John Bartholomew Gough was a United States temperance orator. He was born at Sandgate, Kent and was educated by his mother, a schoolmistress. At the age of twelve, after his father died, he was sent to the United States to seek his fortune, he arrived in New York City in August 1829, went to live for two years with family friends on a farm in Oneida County, New York in the western part of the state. He entered a book-bindery in New York City to learn the trade. There in 1833 his mother and sister joined him, but after her death in 1835 he fell in with dissolute companions, became a confirmed drunkard, he lost his position, for several years supported himself as a ballad singer and story-teller in the cheap theatres and concert-halls of New York and other eastern cities. He had always had a passion for the stage, made one or two efforts to become an actor, but owing to his habits gained little favor, he married in 1839, became a bookbinder on his own account. The effort to do his work without giving up his nightly dissipations so affected him that he was on the verge of delirium tremens.
He lost his wife and child, was reduced to the utmost misery. This means of livelihood was being closed to him, when in Worcester, Massachusetts, in October 1842, a little kindness shown him by a Quaker induced him to attend a temperance meeting, to sign a temperance pledge. After several lapses and a terrific struggle, he determined to devote his life to lecturing on behalf of temperance reform, he set forth, carpet-bag in hand, to tramp through the New England states, glad to obtain seventy-five cents for a temperance lecture, soon became famous for his eloquence. An intense earnestness derived from experience, his power of imitation and expression, enabled him to work on the sensibilities of his audiences, he was accustomed to mingle the pathetic and humorous in such a way as to attract thousands to hear him who had no purpose but to be interested and amused. In the first year of his travels, he spoke 386 times, thenceforward for seventeen years he dealt only with temperance. During that period he addressed over 5,000 audiences.
He visited England in 1853, by invitation of the London Temperance League, was entertained by George Cruikshank, the veteran artist and total abstainer, his first address, delivered at Exeter Hall, produced a great sensation. He was kept busy for two years. In 1854 he had undertaken to speak at Oxford, the students had determined to prevent him, he was greeted with hisses, cat calls, yells. But Gough had a disciplined temper and the courage of his convictions, an appeal to the Briton's proverbial love of fair play ended in his obtaining a hearing. On a subsequent visit, in 1878, he was received with distinguished attention by the Oxonians, he returned to the United States in 1855, took up his old work with unabated success. In 1857 he made another journey to England, lectured for three years. In his temperance efforts, Gough always kept aloof from politics or any organized effort to accomplish results through legislation, relying on moral influences and on the total abstinence pledge. After confining his addresses to the subject of temperance for 17 years, he began to take up other subjects and social, though from first to last his chief successes were obtained on the temperance platform.
After his popularity had led him to vary his subject and to lecture before lyceums, he made a moderate fortune by his eloquence. His subjects were such as to give full scope to his powers of imitation, to furnish opportunity to stir the feelings. "Eloquence and Orators" and "Peculiar People" were topics of this kind, in which diverting imitations played a prominent part. But he failed to introduce some reference to the evils of intemperance, his oratory was not natural. He had no elocutionary training, his reading was singularly restricted, all his resources were from within, yet he never failed to hold the attention of his audiences. He continued his work until the end of his life. For several years, he made his home at Massachusetts, he died at his work, being stricken with apoplexy on the lecture platform in the 1st Presbyterian Church of Frankford, where he died two days later. He is buried at Hope Cemetery in Massachusetts. Gough Street in San Francisco, California was named for him. Autobiography Autobiography and Personal Recollections of John B.
Gough Orations Temperance Addresses Temperance Lectures Sunlight and Shadow, or Gleanings from My Life Work Some of his publications have been translated into French, Dutch and Tamil. One of his stories, based upon an anonymously published story The Helmsman of Lake Erie, caused Horatio Alger to write the ballad John Maynard. Gough or Alger both, were the source for Theodor Fontane's ballad John Maynard which remains to this day popular in German speaking countries. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Gough, John Bartholomew". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Wilson, J. G.. "Gough, John Bartholomew". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. John Bartholomew Gough at Find a Grave
Angel Road was a railway station in Edmonton in the London Borough of Enfield, north London, on the Lea Valley line that forms part of the West Anglia Main Line, 7 miles 57 chains down the line from London Liverpool Street. It was between Northumberland Park and Ponders End in Travelcard zone 4 and had the three-letter station code AGR, it is located beneath the A406 flyover of Meridian Way, was accessed via a footpath from Conduit Lane, on an adjacent flyover to the north. The stations's immediate surroundings include non-manufacturing industrial businesses and a former gas works. In 2016–17 it was the least-used station in London, with an estimated 33,500 passenger entries/exits. Angel Road closed permanently to the general public on 31 May 2019 and was replaced by Meridian Water station, which opened on 3 June 2019 and is located 630 yards south of Angel Road; the station was opened on 15 September 1840 by the Northern and Eastern Railway as "Edmonton", although it was situated 0.75 miles from Edmonton village.
The Northern and Eastern Railway was leased by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1844, which took over operation of the line. The line was laid to a gauge of 5 ft but, identified as non-standard, between 5 September and 7 October 1844 the whole network was re-laid to 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge; the Eastern Counties Railway renamed the station "Water Lane" on 1 March 1849, after it became a junction, following the opening of a branch to Lower Edmonton to the north-west. The station was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1862 and renamed "Angel Road" on 1 January 1864, it had a small goods yard to the west and the Tottenham gas works was located to the south. Following the grouping of 1923, Angel Road became part of the North Eastern Railway. Regular passenger services ceased on the Lower Edmonton line in 1939, although it was still used as a diversionary route. With nationalisation in 1948 the station came under the control of the Eastern Region of British Railways. Freight services ceased in 1964 on the Lower Edmonton line and that route was lifted the following year.
The Lea Valley line between Copper Mill Junction and Cheshunt was electrified at 25 kV AC in 1969. Prior to the completion of electrification, passenger services between Cheshunt and London through Angel Road were operated by Class 125 diesel multiple units, purpose-built for the line in 1958; when sectorisation was introduced in 1986, the station was served by Network SouthEast until the privatisation of British Rail in 1994. With privatisation, management of the state-owned track and signals passed to Railtrack, succeeded by Network Rail in 2004. In August 2002, signalling control of the relevant section of track was transferred to the Liverpool Street Integrated Electronic Control Centre. Following privatisation in 1994, management of the station was allocated to a business unit before being taken over by West Anglia Great Northern in January 1997, at the time owned by Prism Rail. National Express acquired the franchise holder in July 2000; the WAGN franchise was replaced in 2003 by the One franchise renamed National Express East Anglia.
In February 2012, operation of the station changed once again with Abellio Greater Anglia taking over the franchise. The London Borough of Enfield announced in January 2014 that a new station, named "Meridian Water", some 600 metres to the south, would be constructed as an integral part of the proposed Meridian Water development; the new station is required to cope with the expected increase in passengers associated with the project. A public consultation was held, in which 78% of consultants opined that the footbridge should be moved to Pilning railway station to replace one removed in 2016; the new station was expected to open in May 2019. In August 2018, the Department for Transport began a consultation on the proposal to close Angel Road. On 24 January 2019, the DfT announced that Angel Road would close on 19 May, with Meridian Water opening on the same day; the closure of the station was ratified by the Office of Rail and Road on 11 April, although the closure date was subsequently re-scheduled for 31 May.
Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. Grid reference TQ351922 Angel Road - Least Used Station in London 2018 YouTube video by Geoff Marshall about the station