Starlight Bowl (San Diego)
The Starlight Bowl is an amphitheater located in Balboa Park in San Diego, California. It was constructed for the 1935–1936 California Pacific International Exposition and seats 4,300, it was named the Ford Bowl because the automobile manufacturer sponsored outdoor concerts at the venue during the exposition by the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, the San Francisco Symphony, other performers. Until 2011 Starlight Bowl was the outdoor home of the San Diego Civic Light Opera called Starlight Musical Theatre, which presented several Broadway musicals each summer; the Civic Light Opera company was founded in 1945. It was one of the oldest musical theatre companies in the United States; the amphitheater sits directly under the landing path for San Diego International Airport. During musical performances the conductor had a set of lights that indicated the noise level from passing planes; when the noise reached a certain level the conductor signaled everyone to pause, the musicians and performers froze in place until the plane passed.
Audience members regarded the "freeze" as part of the performance, longtime attendees like to recount awkward pauses from long-ago shows. Dancers sometimes had to balance on one foot in mid-step for ten to fifteen seconds, holding a pose, resume their routine and dancing as if nothing happened. Singers were sometimes left in the middle of an a capella solo, having to find the right note again after the pause; the theater was sometimes dubbed by insiders as the "stop-and-go theater". Another quirk of the Civic Light Opera performances was the "little red box," a prop, used in all performances since 1945 - sometimes as background or part of a set, other times carried on stage by the performers or passed around from one to another. Performers considered the box a kind of good luck charm, while audience members enjoyed trying to spot the box in each production; the San Diego Civic Light Opera struggled financially in recent years. In 2011 no productions were mounted, in August the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
In 2012 there were no productions, the company's website was still live but was only advertising shows at other venues. As of 2016 the company's email no longer works and its Facebook page has been removed; the unused Starlight Bowl theater is falling into disrepair and has been described as an "attractive nuisance". A new Non-Profit called, their mission is to restore the bowl as a new platform for a multi media, multi cultural event space. The organization was granted a Special Use Permit for the topmost section of the Bowl in December of 2017. In partnership with the city, the signage has been repaired and several external issues have been fixed and it is the intention of Save Starlight to have small scale performances in place as early as summer of 2018, they are accepting volunteers and donations on their website for this project. Http://www.savestarlight.org List of contemporary amphitheatres Culture of San Diego San Diego Parks & Recreation Website San Diego Civic Light Opera organization San Diego History, "San Diego's Opera Unit of the WPA Federal Music Project" Southwestern Jewish Press, article reprinted on August 18, 1950 in San Diego Jewish http://www.savestarlight.org World
International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book Number is a numeric commercial book identifier, intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency. An ISBN is assigned to each variation of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN; the ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country; the initial ISBN identification format was devised in 1967, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108. Published books sometimes appear without an ISBN; the International ISBN agency sometimes assigns such books ISBNs on its own initiative.
Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines and newspapers. The International Standard Music Number covers musical scores; the Standard Book Numbering code is a 9-digit commercial book identifier system created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965. The ISBN identification format was conceived in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the United States by Emery Koltay; the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108. The United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. ISO has appointed the International ISBN Agency as the registration authority for ISBN worldwide and the ISBN Standard is developed under the control of ISO Technical Committee 46/Subcommittee 9 TC 46/SC 9; the ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978.
An SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit "0". For example, the second edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has "SBN 340 01381 8" – 340 indicating the publisher, 01381 their serial number, 8 being the check digit; this can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8. Since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format, compatible with "Bookland" European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each variation of a book. For example, an ebook, a paperback, a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN; the ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. An International Standard Book Number consists of 4 parts or 5 parts: for a 13-digit ISBN, a prefix element – a GS1 prefix: so far 978 or 979 have been made available by GS1, the registration group element, the registrant element, the publication element, a checksum character or check digit. A 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces.
Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is done with either hyphens or spaces. Figuring out how to separate a given ISBN is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN is most used among others special identifiers to describe references in Wikipedia and can help to find the same sources with different description in various language versions. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency, responsible for that country or territory regardless of the publication language; the ranges of ISBNs assigned to any particular country are based on the publishing profile of the country concerned, so the ranges will vary depending on the number of books and the number and size of publishers that are active. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture and thus may receive direct funding from government to support their services. In other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded.
A full directory of ISBN agencies is available on the International ISBN Agency website. Partial listing: Australia: the commercial library services agency Thorpe-Bowker.
