Katharine Hepburn

Katharine Houghton Hepburn was an American actress, a leading lady in Hollywood for more than 60 years. She appeared in a range of genres, from screwball comedy to literary drama, she received a record four Academy Awards for Lead Acting Performances, plus eight further nominations. In 1999, Hepburn was named by the American Film Institute the greatest female star of Classic Hollywood Cinema, she was known for spirited personality. Raised in Connecticut by wealthy, progressive parents, Hepburn began to act while studying at Bryn Mawr College. Favorable reviews of her work on Broadway brought her to the attention of Hollywood, her early years in film were marked with success, including an Academy Award for Best Actress for her third picture, Morning Glory, but this was followed by a series of commercial failures culminating in the critically lauded but commercially unsuccessful comedy Bringing Up Baby, a pairing with Cary Grant. Hepburn masterminded her own comeback, buying out her contract with RKO Radio Pictures and acquiring the film rights to The Philadelphia Story, which she sold on the condition that she be the star.

That comedy film, again co-starring Cary Grant, was a box office success and landed her a third Academy Award nomination, plus won her other co-star, James Stewart, his only Academy Award. Both movies are now considered among the greatest comedy films. In the 1940s, she began focusing on a screen and romantic partnership with Spencer Tracy, which spanned 26 years and nine movies, although the romance with the married Tracy was hidden from the public; the partnership began with Woman of the Year, continued with Adam's Rib, both being "battle of the sexes" romantic comedies, concluded with the race-issue drama Guess Who's Coming to Dinner starring Sidney Poitier. Hepburn challenged herself in the latter half of her life, as she tackled Shakespearean stage productions and a range of literary roles, she found a niche playing middle-aged spinsters, such as in The African Queen, which landed her another Academy Award nomination and co-star Humphrey Bogart his sole Academy Award. Last Summer was another commercial and critical success and landed her another Oscar nomination.

Hepburn earned three more Oscars for her work in Guess Who's Coming to Dinner, The Lion in Winter, On Golden Pond, co-starring Henry Fonda, who won his only Academy Award for the movie. In the 1970s, she began appearing in television films, which became the focus of her career, she made her final screen appearance at the age of 87. After a period of inactivity and ill health, Hepburn died in 2003 at the age of 96. Hepburn famously shunned the Hollywood publicity machine, refused to conform to society's expectations of women, she was outspoken and athletic, wore trousers before they were fashionable for women. She was married as a young woman, but thereafter lived independently. With her unconventional lifestyle and the independent characters she brought to the screen, Hepburn epitomized the "modern woman" in the 20th-century United States, is remembered as an important cultural figure. Hepburn was born on May 12, 1907, in Hartford, the second of six children, her parents were Thomas Norval Hepburn, a urologist at Hartford Hospital, Katharine Martha Houghton, a feminist campaigner.

Both parents fought for social change in the US: Thomas Hepburn helped establish the New England Social Hygiene Association, which educated the public about venereal disease, while the elder Katharine headed the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association and campaigned for birth control with Margaret Sanger. As a child, Hepburn joined her mother on several "Votes For Women" demonstrations; the Hepburn children were raised to exercise freedom of speech and encouraged to think and debate on any topic they wished. Her parents were criticized by the community for their progressive views, which stimulated Hepburn to fight against barriers she encountered. Hepburn said she realized from a young age that she was the product of "two remarkable parents", credited her "enormously lucky" upbringing with providing the foundation for her success, she remained close to her family throughout her life. The young Hepburn was a tomboy who liked to call herself Jimmy, cut her hair short. Thomas Hepburn was eager for his children to use their minds and bodies to the limit, taught them to swim, dive, ride and play golf and tennis.

Golf became a passion of Hepburn's. She loved swimming in Long Island Sound, took ice-cold baths every morning in the belief that "the bitterer the medicine, the better it was for you". Hepburn was a fan of movies from a young age, went to see one every Saturday night, she would put on plays and perform for her neighbors with friends and siblings for 50 cents a ticket to raise money for the Navajo people. In March 1921, Hepburn, 13, her 15-year-old brother Tom were visiting New York, staying with a friend of their mother's in Greenwich Village over the Easter break. On March 30, Hepburn discovered the body of her adored older brother dead from an apparent suicide, he had hanged himself. The Hepburn family denied it was suicide and maintained that Tom's death must have been an experiment that had gone wrong; the incident made the teenage Hepburn nervous and suspicious of people. She shied away from other children, dropped out of Oxford School, began receiving private tutoring. For many years she used Tom's birthd

Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe

Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe was the only count of Holstein-Itzehoe. He was the second son of Count Adolf IV of Heilwig of Lippe; when his father retired to a monastery in 1238, he ruled the Holstein jointly with his elder brother John I under the guardianship of their uncle the Duke Abel of Schleswig. When they came of age, the brothers continue their joint rule. In 1255, they concluded a trade agreement with Lübeck; when their father died in 1261, John and Gerhard divided Holstein. Gerhard took Holstein-Itzehoe, consisting of the districts of Stormarn, Plön and Schaumburg, with his residence in Itzehoe. John received Holstein-Kiel, consisting of the districts Kiel and East Holstein, with his seat in Kiel. John won Rendsburg back from Denmark and traded it with Gerhard for Segeberg. Gerhard founded several villages, in order to control the area, he developed the County's administration. He fought ward with the Archdiocese of Bremen, the City of Lübeck and the landed gentry in his county.

