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Karl Amadeus Hartmann

Karl Amadeus Hartmann was a German composer. Sometimes described as the greatest German symphonist of the 20th century, he is now overlooked in English-speaking countries. Born in Munich, the son of Friedrich Richard Hartmann, the youngest of four brothers of whom the elder three became painters, Hartmann was himself torn, early in his career, between music and the visual arts, he was much affected in his early political development by the events of the unsuccessful Workers’ Revolution in Bavaria that followed the collapse of the German empire at the end of World War I. He remained an idealistic socialist for the rest of his life. At the Munich Academy in the 1920s, Hartmann studied with Joseph Haas, a pupil of Max Reger, received intellectual stimulus and encouragement from the conductor Hermann Scherchen, an ally of the Schoenberg school, with whom he had a nearly lifelong mentor-protégé relationship, he voluntarily withdrew from musical life in Germany during the Nazi era, while remaining in Germany, refused to allow his works to be played there.

An early symphonic poem, Miserae was condemned by the Nazi regime but his work continued to be performed, his fame grew, abroad. During World War II, though an experienced composer, Hartmann submitted to a course of private tuition in Vienna by Schoenberg’s pupil Anton Webern. Although stylistically their music had little in common, he felt that he needed, benefited from, Webern's acute perfectionism. After the fall of Hitler, Hartmann was one of the few prominent surviving anti-fascists in Bavaria whom the postwar Allied administration could appoint to a position of responsibility. In 1945, he became a dramaturge at the Bavarian State Opera and there, as one of the few internationally recognized figures who had survived untainted by any collaboration with the Nazi regime, he became a vital figure in the rebuilding of German musical life, his most notable achievement was the Musica Viva concert series, which he founded and ran for the rest of his life in Munich. Beginning in November 1945, the concerts reintroduced the German public to 20th-century repertoire, banned since 1933 under National Socialist aesthetic policy.

Hartmann provided a platform for the music of young composers in the late 1940s and early 1950s, helping to establish such figures as Hans Werner Henze, Luigi Nono, Luigi Dallapiccola, Carl Orff, Iannis Xenakis, Olivier Messiaen, Luciano Berio, Bernd Alois Zimmermann and many others. Hartmann involved sculptors and artists such as Jean Cocteau, Le Corbusier, Joan Miró in exhibitions at Musica Viva, he was accorded numerous honours after the war, including the Musikpreis of the city of Munich in March 1949. This was followed by the Kunstpreis of the Bayrische Akademie der Schönen Künste, the Arnold Schönberg Medal of the IGNM, the Große Kunstpreis of the Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, as well as the Ludwig Spohr Award of the city of Braunschweig, the Schwabing Kunstpreis and the Bavarian Medal of Merit. Hartmann became a member of the Academy of Arts in Munich and Berlin and received an honorary doctorate from Spokane Conservatory, Washington, his socialist sympathies did not extend to the Soviet Union's variety of communism, in the 1950s, he refused an offer to move to East Germany.

Hartmann continued to base his activities in Munich for the remainder of his life, his administrative duties came to absorb much of his time and energy. This reduced his time for composition, his last years were dogged by serious illness. In 1963, he died of stomach cancer at the age of 58, leaving his last work – an extended symphonic Gesangsszene for voice and orchestra on words from Jean Giraudoux’s apocalyptic drama Sodom and Gomorrah – unfinished. Hartmann completed a number of most notably eight symphonies; the first of these, emblematic of the difficult genesis of many of his works, is Symphony No. 1, Essay for a Requiem. It began in 1936 as a cantata for alto solo and orchestra loosely based on a few poems by Walt Whitman, it soon became known as Our Life: Symphonic Fragment and was intended as a comment on the miserable conditions for artists and liberal-minded people under the early Nazi regime. After the defeat of the Third Reich in World War II, the regime's real victims had become clear, the cantata's title was changed to Symphonic Fragment: Attempt at a Requiem to honor the millions killed in the Holocaust.

