Kartavirya Arjuna was a legendary king of an ancient Haihayas kingdom with capital at Mahishmati, on the banks of Narmada River in the current state of Madhya Pradesh. Kartavirya was son of king of the Haihayas; this is his patronymic. He is described as having a great devotee of god Dattatreya. One of the several such accounts states that Arjuna conquered Mahishmati city from Karkotaka Naga, a Naga chief and made it his fortress-capital. Arjuna Kartavirya is not to be confused with Arjuna Pandava, another major character in the Mahabharata. Kartavirya Arjuna was the longest ruling chakravati samrat of vedic era. Arjuna- Birth name Kartavirya/Kartavirya arjuna- Son of Kritvirya Mahishmati Naresh- King of Mahishmati Sahastrabahu/Sahasrarjun/Sahastrabahu Kartavirya/Sahastrabahu Kartavirya arjuna- One who had 1000 arms Sapt Dwipeshwar- Emperor of 7 Continents Dashgrivjayi- Conqueror of Ravana Raj Rajeshwar- King of kings Kartavirya Arjuna had an ally of 1000 Akshauhinis; this was a reason of his name Sahasrabahu where his ally is considered to be his arms.
Kartavirya's power is popularly told in the Ramayana. He was the contemporary of Ravana; the story goes that once when Kartavirya Arjuna was having a bath in the river Narmada along with his wives, he stopped the force of the river with his thousand arms from both the sides. The teenage Dasagriva, singing the hymns of Shiva and praying to him, made him lose his concentration. Enraged, he challenged the former for a combat in which Ravana was defeated and was put to humiliation. On request of his paternal grandfather Pulastya the great emperor Arjuna released Ravana. Another account states that when Ravana came "in the course of his campaign of conquest to Mahishmati, he was captured without difficulty, was confined like a wild beast in a corner of his city." The Vayu Purana states that Kartavirya invaded Lanka, there took Ravana as prisoner, but he was killed by Parashurama and Ravana was rescued from Arjuna. In the Mahabharata Vana Parva, according to the story of Akritavana, Kartavirya Arjuna became drunk with power, despite all the boons he had acquired.
He lost control of his senses and began to oppress humans and the gods themselves. Kartavirya had the audacity to insult Indra in front of Sachi. Around this time, other Kshatriyas too had become drunk with power and oppressed innocents for pleasure. Arjuna once asked him if there was anyone equal to him in power. Varuna replied that Parashurama rivalled Arjuna. Enraged, Arjuna went to Jamadagni's hermitage to see Parashurama's power; the Puranas recount that Kartavirya Arjuna and his army visited a rishi named Jamadagni, who fed his guest and the whole army with offerings from his divine cow Kamadhenu. The king demanded the cow for the betterment of his subjects. King Arjuna sent his soldiers to take the cow; as the conflict developed among the Jamadagni and the King, Arjuna lost his temper and chopped off the head of Jamadagni. When Parashurama returned to the hermitage, he was informed of the context by his mother. In revenge, Parashurama killed the entire clan of Arjuna and the King with a battleaxe given to him by Shiva, thus conquering the entire earth, which he gave to Brahamanas.
In another legend, Kartavirya Arjuna visited the hermitage of Jamadagni, was received by that sage's wife Renuka with all respect. For this outrage Parashurama killed him. In another legend, Kartavirya sent seventeen Akshauhinis to fight against the alone Parashurama, on foot; the Brahmana single-handedly spared no one alive. Kartavirya arrived in his divine golden chariot; the King himself was a powerful archer, capable of wielding five hundred bows and shooting five hundred arrows at a time. Parashurama broke Arjuna's bows, slew his horses and charioteer and destroyed the chariot itself with his arrows. Arjuna hurled many weapons and trees at Parashurama, but the sage parried all these. Parashurama dismembered him with his axe. In another place a different character is given to him, more in accordance with his behavior at Jamadagni's hut. "He oppressed both gods," so that the latter appealed to Vishnu for succor. That God came down to the earth as Parashurama for the special purpose of killing him.
