Birmingham–Southern College is a private liberal arts college in Birmingham, United States. Founded in 1856, the college is affiliated with the United Methodist Church and is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. More than 1300 students from 33 states and 16 foreign countries attend the college. Birmingham–Southern has a 13:1 student-faculty ratio, 96% of full-time faculty hold a doctorate or the highest degree in their field. Birmingham–Southern College is the result of a merger of Southern University, founded in Greensboro, Alabama, in 1856, with Birmingham College, opened in 1898 in Birmingham, Alabama; these two institutions were consolidated on May 30, 1918, under the name of Birmingham–Southern College. Phi Beta Kappa recognized Birmingham -- Southern in 1937. Only ten percent of the nation's institutions of higher education shelter Phi Beta Kappa chapters, Birmingham–Southern College is one of only three sheltering institutions in the state of Alabama. On March 21, 2011, General Charles Krulak was named the 13th president of Birmingham–Southern College.
Krulak retired on June 1, 2015 and was succeeded by Dr. Edward F. Leonard, III, the 14th president of the College. A delegation from BNU-HKBU United International College was invited by the Associated Colleges of the South, a consortium of 16 liberal arts colleges in the US, to explore collaborative ties. UIC visited three of the ACS member institutions between 25 April; the delegates discussed exchange opportunities and collaborative projects with Birmingham–Southern College. According to such diverse and national measures as Colleges That Change Lives and the Princeton Review's Best 377 Colleges, Birmingham–Southern is one of America's best liberal arts colleges; as determined by the Council for Advancement and Support of Education and the Carnegie Foundation, four of Alabama's “Best Professors” in recent years teach at BSC, with Prof. Laura Stultz being named Professor of the Year for 2013; the college offers five bachelor's degrees in more than 50 programs of study, as well as interdisciplinary and individualized majors and dual degree programs.
The campus is situated on 192 wooded acres three miles west of downtown Birmingham. The college has 45 academic, residential and athletics buildings/facilities; some highlights: Elton B. Stephens Science Center: Housing the natural sciences, the 100,000-square-foot, $24.1 million Stephens Science Center. Norton Campus Center: The hub of campus, the Norton Campus Center houses the bookstore, post office, student lounge areas as well as offices for student development, residence life, counseling and health services. Munger Memorial Hall: The architectural centerpiece of campus, Munger Hall, built in the 1920s, houses administrative offices and a 900-seat auditorium. Berte Humanities Center: Named in honor of former BSC President Neal Berte, the Humanities Center opened in 2004 and houses the foreign languages lab, the academic resource center, classrooms designed for BSC's small student-to-faculty ratio. College Theatre: With a split-revolve-lift stage, the main theatre can host a variety of set designs.
Lakeview Residence Halls: The first Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design residence halls in Alabama, Lakeview North and South opened in 2010 and offer suite-style living for upperclass students. Hilltop Village Apartments: Recently renovated, the Hilltop Village apartment complex contains sixteen buildings that house 350 students. Urban Environmental Park: The Urban Environmental Park features a 1.5 acre lake, walking paths, Wi-Fi internet. N. E Miles Library: The N. E. Miles Library includes a collection of 257,000 volumes, 57,000 government documents, more than 20,000 recordings, compact discs, DVDs. More than 135 online databases provide access to the full text of over 40,000 periodicals and numerous e-books; the library features an auditorium, study areas, conference rooms, an electronic classroom. Striplin Fitness and Recreation Center: The main facility for campus recreation, Striplin features two basketball courts, an indoor jogging track, racquetball courts, a golf simulator, an indoor swimming pool, strength training and cardiovascular workout rooms.