Plaza de Panama
Plaza de Panama is a plaza in Balboa Park's El Prado Complex, in San Diego, California. Media related to Plaza de Panama at Wikimedia Commons
House of Pacific Relations International Cottages
The House of Pacific Relations International Cottages is a complex of cottages in San Diego's Balboa Park, in the U. S. state of California. Built for the 1935 California Pacific International Exposition, they house 33 groups that "promote multicultural goodwill and understanding through educational and cultural programs". Media related to House of Pacific Relations - International Cottages at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Old Globe Theatre
The Old Globe is a professional theatre company located in Balboa Park in San Diego, California. It produces about 15 musicals annually in summer and winter seasons. Plays are performed in three separate theatres in the complex, collectively called the Simon Edison Centre for the Performing Arts: Old Globe Theatre – 600-seat flagship theatre enclosed, featuring the Donald and Darlene Shiley Stage Sheryl and Harvey White Theatre – 250-seat intimate theatre in the round Lowell Davies Festival Theatre – 615-seat outdoor theatreThe Old Globe Theatre and the Sheryl and Harvey White Theatre are part of the Conrad Prebys Theatre Center; the White Theatre is located within Donald Cohn Education Center. The Old Globe Theatre was built in 1935, designed by Richard Requa as part of the California Pacific International Exposition; the theatre was based on a copy of one built for the Chicago Century of Progress, which in turn was a copy of the Globe Theatre in London, where many of William Shakespeare's plays were performed during his lifetime.
Like the original Globe, the theatre was open in the center with a roof over the seating on the sides. During the exposition, it hosted. At the end of the exposition, the Globe had been received so well that a nonprofit organization called the San Diego Community Theatre was formed to save the temporary structure from demolition; the committee leased the structure from the city, produced full-length plays, created a more permanent structure by roofing over the theatre and bringing it up to code. In 1939, a young actor and director named. During World War II the U. S. Navy took over all buildings including the Globe; the Community Theatre group stayed together, producing one-act plays in various venues around San Diego. When the Globe was returned to civilian use in 1947, Noel returned as general director, he remained in a leadership position until his death in 2010. In 1949 he launched the Globe's summer Shakespeare Festival in partnership with the drama department at University of San Diego. Since the Shakespeare festival has been presented every summer except 1953, when Noel broke with tradition by producing the smash hit play Mister Roberts instead.
The Globe continued to produce a combination of modern plays along with Shakespeare and other classics. In 1981 Jack O'Brien was hired as artistic director; the Cassius Carter Centre Stage, a theater in the round, was added in 1969 in what had been the Falstaff Tavern restaurant. It was rebuilt in 2009 as the Harvey White Theatre. In March 1978, the Globe Theatre was destroyed in an arson fire, an outdoor festival stage was hastily constructed so that the 1978 season could still be produced; the Globe Theatre was rebuilt and reopened in 1981. In 1984, the festival stage in turn succumbed to arson, it is now named the Lowell Davies Festival Theatre. The entire three-theatre complex is called the Simon Edison Centre for the Performing Arts; the Globe has grown into an internationally known theatre complex, an "influential powerhouse among regional theatres." In 1984 it received the Tony Award for best regional theatre. Shows which originated at the Old Globe have gone on to Broadway to win nine Tony Awards and nearly 60 nominations.
Old Globe official website Old Globe Theatre at the Internet Broadway Database
Balboa Park Gardens
Balboa Park Gardens are cultivated areas of Balboa Park in San Diego, California. There are multiple individual gardens throughout the park, including Alcazar Gardens, the Botanical Building and Reflecting Pool, the Cactus Garden, the Casa del Rey Moro Garden, the Inez Grant Parker Memorial Rose Garden, the Japanese Friendship Garden, the Marston House Garden, Palm Canyon, Zoro Garden. In addition, the San Diego Zoo includes a noteworthy collection of plants. Balboa Park contains 350 species of plants on 1,200 acres of rolling hills and canyons, with 1,500 trees. Many of the trees were selected and planted by horticulturalist Kate Sessions referred to as "the Mother of Balboa Park". Kate Sessions List of Parks in San Diego Gold Gulch Puplava, Kathy. Trees and Gardens of Balboa Park. City of San Diego Park and Recreation Department. Pp. 107–117. ISBN 0-938711-73-3. Official San Diego Parks Department - Balboa Park website Balboa Park Foundation garden section