Minami-Rinkan Station is a railway station on the Odakyu Enoshima Line in the city of Yamato, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway. Minami-Rinkan Station is served by the Odakyu Enoshima Line, lies 36.8 kilometers from the Tokyo terminus of the Odakyu Railway at Shinjuku Station. Minami-Rinkan Station has two side platforms serving two tracks, which are connected to the station building by a footbridge; the station opened on April 1929, as Minami-Rinkantoshi station. It was renamed Minami-Rinkan on October 15, 1941. List of railway stations in Japan Official website
Urashima Tarō is the protagonist of a Japanese fairy tale, who in a typical modern version is a fisherman, rewarded for rescuing a turtle, carried on its back to the Dragon Palace which lies beneath the sea. There he is entertained by the princess Otohime as reward, he spends what he believes to be 4 or 5 days, but upon his return to his home village, he finds himself 300 years in the future. When he opens the box he was told never to open, he turns into an old man; the tale originates from the legend of Urashimako recorded in various pieces of literature dating to the 8th century, such as the Fudoki for Tango Province, Nihon Shoki, the Man'yōshū. During the Muromachi to Edo periods, versions of Urashima Tarō appeared in storybook form called the Otogizōshi, made into finely painted picture scrolls and picture books or mass-printed copies; these texts vary and in some, the story ends with Urashima Tarō transforming into a crane. Some iconic elements in the modern version are recent; the portrayal of him riding a turtle dates only to the early 18th century, while he is carried underwater to the Dragon Palace in modern tellings, he rides a boat to the princess's world called Hōrai in older versions.
The Urashima Tarō tales familiar to most Japanese follows the storyline of children's tale author Iwaya Sazanami in the Meiji period. A condensed version of Sazanami's retelling appeared in Kokutei kyōkasho, Japan's nationally designated textbook for the elementary school, became read by the schoolchildren of the populace. Modern versions of Urashima Tarō, which are similar, are demonstrably based on the story from these nationally designated textbook series. A summary of the Urashima tale from the textbook series will be given below; the base text used will be Urashima Tarō, from the 3rd edition, a familiar textbook used during the 1918–1932 period. An English translation has been provided in Yoshiko Holmes's thesis. Long ago, a man named Urashima Tarō found a turtle on the beach being toyed with by a group of children, he released it in the ocean. Two or three days while he was fishing on a boat as always, the grateful turtle came and told him he would carry him on his back to the underwater palace known as Dragon Palace.
At the palace, the princess thanked him for saving the turtle. After an unspecified number of days, remembrance of his mother and father made him homesick, he bid farewell to Otohime; the princess tried to dissuade him from leaving, but let him go with a parting gift, a mysterious box called tamatebako whose lid he was told never to open. When Tarō returned to his hometown, everything had changed, his home was gone, his mother and father had perished, the people he knew were nowhere to be seen. Not remembering the princess's warning, he lifted the lid of the box. A cloud of white smoke arose; the story remained as one of the dozen tales included in the 4th edition of national reader textbooks, used from 1933–ca. 1940, thus continuing to enjoy wide recognition. There are a number of renditions set to music. Among the most popular is the school song "Urashima Tarō" of 1911 which begins with the line "Mukashi, mukashi Urashima wa, tasuketa kame ni tsurerarete", printed in the Jinjō shōgaku shōka; this song's author was long relegated to anonymity, but the lyricist is now considered to be Okkotsu Saburō.
Another school song "Urashima Tarō" appeared in the Yōnen shōka. Although written in stilted classical language, Miura considered this version the more familiar. Long before the versions in 19th century textbooks, there had been the otogi-zōshi versions from the Muromachi period. Conventionally, commentators using the term otogizōshi are referring by default to the text found in the Otogi Bunko, since it was printed and disseminated. In the Otogi Bunko version, a young fisherman named Urashima Tarō catches a turtle on his fishing line and releases it; the next day, Urashima encounters a boat with a woman on it wishing to be escorted home. She does not identify herself, although she is the transformation of the turtle, spared; when Urashima rows her boat to her magnificent residence, she proposes. The residence is the Dragon Palace, on each of the four sides of the palace is the gardenscape of a different season. Urashima is given a memento box in parting, he arrives in his hometown to find it desolate, discovers 700 years have passed since he last left it.
