations to run functions, including regular dances on occasions such as Christmas and Easter. Indeed, their Christmas balls, held in most major cities, still form a distinctive part of Indian Christian culture. Over time Anglo-Indians were recruited into the Customs and Excise and Telegraphs, Forestry Department, the railways and teaching professions – but they were employed in many other fields as well.
The Anglo-Indian community had a role as go-betweens in the introduction of Western musical styles and instruments in post-Independence India. During the colonial era, genres including ragtime and jazz were played by bands for the social elites, these bands contained Anglo-Indian members. During the independence movement, many Anglo-Indians identified with British rule, therefore, incurred the distrust and hostility of Indian nationalists, their position at independence was difficult. They felt a loyalty to a British "home" that most had never seen and where they would gain little social acceptance, they felt insecure in an India that put a premium on participation in the independence movement as a prerequisite for important government positions. Many Anglo-Indians left the country in 1947, hoping to make a new life in the United Kingdom or elsewhere in the Commonwealth of Nations, such as Australia or Canada; the exodus continued through the 1950s and 1960s and by the late 1990s most had left with many of th
Junoon (1978 film)
Junoon is a 1978 Indian Hindi language film produced by Shashi Kapoor and directed by Shyam Benegal. The film is based on Ruskin Bond's fictional novella, A Flight of Pigeons, set around the Indian Rebellion of 1857; the film's soundtrack was composed by Vanraj Bhatia, cinematography by Govind Nihalani. Its cast included Shashi Kapoor, his wife Jennifer Kendal, Nafisa Ali, Tom Alter, Shabana Azmi, Kulbhushan Kharbanda, Naseeruddin Shah, Deepti Naval, Pearl Padamsee and Sushma Seth; the film featured Shashi and Jennifer's children Karan Kapoor, Kunal Kapoor, Sanjana Kapoor. The story is set around the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Javed Khan is a reckless feudal chieftain with a Muslim Pathan heritage, whose world revolves around breeding carrier pigeons, his younger brother-in-law, Sarfaraz Khan is politically awakened and plots the fight against the British. Freedom fighters attack the local British administrators while they are in Sunday Worship at Church, massacring them all. Miriam Labadoor manages to escape with her daughter and mother.
The three women seek refuge with the wealthy Hindu family of Lala Ramjimal. Lala is torn between his privileged position under the British. However, matters are taken out of his hand by Javed Khan who barges into Lala's house and forcibly takes Ruth and her family to his own house; this leads to jealousy on part of his wife and anger on part of his brother, who gives in to the Pathan tradition of offering hospitality and sanctuary to uninvited guests. Various situations ensue due to cultural misunderstandings in the domestic routine of the Muslim household with its new English guests. Javed falls in love with Ruth, wants to marry her but is opposed bitterly by her mother. Noticing intense feelings of Javed for her daughter Ruth, Miriam Labadoor cleverly makes an agreement with Javed that she would only give her daughter’s hand to Javed if British were defeated. At first instance, Javed is hesitant but accepts the offer when again Miriam asks him if he has misgivings in his war against the British.
There are simmerings of a love affair under the watchful suspicious eyes of Firdaus. Meanwhile, the Rebellion runs into problems and the British are defeating the poorly organized Indian forces. In a stormy scene, Sarfaraz destroys Javed's pigeon coops and sets his pets free after he finds out that Indian forces have lost the Battle for Delhi. There is a delayed recognition by Javed of his subjugated identity, colonised by the British. Sarfaraz dies in a battle against the British; the Labadoors return to the protection of the re-deployed British contingent, smuggled by Firdaus, who only wants to save her marriage. Javed finds out that the Labadoors have sought sanctuary in the church and rushes there to meet Ruth one last time. Ruth comes out and expresses her feelings for Javed against her mother’s will. However, Javed honourably keeps his word and the promise he had made with Miriam Labadoor and leaves the church without Ruth; the movie ends here with the voiceover that Javed was martyred fighting the British while Ruth and her mother return to England.
