Karl Paul August Friedrich Liebknecht was a German socialist in the Social Democratic Party of Germany and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany which split away from the SPD. He is best known for his opposition to World War I in the Reichstag and his role in the Spartacist uprising of 1919; the uprising was crushed by the Freikorps. Liebknecht and Luxemburg were executed. After their deaths and Luxemburg became martyrs for socialists. According to the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, commemoration of Liebknecht and Luxemburg continues to play an important role among the German left, including Die Linke. Liebknecht was born in Leipzig, Germany, the son of Wilhelm Martin Philipp Christian Ludwig Liebknecht and his second wife Natalie, who came from a family with a strong political background as her father Theodor was a member of the Frankfurt Parliament of 1848. Liebknecht's parents were second cousins as his maternal great-grandmother was the sister of one of his paternal great-grandfathers.
His father was a co-founder with August Bebel of the Marxist Social Democratic Party of Germany. Liebknecht became an exponent of Marxist ideas during his study of law and political economy in Leipzig and Humboldt University of Berlin. After serving with the Imperial Pioneer Guards in Potsdam from 1893 to 1894 and internships in Arnsberg and Paderborn from 1894 to 1898, he earned his doctorate at Würzburg in 1897 and moved to Berlin in 1899, where he opened a lawyer's office with his brother and Oskar Cohn. Liebknecht married Julia Paradies on 8 May 1900; the couple had two sons and a daughter before Julia died in 1911. As a lawyer, Liebknecht defended other left-wing socialists who were tried for offences such as smuggling socialist propaganda into Russia, a task in which he was involved, he became a member of the SPD in 1900 and was president of the Socialist Youth International from 1907 to 1910. Liebknecht wrote extensively against militarism. In his speech at the Bremen party conference in 1904, he insisted to his audience: "Militarism is our most deadly enemy and the best way of waging the struggle against it is to increase the number of social democrats among the soldiers".
One of his papers, Militarismus und Antimilitarismus led to his being arrested in 1907 and imprisoned for eighteen months in Glatz, Prussian Silesia. In the next year, he was elected to the Prussian parliament despite still being in prison. Liebknecht was an active member of the Second International and a founder of the Socialist Youth International. In 1912, Liebknecht was elected to the Reichstag as a Social-Democrat, a member of the SPD's left-wing, he opposed Germany's participation in World War I, but in order not to infringe the party's unity he abstained from the vote on war loans on 4 August 1914. On 2 December 1914, he was the only member of the Reichstag to vote against further loans, the supporters of which included 110 of his own party members, he continued to be a major critic of the Social-Democratic leadership under Karl Kautsky and its decision to acquiesce in going to war. In October that year, he married art historian Sophie Ryss. At the end of 1914, together with Rosa Luxemburg, Leo Jogiches, Paul Levi, Ernest Meyer, Franz Mehring and Clara Zetkin, formed the so-called Spartacus League.
The Spartacus League publicized its views in a newspaper titled Spartakusbriefe, soon declared illegal. Liebknecht was arrested and sent to the eastern front during World War I despite his immunity as a member of parliament. Refusing to fight, he served burying the dead and due to his deteriorating health was allowed to return to Germany in October 1915. Liebknecht was arrested again following a demonstration against the war in Berlin on 1 May 1916, organized by the Spartacus League and sentenced to two and a half years in jail for high treason, increased to four years and one month. Liebknecht was released again in October 1918, when Prince Maximilian of Baden granted an amnesty to all political prisoners. Upon his return to Berlin on 23 October, he was escorted to the Soviet embassy by a crowd of workers. Following the outbreak of the German Revolution, Liebknecht carried on his activities in the Spartacist League, he resumed leadership of the group together with Luxemburg and published its party organ, Die Rote Fahne.
