Karuta are Japanese playing cards. Playing cards were introduced to Japan by Portuguese traders during the mid-16th century; these early decks were used for trick-taking games. The earliest indigenous karuta was invented in the town of Miike in Chikugo Province at around the end of the 16th century; the Miike Karuta Memorial Hall located in Ōmuta, Fukuoka, is the only municipal museum in Japan dedicated to the history of karuta. Karuta packs are classified into two groups, those that are descended from Portuguese cards and those from e-awase. E-awase derived from kai-awase, played with shells but were converted to card format during the early 17th-century; the basic idea of any e-awase karuta game is to be able to determine which card out of an array of cards is required and to grab the card before it is grabbed by an opponent. It is played by children at elementary school and junior high-school level during class, as an educational exercise. Chinese playing cards of the money-suited and domino types existed in Japan from at least the late 18th century until the early 20th century.
Their games would influence those played with the Hanafuda pack. The first indigenous Japanese deck was the Tenshō karuta named after the Tenshō period, it was a 48 card deck with the 10s missing like Portuguese decks from that period. It kept the four Latin suits of cups, coins and swords along with the three face cards of female knave and king. In 1633, the Tokugawa shogunate banned these cards, forcing Japanese manufacturers to radically redesign their cards; as a result of Japan's isolationist Sakoku policy, karuta would develop separately from the rest of the world. In order to hide the proscription of Portuguese derived cards, makers turned the cards into abstract designs known as mekuri karuta. By the mid-20th century, all mekuri karuta fell into oblivion with the exception of Komatsufuda, used to play Kakkuri, a game similar to Poch, found in Yafune, Fukui prefecture; the Unsun karuta deck developed in the late 17th century. It has five suits of 15 ranks each for a total of 75 cards. Six of the ranks were face cards.
The Portuguese deck used to have dragons on their aces. The order of the court cards change depending on whether it is the trump suit or not just like in Ombre; the new Guru suit used circular whirls as pips. Unsun Karuta is still used in Hitoyoshi, Kumamoto to play hachinin-meri, a game descended from Guritipau, a relative of Ombre; this game preserves some archaic features such as inverted ranking for the pip cards in the three round suits. Inverted ranking is a feature found in Madiao, Khanhoo, Tổ tôm, Tarot and Maw and is believed to have originated in the earliest card games. Kabufuda is another derivative of mekuri karuta but all the suits were made identical, it is used for gambling games such as Oicho-Kabu. They come in decks of 40 cards with designs representing the numbers 1 through 10. There are four cards for each number and the 10 is the only face card; the gambling game of Tehonbiki can be played with either Hikifuda set. Harifuda contains seven copies of cards numbered one to six in stylized Chinese numerals for a total of 42 cards.
The 48-card Hikifuda or Mamefuda has eight copies of cards with one to six coins, similar to the coins of a mekuri karuta set. In Tehonbiki, the player tries to guess; some sets may include indicator cards to hedge bets. Hanafuda are 48 card decks with flower designs originating from the early 19th century. Instead of being divided by 4 suits with 12 cards each, a hanafuda deck is divided by 12 suits with 4 cards each. Hanafuda games are fishing games, their mechanics are derived from Chinese rather than European fishing games. Uta-garuta is a card game in which 100 waka poems are written on two sets of 100 cards: one set is yomifuda, which have the complete poem taken from the Ogura Hyakunin Isshu, the other is torifuda, which each correspond to a yomifuda and have only the last few lines of the corresponding poem on them. One person is chosen to be the reader; as the reader reads a yomifuda, the players race to find its associated torifuda before anybody else does. It is possible to identify a poem by its first one or two syllables.
This game has traditionally been played on New Year's Day since 1904. Competitive karuta has competitions on various levels with the Japan national championship tournament being held every January at Omi shrine in Ōtsu, Shiga since 1955. A few non-matching games exist. Bouzu Mekuri, is a simple game of chance originating from the Meiji period. Iro Kammuri is a 4-player partnership game, related to Goita. In both games, the poems are irrelevant, the only parts of the cards that matter are the appearance of the poets such as their clothing, sex, or social status. Ita-karuta is a variation found in Hokkaido; the torifuda are made of wood. They are used to play a competitive partnership game called shimo-no ku karuta in which the last half of the poem is read. Iroha Karuta is an easier-to-understand matching game for children, similar to Uta-garuta but with 96 cards. Instead of poems, the cards represent the 47 syllables of the hiragana syllabary and adds kyō for the 48th (since the sy
Elevated blood pressure is referred to as a hypertensive crisis, as blood pressure at this level confers a high risk of complications. People with blood pressures in this range may have no symptoms, but are more to report headaches and dizziness than the general population. Other symptoms accompanying a hypertensive crisis may include visual deterioration due to retinopathy, breathlessness due to heart failure, or a general feeling of malaise due to kidney failure. Most people with a hypertensive crisis are known to have elevated blood pressure, but additional triggers may have led to a sudden rise. A "hypertensive emergency" is diagnosed when there is evidence of direct damage to one or more organs as a result of elevated blood pressure greater than 180 systolic or 120 diastolic; this may include hypertensive encephalopathy, caused by brain swelling and dysfunction, characterized by headaches and an altered level of consciousness. Retinal papilledema and/or fundal bleeds and exudates are another sign of target organ damage.