Ruth dies fifty five years unwed. Shashi Kapoor as Javed Khan Nafisa Ali as Ruth Labadoor Jennifer Kendal as Miriam Labadoor Naseeruddin Shah as Sarfaraz Khan, Javed's brother-in-law Shabana Azmi as Firdaus, Javed's wife Ismat Chughtai as Miriam's Mom Kulbhushan Kharbanda as Lala Ramjimal Sanjana Kapoor Kunal Kapoor Karan Kapoor Benjamin Gilani as Rashid Khan Sushma Seth as Javed's aunt Tom Alter as Ruth's father Amrish Puri as the Narrator Geoffrey Kendal Deepti Naval as Rashid's wife Pearl Padamsee as bitter woman In a retrospective review, Raja Sen of Rediff.com called it "an overwhelmingly powerful film, a bittersweet futile love story." Best Feature Film in Hindi – Shashi Kapoor Best Cinematography – Govind Nihalani Best Audiography – Hitendra Ghosh Best Film – Shashi Kapoor Best Director- Shyam Benegal Best Dialogues – Pandit Satyadev Dubey Best Editing – Bhanudas Divakar Best Cinematography – Govind Nihalani Best Sound Recording – Hitendra Ghosh Best Supporting Actor – Naseeruddin Shah Best Supporting Actress – Jennifer Kendal Inaugural film at the 7th International Film Festival, New Delhi, 1979.
Official Indian entry at the XIth Moscow International Film Festival. Featured at the Montreal World Film Festival 1979, the Cairo International Film Festival 1979, the Sydney Film Festival 1980 and the Melbourne International Film Festival 1980; the soundtrack features 4 songs, composed by Vanraj Bhatia, with original lyrics from Yogesh Praveen and other lyrics by Amir Khusro, Jigar Moradabadi and Sant Kabir. "Khusro rain piya ki jaagi pee ke sang" – Jamil Ahmad "Ishq ne todi sar pe qayamat" – Mohammad Rafi "Come live with me and be my love" – Jennifer Kendal "Ghir aayi kari ghata matwali sawan ki aayi bahaar re" – Asha Bhosle, Varsha Bhosle Junoon on IMDb Junoon at AllMovie Junoon at Rotten Tomatoes
Prithviraj Kapoor born Prithvinath Kapoor, was a pioneer of Indian theatre and of the Hindi film industry, who started his career as an actor in the silent era of Hindi cinema, associated with IPTA as one of its founding members and who founded the Prithvi Theatres, a travelling theatre company based in Mumbai, in 1944. He was the patriarch of the Kapoor family of Hindi films, four generations of which, beginning with him, have played active roles in the Hindi film industry, with two generations still active in Bollywood. However, his father, Basheshwar Nath Kapoor played a short role in his movie Awaara; the Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1969 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1971 for his contributions towards Indian cinema. Kapoor was born on 3 November 1906 into a Punjabi Hindu family of Samundri, Samundri Tehsil, Lyallpur District, British India, his father, Basheshwarnath Kapoor, served as a police officer in the Indian Imperial Police in the city of Peshawar while his grandfather, Keshavmal Kapoor, was a Tehsildar in Samundri.
Surinder Kapoor, the famous Bollywood producer and father of actor Anil Kapoor was a cousin of Prithviraj Kapoor. Kapoor began his acting career in the theatres of Peshawar. In 1928, he moved to Bombay with a loan from an aunt. There he joined the Imperial Films Company, he acted as an extra in his first film, Do Dhari Talwar, though he went on to earn a lead role for his third film, titled Cinema Girl, in 1929. After featuring in nine silent films, including Do Dhari Talwar, Cinema Girl,Sher-e-Arab and Prince Vijaykumar, Kapoor did a supporting role in India's first film talkie, Alam Ara, his performance in Vidyapati was much appreciated. His best-known performance is as Alexander the Great in Sohrab Modi's Sikandar, he joined the Grant Anderson Theater Company, an English theatrical company that remained in Bombay for a year. Through all these years, Kapoor remained performed on stage regularly, he developed a reputation as a fine and versatile actor on both stage and screen. By 1944, Kapoor had the wherewithal and standing to found his own theatre group, Prithvi Theatres, whose première performance was Kalidasa's Abhijñānaśākuntalam in 1942.
His eldest son, Raj Kapoor, by 1946, had struck out on his own. Prithviraj invested in Prithvi Theatres; the plays were influential and inspired young people to participate in the Indian independence movement and the Quit India Movement. In over 16 years of existence, the theatre staged some 2,662 performances. Prithviraj starred as the lead actor in every single show. One of his popular plays was called Pathan, performed on stage nearly 600 times in Mumbai, it opened on 13 April 1947, is a story of a Muslim and his Hindu friend. By the late 1950s, it was clear that the era of the travelling theatre had been irreversibly supplanted by the cinema and it was no longer financially feasible for a troupe of up to 80 people to travel the country for four to six months at a time along with their props and equipment and living in hotels and campsites; the financial returns, through ticket sales and the diminishing largesse of patrons from the erstwhile princely class of India, was not enough to support such an effort.
