Black in Five Easy Pieces, 1970.
Karen Blanche Ziegler
July 1, 1939
Park Ridge, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||August 8, 2013 (aged 74)|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Alma mater||Maine Township High School East|
|Occupation||Actress, screenwriter, singer, composer|
Charles Black (m. 1960)
Robert Burton (m. 1973–1974)
L. M. Kit Carson (m. 1975–1983)
Stephen Eckelberry (m. 1987–2013)
|Children||3, including Hunter Carson|
|Relatives||Gail Brown (sister)|
Karen Blanche Black (née Ziegler; July 1, 1939 – August 8, 2013) was an American actress, screenwriter, singer, and songwriter. She rose to prominence for her work in various independent films in the 1970s. She received numerous accolades throughout her career, including three Golden Globe Award nominations, two of which she won, as well as an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
A native of Illinois, Black studied acting in New York City and performed on Broadway before making her major film debut in Francis Ford Coppola's You're a Big Boy Now (1966). She followed this with roles in Easy Rider (1969), Five Easy Pieces (1970), and The Great Gatsby (1974), for the latter two of which she won Golden Globe awards for Best Supporting Actress; her performance in Five Easy Pieces also garnered her an Academy Award nomination.
In 1975, she appeared in Dan Curtis's cult horror films Trilogy of Terror and Burnt Offerings; Robert Altman's Nashville, and The Day of the Locust, which earned her a third Golden Globe nomination. Other roles include Airport 1975 (1974), Alfred Hitchcock's Family Plot (1976), Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (1982), and Tobe Hooper's Invaders from Mars (1986).
In the 1990s, Black starred in a variety of arthouse and horror films, as well as writing her own screenplays before appearing in Rob Zombie's House of 1000 Corpses (2003), which cemented her status as a cult horror icon. Black continued to star in low-profile films throughout the early 2000s, as well as working as a playwright before being diagnosed with ampullary cancer in 2010. She died of the disease in Santa Monica in August 2013. Black's career spanned over 50 years, and includes nearly 200 film credits.
Black was born as Karen Blanche Ziegler in Park Ridge, Illinois, in suburban Chicago, the daughter of Elsie Mary (née Reif), a writer of several prize-winning children's novels, and Norman Arthur Ziegler, an engineer and businessman. Her paternal grandfather was Arthur Charles Ziegler, a classical musician and first violinist for the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. She had one sister, actress Gail Brown, and a brother. Black was of German, Bohemian (Czech) and Norwegian descent. The Zieglers came to the United States from Southern Germany from the area of Neukirch (Rottweil) between the Black Forest and the Swabian Jura.
Early work: 1960–1970
Black made her Broadway debut in 1965's The Playroom, which received good reviews and for which she was nominated for a Drama Circle Critic Award for Best Actress. Her film debut was in The Prime Time (1960) and her first big role was in You're a Big Boy Now (1966), directed by Francis Ford Coppola. Beginning in 1967, she appeared in guest roles in several television series, including The F.B.I., Run for Your Life, The Big Valley, The Iron Horse, The Invaders, Mannix and Adam-12.
Her feature film career expanded in 1969, playing the role of an acid-tripping prostitute opposite Dennis Hopper and Peter Fonda in the iconic counterculture movie Easy Rider. In 1970, Black appeared as Rayette, the waitress girlfriend of Jack Nicholson, in the film Five Easy Pieces, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, and earned her her first Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress-Motion Picture. She also won a New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the film.
Breakthrough and success in Hollywood: 1971–1985
Black played an unfaithful wife, Myrtle Wilson, in the 1974 version of The Great Gatsby, a performance that earned her a second Golden Globe Award in the same category. In the same year she starred as Nancy Pryor, the stewardess who is forced to fly the plane, in the disaster film Airport 1975 (1974). In 1975, she played multiple roles in Dan Curtis's televised anthology film Trilogy of Terror. The segments, all written by suspense writer Richard Matheson, were named after the women involved in the plot — a plain college professor seemingly seduced by a handsome cad of a student ("Julie"), a pair of sisters who squabble over their father's inheritance ("Millicent and Therese"), and the lonely recipient of a cursed Zuni fetish that comes to life and pursues her relentlessly ("Amelia").