The Mahabharata mentions him as one of the best warriors and introduces his divine origin, attributing it to the Padmini Ekadasi. It is said that there was none who could rival him in Sacrifices, Learning, Battlefield Exploits, Strength, Generosity or Power. In the controversy regarding his name the clarification is given as below. However, it is invariably misspelled as the latter; the same prefix is spelled when referring to the crown chakra: "Sahasrara Chakra" or when it occurs in family names without a T. See Sahasralinga; the confusion arises because the Hindi letter "Sa" merges with "ra" and looks like "tra"
Les Nanas is a 1985 French comedy with an female cast, directed by Annick Lanoë. Christine is in her forties when she learns that her partner Robert has been having an affair for the past few months; as a liberated woman, Christine refuses to put up with this situation, supported by her girlfriends who are themselves struggling to find their Mr Right, she takes steps to get in touch with her rival... Marie-France Pisier as Christine Dominique Lavanant as Evelyne Macha Méril as Françoise Anémone as Odile Odette Laure as Christine's mother Catherine Samie as Simone Juliette Binoche as Antoinette Clémentine Célarié as Éliane Marilú Marini as Mariana Caroline Loeb as AdèleCatherine Jacob appeared in an uncredited role. Les Nanas on IMDb Les Nanas at the TCM Movie Database Les Nanas at AllMovie Les Nanas at Rotten Tomatoes
Alela Diane & Wild Divine is the third studio album by indie folk musician Alela Diane, released April 5, 2011 on Rough Trade Records. It was her sole album to feature the backing band Wild Divine, which included her father, Tom Menig, as well as her then-husband Tom Bevitori, Jonas Haskins and Jason Merculief. All tracks are written by Alela Diane Menig. Independent music stores in the UK sold the album with a bonus disc, titled Home Recording & B-Sides from the Wild Divine Sessions, with the following tracks: "Adelaide" "Eastward Still" "Desire" "Long Way Down" "Creek Don't Rise" "The Way It Is"
The Appomattoc were a historic tribe of Virginia Indians speaking an Algonquian language, residing along the lower Appomattox River, in the area of what is now Petersburg, Colonial Heights and Dinwiddie Counties in present-day southeast Virginia. The Appomattoc were affiliated with the estimated 30 tribes of the Powhatan Confederacy, who controlled the area known as Tenakomakah, present-day Tidewater Virginia. According to William Strachey, the Appomattoc were one of four subtribes within the original inheritance of Chief Powhatan, before he incorporated the other tribes into his Confederacy, were said to be connected with the Powhatan royal line; the Appomattoc first encountered English explorers on May 8, 1607, when a party led by Christopher Newport reached one of their villages at the mouth of the Appomattox River. The English recorded that the foremost warrior among the Virginia Indians was bearing a bow and arrow in one hand, a pipe with tobacco in the other, to signify the choice of war or peace.
The English party soon settled some 30–40 miles downstream from there, on Jamestown Island. On May 26, Newport led a second party of 24 Englishmen to Mattica, they were welcomed with tobacco. He noted. A weroansqua, led the village. Despite welcoming the English, some Appomattoc warriors took part in the sporadic raids on their fort until June 13, after which the paramount Chief Powhatan called a ceasefire. John Smith saw the weroansqua of Appomattoc again at Werowocomoco during his capture in December 1607, where she was appointed to wash his hands. Desperate for corn and Ralph Waldo visited the Appomattoc village in late fall 1608, bought corn in exchange for copper. Smith reported in this year that the tribe had 60 warriors Their larger village nearby on the north bank of Wighwhippoc Creek, now called Swift Creek, was ruled by the weroance Coquonasum, brother of Oppussoquionuske. Anglo-Native relations deteriorated in 1609, culminating in the First Anglo-Powhatan War by 1610. Around Christmas 1611, in reprisal for an Appomattoc ambush on the English a year before, Sir Thomas Dale seized Oppussoquionuske's village and the surrounding cultivated land.
