Kars Province is a province of Turkey, located in the northeastern part of the country. It shares part of its closed border with Armenia; the provincial capital is the city of Kars. The provinces of Ardahan and Iğdır were until the 1990s part of Kars Province. In ancient times, Kars was part of the province of Ararat in the Kingdom of Armenia; the first known people were the followers of Vanand, for whom Kars was their main settlement and fortress. In 928, Kars became the capital of Bagratid Armenia. In 968, the capital of Armenia was moved to Ani, but Kars remained the capital of the feudal principality of Vanand; the Seljuks relinquished direct control over Kars and it became a small emirate whose territory corresponded to that of Vanand, which bordered the created but larger Shaddadid emirate centered at Ani. The Kars emirate was a vassal of the Saltukids in Erzurum, whose forces were effective in opposing Georgian attempts at seizing Kars. On, in 1207, Georgian army commanded by David Soslan and brothers Ivane and Zakare Mkhargrzeli captured Kars after a long siege.
George IV son of Tamar, was appointed as a viceroy of Kars. It was conquered in 1242 by the Mongols. During the rule of the Persian Empire and the Ottoman Empire, the fortress of Kars, located in what was the eastern part of the city, fell into disrepair. However, as Kars was within a border region its defensive structures were renewed, they continued to advance to such a degree, that in the 19th century Kars was well known around the world as a castle; as a result of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 to 1878, the province of Kars was incorporated into the Russian Empire as part of the militarily administered Kars Oblast and remained so until 1918. It was seen as a border province of a Russian Empire, seeking to expand yet further by the conquest of more territory belonging to the Ottoman Empire; the period from 1878 to 1918 was marked in the province of Kars by the settlement by the Russian authorities of a heterogeneous mix of Christian populations, including Armenians, Caucasus Greeks, Russians and smaller numbers from other Christian communities hitherto with little or no historical links to the region, such as ethnic Germans, Estonians and Russian sectarian communities such as Molokans and Doukhobors.
Many from the non-Russian Christian Orthodox communities had themselves fought in or collaborated with the Russian Imperial army to capture Kars province from the Muslim Ottomans. They saw this as a means of fulfilling their own ambitions to recapture Christian territory on the back of the Russian imperial enterprise. Kars province is divided into 8 districts, each named after the administrative center of the district: There are 383 villages in Kars. Kars has a wealth of wildlife, being documented by the Kars-Igdir Biodiversity Project run by the KuzeyDoga Society; the project has recorded 323 of Turkey's 468 bird species in the region. At least 223 of these occur at Lake Kuyucuk, the most important wetland in the region. Sarikamis Forests in the south harbor Indian wolves, Syrian brown bear, Caucasian lynx and other animals, Aras River wetlands comprise a key stop-over site for many migrating birds. Aras River Bird Research and Education Center at Yukari Ciyrikli village has recorded 228 bird species at this single location alone.
The economy of Kars Province is dominated by livestock breeding and forestry. 85 % of the active population in Kars Province are herders. 60% of the gross domestic income is received from those sectors. Industry and commerce is developing; the climate limits the cultivation of plants in the region. In Kağızman and Tuzluca, sugar beet and vetches are grown. Vegetable gardening and orchards are not developed. Wheat, cotton and in small quantity tobacco are grown in the province. Livestock breeding in the region is more important than agriculture. Grassland and the rich vegetation led to the development of livestock breeding; the grassland and meadows, which make out 70% of the area of Kars Province, are capable of providing at least ten times of the current livestock potential's breeding. Kars is the biggest cattle breeding province in Turkey, is the center of livestock trade. Efforts are being made to increase goose breeding, special to Kars region. Aside its meat taking a special place in the Kars cuisine, goose liver and down feather started to be exported to Europe.
