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Kazuo Ishiguro

Sir Kazuo Ishiguro. He was born in Nagasaki and moved to the United Kingdom in 1960 when he was five. Ishiguro is one of the most celebrated contemporary fiction authors in the English-speaking world, he has received four Man Booker Prize nominations and won the award in 1989 for his novel The Remains of the Day. Ishiguro's 2005 novel, Never Let Me Go, was named by Time as the best novel of the year, was included in the magazine's list of the 100 best English-language novels published between 1923 and 2005. In 2017, the Swedish Academy awarded Ishiguro the Nobel Prize in Literature, describing him in its citation as a writer "who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world". Ishiguro was knighted in the 2018 Queen's Birthday Honours List. Ishiguro was born in Nagasaki, Japan, on 8 November 1954, the son of Shizuo Ishiguro, a physical oceanographer, his wife Shizuko. At the age of five and his family left Japan and moved to Guildford, Surrey, as his father was invited for research at the National Institute of Oceanography.

He did not return to visit Japan until 1989, nearly 30 years when he was a participant in the Japan Foundation Short-Term Visitors Program. In an interview with Kenzaburō Ōe, Ishiguro stated that the Japanese settings of his first two novels were imaginary: "I grew up with a strong image in my head of this other country, a important other country to which I had a strong emotional tie… In England I was all the time building up this picture in my head, an imaginary Japan." Ishiguro, described as a British Asian author, explained in a BBC interview how growing up in a Japanese family in the UK was crucial to his writing, enabling him to see things from a different perspective to that of many of his English peers. He attended Stoughton Primary School and Woking County Grammar School in Surrey. After finishing school, he took a gap year and travelled through the United States and Canada, all the while writing a journal and sending demo tapes to record companies. In 1974, he began studies at the University of Kent at Canterbury, graduating in 1978 with a Bachelor of Arts in English and Philosophy.

After spending a year writing fiction, he resumed his studies at the University of East Anglia where he studied with Malcolm Bradbury and Angela Carter, gained a Master of Arts in Creative Writing in 1980. His thesis became his first novel, A Pale View of Hills, published in 1982, he became a UK citizen in 1983. Ishiguro set his first two novels in Japan. In an interview in 1989, when discussing his Japanese heritage and its influence on his upbringing, he stated, "I'm not like English people because I've been brought up by Japanese parents in a Japanese-speaking home. My parents felt responsible for keeping me in touch with Japanese values. I do have a distinct background. I think differently, my perspectives are different." When asked about his identity, he said,People are not two-thirds one thing and the remainder something else. Temperament, personality, or outlook don't divide quite like that; the bits don't separate clearly. You end up a funny homogeneous mixture; this is something that will become more common in the latter part of the century—people with mixed cultural backgrounds, mixed racial backgrounds.

That's the way. In a 1990 interview, Ishiguro said, "If I wrote under a pseudonym and got somebody else to pose for my jacket photographs, I'm sure nobody would think of saying,'This guy reminds me of that Japanese writer.'" Although some Japanese writers have had a distant influence on his writing—Jun'ichirō Tanizaki is the one he most cites—Ishiguro has said that Japanese films those of Yasujirō Ozu and Mikio Naruse, have been a more significant influence. Some of Ishiguro's novels are set in the past. Never Let Me Go has science fiction qualities and a futuristic tone, his fourth novel, The Unconsoled, takes place in an unnamed Central European city. The Remains of the Day is set in the large country house of an English lord in the period surrounding World War II. An Artist of the Floating World is set in an unnamed Japanese city during the period of reconstruction following Japan's surrender in 1945; the narrator is forced to come to terms with his part in World War II. He finds himself blamed by the new generation who accuse him of being part of Japan's misguided foreign policy and is forced to confront the ideals of the modern times as represented by his grandson.

Ishiguro said of his choice of time period, "I tend to be attracted to pre-war and postwar settings because I'm interested in this business of values and ideals being tested, people having to face up to the notion that their ideals weren't quite what they thought they were before the test came."With the exception of The Buried Giant, Ishiguro's novels are written in the first-person narrative style. Ishiguro's novels end without resolution; the issues his characters confront remain unresolved. Thus Ishiguro ends many of his novels on a note of melancholic resignation, his characters accept their past and who they have become discovering that this realisation brings comfort and an ending to mental anguish. This can be seen as a literary reflection on the Japanese idea of mono no aware. Ishiguro counts Proust amongst his influences. H


Ziziphus is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. The leaves are alternate, with three prominent basal veins, 2–7 cm long; the flowers are small. The fruit is an edible drupe, yellow-brown, red, or black, globose or oblong, 1–5 cm long very sweet and sugary, reminiscent of a date in texture and flavour; the generic name is derived from the Persian word for Z. lotus. They are Rhamnaceae, near to the buckthorn genus. Ziziphus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bucculatrix zizyphella, which feeds on the genus, Endoclita malabaricus. Well known species includes Ziziphus jujuba, Ziziphus spina-christi from southwestern Asia, Ziziphus lotus from the Mediterranean region, ber, found from western Africa to India. Ziziphus joazeiro grows in the Caatinga of Brazil. Ziziphus celata is listed as an endangered species in the United States.

