Katy Independent School District
The Katy Independent School District is a public school district based in Katy, United States with an enrollment of over 70,000 students. As of August 2009, the district was rated as "Recognized" by the Texas Education Agency; the district serves 181 square miles in parts of Fort Bend County and Waller County. Most of the district lies within the boundaries of the City of Houston, the City of Katy or their municipalities' extraterritorial jurisdiction. Unincorporated areas in Katy ISD include Barker, Cinco Ranch, Cimarron. All residential areas of the district are assigned to an elementary school, a junior high school, a high school by subdivision.hac is down due to Glitches with old grades. 1898: The Katy Common School District was formed on land set-aside for a school at the site of the current Katy Elementary to serve the town and surrounding communities. A high school and elementary school were established in Sixth Street in Katy. 1898-1899: The city constructed the first wooden one-room school house at the site of the current Katy Elementary School's playground.
1900: The Galveston hurricane damaged the building, but repairs were made, classes continued at the home of W. H. Featherston; the first class graduated from Katy High School. 1909: A permanent brick building was constructed adjacent and south of the wooden building, for the secondary grade levels. Complete with school bell. 1918: The Katy Independent School District was established by voters, by divorcement election from the City of Katy, incorporated the common school districts in Dishman, Sills, a school for African-Americans. 1927: Improvements to the 1909 building were competed, including indoor plumbing and heat. The wooden school was dismantled and sold, a classroom addition was constructed for the elementary grades at the new site, including a combination auditorium and cafeteria. 1931: The size of Katy ISD was increased to 126 square miles, when KISD annexed two small common school districts at the South Mayde and Stockdick communities. Two school buses were purchased, one to bring students in from Waller County and the other from Harris County.
A female community member driving her own vehicle picked up six students daily from the Fort Bend County area of the school district. 1934: High school age students from Brookshire began attending Katy High School. A gymnasium was erected, so that basketball and volleyball could be played at night under lights, instead of on open courts on Friday afternoons. 1935: A larger wooden school house was completed on Danover Street for African-American students. 1939: The first 6-man football team was established at Katy High School. 1941: 17 seniors graduated. 1943: The first Katy Rodeo was held at Avenue D and 10th Street, northwest of the Katy school buildings. 1945: 11-man football began. 1947: Construction was completed of the new site on Highway 90 in Katy. High school students from the Addicks Independent School District joined Brookshire High Hchool students attending Katy High. 1951: A new elementary school opened next to Katy High School. The 1909 building and the 1927 elementary addition were razed, with only the 1934 "Old Gym" left standing and used as a community center, junior high basketball practice and for the school district offices.
The original school bell and the 1927 building plaque were stored at the Old Gym. 1952: A band hall and vocational building were constructed, south of the Katy High School building. 1953: Odessa Kilpatrick School was completed on Danover Street, to serve African-American students in the district. This facility replaced the 1935 wooden school house on the same site; the district began transporting African-American students above the eighth grade to Ralph Bunche School in Brookshire. This arrangement would continue. 1955: Katy High School held graduation for 40 seniors. 1959: The movie "Tomboy and the Champ" was filmed in Katy and at the Old Gym. 1960: Students from Brookshire began attending high school in the newly formed Royal Independent School District. A total of 53 graduated from Katy High School. 1961: Voters in Katy ISD and in the Addicks community agreed to consolidation of the defunct Addicks ISD with Katy ISD, the present boundaries of the district were increased by 55 square miles. 1962: During the Cuban Missile Crisis the 1934 Old Gym was used as headquarters for the local civil defense organization.
