Bob Lanier (basketball)
Robert Jerry Lanier, Jr. is an American retired professional basketball player who played for the Detroit Pistons and Milwaukee Bucks of the National Basketball Association. Lanier was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1992. In his 14 NBA seasons, Lanier averaged 20.1 points, 10.1 rebounds, 3.1 assists, 1.5 blocks and 1.1 steals while shooting 51.4 percent from the field. He played in eight NBA All-Star Games, was named Most Valuable Player of the 1974 game, he has had his #16 jersey retired by both the Pistons and the Bucks and his #31 jersey retired by St. Bonaventure University. Lanier is an NBA ambassador. Robert Jerry Lanier Jr. was born on September 10, 1948, in Buffalo, New York, the son of Robert Sr. and Nannette Lanier. Growing up in Buffalo, Lanier was rejected in his basketball efforts. Trying out for his grammar school team, Lanier was told by a coach that his feet were too large for him to be a successful athlete. Although he was 6-foot-5 by age 16, Lanier was cut from the varsity basketball squad in his sophomore year at Bennett High by coach Nick Mogavero because he was too clumsy.
In his junior year, he was encouraged to try out again by new coach Fred Schwepker, who had Lanier in Biology class, Lanier tried out again. Lanier was named to the All-City team as a junior. In his senior year, he averaged 25.0 points and he earned All-Western New York State honors. Both years he led Bennett to Buffalo city titles. After his successes under coach Szwejbka, Lanier graduated in 1966. Lanier was rejected by his first college choice, because of his grades. But, he was recruited by more than 100 other schools and selected St. Bonaventure University, in Allegany, New York, with Coach Larry Weise.“There was recruiting competition, but the advantage I had, what I sold was that his parents could come watch him play,’’ Said Coach Weise. “He picked St. Bonaventure, his parents were at every game.’’ Lanier was a three-time Converse All-America selection, playing for coach Weise at St. Bonaventure. In 1970, he led the St. Bonaventure to the NCAA Final Four, he injured his knee near the end of the regional championship game in a collision with Villanova's Chris Ford and did not participate in St. Bonaventure's National Semifinal loss to Jacksonville University with center Artis Gilmore.
That year he was named Coach and Athlete Magazine player of the year, the ECAC Player of the Year. As a 6 ft 11 in sophomore in the 1967–68 season, after having played on the freshman team the previous year per NCAA rules at the time, Lanier made an immediate national impact, as he led the St. Bonaventure to an undefeated regular season and a no. 3 final poll ranking. Lanier averaged 15.6 rebounds. Against [, Lanier had 27 rebounds, leading St. Bonaventure to 94–78 victory. In the 23-team 1968 NCAA Tournament, Lanier led St. Bonaventure to a 102–93 victory over Boston College and coach Bob Cousy; the Bonies were defeated 91–72 by North Carolina and coach Dean Smith in the East Regional Semifinal, ending their undefeated season. Lanier had 32 points and 15 rebounds in the victory over Boston College and 23 points with 9 rebounds in the North Carolina loss. Lanier fouled out, scoring 18 points with 13 rebounds in the third-place East Region game, a 92–75 loss to Columbia. Lanier was named second-team All-American, behind Lew Alcindor at center.
In the 1968–69 season, St. Bonaventure finished 17–7 without any postseason invitations, after starting the season 3–5. Against Seton Hall, Lanier scored the single-game scoring record for St. Bonaventure. Lanier, averaged 15.6 rebounds in 24 games. Lanier was again named second-team All-American, behind Lew Alcindor at center. During his junior year, Lanier was approached by representatives of the American Basketball Association's New York Nets, who offered him $1.2 million to leave school early and join the ABA. However, following his father's advice, Lanier chose to remain in school. Lanier averaged 29.2 points and 16.0 rebounds as St. Bonaventure finished the 1969–70 regular season 25–1 and a no. 3 national ranking. In the 25-team 1970 NCAA Tournament, Lanier led St. Bonaventure to a 80–72 victory over Davidson College with 28 points and 15 rebounds. However, Lanier injured his knee near the end of the regional championship game in a collision with Villanova's Chris Ford, it was severe enough that he could not play in the Final Four and required surgery, the first of eight surgeries on Lanier's knees.