Many of the fine actors and technicians that Prithvi Theatres nurtured had found their way to the movies. Indeed, this was the case with all of Prithviraj's own sons; as Kapoor progressed into his 50s, he ceased theatre activities and accepted occasional offers from film-makers, including his own sons. He appeared with his son Raj in the 1951 film Awara as a stern judge who had thrown his own wife out of his house. Under his son, Shashi Kapoor, his wife Jennifer Kendal, Prithvi Theatre merged with the Indian Shakespeare theatre company, "Shakespeareana", the company got a permanent home, with the inauguration of the Prithvi Theatre in Mumbai on 5 November 1978. In 1996, the Golden Jubilee year of the founding of Prithvi Theatre, India Post, issued a special two Rupee commemorative postage stamp, it featured the logo of the theatre, the dates 1945–1995, an image of Kapoor. The first day cover, showed an illustration of a performance of a travelling theatre in progress, on a stage that seems fit for a travelling theatre, as Prithvi theatre was for sixteen years, till 1960.
On the occasion of 100 years of the Indian cinema, another postage stamp, bearing his likeness, was released by India Post on 3 May 2013. His filmography of this period includes Mughal E Azam, where he gave his most memorable performance as the Mughal emperor Akbar, Harishchandra Taramati in which he played the lead role, an unforgettable performance as Porus in Sikandar-e-Azam, the stentorian grandfather in Kal Aaj Aur Kal, in which he appeared with his son Raj Kapoor and grandson Randhir Kapoor. Kapoor starred in the legendary religious Punjabi film Nanak Nam Jahaz Hai, a film so revered in Punjab that there were lines many kilometres long to purchase tickets, he starred in the Punjabi films Nanak Dukhiya Sub Sansar and Mele Mittran De. He acted in the Kannada movie Sakshatkara, directed by Kannada director Puttanna Kanagal, he acted as Rajkumar's father in that movie. In 1954, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, in 1969, the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India, he remained Nominated Rajya Sabha Member for eight years.
He was posthumously awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 1971. He was the third recipient of the highest accolade in Indian cinema. 1954: Sangeet Natak Akad
Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of 2011 it is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million. The larger Mumbai Metropolitan Region is the second most populous metropolitan area in India, with a population of 21.3 million as of 2016. Mumbai has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city, it is the wealthiest city in India, has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings; the seven islands that constitute Mumbai were home to communities of Koli people, who originated in Gujarat in prehistoric times. For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay.
During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by educational development. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. Upon India's independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital. Mumbai is the financial and entertainment capital of India, it is one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow, generating 6.16% of India's GDP and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India, 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. The city houses important financial institutions such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India, the SEBI and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations.
It is home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Indian Rare Earths, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Atomic Energy Commission of India, the Department of Atomic Energy. The city houses India's Hindi and Marathi cinema industries. Mumbai's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from all over India, making the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures; the name Mumbai is derived from Mumbā or Mahā-Ambā—the name of the patron goddess Mumbadevi of the native Koli community— and ā'ī meaning "mother" in the Marathi language, the mother tongue of the Koli people and the official language of Maharashtra. The Koli people originated in Kathiawad and Central Gujarat, according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawad, where she is still worshipped. However, other sources disagree.
The oldest known names for the city are Galajunkja. In 1508, Portuguese writer Gaspar Correia used the name "Bombaim" in his Lendas da Índia; this name originated as the Galician-Portuguese phrase bom baim, meaning "good little bay", Bombaim is still used in Portuguese. In 1516, Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa used the name Tana-Maiambu: Tana appears to refer to the adjoining town of Thane and Maiambu to Mumbadevi. Other variations recorded in the 16th and the 17th centuries include: Mombayn, Bombain, Monbaym, Mombaym, Bombaiim, Boon Bay, Bon Bahia. After the English gained possession of the city in the 17th century, the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay. Ali Muhammad Khan, imperial dewan or revenue minister of the Gujarat province, in the Mirat-i Ahmedi referred to the city as Manbai; the French traveller Louis Rousselet who visited in 1863 and 1868 tells us in his book L’Inde des Rajahs: "Etymologists have wrongly derived this name from the Portuguese Bôa Bahia, or, not knowing that the tutelar goddess of this island has been, from remote antiquity, Bomba, or Mamba Dévi, that she still... possesses a temple".
