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Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria

Dr. Karl-Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, was a member of the House of a professional oculist, he was the favorite brother of the Empress Elisabeth of Austria, father of Queen Elisabeth of the Belgians. Karl-Theodor was born at Possenhofen Castle, the third son of Duke Maximilian in Bavaria and of his wife, Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. At the age of fourteen Karl-Theodor joined the Bavarian Army. In 1866 he fought in the Austro-Prussian War; when he left active duty, he became a student at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he studied philosophy, law and medicine. Among his teachers were the chemist Justus von Liebig, the pathologist Ludwig von Buhl, the physicist Philipp von Jolly. In 1870 Karl-Theodor's studies were interrupted by the Franco-Prussian War in which he served as a proprietary colonel of the 3rd Bavarian Light Horse. After the war he returned to his studies. In 1872 he was named an honorary Doctor of Medicine by the Ludwig Maximilian University, he studied ophthalmology under Professor Deutschland and continued his education under Professor Arlt in Vienna and Professor Horner in Zürich.

In 1877 Karl-Theodor began practicing medicine in Mentone on the Côte d'Azur assisted by his wife Maria Josepha. In 1880 he opened an eye-clinic in his castle at Tegernsee. In 1895 he founded the Augenklinik Herzog Carl Theodor in Munich. Between 1895 and 1909 Carl Theodor carried out more than 5,000 cataract operations as well as treating countless other eye disorders. Karl-Theodor received a number of honours: honorary doctor of the University of Louvain. Honorary colonel of the 5th Regiment of Prussian Dragoons. Honorary member of the Academy of Medical Sciences in Brussels. Knight of the Order of Saint Hubert. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Grand Cordon in the Order of Leopold, Wedding gift in 1900. Karl-Theodor died at Kreuth in 1909, he is buried in the family crypt in Schloss Tegernsee. On 11 February 1865, at Dresden, Karl-Theodor married his first cousin Princess Sophie of Saxony, daughter of King John of Saxony and his maternal aunt Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria.

They had one child: Duchess Amalie in Bavaria she married Wilhelm, Duke of Urach on 4 July 1892, had issue. On 29 April 1874, at Kleinheubach, Karl-Theodor married Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal, daughter of exiled King Miguel I of Portugal and Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, had issue: Duchess Sophie Adelheid in Bavaria, married Hans Viet, Count of Törring-Jettenbach on 26 July 1898, had issue. Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria, married King Albert I of Belgium on 2 October 1900, had issue. Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria she married Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria on 10 August 1900, had issue. Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria, married Princess Eleonore Anna Lucie of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg on 19 March 1917. Duke Franz Joseph in Bavaria Sexau, Richard. Fürst und Arzt, Dr. med. Herzog Carl Theodor in Bayern: Shicksal zwischen Wittelsbach und Habsburg. Graz: Verlag Styria, 1963. Trevor-Roper, Patrick Dacre. "The Royal Oculist". British Journal of Ophthalmology 43: 1–2. Website of the Herzog Carl Theodor Eye Clinic

Interstate 94 in Illinois

Interstate 94 runs north–south through the northeastern portion of the U. S. state of Illinois, in Lake and Cook counties. It is marked east–west in Illinois in accordance with its general alignment across the country. I-94 in Illinois is 78.00 miles long. The William G. Edens Expressway is the main major expressway north from the city of Chicago to Northbrook, Illinois. Only the short portion from the spur ramp to the expressway's end in Highland Park does not carry I-94, it was the first expressway in Chicago and was opened on December 20, 1951. It has three lanes in each direction; the original name of the expressway was the Edens Parkway, named after William G. Edens, a banker and early advocate for paved roads, he was a sponsor of Illinois' first highway bond issue in 1918. The control cities for I-94 are Wisconsin or Milwaukee to the north and west, Chicago or Chicago Loop for those heading to the central portion, Indiana to the south and east. I-94 traverses rural and suburban areas in Lake County, serves Six Flags Great America and the Gurnee Mills mall.