In the Final Four, the Bonnies lost to [NC State Wolfpack men's basketball with future Hall of Fame center Artis Gilmore. St. Bonaventure was whistled for 32 personal fouls and outscored 37–15 at the free throw line, in the 91–83 loss. In the third-place game, the Bonnies lost to NM State to finish the season 25–3."Every year at this time you start thinking about it and my players start thinking about it," reflected Coach Larry Weise at age 81. "We have a reunion every three, four years and it’s the same with them. It was a magical moment in no question. In our hearts, we knew we were good enough to win the championship.""I think I appreciate it more than my teammates," Lanier reflected on the Final Four in 1985, "because I had a basis for comparison. It wasn't the money, or who got the'numbers' like in the NBA. We weren't any big stars, it was a couple of guys from Buffalo and
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is an American retired professional basketball player who played 20 seasons in the National Basketball Association for the Milwaukee Bucks and the Los Angeles Lakers. During his career as a center, Abdul-Jabbar was a record six-time NBA Most Valuable Player, a record 19-time NBA All-Star, a 15-time All-NBA selection, an 11-time NBA All-Defensive Team member. A member of six NBA championship teams as a player and two more as an assistant coach, Abdul-Jabbar twice was voted NBA Finals MVP. In 1996, he was honored as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History. NBA coach Pat Riley and players Isiah Thomas and Julius Erving have called him the greatest basketball player of all time. After winning 71 consecutive basketball games on his high school team in New York City, Alcindor was recruited by Jerry Norman, the assistant coach of UCLA, where he played for coach John Wooden on three consecutive national championship teams and was a record three-time MVP of the NCAA Tournament.
Drafted with the first overall pick by the one-season-old Bucks franchise in the 1969 NBA draft, Alcindor spent six seasons in Milwaukee. After leading the Bucks to its first NBA championship at age 24 in 1971, he took the Muslim name Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. Using his trademark "skyhook" shot, he established himself as one of the league's top scorers. In 1975, he was traded to the Lakers, with whom he played the final 14 seasons of his career and won five additional NBA championships. Abdul-Jabbar's contributions were a key component in the "Showtime" era of Lakers basketball. Over his 20-year NBA career, his teams succeeded in making the playoffs 18 times and got past the first round 14 times. At the time of his retirement at age 42 in 1989, Abdul-Jabbar was the NBA's all-time leader in points scored, games played, minutes played, field goals made, field goal attempts, blocked shots, defensive rebounds, career wins, personal fouls, he remains the all-time leader in points scored and career wins.
He is ranked third all-time in blocked shots. In 2007, ESPN voted him the greatest center of all time, in 2008, they named him the "greatest player in college basketball history", in 2016, they named him the second best player in NBA history. Abdul-Jabbar has been an actor, a basketball coach, a best-selling author. In 2012, he was selected by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to be a U. S. global cultural ambassador. In 2016, President Barack Obama awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor Jr. was born in New York City, the only child of Cora Lillian, a department store price checker, Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor Sr. a transit police officer and jazz musician. He grew up in the Dyckman Street projects in the Inwood neighborhood of Upper Manhattan. Alcindor was unusually tall from a young age. At birth he weighed 12 lb 11 oz and was 22 1⁄2 inches long, by the age of nine he was 5 ft 8 in tall. By the eighth grade he had grown to 6 ft 8 in tall and could slam dunk a basketball.
Alcindor began his record-breaking basketball accomplishments when he was in high school, where he led coach Jack Donahue's Power Memorial Academy team to three straight New York City Catholic championships, a 71-game winning streak, a 79–2 overall record. This earned him a nickname—"The tower from Power", his 2,067 total points were a New York City high school record. The team won the national high school boys basketball championship when Alcindor was in 10th and 11th grade and was runner-up his senior year. Alcindor had a strained relationship with his coach. In his 2017 book "Coach Wooden and Me," Abdul-Jabbar relates an incident where Donahue called him a nigger. Alcindor played on the UCLA freshman team in 1966 only because the "freshman rule" was in effect, but his prowess was well known, he received national coverage when he made his varsity debut in 1967: Sports Illustrated described him as "The New Superstar." From 1967 to 1969, he played on the varsity under head coach John Wooden. He was the main contributor to the team's three-year record of 88 wins and only two losses: one to the University of Houston in which Alcindor had an eye injury, the other to crosstown rival USC who played a "stall game".