Hartmann revised the work in 1954–55 as his Symphony No. 1, published it in 1956. As this example indicates, he was a self-critical composer and many of his works went through successive stages of revision, he suppressed most of his substantial orchestral works of the late 1930s and the war years, either allowing them to remain unpublished or, in several cases, reworking them – or portions of them – into the series of numbered symphonies that he produced in the late 1940s and early 1950s. The most performed of his symphonies are No. 4, for strings, No. 6. Hartmann attempted a synthesis of many different idioms, including musical expressionism and jazz stylization, into organic symphonic forms in the tradition of Bruckner and Mahler, his early works are politically engaged. But he admired the p


Alytus is a city with municipal rights in southern Lithuania. It is the capital of Alytus County, its population in 2013 was 57,281. Alytus is the historical centre of the Dzūkija region; the city lies on the banks of the Nemunas River. The major roads linking Vilnius, Kaunas and Hrodna in Belarus pass through Alytus. Divided onto two separate entities for centuries, it consists of two parts still referred to as Alytus I and Alytus II, the earlier being a smaller town and the latter forming the city centre with parks and industrial areas; the name is derived from the Lithuanian hydronym Alytupis. In other languages the names of the town include Polish: Olita, German: Aliten, Russian: Олита Olita, Belarusian: Аліта Alita, Yiddish: אליטע Alite; the first historical record of Alytus dates back to 1377, when it was mentioned in the Chronicles of Wigand of Marburg under the name of Aliten. According to the chronicle the spot was occupied by a small, wooden fortress guarding the Lithuanian frontier with the Teutonic Order.

The fort and the surrounding village grew, despite being a target of raids of both the Lithuanians and the Teutons. The Treaty of Lake Melno left the town on the Teutonic side of the border, but it was retaken soon afterwards. On 15 June 1581 Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland Stefan Batory granted the town the city rights based on the Magdeburg Law; the event is celebrated as the Alytus Day. Until the Partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth the town was a part of the Trakai Voivodeship of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and a notable center of commerce on the Nemunas River, serving as the main route for export goods from Lithuania proper; the town was important as the place where one of the royal economic offices was located. In the third partition of Poland and Lithuania, in 1795, the town was divided between the Russian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. During the Napoleonic Wars, following the Treaty of Tilsit, the western part was ceded to the Duchy of Warsaw. After the Congress of Vienna it became part of the Kingdom of Poland.

Although the state was tied with a personal union with Russia, both parts of the town remained separate until the January Uprising of 1863. After that date, the autonomy of Poland was liquidated, but both parts of the town remained governed separately. In the late 19th century the town was incorporated into a chain of Russian fortified garrisons along the border with East Prussia, it was tied with the rest of the world by a new road. In addition, the tsarist authorities constructed an Orthodox church. However, despite the fortification effort by the Russians, during World War I the Central Powers managed to capture the town intact, without any major skirmish. In 1915 the town was incorporated into the so-called Ober Ost and both parts were once again united into a single administrative entity for the first time since 1795. Following the end of World War I the area remained contested by newly independent Poland and Lithuania, with the actual control held by the German army stationed in the area.

When the Germans withdrew in early 1919, the town was seized by the Red Army. On 12 February 1919, the town became a battlefield for the first skirmish between the Russians and the Lithuanian forces, which took control over it. Since the town has been a part of the Republic of Lithuania. Following the invasion of Poland a large prisoner of war camp for Polish soldiers was established in the city. Following the German occupation of the city in 1941, the camp was converted into a prison camp for Soviet soldiers. In the nearby forest of Vidzgiris the Nazis murdered 60,000 people Jews from nearby towns in Lithuania. In 2015 a HVDC back-to-back station for the realization of a power interconnection between Poland and Lithuania was inaugurated west of Alytus; the facility built by ABB has a transmission capacity of 500 MW at a voltage of ±70 kV. Alytus has a humid continental climate with quite large seasonal differences. Alytaus Naujienos is a local newspaper in Alytus. Alytus hosted the Art Strike Biennial between 18 and 24 August 2009 in response to Vilnius becoming European Capital of Culture for 2009.