Chest pain may indicate heart muscle damage or sometimes aortic dissection, the tearing of the inner wall of the aorta. Breathlessness and the coughing up of blood-stained sputum are characteristic signs of pulmonary edema, the swelling of lung tissue due to left ventricular failure an inability of the left ventricle of the heart to adequately pump blood from the lungs into the arterial system. Rapid deterioration of kidney function and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia may occur. In these situations, rapid reduction of the blood pressure is mandated to stop ongoing organ damage. In contrast there is no evidence that blood pressure needs to be lowered in hypertensive urgencies where there is no evidence of target organ damage and over aggressive reduction of blood pressure is not without risks. Use of oral medications to lower the BP over 24 to 48h is advocated in hypertensive urgencies
The Joseph "Diamond Jo" Reynolds Office Building and House is a historic building located in McGregor, United States. Joseph "Diamond Joe" Reynolds was a New York native; as the grain belt moved to the west, he moved with it, settling in Chicago in the 1850s and McGregor around 1860. Because of difficulties accessing steamboats to ship grain down the Mississippi River, he established the Diamond Jo line in 1866, it grew to become a major player in the transportation industry. He had its headquarters moved from Fulton, Illinois to Dubuque, Iowa in 1874. By the late 1870s railroads had taken over as the primary means of shipping grain, Reynolds turned his attention to passenger boats, he had this combination office and residential building constructed in 1885. Reynolds died in 1891 and his widow sold the building before her death in 1895, it has subsequently housed grain trader offices, a billiard parlor, the post office, a winery and apartments. The building is a two-story brick Romanesque Revival structure.
It features round arch windows and doorways, a terra cotta and a triangular pediment above the main entrance. A second-story projecting bay window above the entrance was added about 1900, after the Reynolds' ownership, it has subsequently been removed. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. In 2002 it was listed as a contributing property in the McGregor Commercial Historic District. Diamond Jo Boat Store and Office in Dubuque, Iowa
Nash is a village and community to the south of the city of Newport, South Wales, in the Liswerry ward. The name is thought to originate from a contraction of "An Ash", meaning `place of the ash tree'; this is supported by its appearance in deeds as "De Fraxino". The Welsh name is Trefonnen, given in older sources as Tre'r onnen meaning Town of the Ash. Nash and nearby Goldcliff, as Nash and Goldcliffe, are two of the few villages to appear on the Cambriae Typus map of 1573. Nash lies about 1 mile to the south of the built-up area of the city of Newport, on the Caldicot evel, a large area of land reclaimed from the sea and crossed by drainage channels and reens. In addition to the village itself, the parish contains Uskmouth power stations and part of the Newport Wetlands nature reserve, including its Visitors Centre, opened in 2008; the City of Newport campus of Coleg Gwent is in the neighbouring parish of Liswerry. Together with the neighbouring parishes of Goldcliff and Whitson, Nash is one of the "Three Parishes" which have long been treated as a unit – geographical economically and ecclesiastically.
The parish is bounded to the south by the sea to the east by the lower reaches of the River Usk and to the north by Liswerry and the Llanwern Steelworks site. To the east lie Goldcliff and Whitson. In 1901 the only four private residents are listed as Mrs Morgan at "Greenfield", Mrs Morgan at "The Elms", Rev. C. W. Triton and Miss Ester Wilcox at "Decoy Pool"; some twenty nine commercial interests include farmers but William German and wheelwright, at "Pye Corner", Mrs Sarah Jones, publican at "Waterloo Inn", John Skuse, shop-keeper at Broadstreet Common, Edward Tamplin butcher at "Box Cottage", David Thomas farm bailiff to Mr. James Thomas at "Pye Corner Farm", John Watkins and Lewis Williams, mason at "Ash Cottage". A large part of the village, including Farmfield House, was lost in the construction of the Uskmouth power station and the adjoining huge ash-pits in 1959. Although the main part of the village centres around the church in West Nash, much of the village is set along the wide Broadstreet Common, accessed via Pye Corner or Straits Lane, which provides the more direct route to Whitson and Redwick.