In 1262, he won the Battle of the Loh Moor. In 1263, John died and Gerhard became regent of Kiel and Segeberg for John's sons. Gerhard I died in 1290. After his death, his sons subdivided Holstein-itzehoe into Holstein-Plön, Holstein-Pinneberg and Holstein-Rendsburg; the inscription on his seal reads: S* GERARDI*COMITIS*HOLTSATIE*ET*DE*SCOWENBRCH. He married around 1250 with Elizabeth, a daughter of John I of Mecklenburg and had the following children with her: Liutgard, married: Duke John of Brunswick-Lüneburg Prince Albert I of Anhalt-Zerbst John, Canon in Hamburg Gerhard II, Count of Holstein-Plön Adolph VI, Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Schauenburg Henry I, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg Elisabeth, married to Count Burchard of Wolpe Albrert Bruno Otto Matilda, married to Count John of Wunstorf Hedwig, married to King Magnus III of SwedenAround 1280, he married Adelaide, the widow of Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a daughter of Marquess Boniface II of Monferrat; this marriage remained childless.

K. Jansen, "Gerhard I.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 8, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 737 Wilhelm Koppe, "Gerhard I.", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 6, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 265–266 Media related to Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe at Wikimedia Commons Entry at

Rose Hill Drive

Rose Hill Drive is an American rock band. The group is aligned with other bands that are reviving traditional hard rock and early metal–psychedelic. Combining hard-driving rock and blues with modern touches and arrangements, they are described by reviewers as reminiscent of 1970s rock bands Led Zeppelin and Cream. Rose Hill Drive was formed in 2000 in Boulder, Colorado by brothers Jacob Sproul and Daniel Sproul, high school friend Nathan Barnes; the present trio solidified after the departure of bassist Graham Webster, who wrote about the band. The band takes its name from the street where the Sproul brothers lived and the band's early rehearsals took place. Rose Hill Drive has performed with Stone Temple Pilots, The Black Crowes, The Who, Robert Randolph, Queens of the Stone Age, Van Halen, Gov't Mule, The Answer and Aerosmith and performed at Graspop, Wakarusa, Red Rocks, Austin City Limits and the Warped Tour. On August 22, 2006, the band released their debut self-titled album on Megaforce Records.

That summer, the band played the same stage as The Who at the Wireless Festival in Leeds and the Hyde Park Calling Festival in London. In the fall of 2006 and spring of 2007, Rose Hill Drive supported The Who on select US and European dates; the band was joined on stage in Chicago at a taping of the show "In The Attic" by Pete Townshend, who jammed on The Who classic “Young Man Blues” and Rose Hill Drive's "Raise Your Hands". In the April 2007 issue of Rolling Stone Magazine, Rose Hill Drive was named one of the "10 New Artists to Watch" in 2007. Though influenced by many other blues and hard rock bands from the 1960s and 70s, the band reported in Rolling Stone that they are growing weary of being compared so to other bands, as they want to be known for their sound, not how much they sound like somebody else, their song "Goal!" is the official anthem for the Colorado Rapids of Major League Soccer. The second album, Moon is the New Earth, was released on June 24, 2008, showing a blend of classic rock, punk-rock and pop.

The single "Sneak Out" appears in the popular video game Guitar Hero 5, released on September 1, 2009. After a 17-months hiatus, the band resurrected in June 2010 to play a free concert in native Boulder, with a revised line up: new member Jimmy Stofer is added on bass, while Jacob Sproul switched to rhythm guitar in order to let his brother Daniel concentrate on lead work. In an interview they said to having been writing new material, but without being in the rush to make a new album soon; the band published two new songs on their web page in September 2010, named'Setting Sun' and'Mr Right'. In February 2011 Rose Hill Drive went into the studio and recorded a new album, announced on their website a new US tour supporting Stone Temple Pilots through April and May. After a respite in June, Rose Hill Drive returns to touring in July 2011 with 15 more shows, opening for Stone Temple Pilots as well as headlining their own events. On June 12, 2011, the band released their new album, titled "Americana", on their new self-founded label "Slow and Shirley Records", with two tracks published on Facebook to listen and download.

Music of Colorado Official Rose Hill Drive site Rose Hill Drive collection at the Internet Archive's live music archive Earvolution Interview/Profile