1964: A new agriculture and rodeo arena was constructed behind Katy High School. 1965: A new Katy Elementary was completed at the site of the district's first permanent school, along with a full-service cafeteria. The building next to Katy High School was renamed Katy Junior High and served sixth through eighth grades; the administration office was located at Katy High School. The staff included the superintendent, business director, three clerical workers. A bus barn was completed on Franz Road. 1968: A new Addicks Elementary School replaced the former Addicks ISD building. 1970: Katy ISD completed desegregation of its schools. Odessa Kilpatrick School was used to house Katy Elementary's fifth grade and the district's six graders. 1972: A new administration building was completed on South Stadium Drive. 1974: West Memorial Elementary School was finished in the new West Memorial subdivision. 1976: District's sixth graders moved back to junior high schools when West M
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
Harris County, Texas
Harris County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas, located in the southeastern part of the state near Galveston Bay. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 4,092,459, making it the most populous county in Texas and the third most populous county in the United States, its county seat is the largest city in Texas and fourth largest city in the United States. The county was founded in 1836 and organized in 1837, it is named for John Richardson Harris, who founded the town of Harrisburg on Buffalo Bayou in 1826. According to a July 2017 Census estimate, Harris County's population had grown to 4,652,980, comprising over 16 percent of Texas's population. Harris County is included in the nine-county Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan statistical area, the fifth most populous metropolitan area in the United States. Human remains date habitation to about 4,000 BCE. Other evidence of humans in the area dates from about 1400 BCE, 1 CE, in the first millenium; the region became uninhabited from 1 AD until European contact.
On the other hand, little European activity predates 1821. Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca may have visited the area in 1529. French traders recorded passing through in the 18th century. Spaniards attempted to establish a fort in the area around the same time, but did not persist for long; the first recorded European settlers in Harris County arrived in 1822. Their schooner ran aground on the Red Fish Bar; some of those passengers traveled further up the bay system, but it is not known whether they settled up Buffalo Bayou or the San Jacinto River. One of these passengers, a Mr. Ryder, settled at what is now known as Texas. In 1822, John Iiams settled his family at Cedar Point after sailing from Berwick’s Bay, Louisiana. Dr. Johnson Hunter arrived just after Iiams, he wrecked his boat near Galveston. He was a grantee of land there. Nathaniel Lynch operated a ferry. In 1824, the land empresario, Stephen F. Austin convened at the house of William Scott for the purpose of conveying titles for Mexican headrights.
He was joined by the land commissioner, Baron von Bastrop, Austin’s secretary, Samuel May Williams. About thirty families gained legal titles to land in what would be known as Harris County. A few immigrants settled on Buffalo Bayou in these early years, including Moses Callahan, Ezekial Thomas, the Vince brothers. Nicolas Clopper arrived in the Galveston Bay area from Ohio in the 1820s, he attempted to develop Buffalo Bayou as a trading conduit for the Brazos River valley. He acquired land at Morgan’s Point in 1826. John Richardson Harris, for whom the county was named, arrived in 1824. Harris had moved his family to Sainte Genevieve, Missouri Territory, where they had been residing until the early 1820s. Harris was granted a league of land at Buffalo Bayou, he platted the town of Harrisburg in 1826, while he established a trading post and a grist mill there. He ran boats transporting goods between New Orleans and Harrisburg until his death in the fall of 1829; the First Congress of the Republic of Texas established Harrisburg County on December 22, 1836.
The original county boundaries included Galveston Island, but were redrawn to its current configuration in May 1838. The area has had a number of severe weather events, such as: 1900 Galveston Hurricane Hurricane Carla Hurricane Alicia Tropical Storm Allison Hurricane Rita Tropical Storm Erin Hurricane Ike Hurricane Harvey According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,777 square miles, of which 1,703 square miles is land and 74 square miles is covered by water. Both its total area and land area are larger than the state of Rhode Island. Montgomery County Liberty County Chambers County Galveston County Brazoria County Fort Bend County Waller County As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 4,530,268, non-Hispanic whites 1,323,437. Black Americans 817,096. Other non-Hispanic 395,206. Hispanics and Latinos 1,994,529; as of the 2010 Census, the population of the county was 4,092,459, White Americans made up 56.6% of Harris County's population.
Black Americans made up 25.9% of the population. Native Americans made up 0.7% of Harris County's population. Asian Americans made up 6.2% of the population. Pacific Islander Americans made up just 0.1% of the population. Individuals from other races made up 14.3% of the population. Hispanics and Latinos made up 40.8% of Harris County's population. As of the 2010 census, there were about 6.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. As of the census of 2000, 3,400,578 people, 1,205,516 households, 834,217 families resided in the county, making it the largest county by population in Texas; the population density was 1,967 people per square mile. The 1,298,130 housing units averaged 751 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 58.7% White, 18.5% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 5.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 14.2% from other races, 3.0% from two or more races. About 32.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. About 63.8 % spoke only English at home, while 28.8 % spoke 1.6 % Vietnamese.