For many years the German family were the village blacksmiths at Pye Corner with the premises becoming a petrol station. The site is now occupied by the offices of Wentloog Levels Internal Drainage Board. About 400 metres south of Pye Corner is Fair Orchard, dating from the early 19th century, a Grade II listed building; the village had its own small infant school, built in 1877 on West Nash Road. It has now been converted into a private dwelling; the Church of St Mary in West Nash, dating from the 12th century, is an important Grade I listed church, notable for its fine tower and spire and has been called "the Cathedral of the Moors". The church belonged to Goldcliff Priory in 1349; the Arney family, in the time of Charles II, left a cottage and six acres of land, called "The Poor's Six Acres", for the support of the poor of the parish. The church was rebuilt during the 16th century; the only remains of the Norman church is the North Wall of the squint. An unusual feature, the squint or hagioscope was used to enable those with leprosy, smallpox or other such diseases, to see or participate in the service without endangering the rest of the congregation with infection.
The tower is unusually located on the north side of the chancel. The church is thought to have been much larger, incorporating a North aisle. In the early years of the 20th century the floor of the bellringer's room was used as a temporary mortuary for the bodies of five sailors, drowned at sea, in a violent storm, near the East Usk Lighthouse. Four of the sailors had been found lashed to the mast. During World War II the church saw congregations of 400; the interior, following restoration in 2004–2005, is notable for its complete set of 18th century furnishings, with box pews, a three-decker pulpit and a western gallery. In the fields to the south of the neighbouring Church Farm are ancient tumuli, the vestiges of some ancient mediæval, dwelling or chapel. At Pye Corner is the former Baptist chapel; the chapel, which opened in 1820 or 1822, had with seating for 125 and a congregation which included residents of what was the hamlet of Lliswerry, about 1 mile to the north. When Lliswerry Baptist Church opened in 1889, some of the congregation found it more convenient to attend there.
The same year that Lliswerry was incorporated into Newport under the provisions of the Newport Corporation Act, 1889. The chapel at Nash contained a covered immersion baptismal font and a pedal organ built and played by Alfred W. Haime, master baker, of Earlswood, Shirenewton. A steady decline in attendances at Nash led to only five remaining members in 1988 and the chapel closed some time afterwards. In 2006 a planning application was made to Newport City Council to convert the building into a dwelling house with vehicular access, it is now in private ownership. To the north of church, at the end of St. Mary's Road, The Waterloo public house is a tenanted free-house notable for the fact it is owned by the parish council. A modern Community Hall has been built nearby. Located at the edge of the Newport Wetlands Reserve, East Usk Lighthouse provides a notable landmark. Parts of Nash are designated a Site of Special Scientific Inter
Miquel Bauçà Rosselló was a Mallorcan poet and writer in the Catalan language. His poems have appeared in most contemporary Catalan poetry anthologies, he was recognized as a talented poet from a young age with Una bella història. Bauçà wrote poetry and narrative work, contained in the publication of El Canvi, the highlight of his work and the beginning of a poetic-encyclopedic project that deepened his works, he died in solitude. Bauçà came from a farming family in Felanitx, he was predominantly raised by a cruel father after his mother died when he was 12. Shortly after his mother died, Bauçà was sent to a seminary in Palma. Bauçà's grandfather was well-loved on the island. In childhood, he was described as "quiet and a little shy". In the late 1950s, Bauçà and friends Joan Julià Maimó, Josep Grimalt and Joan Manresa started a young writers group in Felanitx. During this time, Bauçà may have taken influence from Blai Bonet, a poet writing in Mallorcan style, using carnal and philosophical language.
The Catalan language was oppressed during the Franco regime, using it for his writing was a political statement. Bauçà himself wrote that there is little to note about his life after he turned 18. Bauçà lived the life of a hermit, but was said to have an "unapologetically obsessive vitriol", he did not own any books himself. In his seclusion, he refused his award for Carrer Marsala, was an advocate for more equity in professional writing. Bauçà wrote experimental prose, compared to Robert Walser, Dino Buzzati, Franz Kafka. Both aspects of his life and work have resulted in Bauçà being regarded more for his eccentricity than his work outside of Catalan-speaking countries, his poetry was notably diverse. In his biography of the author, Xavier Gual wrote that Bauçà was "renowned for his verbal and social radicalism", his first published poetry collection was Una bella història, said to have "a strange literal realism, galvanized by a melancholy and strangely fresh view of things". Before this, he had written two other known collections: La carn i el Cants jubilosos.
After his first publication, Bauçà moved to the Catalan mainland to study literature and philosophy at the university in Barcelona, taking with him the recommendation of Josep M. Llompart, considered "the highest critical authority on island poetry". During his university years, Bauçà's eccentricity became accentuated, he had a developmental disability that made communication with people difficult, fell into alcoholism. He won several awards, though critics turned colder after Carrer Marsala. Gual explains that he became the reference point as a writer whose work was "committed to an integral idea", being outside the literary system of the time. However, he continued to win awards for his works. At an unknown time in late 2004, Bauçà died in his apartment in Barcelona, his body was found by the Mossos d'Esquadra on 3 January 2005. In 2006, a documentary called. Years after his death, a book of early poems was published posthumously, it had been in the collection of Pere Oliver Domenge, a mayor of Felanitx who had had to live in exile from Franco in the Philippines.