Kars Province is not abundant with woods. Only 4% of the province area is covered with woods. Scots Pine and alder are the tree species most found in the woods of Kars. Around 15,000 m3 timber is produced by logging in forestry. Ore beds of rock salt, asbestos, magnesite and perlite are explored, only rock salt is mined. Main industrial plants in Kars are of meat processing, livestock feed processing, yarn, footwear and brick factories. Among the most famous food products special to Kars region are Kars honey, Kars Kasseri, Kars Gruyère cheese, which tastes like Swiss Emmental cheese, Kars style roasted goose. Kars contains numerous monuments, the most notable being the ruined Armenian city of Ani and the 9th century Church of the Apostles. Kars was the setting for the popular novel Snow by Orh
General elections were held in Costa Rica on 6 February 1966. José Joaquín Trejos Fernández of the National Unification Party won the presidential election, whilst the National Liberation Party won the parliamentary election. Voter turnout was 81.4%. These were divisive elections as they had only two candidates. On one hand the government party PLN nominated the Minister of Foreign Affairs Daniel Oduber Quirós, whilst all the right-wing opposition joined forces and former enemies Rafael Calderón and his National Republican Party merged with Otilio Ulate’s National Union in the National Unification Coalition. Calderón and Ulate were enemies during the 1948 Civil War but put aside their differences and they agree that none of them will be candidate; the Coalition look forward a “neutral” candidate that could unified the opposition and college professor and economist José Joaquín Trejos was selected. Trejos had never hold a public office before. Left-wing opposition was outlawed as the Legislative Assembly made effective the article 98 of Costa Rica’s Constitution at the time that forbid Communist parties, making illegal the only party at the left of PLN, the Popular Democratic Action led by Manuel Mora.
The campaign was ideological, as the two candidates were encompassing the only Right-Left options and were defenders of two different ideologies. The debate centered on both opposing philosophies. In one of the most hard-fought elections in Costa Rica’s history, Trejos won by a small difference of around 2000 votes, though PLN kept its parliamentary majority. Far-right Revolutionary Civic Union Party won two seats in Parliament; the results were accepted by all sides and many historians seem this election as the evidence that the dark times of civil unrest and conflict after electoral processes that end in the Civil War were put behind for good
Ofer Nimrodi is an Israeli jurist and former publisher. Ofer, together with his father, Yaakov Nimrodi, other members of the Nimrodi family, own a large group of companies and enterprises in the fields of real estate, the media, energy. Ofer Nimrodi, whose family was of Iraqi-Jewish origin, was born to Rivka and Yaakov Nimrodi in Iran in 1957 while his father served as the Israeli Military Attaché and Head of the Representation of the Ministry of Defense to Iran. On completion of his mandate, the family stayed for several more years in Iran as Yaakov Nimrodi became a successful businessman. On they returned to Israel, settling in Savyon. In the IDF, Ofer served as an artillery battery Commander in the Artillery Corps, as Commander of Brigade Support, he was discharged in 1979 and three years fought in the First Lebanon War. He graduated cum laude from the Tel Aviv University Law School with an LLB, did his articles with the late Supreme Court Judge Miriam Ben Porat, with the late Tel Aviv District Attorney Naomi Stern, was admitted to the Israeli Bar.
In 1989 he graduated from Harvard Business School with a Master of Business Administration. In 1988, Yaakov Nimrodi purchased the Israel Land Development Company from the Jewish Agency. A year Ofer was appointed its CEO. In 1992 the family purchased the Ma'ariv newspaper, after the passing of its previous owner Robert Maxwell. Ofer was appointed Editor-in-Chief. Nimrodi's entering the media field, Maariv was considered outstanding since neither Nimrodi, nor any of the family members had been engaged in the field of journalism or any other media; the engagement of "tycoons" in the media world drew much criticism and hostility from the veteran "media dynasties" in Israel and led to fierce competition, still visible today. This competition brought the leading publishers to purchase other media such as cable TV channels, until a law passed that banned cross-ownership in the media field. In June 2011, The Israel Land Development Company sold the controlling shareholding of Ma'ariv to Discount Investment Corporation, a member of the IDB Group, controlled by Nohi Dankner.
ILDC continues to hold a 27% stake in Ma'ariv. In the 21st century, Ofer Nimrodi has expanded ILDC's business abroad; the company engaged in the development of large residential real estate projects by building neighborhoods in Warsaw and Bucharest, commercial real estate through logistic parks in Poland and Romania, shopping malls in Romania and Morocco, in hotels and resorts in Canada and Morocco. In 2010, the company had entered another new field with the establishment of the Israel Land Development Company - Energy Ltd; the young company purchased licenses and options for licenses for locating gas and oil in the Levant Basin of the Mediterranean and in the Adriatic Sea. The company began drilling in two of its leading licenses: Myra. Nimrodi served an 8-month prison sentence during 1998-1999 for ordering illegal wiretapping while serving as the Editor-in-Chief of Ma'ariv. In 2000, he received a 25-month prison sentence for obstruction of justice, served concomitantly with an suspended 12-month sentence handed for his 1998 conviction.