In his first game, Alcindor scored 56 points. During his college career, Alcindor was twice named Player of the Year. In 1967 and 1968, he won USBWA College Player of the Year, which became the Oscar Robertson Trophy. Alcindor became the only player to win the Helms Foundation Player of the Year award three times; the 1965–66 UCLA Bruin team was the preseason #1. On November 27, 1965, the freshman team, led by Alcindor, defeated the varsity 75–60 in the first game in the new Pauley Pavilion. Alcindor had 21 rebounds in what was a good indication of things to come. After the game, the UCLA varsity was # 2 on campus. If the "freshman rule" had not been in effect at that time, UCLA would have had a much better chance of winning the 1966 National Championship. Alcindor had considered transferring to Michigan because of unfulfilled recruiting promises. UCLA player Willie Naul
New York Fashion Week
New York Fashion Week, held in February and September of each year, is a semi-annual series of events when international fashion collections are shown to buyers, the press, the general public. It is one of four major fashion weeks in the world, collectively known as the "Big 4," along with those in Paris and Milan; the Council of Fashion Designers of America created the modern notion of a centralized “New York Fashion Week” in 1993, although cities like London were using their city’s name in conjunction with the words “fashion week” in the 1980s. NYFW is based on a much older series of events called “Press Week,” founded in 1943, it has consisted of numerous branded events, such as Olympus Fashion Week New York and MADE Fashion Week, many independent fashion productions around town. Producers of New York Fashion Week include IMG, The SOCIETY Fashion Week, FTL Moda in conjunction with Fashion Week Online, Style 360, Art Hearts Fashion, Style Fashion Week, ASC Fashion week among others. A centralized calendar of citywide events is kept by the CFDA, was acquired from calendar founder Ruth Finley.
The economic impact of New York Fashion Week is estimated at $887 million. The first New York Fashion Week was created in 1943 by Eleanor Lambert, press director of the American fashion industry’s first promotional organization, the New York Dress Institute; the event, the world's first organized fashion week, was called "Press Week", was created to attract attention away from French fashion during World War II, when fashion industry insiders were unable to travel to Paris to see French fashion shows. It was meant to showcase American designers for fashion journalists, who had neglected U. S. fashion innovations. Press Week was a success, fashion magazines like Vogue, which were filled with French designs featured American fashion. By the mid-1950s, the event was known as "Press Week of New York". Spring 1951 was the 16th Annual Press Week of New York. In 1993, the CFDA, led by president Stan Herman and executive director Fern Mallis, consolidated the citywide events known as "New York Fashion Week" by staging them in a cluster of white tents in Bryant Park.
The event was branded with the trademark "7th on Sixth." In 2001, "7th on Sixth" was sold to IMG. In 2004, the camera company Olympus became a sponsor of IMG's events, which were renamed "Olympus Fashion Week."In 2007, Mercedes-Benz became title sponsor of the IMG-produced events, adding New York to its roster of international "Mercedes-Benz fashion weeks," and dubbing it "MB Fashion Week New York."In 2010, IMG/Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week New York left the Bryant Park tents, relocating to the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. In September 2011, New York designers began live-streaming runway shows, following London, who began in February 2010. Streams were offered on YouTube, on other sites. In 2013, IMG and its New York Fashion Week events were sold to William Morris Endeavor and Silver Lake Partners for $2.3 billion. In 2014, the CFDA acquired FashionCalendar.com from Ruth Finley, who had managed it for more than 60 years. In January 2015, Mercedes-Benz announced its departure as title sponsor from WME/IMG's events.
Producer Kanye West announced. In March 2015, WME/IMG announced that it had acquired MADE Fashion Week, which takes place during WME/IMG's events. In 2015, IMG's events were moved from Lincoln Center to Spring Studios. Following the loss of Bryant Park and Lincoln Center as hosting site for New York Fashion Week, the event is no longer held in one central location. Locations have included converted railway terminals and a former post office. In February 2014, Dr. Danielle Sheypuk became the first wheelchair-using model to appear in a show for New York Fashion Week. In September 2014, Karen Crespo became the first quadruple-amputee to walk at New York Fashion Week for Carrie Hammer. On December 12, 2014, a New York state court approved a settlement in a lawsuit by community activists over whether allowing the Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week tents in Damrosch Park was a violation of the public trust doctrine. In accordance with the settlement, the City of New York, the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts agreed not to renew their contract with IMG.