This included a three sided football match. The universal indoor Alytus Arena hosted. In 2010 Alytus was awarded the Honourable Plate of the European Council. Alytus has a museum dedicated to veterans of both the Afghan wars. In Alytus, several Bonsai exhibitions were held with participants from European and other countries, such as Japan and the United States. Alytus has hosted an annual Tomato tasting since 2007. Participants offer a wide variety of tomatoes and discuss the various factors which help produce a rich crop of the fruit. Alytus has an industrial company named Snaigė. Alytus is twinned with: Alytus County Governor's Administration Alytus Municipality's site Alytus News Website Alytus Young Friend Interactive map of Alytus fortress The murder of the Jews of Alytus during World War II, at Yad Vashem website

Mike Cestor

Mike Botuli Cestor is a French-born Congolese footballer who plays as a defender for Romanian club CFR Cluj. He was named in the Congolese squad for their 2011 CAF U-23 Championship qualification campaign and the 2013 Toulon Tournament. Cestor was born in Hauts-de-Seine, Paris. Before trialling for Leyton Orient, Cestor had been on the books as a youth player for Italian side Pisa. Cestor joined Orient's youth squad early in the 2009–10 season and featured in the reserve team before being called up to the first-team squad in December 2009, although he made no first-team appearances, he signed a new two-year contract on 9 June 2010, he made his professional debut in a League Cup match for Orient, as they won 2–1 at Swindon Town on 10 August 2010. His league debut came three days in the 3–1 defeat to Charlton Athletic. On 11 January 2011, Cestor went on a month's loan to Boreham Wood, making his debut on 15 January in the 2–0 win over Chelmsford City. On 19 August 2011, he went on a month's loan to Woking, made his debut the following day in the 0–0 draw at home to his old club Boreham Wood.

He made seven appearances for Woking before returning to Orient and coming on as a substitute in their 3–2 League Cup defeat at Blackburn Rovers on 20 September. He returned to Woking on 12 January 2012 for another month's loan spell, extended, after a brief return to Orient, he began yet another loan period at Woking. On 15 May 2012, he was one of three players released by Orient manager Russell Slade. On 19 July 2012, Cestor signed permanently for Woking, who were newly promoted to the Football Conference. On 20 December 2014, in a 2–1 defeat to Southport, Cestor suffered a long term knee injury, therefore ruling him out for the remainder of the 2014/15 campaign. Ahead of the following campaign, Cestor was released at the end of his contract, due to his slow progress with his injury. On 2 July 2016, Cestor joined French side SAS Épinal after a year without a club. Prior to the 2013 Toulon Tournament, Cestor received a call-up for the DR Congo U20 team. Cestor went on to start all four of DR Congo's games in the Toulon campaign making his debut in a 1–0 defeat against the France U20 side on 30 May 2013.

Astra GiurgiuCupa României: Runner-up 2018–19 As of match played 28 April 2019. Mike Cestor at Soccerbase Mike Cestor at Soccerbase

America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009

The proposed America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009 was an unsuccessful bill introduced in the U. S. House of Representatives on July 14, 2009; the bill was introduced during the first session of the 111th Congress as part of an effort of the Democratic Party leadership to enact health care reform. The bill was not approved by the House, but was superseded by a similar bill, the proposed Affordable Health Care for America Act, passed by the House in November 2009, by a margin of 220-215 votes but abandoned. A similar bill to HR 3200, called the "Affordable Health Choices Act" ), was introduced in the Senate on September 17, 2009, it too was unsuccessful as the Senate approved instead another proposal called the "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act". According to the Congressional Budget Office, HR 3200 included tax increases and spending cuts that reduce the net increase in the federal deficit to 1% of 2008 tax revenues; the CBO director subsequently noted that, in terms of total National Health Expenditure, non-governmental spending will increase as coverage expands.

The bill was sponsored by Representatives John Dingell, Charles Rangel, Henry Waxman, George Miller, Pete Stark, Frank Pallone, Robert Andrews. The 1017 page PDF version of the bill is the first of three health care reform-related legislative proposals expected from the Democratic congressional leadership. Votes in the U. S. House of Representatives on this bill and on the United States National Health Care Act, an alternative that would establish a national, universal single-payer health insurance, were expected in September 2009 and again in October 2009, before the actual November 2009 vote took place; the summary of the bill includes the following elements, among others: Establishes a mandate to purchase private insurance for most individuals with an income above poverty level. Creates a mechanism to enforce the mandate in a sliding scale tax on those who do not purchase health insurance for most legal United States residents with an income above poverty level. Prohibits pre-existing condition exclusions.