The decision not to add the 12 months to his prison-time was criticized by the State Prosecutor's office upon his release in 2002, expressing concerns that Nimrodi had recidivist tendencies. Nimrodi's name is found in tabloids and the gossip-section of newspapers, he is married for the second time, a father of six who resides in Savyon in a house named the "White House", which spreads over 7.5 acres. Ofer's sister, Ruth Nimrodi-Weissberg, was killed in Sinai in 1996 when the vehicle she was traveling in drove over an old Egyptian mine in an unmarked minefield; the family has commemorated her by making a generous donation to Variety Israel, an organization attending to children with special needs. Its center in Jerusalem carries her name. ILDC Company website ILDC Energy Company website Nimrodi Archive
Sergei Vladimirovich Polunin is a Ukrainian-born ballet dancer and model. He has Ukrainian and Serbian citizenship, but has "always regarded himself as Russian". Born in Kherson, Ukrainian SSR, Polunin started out in gymnastics before switching to ballet at the age of eight and attended the Kiev State Choreographic Institute. After graduating, he joined the British Royal Ballet School at the age of 13 in 2003. Polunin has received numerous awards, including the Prix de Lausanne and Youth America Grand Prix in 2006, in 2007 was named the Young British Dancer of the Year. In 2010, at the age of 20, Polunin became the Royal Ballet's youngest principal dancer. After two years, he quit the ballet company to focus on a freelance career; as a freelance principal dancer, Polunin has been a guest artist at various theaters worldwide such as Royal Ballet, Sadler's Wells Theatre, Bolshoi Theatre and Nemirovich-Danchenko Moscow Academic Music Theatre, La Scala Theatre, Teatro San Carlo and is permanent guest artist for the Bayerisches Staatsballet.
Sergei Polunin was born in Kherson, Ukrainian SSR. From the age of four to eight, he trained at a gymnastics academy, spent another four years at the Kiev State Choreographic Institute, his mother, moved with him to Kiev, while his father, Vladimir Polunin, worked in Portugal to support them. After Polunin graduated from the Kyiv Choreographic Academy, he joined the British Royal Ballet School at the age of 13 in 2003, sponsored by the Rudolf Nureyev Foundation. Polunin has received numerous awards, including the Prix de Lausanne and Youth America Grand Prix in 2006, in 2007 was named the Young British Dancer of the Year, he became a first soloist at the Royal Ballet in 2009. In June 2010, at the age of 20, Polunin became the Royal Ballet's youngest principal; the New York Times described Polunin as "a fabulous dancer, with a steely technique and beautiful line" in its review of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland when he danced as the Knave, who doubled as Alice's romantic interest. After two successful years with the Royal Ballet, on 24 January 2012, Polunin announced his resignation from the company with immediate effect.
He said he had become so unhappy that, "the artist in was dying." Several months in summer 2012, Polunin was invited to Russia by the artistic director of ballet of the two Russian theatres, Igor Zelensky, became a principal dancer with the Stanislavsky Music Theatre and Novosibirsk State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre. In early April 2013, it was reported that Polunin had walked out on the Schaufuss Ballet's performance of Midnight Express just days before its opening night, he was first shown in the international spotlight in the role of Slavemaster/Sheppard in the 25th Anniversary The Phantom of the Opera at the Royal Albert Hall. Polunin was shortlisted as the best male dancer for the 2014 National Dance awards in the U. K. In 2014, Polunin started his collaboration with the famed American photographer and music director David LaChapelle and took part in his new projects, including a dance video to the song "Take Me to Church" by Hozier in February 2015; the video went exposed Polunin to a wider audience.
Polunin was the subject of the 2016 documentary film Dancer, directed by Steven Cantor, analyzing his childhood and rise to international fame. He set up Project Polunin, which aims to create new dance and ballet works for both stage and film. Project Polunin aims to bring together dancers, contemporary artists and choreographers from various creative backgrounds to work together. In June 2018, a promotional video starring Polunin was featured in a grand ceremony of the reopening of the National Museum of Serbia after 15 years of renovation and in July of the same year, Polunin performed on the Main Stage of the Serbian EXIT festival for the grand opening ceremony of 18th festival edition, his performance was inspired by the festival's theme, dubbed EXIT Freedom. The company was reincorporated as Polunin Ink in 2018. In January 2019, Polunin was invited to perform in the Paris Opéra Ballet's performance of Swan Lake; the Ballet revoked the invitation 48 hours after being notified of Polunin's recent homophobic and sexist Instagram posts that sparked international outrage, including from dancers within the Ballet.