A sampling of the more than 80 student interest groups on campus: Allies Art Students League Black Student Union BSC Debate Society BSC Bass Fishing Team BSC Pantherettes Dance Team BSC Ultimate Frisbee Coalition for Human Dignity College Democrats College Republicans Cross Cultural Committee Film Club Honor Council Multi-Cultural Awareness Organization Reformed University Fellowship Student Government Association Quest II: The Student Programming Board Soccer club Wesley Fellowship Fraternities and sororities organize campus social events and service projects. Kappa Alpha Order 1882 Alpha Tau Omega 1885 Sigma Nu 1987 Theta Chi 1942 Sigma Chi 1991 Sigma Alpha Epsilon 1878 Alpha Phi Alpha Lambda Chi Alpha 1924 Zeta Tau Alpha 1922 Alpha Omicron Pi 1925 Alpha Chi Omega 1926 Pi Beta Phi 1927-1989, recolonized 1991 Gamma Phi Beta 1930-1957 Kappa Delta 1930 Delta Zeta 1963-1974 Chi Omega 1989 Alpha Kappa Alpha 1979-2006 Birmingham–Southern athletic teams are known as the Panthers. Birmingham–Southern is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and competes at the Division III level in the Southern Athletic Association.
The college was a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics and enjoyed a successful run in NAIA prior to joining the NCAA. After three years as a Division I member, the college moved to Division III in 2006
Farrah Leni Fawcett was an American actress and artist. A four-time Emmy Award nominee and six-time Golden Globe Award nominee, Fawcett rose to international fame when she posed for her iconic red swimsuit poster – which became the best selling pin-up poster in history – and starred as private investigator Jill Munroe in the first season of the television series Charlie's Angels. In 1996, she was ranked No. 26 on TV Guide's "50 Greatest TV stars of All-Time". In 1969, Fawcett began her career. During the 1970s, she appeared in numerous television series, including recurring roles on Harry O, The Six Million Dollar Man with her first husband and television star Lee Majors, her breakthrough role came in 1976, when she was cast as Jill Munroe in the ABC series Charlie's Angels, alongside Kate Jackson and Jaclyn Smith. The show propelled all three to stardom, but Fawcett. After appearing in only the first season, Fawcett decided to leave the show, which led to legal disputes, she signed a contract that required her to make six guest appearances in the show's third and fourth seasons.
For her role in Charlie's Angels she received her first Golden Globe nomination. In 1983, Fawcett received positive reviews for her performance in the Off-Broadway play Extremities, she received a Golden Globe nomination. She received two Emmy Award nominations for her roles in TV movies, as a battered wife in the 1984 film The Burning Bed and as real-life murderer Diane Downs in the 1989 film Small Sacrifices, her 1980s work in TV movies earned her four additional Golden Globe nominations. In 1997, she gained some negative press for a rambling appearance on The Late Show with David Letterman, but garnered strong reviews for her role in the film The Apostle with Robert Duvall, she continued in numerous TV series, including recurring roles in the sitcom Spin City and the drama The Guardian. For the latter, she received her third Emmy nomination, her film roles include, Love Is a Funny Thing, Myra Breckinridge, Logan's Run, Saturn 3, The Cannonball Run, The Apostle, Dr. T & the Women. Fawcett was diagnosed with anal cancer in 2006, she died three years at age 62.
The 2009 NBC documentary Farrah's Story chronicled her battle with the disease. She posthumously earned her fourth Emmy nomination for her work as a producer on the documentary. Fawcett was born in 1947 in Texas, her mother, Pauline Alice Fawcett, was a homemaker, her father, James William Fawcett, was an oil field contractor. Her elder sister, Diane Fawcett Walls, was a graphic artist, she was of Irish, French and Choctaw Native American ancestry. Fawcett once said the name "Farrah" was "made up" by her mother because it went well with their last name. A Roman Catholic, Fawcett began her early education at the parish school of the church her family attended, St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church in Corpus Christi, she graduated from W. B. Ray High School in Corpus Christi, where she was voted "most beautiful" by her classmates in her freshman, sophomore and senior years of high school. Between 1965 and 1968, she attended the University of Texas, where she studied microbiology before switching her major to art.