Entering Illinois from Wisconsin, I-94 becomes the Tri-State Tollway just after exit 1B, with eight lanes, until just north of Deerfield Road where it widens further to 10 lanes as it approaches I-294 and the Edens Spur. This is where three lanes for the Tri-State Tollway branch off and begin I-294 while two lanes for I-94 head east onto the Edens Spur which only has four lanes total; the highway turns south and widens back to six lanes as it merges with U. S. Route 41 and becomes the Edens Expressway, widens to ten lanes along the Kennedy Expressway. At Ohio Street, the reversible lanes terminate and the highway has 10 lanes to the Jane Byrne Interchange, where the left lane ends and the right lane exits onto the Eisenhower Expressway; until 2010, mileposts along the Tri-State Tollway portion of I-94 reflected the distance from the southeastern terminus of the tollway, that led to a counterintuitive increase in the mile numbers as one proceeds "west." In 2010, the mile markers were renumbered to indicate mileage of I-94 traveled in Illinois, increasing from the Wisconsin border to the Indiana border.

South of downtown Chicago, I-94 serves the southeast suburbs of Chicago, including Dolton, Calumet City, South Holland, until it joins I-80 on the Kingery Expressway, which enters Indiana east of Lansing, Illinois. I-94 has ten lanes from the exit ramps of the Jane Byrne Interchange to the Stevenson Expressway, it splits into a 14-lane freeway on the Dan Ryan, with three and four lanes alternating between the local and express lanes in both directions. At the Chicago Skyway, a two-lane ramp carries traffic to I-90, leaving ten lanes running south to the I-57/I-94 junction. From I-57, where I-94 is called the Bishop Ford Freeway, to Cottage Grove Avenue, the route has four lanes, with six lanes between Michigan Avenue and Cottage Grove Avenue; the freeway connection ramp to Stony Island Avenue has four lanes. I-94 has six lanes south to I-80, where it departs the Bishop Ford Freeway for the Kingery Expressway. On these ramps to and from I-80, I-94 has two lanes in each direction. On the Kingery itself, the combined I-80/I-94 route widens to eight lanes to the Indiana state line.

The section including the Southland Interchange with I-80 and I-294 was reconfigured as part of the Kingery Expressway reconstruction project, completed in 2007, including four lanes south of 159th Street, with the split between I-80 and 94 east to the left, I-80 west, I-294 north, IL 394 south on the right located north of the 170th Street overpass. The configuration of I-80 and I-94 is discussed in connection with the Kingery Expressway. I-494 was planned to serve as a loop in Chicago and follow Lake Shore Drive along Lake Michigan. After local opposition prevented I-494 and I-694 from being completed, both numbers were dropped. Portions of the old I-494/I-694 exist as US 41 and the Ohio Street connector. In addition, I-494 was planned at one point to be a western bypass of Chicago, as the Crosstown Expressway. In 1998, the Illinois Tollway removed the entire Deerfield Toll Plaza north of the I-294/I-94 merge point considered one of the worst snags on the tollway system, it was replaced with the Huehl Road Toll Plaza on the Edens Spur to charge traffic that followed I-94 into Chicago.

Tolls were removed from the northbound exit/southbound entrance to I-294 at Lake Cook Road, while tolls at the Waukegan Toll Plaza were increased, additional toll plazas were built on exits south of Deerfield at Lake–Cook Road, Willow Road and Golf Road. Toll collection facilities were added to entrance ramps to northbound I-94 at those points; the Edens Expressway section of I-94 was last rehabilitated from 1978 through 1980. From 2007 to 2009, I-94 was widened from six to eight lanes between IL 173 and IL 22. In 1996, the Calumet Expressway was renamed in honor of Bishop Louis Henry Ford, the leader of the Church of God in Christ who had died the previous year. On April 4, 2008, the Illinois Department

Catherine Crowe

Catherine Ann Crowe, née Stevens was an English novelist and writer of spirit stories, playwright, who wrote for children. Catherinen Ann Stevens was born in Borough Green, England, she was educated at home. She married Major John Crowe, they had a son, John William, but the marriage was an unhappy one, when she met Sydney Smith and his family at Clifton, Bristol in 1828, she asked them for their help. Little is known about the next few years, but by 1838 she was separated from her husband, living in Edinburgh, had made the acquaintance of several writers, including the impecunious Thomas de Quincey of Edinburgh, Harriet Martineau and William Makepeace Thackeray of London. Smith was an encouragement to her in her writing, her success waned somewhat in the 1850s and she sold her copyrights in 1861. After 1852, she lived in London and abroad, but she moved to Folkestone in 1871, where she died the following year. Crowe's two plays, the verse tragedy Aristodemus and the melodrama The Cruel Kindness both had historical themes paralleling her own family problems.