The fruits are an important source for birds, which eat the whole fruit and regurgitate the seeds intact, expanding the seeds in the best conditions for germination. Secondly, seed dispersal is carried out by fishes; the fruit is energy-rich. It is cultivated and eaten fresh, in jam, it is added as a base in meals and in the manufacture of candy. The leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen depending on species, are aromatic, they are tropical plants, having a great range. They are most abundant where annual average temperatures are between 12 °C and 35 °C and minimum winter temperatures are not lower than −2 °C, they prefer locations with a high temperature coupled with humidity. They require a deep soil, soft, siliceous-calcareous nature or limestone-clay-silica-clay and subsurface permeable, with pH between 5.5 and 7.8. In excessively sandy or clay soils which may be affected by standing water, the plants do not grow well. Many species are sensitive to drought, if the land is excessively dry and of calcareous nature, they may resent the lack of moisture.

At the slightest drought, premature fruit drop is frequent. Ziziphus has several relict species living in temperate areas; these species can not endure the harsh winters of temperate continental climates. The ecological requirements of the genus are those of vigorous species with a great ability to propagate in conducive habitats; this genus is adapted to high rainfall and humidity, but some species are deciduous, living in Mediterranean humid climate. The deciduous Ziziphus species lose all of their leaves for part of the year depending on variations in rainfall. In deciduous species in tropical and arid regions, leaf loss coincides with the dry season, they grow in tropical forests but have been found in stubbles, coastal ranges, tropical mountain areas, wet to dry interior regions. The family is distributed in cloud forest; the differences are ecological adaptations to different environments over a dry-wet climate. Species in less humid environment are smaller or less robust, with less abundant and thinner foliage and have oleifera cells that produce trees with a more fragrant aroma.

In traditional Chinese medicine, suan zao ren is considered to be sweet and sour in taste, neutral in action. It is believed to nourish the heart yin, augment the liver blood, calm the spirit, it is used to treat irritability and heart palpitations. The mythological lotus tree which occurs in Homer's Odyssey is equated with Z. lotus, though the date palm is a possible candidate. List sources: † Ziziphus hyperboreus Heer † Ziziphus wyomingianis Berry † = Extinct

Doctor Who: A Celebration

Doctor Who: A Celebration was a concert performed for the BBC's annual Children In Need charity appeal at the Wales Millennium Centre, Cardiff on 19 November 2006. It featured suites of incidental music composed by Murray Gold from the first two series of the revived television show Doctor Who, along with the reworked Doctor Who theme music; the suites were accompanied visually by clips from episodes related to the pieces. The show was hosted by David Tennant and featured the BBC National Orchestra of Wales conducted by Ben Foster, with the BBC National Chorus of Wales, Gary Williams and Melanie Pappenheim providing vocal accompaniment. Nicholas Briggs and Barnaby Edwards provided Dalek voices and operation with Paul Kasey and others appearing on stage and in the auditorium as monsters from the series including Clockwork Droids and Ood; the event featured an exclusive scene from the upcoming episode "The Runaway Bride", with the score provided live by the orchestra. The event was broadcast live by BBC Radio Wales, shown via BBCi interactive services over Christmas 2006 to accompany the broadcast of "The Runaway Bride".

The Christmas edition of Doctor Who Confidential focused on the concert. By the end of the evening, the concert had raised over £52,000 for the appeal, via ticketing and events including an auction of props and memorabilia. Throughout the Doctor Who Fan base fraternity, Doctor Who: A Celebration is one of the most sought after recordings. Due to the main transmission being via the BBC Red Button Service, many fans did not know the show was being broadcast or did not have access to the Red Button Service. Despite numerous requests to the BBC, the BBC have no plan to show a repeat of this show, nor do they plan to release it on DVD. Doctor Who Prom Doctor Who: A Celebration at BBC. Production Diary from Doctor Who Confidential

Burevestnik (Petrograd, 1917)

Burevestnik was a newspaper published daily from Petrograd, Russia. Burevestnik was the organ of the Petrograd Federation of Anarchist Groups; the newspaper was founded in November 1917. Burevestnik was distributed in Vyborg district, Kronstadt and Obukhovo, it had a readership of around 25,000. This newspaper was one of several publications with the name Burevestnik, a name originating in Maxim Gorky's poem Song of the Stormy Petrel. Burevestnik was edited by Iosif Bleikhman, Abba Gordin and V. L. Gordin. Amongst the writers of Burevestnik there were two distinct tendencies; the former represented the line of Peter Kropotkin, the latter group being adherents of Mikhail Bakunin. As the capital of Russia was shifted from Petrograd to Moscow, the Moscow newspaper Anarkhiia replaced Burevestnik as the most important anarchist communist publication in the country. In the midst of the ongoing revolution, Burevestnik called for immediate expropriation of private property, it advocated that the poor should appropriate homes themselves.