She lived at Madison House on 22nd street, west of campus, was a member of Delta Delta Delta sorority. In her freshman year of college she was named one of the "ten most beautiful coeds on campus", her photos were sent to various agencies in Hollywood. David Mirisch, a Hollywood agent, urged her to come to Los Angeles, she turned him down. In the summer of 1968, Fawcett moved to Los Angeles staying at the Hollywood Studio Club, with her parents' permission to "try her luck" in the entertainment industry; when Fawcett arrived in Hollywood at age 21 in 1968, Screen Gems signed her to a $350-a-week contract. She began to appear in commercials for such products as Noxzema, Max Factor, Mercury Cougar automobiles, Beautyrest mattresses, among others, her earliest acting appearances were guest spots on The Flying I Dream of Jeannie. She made numerous other TV appearances, including Getting Together, Owen Marshall: Counselor at Law, Mayberry R. F. D. and The Partridge Family. She appeared in four episodes of The Six Million Dollar Man with husband Lee Majors, on The Dating Game and S.
W. A. T, had a recurring role on Harry O alongside David Janssen as the title character's girlfriend, Sue, she had a sizable part in the 1969 French romantic-drama Love Is a Funny Thing. She played the role of Mary Ann Pringle in Myra Breckinridge. In 1976, Pro Arts Inc. pitched the idea of a poster of Fawcett to her agent. A photo shoot was arranged with photographer Bruce McBroom, hired by the poster company. According to friend Nels Van Patten, Fawcett styled her own hair and did her makeup without the aid of a mirror, her blonde highlights were further heightened by a squeeze of lemon juice. Fawcett selected her six favorite pictures from 40 rolls of film, the choice was narrowed to the one that made her famous; the resulting image of Fawcett in a one-piece red bathing suit is the best-selling poster in history. Due to the popularity of her poster, Fawcett earned a supporting role in Michael Anderson's science-fiction
Mountain Brook, Alabama
Mountain Brook is a city in southeastern Jefferson County, United States, a suburb of Birmingham. Its estimated 2015 population was 20,691, it is one of the state's most affluent places. The city was developed in 1929 by real-estate businessman Robert Jemison, Jr. as an extensive residential subdivision along the ridges known as Red Mountain and Shades Mountain. It was incorporated on May 24, 1942; the plans, by Boston-based landscape architect Warren H. Manning, called for estate-sized lots along winding scenic roads and denser commercial development centering on three picturesque "villages": English Village, Mountain Brook Village and Crestline Village. Most of Mountain Brook's development preserved the existing trees: 92.03% is under tree cover, one of the highest ratios in the nation. Residential sections such as Cherokee Bend, Brookwood Forest and Crestline have houses in a forest setting, with a recreational network of bridle paths; this has protected the area from urban encroachment. Mountain Brook is the location of the first office park in the U.
S. built in 1955. It featured the novel concepts of ample free parking and low-profile office buildings surrounded by waterspouts and landscaped grounds. A new city hall, including a fire and police station, was completed in 2013; the city is located at 33°29′13″N 86°44′26″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, it has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2010, there were 20,413 people, 7,731 households, 5,864 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,673.2 people per square mile. There were 8,266 housing units at an average density of 675.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 1.0% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, 0.6% from two or more races. 1.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,731 households out of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.2% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.1% were non-families.
22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.12. The population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 20.8% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males. The median income for a household was $130,721, the median income for a family was $164,750. Males had a median income of $124,224 versus $54,420 for females; the per capita income for the city was $76,763. 1.8% of families and 3.7% of individuals were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of individuals under 18 and 2.5% of those 65 and over. According to a list compiled in 2008 by Stephen Higley, it is the ninth wealthiest community in the United States, it is referred to as "The Tiny Kingdom" due to its high concentration of the region's business and professional leaders, the disparity of wealth between it and Birmingham where according to census data nearly a quarter of the population lives below the poverty line.