Black received another Golden Globe nomination as Best Actress for her role as an aspiring actress in 1930s Hollywood in John Schlesinger's tragic drama The Day of the Locust (1975). She also starred as a country singer in Robert Altman's Nashville (also 1975) and as a kidnapper in Alfred Hitchcock's last film, Family Plot (1976). She reunited with director Dan Curtis to star in the horror film Burnt Offerings (1976). She played a dual role in a 1977 thriller, The Strange Possession of Mrs. Oliver. Other notable films from the 1970s include Born to Win (1971) with George Segal and Robert De Niro, Cisco Pike (1972) with Kris Kristofferson and Gene Hackman, Portnoy's Complaint (1972) with Richard Benjamin, The Pyx (1973) with Christopher Plummer, The Outfit (1973) with Robert Duvall, Rhinoceros (1974) with Gene Wilder and Zero Mostel, and Capricorn One (1978) with Elliott Gould.
In September 1976 Black traveled to Toronto to be a guest star on the popular variety program The Bobby Vinton Show, which aired across the United States and Canada. Black shared her singing talents performing "Lonely Now", and joined Bobby in a medley of country oldies. In 1980, Black starred in a made-for-TV movie Police Story: Confessions of a Lady Cop. In 1982, she gave a critically acclaimed performance in Robert Altman's Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean, where she starred alongside Cher and Sandy Dennis. From 1984-85, she played Sheila Sheinfeld on E/R. Other television credits include Saturday Night Live, Murder, She Wrote, and Law & Order: Criminal Intent.
Later work and playwrighting: 1986–2013
Black's later career emphasized numerous horror roles, beginning in Tobe Hooper's Invaders from Mars (1986), which she starred in with her son, Hunter Carson. As her later career progressed, Black gained a cult following, as alluded to by Family Guy television anchor Tom Tucker in his remark, "Karen Black: what an obscure reference." in the episode Death Is a Bitch (season 2, episode 6). Other horror roles included as a troubled single mother in Mirror, Mirror (1990), Children of the Night (1991), and as a paranoid mother in small-town Nebraska in Children of the Corn IV: The Gathering (1996), alongside Naomi Watts. In 1997, she played Lady Byron in the feminist science fiction feature Conceiving Ada (Dir. Lynn Hershmann Leeson), about a contemporary scientist who uses software to make contact with the Victorian pioneer of computer programming Ada Lovelace, daughter of the poet Lord Byron.
In 2003, Black starred as Mother Firefly in the Rob Zombie horror movie House of 1000 Corpses. In March 2005, Black received the Best Actress Award at the Fantasporto International Film Festival in Porto, Portugal, for her work in the critically acclaimed Steve Balderson film Firecracker (2005), in which she played two roles, Sandra and Eleanor. She and actor John Hurt were also presented with Career Achievement Awards.
Black launched a career as a playwright in May 2007 with the opening of Missouri Waltz at the Blank Theater in Los Angeles; Black starred in the play as well. In April 2009, Black worked with director Steve Balderson for Stuck!, a homage to film noir women-in-prison dramas, which co-starred Mink Stole, Pleasant Gehman and Jane Wiedlin of The Go-Go's. She starred in John Landis's 2010 thriller Some Guy Who Kills People, as well as Aïda Ruilova's surrealist short film Meet the Eye (2009). Later that year, Black appeared on Cass McCombs' song "Dreams-Come-True-Girl" from the album Catacombs.
The experimental hip-hop group Death Grips released a video on YouTube called "Bottomless Pit" in October 2015. The video shows footage of Black reciting lines from a film script written by the group's drummer/co-producer Zach Hill. The footage was shot in early 2013.
Black married four times:
- Charles Black, married in 1960.
- Robert Burton, an actor (who appeared alongside Black in Trilogy of Terror), married on April 18, 1973 and separated in October 1974.
- L. M. Kit Carson, an actor/screenwriter, married on July 4, 1975 and separated in 1980. They had a son, actor Hunter Carson.
- Stephen Eckelberry, from September 27, 1987. They adopted a daughter, Celine. The couple were active Scientologists.
After her final films were released in 2010, she was diagnosed with cancer and stopped making public appearances. She had a portion of her pancreas removed that year and endured two further operations.
She was invited to attend the premiere of River Phoenix's last on-screen performance in the salvaged feature film Dark Blood, in which she had played a small part in the original early 1990s shoot. Black was unable to attend the event, held in the Netherlands in September 2012, due to her illness.