He renamed it "New Bermudas". Following the resumption of hostilities in 1622, the colonists, led by Captain Nathaniel West, destroyed Coquonasum's village and drove off the residents in August 1623; the remnants of the tribe moved their settlement farther up Swift Creek, southward to Old Town Creek in present-day Colonial Heights, Virginia. Colonists attacked them again in 1627. In 1635 the Appomattoc were driven from the upper Swift Creek Valley by Captain Henry Fleet, he had spent four years with Indians at Nacotchtank, the present site of Washington DC, spoke Algonquian Powhatan fluently. Fleet built a small fort on the large hill overlooking the falls on the north bank; the site is now occupied by the campus of Virginia State University in Ettrick. After the Powhatan Confederacy were defeated by the English during the second major Anglo-Powhatan War, the Confederacy was dissolved, all the subtribes, including the Appomattoc, individually became tributary to the King of England, rather than to the former Pamunkey Emperor.
The Appomattoc by were located at Ronhorak and Matoks, on the opposite bank north of the Appomattox. This was at the northern end of the "Occaneechi Trail", a long-used Native American trail that ran all the way to South Carolina. In 1645, the Virginia Colony built Fort Henry at a short distance east of Ronhorak. Following the treaty of 1646, until 1691, this fort marked the legal frontier of white settlement, which ran in a straight line from the "head of Yapin" to the Monacan town on the James River; the Appomattoc and other southern Powhatan tribes were thus separated from the more northerly ones by a substantial enclave of English settlement. During all those years, Fort Henry was to be the only point in Virginia at which the Indians could be authorized to cross eastward into white territory, or whites westward into Indian territory. At first the Virginia Indians had to wear a badge made of striped cloth while in white territory to show they were authorized, or they could be murdered on the spot.
In 1662, this law was changed to require them to display a copper badge, or else be subject to arrest. In the early 20th century, such a 17th-century copper badge, inscribed with "Appomattock", was excavated in eastern Dinwiddie County. Fort Henry served as a starting point for subsequent English westward exploration. In 1650, an Appomattoc guide called Pyancha took a party led by Abraham Wood beyond the headwaters of the river. In 1671, their weroance Perecuta led Thomas Batts and Robert Fallam on an expedition within the borders of present-day West Virginia. A 1669 census shows that the Appomattoc had 50 bowmen around this time, which means their total population may have been about 150. Although beyond the allowed treaty limits, Batts in 1674 patented land just west of Matoks. Settlers destroyed the Appomattoc village during Bacon's Rebellion in
The Unknown Soldier or Unknown Soldiers is a war novel by Finnish author Väinö Linna, considered his magnum opus. Published in 1954, The Unknown Soldier chronicles the Continuation War between Finland and the Soviet Union during 1941–1944 from the viewpoint of ordinary Finnish soldiers. In 2000, the manuscript version of the novel was published with the title Sotaromaani and in 2015, the latest English translation as Unknown Soldiers. A fictional account based on Linna's own experiences during the war, the novel presented a more realistic outlook on the romanticized image of a noble and obedient Finnish soldier. Linna gave his characters independent and critical thoughts, presented them with human feelings, such as fear and rebellion. Although published to mixed reviews, The Unknown Soldier became one of the best-selling books in Finland and is considered both a classic in Finnish literature and a part of the national legacy; the novel was well received by frontline veterans. It has sold nearly 800,000 units, been translated into 20 different languages and adapted into three films with the latest one released in 2017.