Both were published and the second had a short run in London in 1853. The book that established Crowe as a novelist was The Adventures of Susan Hopley, it was followed by Men and Women, the well-received The Story of Lily Dawson, The Adventures of a Beauty, Linny Lockwood. Though set in middle-class life, they had complicated, sensational plots, while commenting on the predicaments of Victorian women brought up in seclusion to be mistreated by those men who did not subscribe to standards of decent behaviour; this aspect of her writing was emphasised by women writers in an appreciation in Women Novelists of Queen Victoria's Reign. Susan Hopley was reprinted many times, to her annoyance and turned into a penny serial, her stories were in demand from periodicals such as the weekly Chambers' Edinburgh Journal and Dickens's Household Words. The play Susan Hopley. By 1849, it had been performed 343 times. Crowe turned to supernatural subjects, inspired by German writers, her collection The Night-side of Nature became her most popular work and was reprinted as as 2000.

It was translated into German and French, is said to have influenced the views of Charles Baudelaire. Her own involvement in such matters came to a bizarre culmination in February 1854, when she was discovered naked in Edinburgh one night, convinced that spirits had rendered her invisible, she recovered. Two of her ghost stories reappeared in Victorian Ghost Stories, edited by Montague Summers. Crowe wrote a number of books for children, including versions of Uncle Tom's Cabin for young readers, Pippie's Warning. Aristodemus: A Tragedy Adventures of Susan Hopley. 3 volumes Pippie's Warning. A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource

Charles William Hobley

Charles William Hobley, CMG — known as C. W. Hobley — was a pioneering British Colonial administrator in Kenya, he served the Colonial Service in Kenya from 1894 until his retirement in 1921 and published a number of monographs on a variety of subjects. The son of an Indian Civil Servant, Hobley underwent technical education in engineering at Mason College, he joined the Imperial British East Africa Company and was sent to Mombasa in 1890, where he served as Transport Superintendent at the coast. He left the company after three years but within a year had become a First Class Assistant under the Foreign Office and served the British government in Kenya from that point on, he undertook a general tour of the whole of the Central African Lake Region and first arrived at Mumia's in February 1895, where he established a British administration station along Sclater's Road. In 1896, he became the first European to circumambulate Mount Elgon and the same year he arrived in the Kano Plains/Kisumu area.

He oversaw a number of punitive expeditions. In 1905, he married Alice Mary Turner. Hobley became Provincial Commissioner of Kavirondo Region and sub-commissioner of Ukamba Province. During the First World War, he served as Chief Political Officer to the British forces in what was named Tanganyika Territory, he was awarded the Back Award of the Royal Geographical Society in 1915 and retired from the Foreign Service in 1921. Something of a polymath, C. W. Hobley published on a wide variety of subjects. Hobley, C. W. "Eastern Uganda, an Ethnological Survey" Anthrop. Inst. Occasional Papers, No. I, London, 1902. Hobley, C. W. 1903, "Notes Concerning the Eldorobo of Mau, East Africa", Man, 3.17:33-35. Hobley, Charles William, Ethnology of Akamba and other East African Tribes, Cambridge: The University Press, 1910. Ltd.. Hobley, C. W. 1918, "The Lubwa and Elgon Caves, with some remarks on their origin and the geology of the region", Journal of East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society, v. 13, p. 280. Hobley, Charles William, Bantu Beliefs and Magic with Particular Reference to the Kikuyu and Kamba Tribes of Kenya Colony, Together with Some Reflections on East Africa After the War.