As a result, the February 2015 Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week was the last one staged in Damrosch Park. In 2014, New York State passed legislation designating models under the age of 18 as child performers, restricting the hours they can perform and requiring additional documentation; the fall/winter 2015 shows took place from February 12–19. In that week, actress Jamie Brewer became the first woman with Down syndrome to walk the red carpet at New York Fashion Week, which she did for designer Carrie Hammer; the spring/summer 2016 shows took place from September 10–17, 2015 at two new locations, Skylight at Moynihan Station in Midtown and Skylight Clarkson Square in SoHo. The economic impact of these shows was estimated to be $900 million and attendance was 125,000 people. In December 2015, the CFDA announced that it had hired the Boston Consulting Group to study revising the format of New York Fashion Week to adapt to changes brought about by social media. One option being explored is to bifurcate the event, with private showroom appointments of next season's designs for buyers and public fashion shows displaying in-season merchandise for consumers.
The first New York Fashion Week dedicated menswear shows, called "New York Fashion Week: Men's," were produced by the CFDA i
Bib-and-brace overalls, overalls, or dungarees is a type of garment, used as protective clothing when working. The garment is referred to as a "pair of overalls" by analogy with "pair of trousers". Overalls were made of denim, but they can be made of corduroy or chino cloth. Overalls were invented in the 1890s by Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis at Levi Strauss & Co. but they went through an evolution to reach their modern form. Only used for protective clothing in work settings, they have become a garment of high fashion as "potential cult items"; the exact beginnings of the wearing of overalls are unclear, but they are mentioned in literature as early as 1776 as a protective working garment worn by slaves. The first evidence of overalls being mass-produced are those made by Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis in the 1890s; the first "jeans" they invented were overalls, consisting of suspenders attached to denim pants with buttons. There was no top part with a bib. From the beginning, denim overalls were popular workers' garments due to their durability.
In fact, Strauss & Co.'s slogan in the 1880s-1890s was "Never Rip, Never Tear."In 1911, Harry David Lee made the first bib overalls, made of pants with pockets with a bib and straps over the shoulders. In 1927, Lee's created "buttonless" overalls. Zippers replaced buttons. Soon after, Suspender buttons were traded in for belt loops to attach over-the-shoulder straps. In the 1930s, the poorest segments of the American population wore overalls: farmers, miners and railroad workers, they were most worn by men and boys in the Southern United States and the Midwestern United States. They can be seen in many of Walker Evans's photographs. Bib overalls have become a popular garment from the 1960s onward. In the 21st century, overalls have evolved into a high fashion garment. Designers such as Stella McCartney feature them in ready-to-wear collections for children. Stella McCartney's children's overalls sell for as much as $138. Nordstrom sells overalls for as much as $1,080. Lee's and Levi, Strauss & Co. were not the only companies making overalls in the late 19th and 20th centuries.
One of the oldest brands of overalls, OshKosh B'gosh, founded in 1895 in Wisconsin, specialized in hickory stripe bib overalls. The company produced bib overalls for children in the late 1960s. Larned, Carter & Co. a company from Detroit, called themselves the "World's Greatest Overall Makers." They marketed their products as uniforms for railroad workers. One of the biggest overall manufacturers was Blue Bell, which began in North Carolina in 1904, it was popular among railroad workers. Jellico Clothing Manufacturing Co. renamed Big Ben, was a major competitor of Blue Bell. Big Ben continued under the name Blue Bell. Blue Bell bought the overalls company Casey Jones. Shortalls are overalls adapted, they can be worn by toddlers, with "crotch and leg snaps to facilitate diaper changes."In skirtalls, the part of the garment below the waist is a skirt. In capri overalls, the legs are capri pants. Salopettes is the French word for bib-and-brace overalls; the word is used in English for a similar garment to overalls worn for sailing, skiing and other heavy duty activities.
They are made of wind-and-waterproof trousers, traditionally with a high waist reaching to the chest and held up by adjustable shoulder braces. Military "overalls" were loose garments worn in the 18th and early 19th centuries over soldiers' breeches and gaiters when on active service or in barracks. After 1823, the term was replaced by that of "trousers" in British Army documents, but it survives to the present day in reference to the tight-fitting garments strapped under the instep, worn as part of the mess dress and full dress uniforms of cavalry regiments
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". With a population of about 10 million, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River, its capital is Lansing, its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's largest metropolitan economies. Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas; the Lower Peninsula is noted as shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan; the Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair; as a result, it is one of the leading U.