In response to those critical of his comments, he said, "a lot of people agree with me, but… they have to go and publicly say otherwise". Polunin and his company, Polunin Ink. introduced three new productions of ballet in 2019. The first choreographed by Yuka Oishi and premiered in London Palladium in June; the second was on 26 August 2019, Polunin danced the role of Romeo in Romeo and Juliet choreographed by Johan Kobborg and with Alina Cojocaru as Juliet, in the Arena of Verona to over 10,000 members of audience and to critical acclaim. As the year closing, the third production of Polunin Ink. "Little Red and the Wolf", choreographed by Ross Freddie Ray, music composed by Kirill Richter, performed by Sergei Polunin, Laura Fernandez-Gromova, Johan Kobborg and etc. premiered in Zaryadye Concert Hall, Moscow on 29 and 30 December 2019. In 2019, he performed in Dubai, Munich, etc. Noteworthy was the performance on 7 September 2019 when he was invited to dance at ancient Buddhist temple Ninna-ji in Kyoto, Japan.
Branded as the "Encounter of the East and the West", efforts were put into illustrating the theme: with artists from E
"Cherokee" is a 1987 single released by the Swedish band Europe. It was the fourth single released internationally from the album The Final Countdown, reached number 72 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States; the song was written by vocalist Joey Tempest in 1985, was in fact the last song written for the album. The video for "Cherokee" was filmed in Almería, Spain, it was filmed a half mile from where Sergio Leone shot the famous Clint Eastwood spaghetti western A Fistful of Dollars. When filming the scene where the horses run through the valley, someone accidentally set some brush near the set on fire; the entire video crew, including band members, had to fight the fire by digging a trench around the fire to stop it spreading. The video is inaccurate, it showed the Cherokee as plains Indians. The Cherokee lived in the wooded, southern Appalachian Mountains, they were forcibly moved to the rolling hills of eastern Oklahoma. The Cherokee never used teepees. On 30 July 2007, "Cherokee" and "The Final Countdown" were used in a preview for Superbad following Raw.
At the beginning of the song, drummer Ian Haugland says: "Nu ska vi spela!" which means "We're gonna play now!" in Swedish. "Cherokee" was sampled in the song "I Believe" by the French electropop duo Galleon. Joey Tempest − vocals John Norum − guitars John Levén − bass guitar Mic Michaeli − keyboards Ian Haugland − drums Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
In India, the game of boxing does not command a significant fan following, which commentators attribute to the lack of discernible international victories. However, despite its limited success at large global championships, it is a regular medal-holder at the Asian Games and Commonwealth Games, At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Vijender Singh won a bronze medal in the middleweight boxing category, while Akhil Kumar and Jitender Kumar qualified for the quarterfinals. Akhil Kumar, Jitender Kumar, A. L. Lakra, Dinesh Kumar each won a bronze medal at the 2008 World Championship. Vijender Singh reached World No.1 in the middle weight category class in 2009, when the International Boxing Association's list was updated after 2009 AIBA World Boxing Championships held in Milan, where he won India's first medal in an AIBA-WBC. On 29 June 2015, Vijender Singh bid adieu to his amateur career by turning professional as he signed a multi-year agreement with Queensberry Promotions through IOS Sports and Entertainment.
This ruled him out of 2016 Olympics. India's Mary Kom is a six-time World Amateur Boxing champion, the only woman boxer to have won a medal in each one of the six world championships, she became the first Indian woman boxer to get a Gold Medal at the Asian Games during the 2014 Asian Games at Incheon, South Korea. Five Indian boxers, three female and two male, were among the world’s top three in AIBA latest world rankings in their respective categories; the rankings were as follows: In December, 2014, Boxing India declared its 1st Elite Men's Nationals in Nagpur which were held from January 9 to 15, where boxers Satish Kumar, Manpreet Singh, Sumit Sangwan, Mrunal Bhosale won medals. In 2014, Priyanka Chopra portrayed Mary Kom in an award winning biographical film about her life