In 2000, o
Cinco Ranch High School
Cinco Ranch High School is a public high school located in unincorporated Fort Bend County, United States that serves grades 9 through 12 as part of the Katy Independent School District. It is located off Cinco Ranch Boulevard within the community of Cinco Ranch; the school opened in 1999. The school was rated the 3rd best high school in 2007 tied with Clements High School in the Houston region by the Houston Chronicle. In 2010, Cinco Ranch High School was ranked 478th out of America's top 2,000 public high schools surpassing its regional academic rival Seven Lakes High School, which dropped to 689th in rankings; the school was named a National Blue Ribbon School in 2008. Cinco Ranch High School opened in the fall of 1999 after a $143 million bond issue was passed in the spring of 1996 and another $324 million bond was passed in 1999 allowing for funding. In the initial years, the school played host to displaced students from other Katy ISD schools including 8th graders displaced by overcrowding at Beck Junior High School in the 1999-2000 school year.
Other re-locations include students from West Memorial Elementary that moved to Cinco Ranch after the elementary encountered mold related issues in 2002. The original building, built in 1999, has been expanded, it consists of a central rotunda, where the cafeteria and library are located. Attached to this are two long hallways running in opposite directions, which house classrooms. At the end of one of the hallways are the athletic facilities, including a natatorium, workout facility, fields, a stadium. At the end of the other hallway, on the opposite end of the school, are the fine arts rehearsal facilities, black box theatre, the freshman center; the original facility was built on a 66-acre site by PBK Architects to support a maximum of 2,800 students. The school has a net building area of 433,000 sq ft. and cost of $37,507,000. The school benefited from the expanding budgets of KISD, which could be attributed to rapid growth in the surrounding areas and the addition of Katy Mills Mall, through taxes, gave a large boost to KISD funds.
In 2001, many of the KISD high schools received renovations, all received new performing arts centers. The KISD high schools received additions of ninth grade centers, which may be attributed to the belief by the district that younger students benefit from an eased transition into high school; the PAC and 9th Grade Center were added to the fine arts end of the hallway at a cost of $11,356,050. The addition of the Performing Arts Center has improved the quality of both theatrical and musical productions; the department includes the orchestra, band, visual arts, theater productions. The secondary expansion, along with 9th grade gyms and offices, made for a long and narrow two-story building with a total length of one quarter mile; this "tunnel effect" creates an environment for indoor running in the summer. Another large athletic accoutrement, added in 2004, is a hill more than 30 feet tall with a paved running track paved to facilitate track runner training. Past principals of Cinco Ranch High School include Bonnie Brasic.
James Cross has served as principal since 2009. 2004 Texas 5-A Boys' Track & Field State Champions 2005 Texas 5-A Boys' Track & Field State Champions 2006 Texas 5-A UIL Lincoln Douglas Debate Champion 2007 Texas 5-A UIL Lincoln Douglas Debate Champion 2007 Texas 5-A Wrestling State Champions 2010 Texas 5-A UIL News Writing Champion winning Tops of Texas 2016 Texas 6-A Women’s Wrestling State Champions In April 2007, Cinco Ranch was rated by the Houston Chronicle as the third best high school in the Houston area, preceded only by the High School for Performing and Visual Arts and YES College Preparatory. Included in this ranking were TAKS scores, graduation rates, ACT, SAT, AP testing rates and scores, class size, teacher experience, percentage of students from poor families. In 2008, Cinco Ranch was named a National Blue Ribbon School. In 2007, the Cinco Ranch Wrestling team won the University Interscholastic League Texas State Championships for high school wrestling; the Cinco Ranch Debate Team won the 5A UIL State Championship in Lincoln-Douglas Debate in both 2006 and 2007.
Now, the team is centered around Public Forum. The 2001-2002 yearbook, made news; when the yearbook publisher agreed to reprint the book with various corrections, school administrators asked that some essays be removed. These included an essay about a homosexual student “coming out”. A school administrator said; the yearbook was printed without the essay. The Cinco Ranch FRC Robotics Team, CRyptonite, has been the top KatyISD team, they have over 10 Blue Banners remaining in the top 4 teams in Texas. In 2015, CRyptonite finished 9th in the World by the end of the season; the following elementary schools feed into Cinco Ranch High School: Fielder Elementary School Williams Elementary School Creech Elementary School Exley Elementary School Griffin Elementary School Rylander Elementary School The following junior high schools feed into Cinco Ranch High School: Beck Junior High School Cinco Ranch Junior High School After opening, Cinco Ranch High School grew to over 3,600 students due to the rapid expansion of the Katy area.