Mountain Brook has a city council/mayor/city manager system of government. The city council, consisting of five members elected at large, considers most issues and appoints the police chief and fire chief; the mayor is Stewart Welch, III, first elected in 2016. The city manager is Sam Gaston, appointed by the council and mayor in January 2008; the Tree Commission and the Planning Commission consider specific issues and refer them to the council. The Mountain Brook School System is rated one of the best in the state, it includes the following six schools, all of which except Mountain Brook Elementary have been awarded the Blue Ribbon: Brookwood Forest Elementary Cherokee Bend Elementary Crestline Elementary Mountain Brook Elementary Mountain Brook Junior High Mountain Brook High School Courteney Cox, actor Tribble Reese, actor Natalee Holloway, unsolved disappearance Gregg Carr and former Pittsburgh Steelers football player Alan Hunter, MTV Veejay Barret Swatek, Hollywood actor, Republican activist and recurring talk-show guest Lou Anders, writer Jay Barker, former NFL player Sara Evans, country music singer Doug Jones, current U.
S. senator from Alabama Luther Strange, former U. S. senator from Alabama Kate Jackson, Hollywood actor In South and West: From a Notebook, Joan Didion writes, "It is said that the dead center of Birmingham society is the southeast corner of the locker room at the Mountain Brook country club." She adds, "it is hard to make the connection between this Birmingham and that of Bull Connor."During his 1970 gubernatorial campaign, George Wallace derisively referred to Mountain Brook as "where the rich folks live in the suburbs up across the mountain from Birmingham." City of Mountain Brook website Historic American Landscapes Survey No. AL-2, "Mountain Brook, Mountain Brook Parkway at Cahaba Road, Mountain Brook, Jefferson County, AL", 56 photos, 4 photo caption pages
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U. S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State"; the state tree is the longleaf pine, the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery; the largest city by population is Birmingham. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana. From the American Civil War until World War II, like many states in the southern U. S. suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s.
Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one based on agriculture to one with diversified interests; the state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, finance, aerospace, mineral extraction, education and technology. The European-American naming of the Alabama River and state was derived from the Alabama people, a Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the river. In the Alabama language, the word for a person of Alabama lineage is Albaamo; the suggestion that "Alabama" was borrowed from the Choctaw language is unlikely. The word's spelling varies among historical sources; the first usage appears in three accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540: Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamo, while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamu in transliterations of the term.
As early as 1702, the French called the tribe the Alibamon, with French maps identifying the river as Rivière des Alibamons. Other spellings of the name have included Alibamu, Albama, Alibama, Alabamu, Allibamou. Sources disagree on the word's meaning; some scholars suggest the word comes from amo. The meaning may have been "clearers of the thicket" or "herb gatherers", referring to clearing land for cultivation or collecting medicinal plants; the state has numerous place names of Native American origin. However, there are no correspondingly similar words in the Alabama language. An 1842 article in the Jacksonville Republican proposed it meant "Here We Rest." This notion was popularized in the 1850s through the writings of Alexander Beaufort Meek. Experts in the Muskogean languages have not found any evidence to support such a translation. Indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. Trade with the northeastern tribes by the Ohio River began during the Burial Mound Period and continued until European contact.
The agrarian Mississippian culture covered most of the state from 1000 to 1600 AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama. This is the second-largest complex of the classic Middle Mississippian era, after Cahokia in present-day Illinois, the center of the culture. Analysis of artifacts from archaeological excavations at Moundville were the basis of scholars' formulating the characteristics of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex. Contrary to popular belief, the SECC appears to have no direct links to Mesoamerican culture, but developed independently; the Ceremonial Complex represents a major component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples. Among the historical tribes of Native American people living in present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the Cherokee, an Iroquoian language people. While part of the same large language family, the Muskogee tribes developed distinct cultures and languages. With exploration in the 16th century, the Spanish were the first Europeans to reach Alabama.