S. states for recreational boating. Michigan has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles from a natural water source or more than 85 miles from a Great Lakes shoreline; the area was first occupied by a succession of Native American tribes over thousands of years. Inhabited by Natives, Métis, French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of New France colony. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. Britain ceded this territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War; the area was part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon until after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in 1837 as a free one, it soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Although Michigan developed a diverse economy, it is known as the center of the U. S. automotive industry, which developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. It is home to the country's three major automobile companies. While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism thanks to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufacturing, agriculture and high-tech industry; when the first European explorers arrived, the most populous tribes were Algonquian peoples, which include the Anishinaabe groups of Ojibwe, Odaawaa/Odawa, the Boodewaadamii/Bodéwadmi. The three nations co-existed peacefully as part of a loose confederation called the Council of Three Fires; the Ojibwe, whose numbers are estimated to have been between 25,000 and 35,000, were the largest. The Ojibwe were established in Michigan's Upper Peninsula and northern and central Michigan, inhabited Ontario and southern Manitoba, Canada; the Ottawa lived south of the Straits of Mackinac in northern and southern Michigan, but in southern Ontario, northern Ohio and eastern Wisconsin.
The Potawatomi were in southern and western Michigan, in addition to northern and central Indiana, northern Illinois, southern Wisconsin, southern Ontario. Other Algonquian tribes in Michigan, in the south and east, were the Mascouten, the Menominee, the Miami, the Sac, the Fox; the Wyandot were an Iroquoian-speaking people in this area. French voyageurs and coureurs des bois settled in Michigan in the 17th century; the first Europeans to reach what became Michigan were those of Étienne Brûlé's expedition in 1622. The first permanent European settlement was founded in 1668 on the site where Père Jacques Marquette established Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan as a base for Catholic missions. Missionaries in 1671–75 founded outlying stations at Saint Ignace and Marquette. Jesuit missionaries were well received by the area's Indian populations, with few difficulties or hostilities. In 1679, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle built Fort Miami at present-day St. Joseph. In 1691, the French established a trading post and Fort St. Joseph along the St. Joseph River at the present-day city of Niles.
In 1701, French explorer and army officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit or "Fort Pontchartrain on-the-Strait" on the strait, known as the Detroit River, between lakes Saint Clair and Erie. Cadillac had convinced King Louis XIV's chief minister, Louis Phélypeaux, Comte de Pontchartrain, that a permanent community there would strengthen French control over the upper Great Lakes and discourage British aspirations; the hundred soldiers and workers who accompanied Cadillac built a fort enclosing one arpent and named it Fort Pontchartrain. Cadillac's wife, Marie Thérèse Guyon, soon moved to Detroit, becoming one of the first European women to settle in what was considered the wilderness of Michigan; the town became a major fur-trading and shipping post. The Église de Saint-Anne was founded the same year. While the original building does not survive, the congregation remains active. Cadillac departed to serve as the French governor of Louisiana from 1710 to 1716.
French attempts to consol
Robert Earl "Butterbean" Love is an American retired professional basketball player who spent the prime of his career with the National Basketball Association's Chicago Bulls. A versatile forward who could shoot with either his left or right hand, Love now works as the Bulls' Director of Community Affairs. After starring at Morehouse High School in Louisiana, Love played basketball for Southern University, where he became a brother of Alpha Phi Omega, he earned All-America honors in 1963, in 1965, the Cincinnati Royals selected the 6’8" forward in the fourth round of the 1965 NBA draft. Love failed to make the team, instead spent the 1965–66 NBA season in the Eastern Basketball League. After averaging over 25 points per game, Love earned the EBL Rookie of the Year Award and gained enough confidence to try out for the Royals once more, he made the team on his second attempt and played two seasons for the Royals in a reserve role. Love made his NBA debut on October 18, 1966. In 1968, the Milwaukee Bucks selected him in the NBA Expansion Draft and traded him to the Chicago Bulls in the middle of the 1968–69 season.
Love flourished while playing for Dick Motta's Bulls. In 1969 -- 70, he became a full-time starter, averaging 8.7 rebounds. The following two seasons he averaged 25.2 and 25.8 points per game, appeared in his first two NBA All-Star Games, earned All-NBA Second Team honors both seasons. Love appeared in the 1973 All-Star Game, he would average at least 19 points and six rebounds every season until 1976–77. Love was named to the NBA's All-Defense Second Team in 1974 and 1975, his #10 jersey was the second jersey number to be retired by the Chicago Bulls. Jerry Sloan's # 4. Love's 1995 wedding ceremony to Rachel Dixon took place at the United Center. Love ended his NBA career with the Bulls after spending parts of the 1976–77 season in New York and Seattle, he would finish with career totals of 13,895 points, 1,123 assists, 4,653 rebounds. Love suffered from a severe stuttering problem from childhood, which prevented him from finding meaningful employment after his playing days were over. At one point, Love was a busboy making $4.45 an hour.