On August 8, 2013, Black died at Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California from ampullary cancer at age 74. Actress Juliette Lewis paid tribute, saying "Karen Black was my mentor and a second mother to me. She inspired everyone she came in contact with."
|1960||The Prime Time||Betty - Painted Woman|
|1966||You're a Big Boy Now||Amy Partlett|
|1970||Five Easy Pieces||Rayette Dipesto||Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture (tied with Maureen Stapleton for Airport)|
Laurel Award for Star of Tomorrow (runner-up)
Laurel Award for Top Female Supporting Performance (runner-up)
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress (runner-up)
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress
|1971||Drive, He Said||Olive|
|A Gunfight||Jenny Simms|
|Born to Win||Parm|
|Portnoy's Complaint||Mary Jane Reid - The Monkey|
|1973||Little Laura and Big John||Laura|
|The Pyx||Elizabeth Lucy|
|The Outfit||Bett Harrow|
|The Great Gatsby||Myrtle Wilson||Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture|
|Law and Disorder||Gloria|
|Airport 1975||Nancy Pryor|
|1975||Trilogy of Terror||Julie
|The Day of the Locust||Faye Greener||Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama|
|Nashville||Connie White||Nominated—Grammy Award for Album of Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special|
|1976||Crime and Passion||Susan Winters|
|Burnt Offerings||Marian Rolf||Sitges-Catalan International Film Festival Best Actress Award|
|1977||Capricorn One||Judy Drinkwater|
|1978||The Rip-Off||Clarisse Saunders|
|In Praise of Older Women||Maya|
|1979||Killer Fish||Kate Neville|
|The Last Word||Paula Herbert|
|1980||Police Story: Confessions of a Lady Cop||Officer Evelyn Carter||TV movie|
|1981||Separate Ways||Valentine Colby|
|Killing Heat||Mary Turner|
|Chanel Solitaire||Emilienne d'Alençon|
|1982||The Last Horror Film||Karen Black||Uncredited|
|Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean||Joanne|
|1983||Can She Bake a Cherry Pie?||Zee|
|1984||Bad Manners||Gladys Fitzpatrick||(also released as Growing Pains)|
|A Stroke of Genius|
|Cut and Run||Karin|
|The Blue Man aka Eternal Evil||Janus|
|1986||Flight of the Spruce Goose||Gloria|
|Invaders from Mars||Linda Magnusson|
|1987||It's Alive III: Island of the Alive||Ellen Jarvis|
|1988||The Invisible Kid||Deborah Dunn|
|Dixie Lanes||Zelma Putnam|
|Out of the Dark||Ruth Wilson|
|1989||Homer and Eddie||Belle|
|The Legendary Life of Ernest Hemingway||Martha Gelhorn|
|Twisted Justice||Mrs. Granger|
|Zapped Again!||Substitute Teacher|
|Club Fed||Sally Rich|
|Mirror, Mirror||Susan Gordon|
|The Children||Sybil Lullmer|
|Evil Spirits||Ella Purdy|
|Rubin and Ed||Rula|
|Children of the Night||Karen Thompson|
|The Roller Blade Seven||Tarot|
|Tuesday Never Comes||Michelle|
|Auntie Lee's Meat Pies||Auntie Lee|
|The Legend of the Roller Blade Seven||Tarot|
|The Double 0 Kid||Mrs. Elliot|
|1993||Bound and Gagged: A Love Story||Carla|
|The Trust||Maria Vandermeer|
|Dark Blood||Motel Woman||(completed in 2012)|
|Return of the Roller Blade Seven||Tarot|
|1994||Too Bad About Jack|
|1995||Plan 10 from Outer Space||Nehor|
|The Wacky Adventures of Dr. Boris and Nurse Shirley||Evelyn|
|1996||Sister Island (orig. Cries Of Silence)||Rose Walsh|
|Children of the Corn IV: The Gathering||June Rhodes|
|Movies Money Murder||Bettie|
|Every Minute is Goodbye||Schubert|
|Dinosaur Valley Girls||Ro-Kell|
|1997||Stir||Dr. Gabrielle Kessler|
|Conceiving Ada||Lady Byron
|Dogtown||Rose Van Horn||Hermosa Beach Film Festival Best Actress Award (also for Sugar: The Fall of the West)|
|1998||I Woke Up Early The Day I Died||Whip Lady|
|Sugar: The Fall of the West|
|Bury the Evidence||The Mother|
|Waiting for Dr. MacGuffin||Dental Assistant||Short film|
|Stripping for Jesus||Short film|
|Light Speed||High Priestess|
|1999||The Underground Comedy Movie||Mother|
|2000||Fallen Arches||Lucy Romano||Chicago Alt. Film Festival Best Actress Award|
|Red Dirt||Aunt Summer|
|Oliver Twisted||Mrs. Mary Happ|
|2001||The Donor||Mrs. Springle|
|Gypsy 83||Bambi LeBleau|
|Hard Luck||Aunt Judy|
|Curse of the Forty-Niner||Aunt Nelly|
|2003||House of 1000 Corpses||Mother Firefly||Fangoria Chainsaw Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Summer Solstice||Dr. Sally McDermott|
|2004||America Brown||Marianne Brown|
|Birth of Industry||Sara||Short film|
|My Suicidal Sweetheart||Grace's Mom||(released as Crazy for Love)|
|Trailer for a Remake of Gore Vidal's Caligula||Agrippina||Short film|