By the late 20th century, the city was referred to as Mumbai or Mambai in Marathi, Gujarati and Sindhi, as Bambai in Hindi. The Government of India changed the English name to Mumbai in November 1995; this came at the insistence of the Marathi nationalist Shiv Sena party, which had just won the Maharashtra state elections, mirrored similar name changes across the country and in Maharashtra. According to Slate magazine, "they argued that'Bombay' was a corrupted English version of'Mumbai' and an unwanted legacy of British colonial rule." Slate said "The push to rename Bombay was part of a larger movement to strengthen Marathi identity in the Maharashtra region." While the city is still referred to as Bombay by some of its residents and by Indians from other regions, mention of the ci
Vijeta (1982 film)
Vijeta is a 1982 Indian coming-of-age Hindi film produced by Shashi Kapoor and directed by Govind Nihalani. It stars Shashi Kapoor, his son Kunal Kapoor, Amrish Puri and Supriya Pathak with K. K. Raina, Raja Bundela and Shafi Inamdar, who went on to become notable supporting actors in Bollywood movies. Angad is a confused teenager trying to find himself and is caught in between the marital problems of his Maharashtrian mother Neelima and Punjabi father Nihal, it is time for him to decide what he wants to do with his life. Angad chooses to become a fighter pilot with the Indian Air Force. What follows is his struggle to become a victor both with his self and the outer world. Angad is attracted to Anna Verghese, the daughter of his flying instructor. Angad must learn to adapt to flying, leaving his mom and dad for long periods of time, as well as try and woo Anna who helps him overcome his fears and realize his potential as a fighter pilot. Nihal is a clean shaven Sikh, Neelima is a Hindu, Angad is a Sikh and Anna a Christian, while Angad's fellow officers represent all religions.
The film is notable for some seen aerial photography of combat aircraft active with the IAF in 1980s. The central character of Angad is a MiG-21 pilot and is shown flying the aircraft in ground attack role in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Much of the movie, including the climax involving a MiG-21bis, was shot at Pune; the IAF No. 4 Squadron provided the planes for the film's aerial sequences. The movie included good color footage of the Oorials aircraft in operation. Shashi Kapoor as Nihal Singh Rekha as Neelima Singh Supriya Pathak as Anna Verghese Kunal Kapoor as Angad Amrish Puri as Group Captain Verghese, the Chief Instructor Om Puri as Arvind Dina Pathak as Angad's grandmother Shafi Inamdar as Wing Commander Parulkar Sulabha Deshpande Capt Anup Ghosh as Squadron Leader "Bichhurat Mose Kanha" - Parveen Sultana "Man Aanand Aanand Chhaayo" - Asha Bhosle, Satyasheel Deshpande "Man Base Mor Brindaban Ma" - Manna Dey The "senior pilots of the Indian Air Force" who are credited with providing assistance with the aerial photography were drawn from No. 4 Squadron, IAF.
It was their MIG-21Bis' that were used in the aerial combat sequences and much of the film was shot at their base in Poona/Pune. The I. N. S. Mysore seen in the film was a WW2 British Fiji Class Cruiser, H. M. S. Nigeria, sold to the Indian Navy in 1957; the ship was decommissioned soon. The current I. N. S. Mysore is a newer vessel; the aircraft that the pilots train on are domestically produced HAL HJT-16 Kirans. Air Force Academy, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Air Force Station, Maharashtra, India National Defence Academy, Pune, India R. K. Studios, Mumbai, India Film World magazine rated the film "Good" and wrote, "Vijeta is the first film of its kind, a film which shows the Indian Air Force, its gallant men and their life in true colours." According to Asiaweek, "Vijeta is a tribute to the IAF in celebration of its golden jubilee last year". Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award - Govind Nihalani Filmfare Best Editing Award - Keshav Naidu Filmfare Best Sound Award - Hitendra Ghosh Tactics and Air Combat and Defence Establishment College of Air Warfare Topgun Vijeta on IMDb