However, enrollment has decreased due to the opening of nearby Seven Lakes High School in 2005. Cinco Ranch High School's maximum capacity is 3,000 students. 1999-2000 = 828 2000-2001 = 1,541 2001-2002 = 2,300 2002-2003 = 2,745 2003-2004 = 3,235 2004-2005 = 3,601 2005-2006 = 3,288 2006-2007 = 3,070 2007-2008 = 2,788 2008-2009 = 2,840 2009-2010 = 2,872 2010-2011 = 2,989 2011-2012 = 3,056 2012-201
Renée Kathleen Zellweger is an American actress and film producer. She has received critical acclaim and numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award, three Golden Globe Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, she established herself as one of the highest-paid Hollywood actresses by 2007, was named Hasty Pudding's Woman of the Year in 2009. Zellweger had her first starring role in Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation, she subsequently earned early acclaim with a brief, but notable appearance in Empire Records, was introduced to mainstream audiences in Jerry Maguire. For Nurse Betty, she won her first Golden Globe Award, for her portrayals of Bridget Jones in the Bridget Jones film series, Roxie Hart in Chicago, she garnered two consecutive Academy Award nominations for Best Actress, won her second Golden Globe for the latter. Zellweger won the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role of a farmer in the American Civil War film Cold Mountain.
She played the wife of boxer James J. Braddock in Cinderella Man and author Beatrix Potter in Miss Potter. Roles in smaller scale films, such as Appaloosa, My One and Only and Case 39, were followed by a six-year hiatus from the screen, she is set to portray Judy Garland in Judy. Renée Kathleen Zellweger was born on April 1969, in Katy, Texas, her father, Emil Erich Zellweger, is from the Swiss town of Au, St. Gallen and descends from an Appenzell family, was a mechanical and electrical engineer who worked in the oil refining business, her mother, Kjellfrid Irene, is Norwegian. Kjellfrid grew up in Ekkerøy near Vadsø, as well as Kirkenes, was a nurse and midwife who moved to the United States to work as a governess for a Norwegian family in Texas. Zellweger has described herself as being raised in a family of "lazy Catholics and Episcopalians". Zellweger attended Katy High School, where she was a cheerleader, speech team member, drama club member, she participated in soccer, basketball and football.
In 1986, her academic paper, "The Karankawas and Their Roots", won third place in the first Houston Post High School Natural Science Essay Contest. After high school, she enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin, where she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English in 1991. While at the university, Zellweger took a drama course as an elective, which sparked her interest in acting. In Zellweger's junior year, her father lost his job and was unable to support her at college, so she took a job as a cocktail waitress in Austin, Texas. Zellweger said; as much as I did in my classes that that club paid for... I learned not to judge people, that things are not black and white." Zellweger began getting small parts acting, earned her Screen Actors Guild card for doing a Coors Light commercial. While in college, she did "a bit part... as a local hire" in the Austin-filmed horror-comedy film My Boyfriend's Back, playing "the girl in the beauty shop, maybe two lines. But the beauty shop got cut."
Her first job after graduation was working in a beef commercial, while auditioning for roles around Houston, Texas. While still in Texas, Zellweger appeared in several low-budget films. One was A Taste for Killing, followed by a role in the ABC miniseries Murder in the Heartland. In 1994, she appeared in Reality Bites, the directorial debut of Ben Stiller, in the biographical film 8 Seconds, directed by John G. Avildsen, her first main role in a movie came with the 1994 horror film Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation, alongside Matthew McConaughey, playing a teenager who leaves a prom early with three friends who get into a car accident, which leads to their meeting a murderous family, led by the iconic Leatherface. While the film went unnoticed, Joe Leydon for Variety magazine lauded Zellweger, calling her "the most formidable scream queen since Jamie Lee Curtis went legit."In her next film, the crime comedy Love and a.45, Zellweger played a woman who plans a robbery with her boyfriend.