Hobley, C. W. Kenya: From Chartered Company to Crown Colony, Thirty Years of Exploration and Administration in British East Africa. Hobley, C. W. "Soil Erosion: A Problem in Human Geography", A Paper Read at the Afternoon Meeting of the Society on 8 May 1933, Geographical Review 82: 139-46. Hobley, C. W. "The Preservation of Wild Life in the Empire", Afr Aff, 1935, XXXIV: 403-407. Hobley, C. W. "Inland Waters of Africa", Afr Aff, 1935, XXXIV: 469-470. "Mr. C. W. Hobley's Recent Journey in East Africa", The Geographical Journal, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 292–295. Doi:10.2307/1776334 Matson, A.-T. and Thomas P. Ofcansky, "A Bio-Bibliography of C. W Hobley", History of Africa 8: 253-260. Doi:10.2307/3171519 "Diary of Charles Hobley", A typescript by A. T. Matson of Hobley's diary, it describes the establishment of the administration in Kavirondo, including the fighting that took place. There follows the names of Kavirondo tribes and chiefs, miscellaneous papers and Mumia's Station Case Book, dealing chiefly with punishments.

There is an accompanying letter to Dr Anne Thurston from A. S. Bell of Rhodes House Library, 1 May 1985, regarding the presentation of the typescript to the R. C. S; the original diary is kept at Rhodes House Library, Oxford, R. C. S. Manuscripts Collection, RCMS 113/47. Obituary Nature 159, 768-769.

Imjin thottimvirus

Imjin thottimvirus is a single-stranded, negative-sense RNA virus of the orthohantavirus genus in the Bunyavirales order. It is a newly identified hantavirus isolated from the lung tissues of Ussuri white-toothed shrews of the species Crocidura lasiura captured near the demilitarized zone in the Republic of Korea during 2004 and 2005. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrates a common ancestry with Thottopalayam thottimvirus suggesting early evolutionary divergence, it is still unknown. MJNV has been shown to be a genetically unique hantavirus. Multiple strains have been isolated from the lung tissues of Ussuri white-toothed shrews captured between 2004 and 2010. Partial M- and L-segment sequences from lung tissues of 12 of 37 anti-MJNV IgG antibody-positive shrews revealed that the 12 MJNV strains differed by 0–12.2% and 0–2.3% at the nucleotide and amino acid levels. A similar degree of nucleotide and amino acid difference was found in a 632-nucleotide length of the L segment of nine MJNV strains.

Phylogenetic analyses demonstrated a geographic relationship similar to the phylogeography of rodent-borne hantaviruses. Sangassou virus Sweating sickness, which may have been caused by a hantavirus 1993 Four Corners hantavirus outbreak "Hantaviruses, with emphasis on Four Corners Hantavirus" by Brian Hjelle, M. D. Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico CDC's Hantavirus Technical Information Index page Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource: Bunyaviridae Occurrences and deaths in North and South America

József Breznay

József Breznay was a Hungarian painter. 1934-39: studied at the University of Fine Arts Budapest. His Masters were Ágost Benkhard, Rezső Burghardt and István Szőnyi. 1938-39: he was Szőnyi's teaching assistant. According to the proposal of Prof. Tibor Gerevich he was appointed to receive the scholarship of the Rome Prize, he worked there as a resident of Collegium Hungaricum between 1939 and 1940. In 1940 he received again the Rome Prize; the young painter matured during these years to a painter of full-fledged style, further developing the school of painters of Nagybánya, featuring a relaxed pictorial quality. 1946: Fókusz Galéria, Hungary 1948: Művész Galéria, Hungary 1953: Fényes Adolf Terem, Hungary 1954: Fényes Adolf Terem, Hungary 1961: István Csók Galéria, Hungary 1962: Galerie Barbizon, France 1963: Galerie l'Indifferent, France 1964: Malkasten Kunstverein, Düsseldorf, Germany 1965: Kunstkabinett, Germany 1966: Künstlerkreis, Germany 1969: Konshallen, Sweden 1970: Kunstverein, Germany 1971: Galerie Pfeiffer, Belgium 1972: Galerie Oranje, Belgium Galerie Goltz, München, Germany Palace of Arts Műcsarnok, Hungary 1973: Galleria Antelami, Italy 1974: Galleria l'Ascendente, Italy 1975: Staatsgalerie, Würzburg, Germany Galerie A. Vynecke van Eyck, Belgium 1977: Galleria Mariani, Italy Club Amici dell'Arte, Italy Kossuth Művelődési Ház, Kölesd, Hungary 1978: Galleria Romana, Italy Művelődési Központ, Hungary 1979: Galleria Leonessa, Italy Galleria Sant'Andrea, Italy 1981: Szőnyi Terem, Hungary 1982: Palace of Arts, Műcsarnok, Hungary Gallery Park, Germany 1983: Galleria Sant'Andrea, Italy 1984: Gallery Park, Germany 1985: Staatsgalerie, Germany 1988: Galerie am Gewölbe, Tübingen, Germany 1990: Galleria Sant'Andrea, Italy 1996: Collegium, Hungary 1997: Galerie Marceau, France 1998: Szőnyi István Múzeum, Zebegény, Hungary 2000: Galleria Duomo, Italy 2001: Librerie Felltrinelli, Italy La Rotonde, France 2003: Galéria Melange, Hungary 2006: Olof Palme Millenniumi Szalon, Hungary 1940-1941-1947: Római Magyar Akadémia, Italy 1943: Nemzeti Szalon, Hungary 1944-50 years: Hungarian Art, Fővárosi Képtár, Hungary 1946: Fókusz Galéria, Hungary 1947: KEVE Kiállítás, Nemzeti Szalon, Hungary 1948: 90 Artists, Nemzeti Szalon, Hungary 1950-1968: I-II.