The novel follows soldiers of a Finnish Army machine gun company operating on the Karelian front during the Continuation War from mobilisation in 1941 to the Moscow Armistice in 1944. The company's action is based on Infantry Regiment 8, the actual unit Väinö Linna served in; the novel has no single central character and both begins and ends with an ironic play on the narrator's omniscience. Rather, its focus is on different responses and views on the experience of war from a frog perspective; the men of the company come from all over Finland, they have varying social backgrounds and political attitudes, everyone has their own way of coping with the war. The novel paints realistic, yet sympathetic, portraits of a score of different men: cowards and heroes—the naive and brave upper-class idealist Kariluoto. Most of the characters are killed in action during the course of the novel; the general atmosphere of the machine gun company is relaxed and business-like childish and jolly, throughout the story, despite the war and despair.
The soldiers' continued disrespect for formalities and discipline is a source of frustration for some of the officers. The novel starts with the company transferring in June 1941 from their barracks to the Finnish-Soviet border in preparation for the invasion of the Soviet Union. Soon after, the soldiers receive their baptism by fire in an attack over a swamp on Soviet positions. Captain Kaarna is killed during the battle and the stern Lieutenant Lammio takes his place as company commander. Amidst a series of battles, the company assaults a Soviet bunker line on a ridge and stops an armoured attack, the ambushed and abandoned Lehto commits suicide during a regimental flanking maneuver, the soldiers advance into East Karelia; the company crosses the old border lost during the Winter War and the soldiers ponder the justification for the continued invasion. In October 1941, the company is stationed in the captured and pillaged Petrozavodsk, where the novel follows the soldiers interacting with the locals.
Two men are executed after refusing to follow orders to fend off a Soviet winter attack along the Svir river—during which Lahtinen is killed while trying to carry off his Maxim M/32-33 machine gun and Rokka distinguishes himself by ambushing a 50-strong enemy unit with a Suomi KP/-31 submachine gun. The story moves on to the trench warfare period of the war; the period includes the soldiers drinking kilju during Commander-in-Chief Field Marshal Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim's birthday celebrations and getting drunk, a new recruit being killed by a sniper for failing to listen to advice from experienced veterans and raising his head above the trench, Rokka capturing an enemy captain during a nightly Soviet probe into the Finnish trenches. The final act of the novel describes the defence against the Soviet Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive of summer 1944, the withdrawal and counter-attacks of the Finnish Army, the numerous losses that the company suffers; the company abandons their machine guns in a lake while withdrawing from a hopeless defence, Lieutenant Colonel Karjula executes the retreating Private Viirilä in a burst of rage while trying to force his men into positions.
Koskela is killed while disabling an attacking Soviet tank with a satchel charge and Hietanen loses his eyes to an artillery strike and dies when his ambulance is attacked. Asumaniemi, a young private, is the last one to die during the company's last counter-attack; the war ends in a ceasefire in September 1944, with the soldiers rising from their foxholes after the final Soviet artillery barrage stops. The survivors listen to the first radio announcements of the eventual Moscow Armistice; the novel's last sentence describes the characters of the unit as "ather dear, those boys." Väinö Linna wrote in his manuscript cover letter to the publisher WSOY that he wanted "to give the soldiers, who bore the weight of the calamity, all the appreciation and strip war of its glory". Gritty and realistic, the novel was intended to shatter the myth of a noble, obedient Finnish soldier. In Linna's own words, he wanted to give the Finnish soldier a brain, an organ he saw lacking in earlier depictions—such as Johan Runeberg's
Transtension is the state in which a rock mass or area of the Earth's crust experiences both extensive and transtensive shear. As such, transtensional regions are characterised by both extensional structures and wrench structures. In general, many tectonic regimes that were defined as simple strike-slip shear zones are transtensional, it is unlikely that a deforming body will experience ` pure' strike-slip. Transtensional shear zones are characterized by the co-existence of different structures, related to both strike-slip shear and extension. End member structures include pure strike-slip faults and purely extensional dip-slip faults. Faults which have components of both are abundant. Releasing bends are transtensional structures that form where the orientation of a strike-slip fault becomes oblique to the regional slip vector causing local extension, they form where two segments of a strike-slip fault overlap, the relay zone between the segments experiences transtension. Releasing bends form negative flower structures or pull-apart basins.