Gual wrote that he " behind an unclassifiable literary corpus, which has unquestionably expanded the bounds of contemporary Catalan literature." Una bella història Won the Premio Joan Salvat-Papasseit de poesía El noble joc Poemes Notes i comentaris Won the Premio Vicent Andrés Estellés de poesía Cants jubilosos Won the Premio en el Certamen de honor de la Mare de Déu de Sant Salvador de Felanitx Les Mirsines: colònia de vacances Obra poètica 1959-1983 El crepuscle encén estels En el feu de l'ermitage Won the Premio Miquel de Palol de poesía El Canvi Won the Premio Crítica Serra d'Or Els estats de connivència Els somnis Rudiments de saviesa Certituds immediates La carn i el goig Carrer Marsala Won the Premio Ciudad de Barcelona L'estuari Won the Premio Sant Joan de narrativa El vellard. L'escarcellera Biografía en LletrA. Cinco poemas de Miquel Bauçà Biografía en anuaris.cat
Sir Thomas Picton School was a secondary school in Haverfordwest, Wales, with around 1,250 students, 200 of whom were in Years 12 and 13. The school catered for pupils from all over Pembrokeshire, serving towns such as Haverfordwest and Neyland; the school closed in 2018 when it merged with Tasker Milward Voluntary Controlled School to form Haverfordwest High VC School. It is named after Sir Thomas Picton, a Welsh military leader who fought in a number of campaigns for Great Britain, rose to the rank of lieutenant general, he is chiefly remembered for his exploits under the Duke of Wellington in the Iberian Peninsular War and at the Battle of Waterloo, where he was mortally wounded while his division stopped d'Erlon's corps attack against the allied centre left, so became the most senior officer to die at Waterloo. The school was not built as an old military hospital, but it was built with this use in mind, hence the single storey structure with few steps, copying the basic Government design such as the old Odstock hospital.
It was built in 1954, alongside the Government offices at Cherry Grove, as the new secondary modern school. The school improved its facilities, with new science laboratories and refurbished toilets, it was known for its sports facilities, including the onsite sports hall, the gymnasium, the tennis courts, the running track and athletics area and full size astroturf. Due to budget concerns from Pembrokeshire County Council in addition to the underperforming GCSE and A Level results from both schools over a period of a few years, the decision was made to merge Tasker Milward V. C. School and Sir Thomas Picton School into a new School, Haverfordwest High VC School, using the Tasker site for lower School and the Sir Thomas Picton site for upper school and sixth form use, in addition with a new uniform consisting of ties and blazers, a contrast from what both schools uniforms were, which were polo tops and jumpers. Both Tasker Milward V. C. School and Sir Thomas Picton School ceased to exist in August 2018 and the new combined school opened in September 2018.
Facilities include ICT facilities and an extensive range of vocational studies. The school operates under the North Pembrokeshire Federation, whereby the school can share resources with other nearby educational establishments, such as Pembrokeshire College and Tasker-Milward VC School; the school is split into different wings, labelled from A-H. A-wing: special learning, art gallery, etc. B-wing: English C-wing: Mathematics D-wing: Welsh, Bookbase, ICT E-wing: Food Technology, Drama F-wing: Art, product design, motor vehicle, G-wing: Business Studies, ICT, Science H-wing: Hair and beauty, Religious studies, History The school had 1,167 pupils on its roll as of June 2010, of whom 200 attended the sixth form. Pupil support was a important aim of the school, so there were many facilities available in school to help pupils, such as a school counselling service, a peer mentoring system, form tutor mentoring. Additionally, the school installed postboxes in every classroom into which suggestions, complaints and concerns could be deposited.
This fulfilled a dual purpose - as well as ensuring that all available budget was spent, it allowed pupil concerns to be ignored more efficiently. However, the postboxes fell out of use. A "Bully Button" on the Sir Thomas Picton website allowed children to submit statements about anything they felt unsafe about to a senior member of staff, who would speak to them in school. Connie Fisher – singer, winner of the BBC's How Do You Solve A Problem Like Maria? Duffy – female soul singer-songwriter Rob Evans - Welsh International Rugby Player One of the school's major aims is to improve the way in which the environment around the building is treated, the overall contribution of greenhouse emissions from the school. There have been large scale projects to replace the older windows with double-glazing to conserve heat energy, plans to install a wind turbine to help meet the school's rising energy needs are well underway, which may supply 10–15% of its required electrical energy. There were extra facilities for pupils to attend/use outside of lesson time.
Some examples are: -Extr@STP -Blue Lagoon