Although the film received a limited release in theaters, Marc Savlov of Austin Chronicle applauded the main cast saying they were "all excellent in their roles" and noted that "Zellweger's character – all squeals and caged sexuality – seems a bit too close to Juliette Lewis' Mallory Knox to be as fresh as it should be". The part earned her an Independent Spirit Award for Best Debut Performance. Zellweger subsequently relocated to Los Angeles, a move she had postponed several times because she believed she lacked the talent and experience to be a competitive actor in that city, she would next appear in the coming-of-age drama Empire Records. Rotten Tomatoes' consensus was: "Despite a terrific soundtrack and a strong early performance from Renee Zellweger, Empire Records is a silly and predictable teen dramedy." Zellweger became known to audiences with Jerry Maguire, in which she played a single mother and the romantic interest of a glossy sports agent. The film grossed over US$273 million worldwide.
It was Cruise who chose her to play his love interest and credited her with "revealing the core humanity of the movie". Roger Ebert, showing approval of Zellweger and Cruise's chemistry in it, wrote: "The film is a delight when Cruise and Zellweger are together on the screen, he plays Maguire with the earnestness of a man who wants to find greatness and happiness in an occupation where only success counts. She plays a woman who believes in this guy she
Clint Patrick Black is an American country music singer, musician, multi-instrumentalist, record producer and actor. Signed to RCA Records in 1989, Black's debut album Killin' Time produced four straight number one singles on the US Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks charts. Although his momentum slowed throughout the 1990s, Black charted hit songs into the 2000s, he has had more than 30 singles on the US Billboard country charts, twenty-two of which have reached number one, in addition to having released twelve studio albums and several compilation albums. In 2003, Black founded Equity Music Group. Black has ventured into acting, having made a cameo appearance in the 1994 film Maverick, as well as a starring role in 1998's Still Holding On: The Legend of Cadillac Jack. Clinton Patrick Black was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, the youngest of four children born to G. A. and Ann Black, lived in nearby Red Bank. The family moved back to Texas, where G. A. Black had been raised, he was raised in Texas.
Music was always present in the house. Black taught himself to play harmonica before he was 13, at 14 wrote his first song, his father remarked that it was at that age that the parents "first noticed that he had a great voice". By 15, Black had learned to play guitar; as a teenager Black joined his elder brothers, Mark and Brian, in their small band. On Saturday afternoons, the family would host backyard barbecues and invite the neighborhood to listen to the boys sing; some weekends would attract up to 70 people. Black dropped out of high school to play with his brothers, before becoming a solo act. Black was drawn to a variety of musical genres. According to his father, he chose to focus on country music in the early 1980s, after singers George Strait and Reba McEntire moved the genre back toward the more traditional. For six years, Black supported himself as a construction worker, bait cutter, fishing guide, while singing at various lounges as a solo singer and guitarist. In 1987, at one of the gigs he met Hayden Nicholas.
The two men began a song writing partnership that would last decades. In the late 1980s, Black delivered a demo of their collaboration "Nobody's Home" to record promoter Sammy Alfano. Within two days of that delivery, Black was invited to a meeting with Bill Ham. Black soon signed with RCA at that time considered one of the "most aggressive" labels in country music, his first album, Killin' Time, was released in 1989. Each song on the album was penned at least in part by Black. In a departure from most other country albums, Black used his road band instead of session musicians to record Killin' Time; the album was a critical and commercial success, reaching number one on the Billboard Country Albums chart and certified platinum in 1990. He made his debut in 1989 with the single, "A Better Man", which reached number one on the Billboard Hot Country Songs in early June; this marked the first time in 14 years that a debut single by a male artist had peaked at the top of the chart. In total, five singles off of his debut album reached number one, the first time any country artist had accomplished this feat.
Black won the Country Music Association's Horizon Award for best newcomer in 1989. At the end of the year, his singles, "A Better Man" and "Killin' Time" place number one and number two on the year-end country singles charts, it had been 36 years. Looking back at the early stages of his career, Black recalled: "'At one point, I knew I crossed this line out of obscurity and I felt like no matter what happened from that point on I would always be remembered for "Killin' Time." There was this kind of mixed feeling of remorse and excitement.'"In late 1990, the Los Angeles Times surveyed country music industry insiders to determine which acts could be expected to sell the most records over the next seven years. Black placed second in two votes behind Garth Brooks; the survey results were surprising in that 10 of the top 20 artists named were relative newcomers to the industry. The plethora of new acts confused some reviewers, however. Many reviewers lumped many of the new acts together. Black soon became known as one of Nashville's "hat acts".