He cannot restrain his temptation to open the box which he was cautioned not to open, whereupon three wisps of purple cloud appear and turn him into an old man. It ends with Urashima Tarō transforming into a crane, his wife reverting back to the form of a turtle, the two thereafter revered as myōjin. There are over 50 texts of the Urashima Tarō otogi-zōshi extant; these variants fall into four broad groups, clustered by their similarity. The Otogi Bunko text belongs to Group IV; the Otogi Bunko version, despite its conventional status as the type text, differs from the typical children's storybook published in the modern day: the protagonist neither purchases the turtle from others to save
Kugenuma-Kaigan Station is a railway station on the Odakyu Enoshima Line in Fujisawa, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway. Kugenuma-Kaigan Station is served by the Odakyu Enoshima Line, is 58.2 rail kilometers from the Odakyu terminus at Shinjuku Station in Tokyo. Kugenuma-Kaigan Station has two side platforms serving two tracks, which are connected to the station building by an overpass. Kugenuma-Kaigan Station was opened on April 1, 1929; the platforms were lengthened to accept 10-car express trains in 1998. Odakyu station information
Sakuragaoka Station is a train station on the Odakyu Enoshima Line in the city of Yamato, Japan. It is 42.1 rail kilometers from the terminus of the Odakyu Railway at Shinjuku Station in Tokyo. Sakuragaoka Station was opened on November 25, 1952; the station building was modernized in 1978. Odakyu Electric Railway Enoshima Line Sakuragaoka Station has two side platforms serving two tracks, which are connected to the station building by an overpass. Official home page
Machida Station (Tokyo)
Machida Station is an interchange railway station in Machida, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company and Odakyu Electric Railway. Machida Station is served by the Yokohama Line from Hachiōji to Higashi-Kanagawa; the station is served by the Odakyu Odawara Line from Shinjuku to Odawara. JR East Machida Station has two island platforms serving four tracks, with the station building located above and perpendicular to the platforms, has a "Midori no Madoguchi" staffed ticket office. Odakyu Machida Station has two elevated island platforms serving four tracks, while located inside a station building containing a supermarket and department store; the JR East station first opened as Haramachida Station on September 23, 1908. The Odakyu station opened on 1 April 1927 as Shin-Haramachida Station, renamed Machida Station on 11 April 1976, the current station building and Odakyu Department Store opened on 23 September 1976; the JR station was moved 0.4 km towards Hachiōji and renamed to Machida on April 1, 1980 to reduce the walking distance between it and the Odakyu station from 700 m to 300 m, to facilitate interchange.
Machida City Museum of Graphic Arts Machida Civic Hall Machida Municipal Hospital Sagamihara, Kanagawa List of railway stations in Japan JR East Official website Odakyu Official website
Enoshima is a small offshore island, about 4 km in circumference, at the mouth of the Katase River which flows into the Sagami Bay of Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Administratively, Enoshima is part of the mainland city of Fujisawa, is linked to the Katase section of that city by a 600-metre-long bridge. Home to some of the closest sandy beaches to Tokyo and Yokohama, the island and adjacent coastline are the hub of a local resort area. Benzaiten, the goddess of music and entertainment, is enshrined on the island; the island in its entirety is dedicated to the goddess, said to have caused it to rise from the bottom of the sea in the sixth century. The island is the scene of the Enoshima Engi, a history of shrines on Enoshima written by the Japanese Buddhist monk Kōkei in 1047 AD. In 1880, after the Shinto and Buddhism separation order of the new Meiji government had made the land available, much of the uplands was purchased by Samuel Cocking, a British merchant, in his Japanese wife's name, he developed a power plant and extensive botanical gardens including a large greenhouse.
Although the original greenhouse was destroyed in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, the botanical garden remains an attraction with over half a million visitors a year. Enoshima is now the center of a resort area along the coast of Sagami Bay. Enoshima is served by three nearby railway stations: Katase-Enoshima Terminus on the Odakyū Enoshima Line, Enoshima Station on the Enoshima Electric Railway, Shōnan-Enoshima Station on the Shonan Monorail. Okutsumiya Shrine- located at the back of the island. Iwaya Caves- it is formed by the erosion of waves in the ancient times, it had been a place for Buddhist monks to train. The Iwaya caves consists of the Second Cave; these caves can be entered by purchasing a ticket. Samuel Cocking Garden- located at the island's summit. Enoshima Sea Candle- located within the Samuel Cocking Garden. Enoshima was the Olympic harbor for the 1964 Summer Olympics. Enoshima will be the sailing venue for the 2020 Summer Olympics. While the bridge and town area of Enoshima are wheelchair accessible, anything past the main gate of the shrine is inaccessible to those with mobility difficulties.
Papinot, E.. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of Japan. 1972 printing. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Company. ISBN 0-8048-0996-8. Sabin, Burritt. A Historical Guide to Yokohama. Yokohama: Yurindo. ISBN 4-89660-172-6. Enoshima travel guide from Wikivoyage Enoshima Shrine Fujisawa City Tourist Association
Kita-Senju Station is a railway station in Adachi, Japan. Kita-Senju is the third-busiest station on the Tokyo Metro network, after Otemachi, it is the tenth-busiest JR East station. Kita-Senju Station is served by the following lines. JR East Joban Line Tobu Skytree Line Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line Tsukuba Express JR East platforms are on ground level; the Chiyoda Line platforms are underground. Platforms 1 to 4 are located on ground level, platforms 5 to 7 are elevated; the Tsukuba Express platforms are elevated. The station opened on 25 December 1896. From 17 March 2012, station numbering was introduced on all Tobu lines, with Kita-Senju Station becoming "TS-09". In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by an average of 203,428 passengers daily, making it the tenth-busiest station operated by JR East. In fiscal 2013, the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda station was used by an average of 283,962 passengers per day and the Tokyo Metro Hibiya station was used by an average of 291,466 passengers per day.
Note that the latter statistics consider passengers who travel through Kita-Senju station on a through service as users of the station if they did not disembark at the station. The Chiyoda Line station is the third-busiest on the Tokyo Metro network which does not offer through services onto other lines; the JR East passenger figures for previous years are as shown below. List of railway stations in Japan JR East station information Tobu station information Tokyo Metro station information Tsukuba Express station information