The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in 1540. More than 160 years the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in 1702; the city was moved to the current site of Mobile in 1711. This area was claimed by the French from 1702 to 1763 as part of La Louisiane. After the French lost to the British in the Seven Years' War, it became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1783. After the United States victory in the American Revolutionary War, the territory was divided between the United States and Spain; the latter retained control of this western territory from 1783 until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U. S. forces on April 13, 1813. Thomas Bassett, a loyalist to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary era, was one of the earliest white settlers in the state
Herman Andrew Stevens is an American executive, film producer and actor. Stevens was born in Memphis, the only child of actress Stella Stevens and her former husband Noble Herman Stephens. Prior to his producing career, Stevens was a writer and actor, he had a bit role in Shampoo, went on to appear in cult thrillers such as Massacre at Central High, Vigilante Force and Day of the Animals, as well as the cult horror film The Fury starring Kirk Douglas. He was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for his performance in The Boys in Company C, starred with Charles Bronson in two films, Death Hunt and 10 to Midnight, he appeared in the miniseries Once an Eagle and played 17-year-old Andrew Thorpe on the NBC Western series, The Oregon Trail. The program filmed only thirteen episodes; the Canadian television series The New Liars Club. Stevens starred based on the John Jakes novels, he appeared opposite Dennis Weaver and Susan Dey in the short-lived drama Emerald Point N. A. S. as a playboy/tennis bum in Columbo: Murder in Malibu, as one of J.
R. Ewing's stooges Casey Denault, on Dallas, for two seasons, beginning in 1987, he played Ted Rorchek in the 1981-82 television series "Code Red". He appeared in the miniseries Hollywood Wives. During this time, he starred in the erotic thriller Night Eyes, its sequels. In early 1990, Stevens left the public eye to become an independent entrepreneur writing, producing and financing films for his own companies, he was President/CEO of Franchise Pictures, which produced films for Warner Bros. from 1999 through 2005, including The Whole Nine Yards and its sequel, The Whole Ten Yards, as well as The In-Laws. Franchise and its subsidiaries filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on August 19, 2004, after losing a multimillion-dollar fraud case in Los Angeles, is now defunct. Prior to Franchise, Stevens was an owner and president of Royal Oaks Entertainment, which produced and/or distributed seventy pictures over a three-year period including many HBO, Showtime and Sci-Fi Channel world premieres. Prior to Royal Oaks, Stevens' entrée into foreign sales and production company ownership was with Sunset Films International, which amassed a library of 19 titles during his first year as president of the company.
He operates Andrew Stevens Entertainment and Stevens Entertainment Group. In 2017, he published a screenwriting manual, Screenwriting for Profit: Writing for the Global Marketplace; the book discusses how writers can use better understanding of the domestic and international film markets to assist their screenplays. Prior to his marriages, he dated Pattie Sullivan from 1976 to 1978. Stevens was married to actress Kate Jackson from 1978 to 1982, he has three children by his second marriage to Robyn Suzanne Scott, which ended in divorce in 2010. Stevens married Diana Phillips Hoogland in 2016; as of April 9, 2018, his Facebook status changed to single. Andrew Stevens on IMDb Andrew Stevens at the TCM Movie Database Andrew Stevens at AllMovie
Mary Louise "Meryl" Streep is an American actress. Described as the "best actress of her generation", Streep is known for her versatility and accent adaptation. Nominated for a record 21 Academy Awards, she has won three. Streep has received 31 Golden Globe nominations, winning eight - more nominations, wins, than any other actor, she has won three Primetime Emmy Awards and has been nominated for fifteen British Academy Film Awards, seventeen Screen Actors Guild Awards, winning two each. Streep made her stage debut in Trelawny of the Wells in 1975. In 1976, she received a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play for 27 Wagons Full of Cotton and A Memory of Two Mondays. In 1977, she made her screen debut in the television film The Deadliest Season, made her film debut in Julia. In 1978, she won an Emmy Award for her role in the mini-series Holocaust, received her first Academy Award nomination for The Deer Hunter. Streep went on to win the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Kramer vs. Kramer, the Academy Award for Best Actress for Sophie's Choice and The Iron Lady.