|International Fantasy Film Award for Best Actress|
New York VisionFest Outstanding Achievement Award
|Read You Like a Book||Kate|
|2007||Suffering Man's Charity||Renee|
|One Long Night||Barbara|
|The Blue Tooth Virgin||Zena|
|A Single Woman||Storyteller|
|2009||Meet the Eye||Short film|
|Irene in Time||Sheila Shivvers|
|Repo Chick||Aunt de la Chasse|
|Stuck!||Next Door Neighbor Lady|
|First Time Long Time||Dr. Shneidel||Short film|
|2011||Some Guy Who Kills People||Ruth Boyd|
|Letters from the Big Man||Sean's Colleague|
|OowieWanna||The Donna||Short film|
|Maria My Love||Maria|
|2012||Mommy's Little Monster||Mrs. Melnick|
|Warnings from the Bathtub||Mother||Short film|
|Dark Blood||Motel Woman|
|2013||Ooga Booga||Mrs. Allardyce|
|She Loves Me Not||Karla|
|Bottomless Pit||Herself||Unfinished film by Zach Hill|
|2014||Wild in Blue||Justine|
|A Walk Into a Split Mind||Karen|
|5th Annual World Music & Independent Film Festival||Herself|
Source:"Karen Black". IMDb. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- Lederhandler, Marty (2013-08-08). "Karen Black, Oscar-nominated actress and cult horror film icon, dies at 74". KPCC. Associated Press. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- "Karen Black Biography (1939?-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- Frisbie, Thomas (2008-06-18). "Elsie "Peggy" Ziegler: Wrote history-based books for young adults". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2010-09-13. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Current Biography Yearbook". H. W. Wilson Co. 1 January 1977 – via Google Books. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Karen Black Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on 2011-05-22. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- "Karen Blanche Ziegler: Zellner Family Genealogy". Zellnerfamily.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- Trounson, Rebecca. "Karen Black dies at 74; actress starred in 'Five Easy Pieces' and 'Easy Rider'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
- Saporito, Jeff. "How do Bobby's love interests in "Five Easy Pieces" help reveal parts of his character?". Screen Prism. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Let's not forget 'Trilogy of Terror' was the scariest TV movie of all time (Who's still frightened by the Zuni warrior doll?)". MeTV.com. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
- Knipfel, Jim. "Karen Black's Horror Tour de Force, Trilogy of Terror (1975)". Den of Geek. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- "House of 1000 Corpses (2003) Full cast and crew". IMDB. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Barton, Steve (January 20, 2010). "Some Guy Who Kills People Casting News". Dread Central. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- "Bottomless Pit". Death Grips. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Overview for Karen Black". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- Gilbey, Ryan (2013-08-09). "Karen Black obituary". The Guardian. Manchester. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
- "Show Business: Boom in Black". TIME. 1975-06-09. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- Elder, Robert K. (2008-09-19). "Karen Black reflects on her life and career". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- Wood, Gaby (9 August 2013). "Karen Black: The face of the counterculture". The Telegraph.
- Sharbutt, Jay (February 14, 1982). "Karen Black: Hollywood actress returns to tackle Broadway". The Anniston Star. Anniston, Alabama. p. 10D – via Newspapers.com.
- "'Five Easy Pieces' Actress Karen Black Dies at 74". The Hollywood Reporter. August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
- "Actress Karen Black dies". Chicago Tribune. August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-08-08. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "Karen Black, Easy Rider actress dies aged 74". BBC News. August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Karen Black.|
- Karen Black on IMDb
- Karen Black at the Internet Broadway Database
- Karen Black at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- on YouTube, video compilation, 3 min.
- Karen Black at AllMovie
- Works by or about Karen Black in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Stuck! movie site
- Podcast interview March 2007
- Karen Black — The Terror Trap
- Karen Black at Find a Grave