Magyar Képzőművészeti Kiállítás, Hungary 1955: 10 Years Art, Műcsarnok, Hungary Hermann Ottó Múzeum, Hungary to begin 1955: Országos Képzőművészeti Kiállítás 1957: Salon Populiste, Musee Municipal d'Art Moderne, France Tavaszi Tárlat, Műcsarnok, Hungary 1958: 50. Salon d'Automne, France 1960: IV. Exposition Internationale de Peinture, France 1968: Gallery Guggenheim Jeune, England Folkwang Museum, Germany 1969: Magyar Művészet, Műcsarnok Budapest, Hungary 1971: XX. Painting Biennale, Italy to begin 1976: Miskolci Teli Tárlat, Miskolc Galéria, Hungary 1978: Festészet'77, Műcsarnok, Hungary 1983: House of Humour and Satire, Bulgaria 1984: Országos Képzőművészeti Kiállítás'84, Műcsarnok, Hungary 1988: Tavaszi Tárlat, Műcsarnok, Hungary 1989: XIV. Salon de Peinture de Bourbonne-les-Bains: Gold Medal 1937: Rotary Club Prize, Hungary 1939: Gold Medal of the Hungarian College of Fine Arts, Hungary 1939-1941-1947: Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Rome, Hungary 1942: Nemes Marcell Prize-Szinyei Társaság, Hungary 1943: Wolfner Gyula Prize-Szinyei Társaság, Hungary 1953: Mihály Munkácsy Prize, Hungary to begin 1957: member of Salon des Indépendants, France 1958: István Csók Medal, Hungary 1962: Grand Prix, France 1964: Bronze Medal of the European Council of Arts 1976: Silver Medal of Munka Érdemrend, Hungary 1978: First Price of Carrara dei Marmi, Italy 1989: Gold Medal of Bourbonne-les-Bains, France Hungarian National Gallery, Hungary Damjanich János Múzeum, Hungary Museum of Applied Arts, Hungary Theatre Lingen, Germany Herend Porcelain Manufactory Ltd.

Herend, Hungary Mobile Museum of Art, United States 1939: Mezőkovácsháza, fresco in collaboration with Eugénia Bonda. 1954: Komlò Secco, Beloiannisz Gyàr Berente Church, fresco in collaboration with Gabor Breznay and András Breznay Aszalòs Endre: Breznay Jòzsef, 1982, Mai Magyar Művészet Breznay József, Műcsarnok 1982, catalogue Breznay József, Evolúció, 1996, catalogue József Breznay, Mostra retrospectiva, 1997, catalogue Breznay József and Private Collections, 2007 MTV 1: Vitray Tamás: Csak ülök és mesélek: A Breznay csalàd, 25 December 1996 HírTV: Family tale: " Vasarely, az ecsetkirály és a Breznay család", 25 December 2005 Ostoros Ágnes: "A történetek igazak". Portrait of József Breznay, 2007. Cinema Bem, Budapest, 2008 January Artist's website