Streep's other Oscar-nominated roles were in The French Lieutenant's Woman, Out of Africa, Evil Angels, Postcards from the Edge, The Bridges of Madison County, One True Thing, Music of the Heart, The Devil Wears Prada, Julie & Julia, August: Osage County, Into the Woods, Florence Foster Jenkins, The Post. She returned to the stage for the first time in over 20 years in The Public Theater's 2001 revival of The Seagull, won a second Emmy Award and a Golden Globe in 2004 for the HBO mini-series Angels in America. Streep was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2004, Gala Tribute from the Film Society of Lincoln Center in 2008, Kennedy Center Honor in 2011 for her contribution to American culture, through performing arts. President Barack Obama awarded her the 2010 National Medal of Arts, in 2014, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2003, the government of France made her a Commander of the Order of Letters, she was awarded the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 2017. Mary Louise Streep was born on June 1949, in Summit, New Jersey.
She is the daughter of a commercial artist and art editor. She has two younger brothers: Harry William Streep III and Dana David Streep, who are actors. Streep's father Harry was of Swiss ancestry, her father's lineage traces back to Loffenau, from where her second great-grandfather, Gottfried Streeb, immigrated to the United States, where one of her ancestors served as mayor. Another line of her father's family was from Switzerland, her mother had English and Irish ancestry. Some of Streep's maternal ancestors lived in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, were descended from 17th-century immigrants from England, her eighth great-grandfather, Lawrence Wilkinson, was one of the first Europeans to settle in Rhode Island. Streep is the second cousin 7 times removed of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania. Streep's maternal great-great-grandparents, Manus McFadden and Grace Strain, the latter the namesake of Streep's second daughter, were natives of the Horn Head district of Dunfanaghy, Ireland. Streep's mother, whom she has compared in both appearance and manner to Dame Judi Dench encouraged her daughter, instilled confidence in her from a young age.
Streep has said: "She was a mentor because she said to me,'Meryl, you're capable. You're so great.' She was saying, ` You can do. If you're lazy, you're not going to get it done, but if you put your mind to it, you can do anything.' And I believed her." Although Streep was more introverted than her mother, at times, when she needed an injection of confidence in adulthood, she would consult her mother, asking her for advice. Streep was raised as a Presbyterian in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, attended Cedar Hill Elementary School and the Oak Street School, a Junior High school back then. In her Junior High debut, she starred as Louise Heller in the play "The Family Upstairs". In 1963, the family moved to New Jersey, where she attended Bernards High School. Author Karina Longworth described her as a "gawky kid with glasses and frizzy hair", yet noted that she liked to show off in front of the camera in family home movies from a young age. At the age of 12, Streep was selected to sing at a school recital, leading to her having opera lessons from Estelle Liebling.
However, despite her talent, she has remarked that, "I was singing something I didn't feel and understand. That was an important lesson—not to do that. To find the thing that I could feel through." She quit after four years. Streep had many Catholic school friends, attended mass. Meryl was a high school cheerleader for the Bernards High School Mountaineers and was chosen as the homecoming queen her senior year, her family lived on Old Fort Road. Although Streep appeared in numerous school plays during her high school years, she was uninterested in serious theater until acting in the play Miss Julie at Vassar College in 1969, in which she gained attention across the campus. Vassar drama professor Clinton J. Atkinson noted, "I don't think anyone taught Meryl acting, she taught herself." Streep demonstrated an early ability to mimic accents and
Charlie's Angels is an American crime drama television series that aired on ABC from September 22, 1976 to June 24, 1981, producing five seasons and 110 episodes. The series was produced by Aaron Spelling, it follows the crime-fighting adventures of three women working in a private detective agency in Los Angeles and starred Kate Jackson, Farrah Fawcett, Jaclyn Smith in the leading roles and John Forsythe providing the voice of their boss, the unseen Charlie Townsend, who directed the crime-fighting operations of the "Angels" over a speakerphone. There were a few casting changes: after the departure of Fawcett and Jackson came the additions of Cheryl Ladd, Shelley Hack, Tanya Roberts. Despite mixed reviews from critics and a reputation for being "Jiggle TV", Charlie's Angels enjoyed huge popularity with audiences and was a top ten hit in the Nielsen ratings for its first two seasons. By the third season, the show had fallen from the top 10; the fourth season of the show saw a further decline in ratings.