Killin' Time was certified platinum in 1990. Black's second album, Put Yourself in My Shoes, was released in November 1990, it was in the top 20 on the pop album charts. This success on the pop charts resulted from a change in the way Billboard calculated album sales; the album did not meet with as much critical acclaim as his debut, but nonetheless still included several hit singles. He began touring with Alabama. Black began dating actress Lisa Hartman in 1990; the couple kept their relationship quiet. The first picture of the two of them together was not published; the couple married in Katy, Texas, in October 1991. Black has been a member of the Grand Ole Opry since 1
Twelfth grade, senior year, or grade 12 is the final year of secondary school in most of North America. In other regions it is equivalently referred to as class 12 or Year 13. In most countries students graduate at age 18; some countries have a thirteenth grade. Twelfth grade is the last year of high school. In Australia, the twelfth grade is referred to as Year 12. In New South Wales, students are 16 or 17 years old when they enter Year 12 and 17–18 years during graduation. A majority of students in Year 12 work towards getting an ATAR or OP, which will allow them access to courses at university. In South Australia, this is achieved by completing the SACE. In New South Wales, when completing the, students are required to satisfactorily complete at least 10 units of study in ATAR courses which must include: eight units from Category A courses two units of English three Board Developed courses of two units or greater four subjectsSome Year 12s may receive a Year 12 Jersey. Schools choose the design and writing which are printed or stitched onto the jersey.
Sometimes the last two digits of the year they are graduating are printed on the back along with a personalised nickname. The front may show the school emblem and the student's name, stitched in. Many schools conduct end of year "formals", they are held from any time between graduation in September to November. Australian private schools conduct Year 12 balls in January or February of Year 12 instead of an end of year formal. In Belgium, the 12th grade is called 6de middelbaar or laatste jaar in Dutch, rétho or 6e année in French. In the General Education, this year guides and prepares students for their first year in University by recalling everything learned during the past six years of secondary school. In the Skills Education, this year prepares the students for the professional life with an Intership in the chosen domain. In Brazil, the 12th grade is called terceiro ano do ensino médio informally called terceiro colegial, meaning third grade of high school, it is attended by 17–18 years old students.
During this grade, most students apply to what is called Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio, the Brazilian equivalent of the SATs in the US, vestibular, the individual entrance examination particular to each university. As in many countries, Grade 12 students attend Graduation, which involves a formal official ceremony, a party where students and friends are invited and another party just for the students. In Bulgaria the twelfth grade is the last year of high-school. Twelfth-grade students tend to be 18–19 years old. Students are preparing to take the Matriculation exam in the end of their 2nd semester. In Canada, the twelfth grade is referred to as Grade 12. Students enter their Grade 12 year when they are 16 or 17 years old. If they are 16 years old, they will be turning 17 by December 31 of that year. In many Canadian high schools, student during their year, hold a series of fundraisers, grade-class trips, other social events. Grade 12 Canadian students attend Graduation which involves an official ceremony and a dinner dance.
Ontario had Grade 13, renamed Ontario Academic Credit, before being phased out, leaving Grade 12 as the final year. Grades 12 and 13 were similar to sixth form in England. Quebec is the lone province that does not have Grade 12. Thus, when a student is in Grade 12 in Ontario, for instance, the student in Quebec is in his first year of college. Newfoundland and Labrador did not introduce Grade 12 until 1983. In Denmark, the twelfth grade is the 3rd G, the final year of secondary school. G is equivalent to gymnasium; this is not compulsory. Students are 18-19 or older when they finish secondary school; the age of graduation is caused by the fact that Danish children first start school at 6. The reason that many students will be at the age of 20 when they graduate is because some people choose to have one-year gap between the 9th grade and gymnasium's 1st G, where students go to special art- or sport-oriented boarding schools or become exchange students all over the world; this is optional though. The twelfth grade is the third and last year of High School or secondary school The students graduate from High School the year they turn 19.
The twelfth grade is shorter than the previous ones because the twelfth graders lessons end in February and they go on to take their final exams shortly afterwards. Compulsory education ends after the ninth grade, so the upper grades are optional; the equivalent grade in this country is Terminale, it is the third and last year of lycée, equivalent to High-School, upon completion of which students sit for a test, the Baccalauréat. French-language schools that teach the French government curriculum use the same system of grades as their counterparts in France; this is not compulsory, as education is only