On 9 November, Liebknecht declared the formation of a Freie Sozialistische Republik from a balcony of the Berliner Stadtschloss, two hours after Philipp Scheidemann's declaration of a German Republic from a balcony of the Reichstag. On 31 December 1918 and 1 January 1919, Liebknecht was involved in the founding of the Communist Party of Germany. Together with Luxemburg and Zetkin, Liebknecht was instrumental in the January 1919 Spartacist uprising in Berlin, he and Luxemburg opposed the revolt, but they joined it after it had begun. The uprising was brutally opposed by the new German government under Friedrich Ebert with the help of the remnants of the Imperial German Army and militias called the Freikorps. By 13 January, the uprising had been extinguished. Liebknecht and Luxemburg were captured by Freikorps troops on 15 January 1919 and brought to the Eden Hotel in Berlin, where they were tortured and interrogated for several hours. Following this, Luxemburg was beaten with rifle butts and afterwards shot and her corpse thrown into the Landwehr Canal while Liebknecht was forced to step out of the c
George Craig Ludlow was an American Democratic Party politician, who served as the 25th Governor of New Jersey from 1881 to 1884. Born in Milford, New Jersey, Ludlow moved to New Brunswick as a child, where he would remain for the rest of his life. Ludlow graduated from Rutgers University in 1850; as a lawyer for the Pennsylvania Railroad, he soon entered politics in New Jersey and was elected as a Democrat to the New Jersey Senate in 1876. In 1878, he was chosen as Senate President. Ludlow won the Democratic Party nomination and was elected Governor of New Jersey in 1880, defeating Republican candidate Frederic A. Potts by a mere 651 votes of some 250,000 ballots cast, he served a single three-year term in office. In 1895, Governor George T. Werts appointed Ludlow to serve on the New Jersey Supreme Court, he died in New Brunswick from heart disease and was buried in Elmwood Cemetery in North Brunswick, New Jersey. List of Governors of New Jersey Biography of George C. Ludlow at the New Jersey State Library New Jersey Governor George Craig Ludlow at the National Governors Association George C.
Ludlow at The Political Graveyard Dead Governors of New Jersey bio for George Craig Ludlow George C. Ludlow at Find a Grave
David MacMichael is a former Central Intelligence Agency analyst. A ten-year veteran of the U. S. Marine Corps, he was a counter-insurgency expert in South-East Asia for four years, he served as an analyst for the National Intelligence Council from 1981-1983. MacMichael graduated with an MA and Ph. D. in History from the University of Oregon. MacMichael resigned from the CIA in July 1983 because he felt the Agency was misrepresenting intelligence for political reasons, his public resignation from the Agency gave credence and notability to his vocal indictment of the Reagan Administration's policy toward Central America. He was considered the "key witness" in United States; the case was heard in 1986 before the International Court of Justice, which ruled that the United States had violated international law by supporting the Contras in their war against the Nicaraguan government and by mining Nicaragua's harbors. MacMichael testified in front of Congress on this matter. A former investigator for the Christic Institute, he was an outspoken critic of the Institute's reliance on conspiracy theory, arguing that the Institute "was eager overeager, to demonstrate that this enterprise was responsible for everything since Cain slaying Abel."
In July 2005, he testified at a special joint hearing of Congressional and Senate Democrats about the consequences of the Plame affair. MacMichael is a founding member of Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity, as well as its predecessor Association of National Security Alumni and the Association for Responsible Dissent, an outspoken critic of the Iraq War and the Bush Administration, he has participated in six documentary films from 1988-2003. Journalist John Pilger has described him as a "CIA renegade."In August 2014 he was among the signatories of an open letter by the group Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity to German chancellor Angela Merkel in which they urged the Chancellor to be suspicious of U. S. intelligence regarding the alleged invasion of Russia in Eastern Ukraine. In September 2015 MacMichael and 27 other members of VIPS steering group wrote a letter to the President challenging a published book, that claimed to rebut the report of the United States Senate Intelligence Committee on the Central Intelligence Agency's use of torture.
Nicaragua vs. United States Details MacMichael testimony at the trial
Paul A. Johnson is an Australian rules footballer listed with the East Perth Football Club in the West Australian Football League, he played senior matches with the West Coast Eagles, the Melbourne Football Club, the Hawthorn Football Club in the Australian Football League, the Swan Districts Football Club in the WAFL, the Sandringham Football Club and the Box Hill Football Club in the Victorian Football League. Johnson was the winner of the 2005 J. J. Liston Trophy, as well as the 2012 Simpson Medal as the best player in an interstate match for Western Australia. From the Australian state of Victoria, Johnson played under-18 football for the Dandenong Stingrays in the TAC Cup before being drafted by the West Coast Eagles with the 24th pick overall at the 2002 National Draft; as part of West Coast's affiliation with WAFL clubs, Johnson was selected to play matches for the Swan Districts Football Club. Making his debut for Swan Districts in the first round of the 2003 season, strong form playing at centre half-forward led to Johnson making his debut for West Coast in round five of the 2003 season, in the Western Derby match against Fremantle.