The series continues to have a cult and pop culture following through syndication, DVD releases, subsequent television shows. The show spawned two feature film adaptations and a reboot television series in 2011. Ivan Goff and Ben Roberts came up with the idea for a series about three beautiful female private investigators as a breakthrough but escapist television series. Producers Aaron Spelling and Leonard Goldberg first considered actress Kate Jackson during the early pre-production stages of the series, she had proven popular with viewers in The Rookies. Jackson was cast as Kelly Garrett, but was more attracted to the role of Sabrina Duncan, her request to switch roles was granted. Farrah Fawcett was next cast, she was offered a part by Spelling. Jaclyn Smith was among the hundreds of actresses. Despite liking Smith and Goldberg were wary about hiring her because their initial concept concerned a brunette and red-headed woman. Smith was the only brunette who auditioned for the role and was cast only after producers liked the on-screen chemistry she shared with Jackson and Fawcett.
Producer Leonard Goldberg, had the initial idea three years for a show that would be a cross between The Avengers and Honey West, a short-lived drama from the 1960s about a female private eye. Goff and Roberts had first titled the series The Alley Cats in which the three females would reside in alleys and wear whips and chains. Jackson disapproved of the title, since she was given semi-control over the development of the series, she encouraged producers to find a new title, it was Jackson who decided the three women would be called "Angels" after seeing a picture of three angels hanging in Spelling's office, the series became known as Harry's Angels. This title was dropped, when ABC did not want to run into conflict with the series Harry O, was thereby changed to Charlie's Angels. In the initial concept of the series, the three females' boss would be a millionaire who aided them in their assignments. With this, millionaire Charlie Townsend was an unseen character on the series who only spoke to the Angels via a Western Electric speakerphone.
John Forsythe, who played the unseen Charlie Townsend, recorded his lines in an audio studio and was never on set. Thus, Forsythe met any of his female co-stars; some years he bumped into Farrah Fawcett at the tennis courts, as he recalled, "I was coming off the court when she came up to me and said,'Charlie! I met Charlie!'" Forsythe was offered the'Charlie' role in a panicky late-night phone call from Spelling after the original choice, Gig Young, showed up too intoxicated to read his lines. "I didn't take my pajamas off – I just put on my topcoat and drove over to Fox. When it was finished, Aaron Spelling said,'That's perfect.' And I went home and went back to bed". Spelling and Goldberg decided to add actor David Doyle to the cast as John Bosley, an employee of Charlie, who would aid the Angels in their assignments. Although ABC had approved of a pilot film, they were concerned about how audiences would accept three women fighting crime on their own. ABC executives brought in David Ogden Stiers as Scott Woodville, who would act as the chief backup to the Angels and Bosley's superior.
The 74-minute pilot film aired on March 21, 1976. The story focuses on Kelly Garrett who poses as an heiress who returns home to gain her father's successful winery. In the end of the film the three women are caught in a bind and Scott attempts to save them, but to no avail, leaving them to solve the dilemma on their own. ABC executives were somewhat disappointed in this initial project, fearing there was more emphasis on camp than serious drama. After viewing the pilot, Spelling encouraged executives to delete Scott Woodville from the series.