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Book of Discipline (Quaker)

A Book of Discipline may refer to one of the various books issued by a Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends, setting out what it means to be a Quaker in that Yearly Meeting. The common name for this book varies from one Yearly Meeting to another and includes Book of Discipline and Practice, Christian Faith and Practice, Quaker Faith and Practice, Church Government and Handbook of Practice and Procedure; each Book of Discipline is updated periodically by each Yearly Meeting according to the usual practice of decision making within the Religious Society of Friends. The contents of each book of discipline is agreed on by seeking unity among members of the authoring yearly meeting. Instead of voting or seeking an earthly consensus, the Meeting attempts to gain a sense of God's will for the community; each member of the meeting is expected to listen to that of God within themselves and, if led, to contribute it to the group for reflection and consideration. Each member listens to others' contributions in an attitude of seeking Truth rather than of attempting to prevail or to debate.

This process can be lengthy. This is thought to be the best way of reflecting the breadth of Quaker theology and practice, is consistent with an intention that they be based in evolving personal experience and'inner light' rather than fixed creeds; the writings are not intended to represent strict rules which followers must agree with or adhere to, but may be used as a source of guidance or discipline. Since the majority of the Society remains within a Christian theistic tradition, this is reflected in the publication. Extracts from the book are sometimes read aloud in Quaker meetings for worship, or may be reflected upon individually; the Quakers are today the only survivors from the many religious groups that sprang up in the religious and social ferment of the English Civil War. They survived and flourished through the practical wisdom of a young man whose spiritual experiences and insights launched the movement, his name was George Fox. At the age of nineteen he entered a troubled period. Leaving home, he wandered for consulting priests and non-conformist ministers.

Having reached the point of near despair, he had a vivid spiritual experience, as he wrote in his Journal: "When my hopes in all men were gone...then O I heard a voice which said "There is one Christ Jesus that can speak to thy condition". And when I heard it, my heart did leap for joy." Feeling the call to preach he met a group of former Baptists, together they called themselves "The Children of Light". Over the years, moving from the English Midlands into Yorkshire, Fox was accepted by a group of Seekers; as time went on they began to refer to themselves as "Friends in the Truth", it is this that gives us the official name of the "Religious Society of Friends". The term "Quakers", which sometimes appears in brackets after the official name, comes from an insult used by a magistrate in Derby when he was sentencing some Friends for being non-conformist. On 13 June 1652 George Fox addressed a crowd of about a thousand people on a hilltop called Firbank Fell in Northern England close to the English Lake District.

This event is considered to be the founding event of the Quaker faith. The rock on which he stood is referred to as Fox's Pulpit. Two weeks in Ulverston, he met Margaret Fell while preaching in the church there. Margaret and her husband Thomas by the greatest good fortune took George Fox into their home, Swarthmoor Hall, protected him, while the Valiant Sixty of newly converted Quakers ranged far and wide across England, spreading the good news of a simpler form of Christian faith; some time after Thomas Fell died and George were married. While other religious groups of the period faded away with time, Fox devoted himself in 1666–1668 to setting up a structure of meetings which has remained the same up until the present day: local'particular' meetings, grouped regionally into "monthly meetings", "quarterly meetings" above them, an annual "General Assembly of the Brethren" as the leading authority. There has been a national annual meeting of some sort in Britain every year since 1668; the earliest statement of Christian discipline was the Epistle from the meeting of Elders at Balby, in 1656.

This was a list of twenty advices as to how Friends should conduct themselves, formed following a meeting of prominent Seekers at Balby in Yorkshire, is seen by many as the defining document founding Quakerism. The Canons and institutions drawn up and agreed upon by the General Assembly or Meeting of the heads of the Quakers from all parts of the kingdom was produced following a meeting of leading Quakers in London in 1669; this had been drafted by George Fox, the name Canons and Institutions had been given to the publication by his opponents. It contained general advices and regulations, was the basis of future books of discipline, although the name was formally disclaimed by Friends in 1675; the origins of the current book of discipline can be traced back to a manuscript in 1738 entitled Christian and brotherly advices given forth from time to time by the Yearly Meetings in London, alphabetically digested under proper heads. The first printed collection appeared in 1783 as Extracts from the minutes and advices of the Yearly Meeting of Friends held in London from its first institution.

This was revised in 1801 and 1822 and 1833. Up until this time, the publicatio

Chandur Biswa

Chandur Biswa is a village in Nandura tehsil of Buldhana district, Maharashtra State, India. As of 2001 India census, Chandur Biswa had a population of; the village has a gram panchayat. The village's post office PIN code is 443401 and PIN is shared with the Dhanora Vitali, Jigaon and Mominabad post offices; the village has a railway station, named Biswa Bridge, located between Nandura and Malkapur on the BhusawalNagpur section of Bhusawal division of Central Railway. A famous freedom fighter Shri. Jagdavrao Patil was from Chandur Biswa, it is said. He opened a school for orphaned children in Biswa, started a newspaper named Ankur, first newspaper in entire district. Jagdavrao is a good poet, he wrote many poems. He had great knowledge of Bhagvad Gita too