In the game, to be his only game for West Coast at AFL level, he recorded one disposal, a handball, one tackle. Having played a total of 32 games and kicked 41 goals over two seasons at Swan Districts without gaining another opportunity at AFL level, Johnson was traded to the Melbourne Football Club during the trading period at the end of the 2004 season, in exchange for the 29th pick in the National Draft. Making his debut for Melbourne in round seven of the 2005 season, against Adelaide, Johnson played a total of eight games in his first season with the club, as a back-up ruckman behind Jeff White. However, he played 14 games for Melbourne's affiliate club in the VFL, at the end of the season was awarded the J. J. Liston Trophy as the best and fairest player in the league, having tied with the Tasmanian Devils' Ian Callinan on 16 votes, including five best on ground efforts. Johnson played in the club's premiership win over Werribee, he played two games for Melbourne early in the season, including a two-goal game against Sydney in round four, but missed the rest of the season due to a shoulder injury which required a shoulder reconstruction.
Johnson was used as a second ruckman throughout his time at Melbourne, was delisted at the end of the 2010 season having played a total of 68 games for the club. After his delisting in 2010, Johnson was asked to join Hawthorn's pre-season training squad as one of three players competing for an extra spot on the club's rookie list, he was selected to join the list, but was forced to miss eight weeks at the start of the season due to a stress fracture in his foot. Johnson was upgraded to Hawthorn's senior list in May 2011, after injuries to key position players and strong form for the club's affiliate in the VFL, Box Hill, he played his first and only game for Hawthorn against Gold Coast in round 24 of the 2011 season, becoming one of a small group of players to have played with three or more clubs. After being delisted at the end of the 2011 season, Johnson trained with Hawthorn in an attempt to again win a spot on the rookie list, but was not selected. Following this, he was recruited by East Perth in the WAFL.
In May 2012, he was named in the state squad for the match against the South Australian National Football League, was awarded the Simpson Medal as the best player on the ground for Western Australia. In the following years' state game, against the VFL, Johnson was named captain of the team. List of Hawthorn Football Club players List of Melbourne Football Club players List of West Coast Eagles players Paul Johnson's playing statistics from AFL Tables Melbourne Football Club player profile West Coast Eagles player profile WAFL playing statistics
Summer Bachelors is a 1926 American silent romantic comedy film produced and directed by Allan Dwan. The film is based on the 1926 novel Summer Widowers, by Warner Fabian and stars Madge Bellamy, Matt Moore, Allan Forrest, Hale Hamilton. A copy of Summer Bachelors is preserved at a film archive in Prague. Madge Bellamy as Derry Thomas Allan Forrest as Tony Landor Matt Moore as Walter Blakely Hale Hamilton as Beverly Greenway Leila Hyams as Willowdean French Charles Winninger as Preston Smith John Holland as Martin Cole Olive Tell as Mrs. Preston Smith Walter Catlett as Bachelor #1 James F. Cullen as Bachelor #2 Cosmo Kyrle Bellew as Bachelor #3 Charles Esdale as Bachelor #4 Barbara Barondess Interiors shot were filmed at Fox's New York studio, while exteriors were shot on location in Lake Placid, New York. Summer Bachelors on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Fox Film Corporation brochure for exhibitors
Harry Mayerovitch, was a Canadian architect, illustrator and cartoonist. Mayerovitch was born in Montreal on April 16, 1910 to Romanian-Jewish parents from the region of Bessarabia. After completing a Bachelor of Arts at McGill University, he earned his degree in architecture in 1933. Architecture projects were put on hold when Canada entered World War II, so Mayerovitch turned his attention to painting, with one painting, a war-themed work entitled Home Front, exhibited at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts; this work garnered praise from Ottawa Journal critic Robert Ayer, which in turn caught the attention of National Film Board of Canada founder John Grierson, who appointed Mayerovitch artistic director of the NFB's Wartime Information Board’s Graphic Arts Division—even though Mayerovitch had never designed posters before. From 1942 to 1944, Mayerovitch produced World War II propaganda posters, using the artist's signature "Mayo."Following the war, Mayerovitch resumed work as an architect and became active in urban planning.
Beginning in 1965, he taught at McGill's School of Architecture, remained on faculty until his death. His published works include the book. In 2000, his 90th birthday was marked with the planting of a magnolia tree in the school of architecture's Centennial Garden, he was a member of the Order of Architects of Quebec, the Corporation of Urbanists of Quebec, the Canadian Institute of Planners, the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, the Canadian Society of Graphic Arts, was a Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada. His final published work before his death on his 94th birthday in 2004 was Way to Go, a collection of wordless cartoons published that same year by Drawn and Quarterly Press. Wild about Harry