In an February 1918 article, Burevestnik appealed to hall guards to stop protecting the rich and allow the poor to take control over the latter's residences and palaces. It pleaded to the Petrograd workers to reject the leadership of the Bolsheviks. For example, in an April 1918 article it compared the Bolsheviks to the Black Hundreds; the article, published on the front page, carried the title "We have come to the limit!". It denounced attacks on the anarchist movement. However, the newspaper rejected the parliamentary factions; the newspaper applauded the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly in January 1918. Burevestnik was closed down in May 1918

Solo (2011 film)

Solo is a 2011 Telugu language film written and directed by Parasuram. Which features Nara Nisha Aggarwal in the lead roles; the film featured music by Mani Sharma. It was remade in Oriya as Haata Dhari Chaaluthaa with Anubhav Mohanty and Barsha Priyadarshini. Gautham is an orphan who always wishes to get married to a girl from a joint family to experience the love of relationships and elders, he falls in love with Vaishnavi. He tries to woo her and she falls in love with him. Vaishnavi shares a good relationship with everyone at home her dad Naidu. One day he finds out about Gautham's relationship, he dislikes it. He accepts an alliance with someone else. What happens next forms the rest of the story; the satellite rights of the film were acquired by MAA TV for ₹ 1.75 crore. The film became an average grosser at box-office; the music for the movie was composed by Mani Sharma. The audio was released in Hyderabad on 22 October 2011 by Chandrababu Naidu and Released on Aditya Music. Solo on IMDb

CFB Rivers

CFB Rivers was a Royal Canadian Air Force base located 5 km southwest of Rivers, Canada at the junction of Manitoba Highway 25 and Manitoba Provincial Road 259. RCAF Station Rivers was opened 23 November 1940, when No. 1 Air Navigation School was relocated to the Station, from RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario. On 11 May 1942, No. 1 Air Navigation School was redesignated No. 1 Central Navigation School and remained at RCAF Station Rivers until it was disbanded on 15 September 1945. No. 1 Air Navigation School and No. 1 Central Navigation Schools were both part of No. 2 Training Command RCAF one of the 4 commands responsible for administration of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. In 1944 the aerodrome was listed at 50°01′N 100°19′W with a variation of 14 degrees east and altitude of 1,550 ft. Three runways were listed as follows: The base remained open after the war, becoming a training centre for Canadian Army pilots and flying instructors from the army, Royal Canadian Navy and Royal Canadian Air Force.

Additionally, the Air Dispatch School made Rivers its home. Other post-war units stationed at Rivers included the Canadian Parachute Training Centre, the Army Aviation Tactical Training School, the Joint Air Photo Interpretation School, the Basic Helicopter Training Unit and the Army Air Tactical Training School; the Royal Canadian Navy began sending trainees to Rivers after the closure of their own training facility at CFB Shearwater, Nova Scotia. Units established at the station included the Air Support Signal Unit, No. 1 Transport Helicopter Platoon, The Canadian Airborne Regiment and 408 Tactical Fighter Squadron. As a result of the unification of the Canadian Armed Forces, RCAF Station Rivers was renamed CFB Rivers; the station closed in 1971. That same year, the Oo-za-we-kwun Centre opened on the former base to provide vocational training for Canadian First Nations people, closed in 1980. In 1982, the base was used for General Military Training. Future Air Reserve members trained in CFB Rivers for two months.

A hog farm called Aero Farms Ltd, operated from the site until 2011. The site now sits vacant, with the remaining buildings crumbling; the airfield is marked. Some scenes for the 1993 movie For the Moment, a film about an Australian pilot who comes to Manitoba to train under the BCATP, starring Russell Crowe, were filmed at the former air base.'Harlo "Terry" Taerum' - A RCAF navigator, a member of the famous "Dambusters". Taerum, trained at Rivers and received his navigator's wing from Air vice-marshal Billy Bishop. In May 1943, in Operation Chastise known as the "Dambusters Raid," he navigated the lead Avro Lancaster bomber, at night and at low level, to its target, a German power dam. Raised on a farm near Milo, Alberta, he was killed on a raid, in September 1943. Canadian Joint Air Training Centre, Manitoba