Requires adjusted community rating, guaranteed issue, guaranteed renewal of individual and small group health insurance that: limits age rating variation of premiums to 2:1, prohibits gender and health status rating variation of premiums, allows variation of premiums by geographic area and family enrollment. Prohibits cancellation of coverage except for evidence of fraud. Limits annual out-of-pocket expenses to $5,000 for an individual and $10,000 for a family. Requires Health and Human Services to create a non-subsidized public health insurance plan with pricing based on private industry averages. Three optional levels of coverage are to be offered by the plan which must set premiums at a level sufficient to finance the costs of the health benefits the administrative costs related to operating the plan. Establishes a Health Insurance Exchange within a proposed Health Choices Administration, to provide a market place for insurers to sell qualifying plans on a public web site. Requires the creation of a risk equalization pool that will allow qualifying plans to minimize the impact of adverse selection of enrollees among the plans.

Provides a tax credit for low-income individuals and families to help pay insurance premiums. Requires employers with payroll costs over $500,000 to provide health insurance that meets the minimum standard of coverage allowed in the HIE. Provides for a tax on employers that do not provide the required health insurance. Provides for a tax on couples with adjusted joint gross income exceeding $350,000 Reduces Medicare payments to hospitals with excessive re-admissions. Further expands Medicaid eligibility and scope of covered preventive services, for lower-income individuals and families. Increases Medicaid payments to physicians for primary care. Provides for a phased-in elimination of the Medicare Part D coverage gap and requires drug manufactures to discount and/or rebate additional qualifying drugs excluded from the plan. Requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services to develop quality measures for the delivery of health care services in the United States. Establishes the Health Benefits Advisory Committee chaired by the Surgeon General of the United States.

Prioritizes any eventual implementation of best practices in the delivery of health care. Establishes a National Prevention and Wellness Strategy along with appropriations for its trust fund. Outlines Administrative standards that reduces costs and improves service, including the ability for Administrators to determine an accurate total financial estimate at the point of service as well as enabling real time electronic transfer of funds to take place if possible. America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009 has been amended in the nature of substitute during mark-up proceedings since its original introduction recorded in the Congressional Record on July 14, 2009; these amendments have only been voted on by each Committee involved in order to pass out of the Committee phase but have not been voted on by the full House membership, needed before the introduced legislation can be changed to reflect any amendments recommended by the Committees and passed by a full House vote. See external link to Mark-Up Summary See external link to Mark-Up Summary Kucinich AmendmentThe Kucinich Amendment to Health Care Bill HR 3200 grants states rights to single payer health care at the state level.

This is. In July 2009, the House Education and Labor Committee approved the Kucinich Amendment by a vote of 27–19, with 14 Democrats and 13 Republ

Caroline Desbiens

Caroline Desbiens is a Canadian politician, elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 2019 election from Beauport—Côte-de-Beaupré—Île d'Orléans—Charlevoix as a member of the Bloc Québécois. During the election 2019 election campaign, it was found that in 2013, Desbiens wrote on her Facebook page that the Charter of Quebec Values, being proposed by the Parti Québécois government of the day should be supported if it was not perfect. “Our daughters, grand-daughters and great-grand-daughters could have to wear a veil to go to the IGA for fear of going to prison in a few years,” In 2016, she praised far-right French politician Marine Le Pen for having the courage of her convictions on Facebook. “Whether one agrees or not or only with what Ms. Le Pen says, we need more people like her,”. Caroline Desbiens – Parliament of Canada biography

Flight, Bremen 1961

Flight, Bremen 1961 is an album by the Jimmy Giuffre 3 recorded live at Sendesaal of regional public broadcaster Radio Bremen, Germany, on November 23, 1961. It was first released in 1993 by hatArt, re-released by HatOLOGY in combination with a previous recording from the same concert tour called Emphasis & Flight 1961. All songs written by Jimmy Giuffre. "Call of the Centaur" - 3:59 "Postures" - 6:56 "Sonic" - 5:21 "Goodbye" - 5:56 "Stretching Out" - 11:12 "Cry, Want" - 7:34 "Flight" - 5:39 "That's True, That's True" - 8:39 "Trance" - 5:51 "Whirrrr" - 2:31 Jimmy Giuffre - clarinet Steve Swallow - double bass Paul Bley - piano