The owner of the restaurant where Love washed dishes offered to pay for speech therapy classes, in 1993 he returned to the Chicago Bulls as their director of community relations. One of his duties in this position involves speaking to school children. Love has become a motivational speaker, he wrote a book, The Bob Love Story: If It's Gonna Be, It's Up to Me, in 1999. Bob Love NBA career statistics Chicago Bulls: Bob Love, Former Stutterer article and video at Sterling Speakers website Bio of Bob Love at AEI Speakers
The O. C. is an American teen drama television series created by Josh Schwartz that aired on the Fox network in the United States from August 5, 2003, to February 22, 2007, running a total of four seasons. "O. C." is an abbreviation of Orange County, the location in California in which the series is set. The series centers on Ryan Atwood, a troubled but gifted young man from a broken home, adopted by the wealthy and philanthropic Sandy and Kirsten Cohen. Ryan and his foster brother Seth, a awkward yet quick-witted teenager, deal with life as outsiders in the high-class world of Newport Beach. Ryan and Seth spend much time navigating their relationships with girl-next-door Marissa Cooper, Seth's childhood crush Summer Roberts, the fast-talking loner Taylor Townsend. Storylines deal with the culture clash between the idealistic Cohen family and the shallow and closed-minded community in which they reside; the series includes elements of postmodernism, functions as a mixture of melodrama and comedy.
The series premiered with high ratings and was one of the most popular new dramas of the 2003–2004 television season. It was referred to as a pop cultural phenomenon and received positive reception from critics. However, ratings declined; the low ratings led to its cancellation in early 2007 after an online petition that gained over 700,000 signatures. The O. C. has been broadcast in more than fifty countries worldwide. The series has been released on DVD, as well as on iTunes. Season 1 focuses on Ryan Atwood's arrival in Newport Beach to live with Sandy and Kirsten Cohen, who take him in after his mother kicks him out. A major theme of the first season is the culture shock Ryan feels as he adjusts from a life of domestic abuse and poverty to living in a superficial high-class society, he befriends and bonds with Seth Cohen, begins to have a romantic relationship with Marissa Cooper. Although coming from different backgrounds, Ryan soon discovers that he deals with similar issues to his new peers, such as self-identity conflict and familial alienation.
The relationship between Ryan and Marissa flourishes when he supports her through her parents' divorce. As the show progresses, Ryan takes a protective role over Marissa, showing Ryan to be a much more stable, controlled person than portrayed. Other storylines include Seth's development from a friendless loner to having two romantic choices in Summer and Anna, as well as the arrivals of Oliver Trask, a troubled teen who befriends Marissa during their coinciding therapy sessions, Theresa Diaz, Ryan's close friend and former love interest from his hometown of Chino. Meanwhile, Sandy Cohen comes into conflict with Caleb Nichol, Kirsten's father and a wealthy industrialist, said to "basically own Newport." The second season of The O. C. continues to follow the tumultuous romantic relationships between Ryan and Marissa and Summer, Sandy and Kirsten. Josh Schwartz, the show's creator, stated that in Season 2, the show would "no longer be about Ryan's past. For example, the story follows Ryan in his advanced physics class, where tension is created between him and another student, who presumes that Ryan will be useless as a lab partner, who thus prevents him from contributing to the work that must be submitted.
Ryan's character begins to grow when he stands up to Lindsay and convinces her to allow him to contribute, forcing them to work together to complete the assignment. They become involved romantically, creating extreme complications and relational shifts amongst the now "Cooper-Nichol" family; the Bait Shop becomes a prominent social destination for the teenage characters. A number of recurring characters are introduced, such as D. J. Lindsay Gardner, Zach Stevens, Alex Kelly, with whom the main characters form a variety of relationships. Ryan's brother, Trey Atwood, gets out of jail and threatens to bring Ryan's old life into his new one. Sandy and Kirsten face new conflicts after drifting apart during the summer. Season 2 ends with Marissa shooting Trey after Ryan confronts him for attempting to sexually assault Marissa. Season 3 creates many dynamic changes with regards to relationships and power within the characters' society. Firstly, Marissa is expelled from the Harbor School; the Cooper family, left with little money, is forced to move into a trailer park.
Julie Cooper-Nichol, once one of the richest women in all of Newport, struggles to put food on the table for her daughters. Marissa's life begins to spiral out of control, as she struggles with alcohol and drug abuse, as well as dealing with the loss of her close friend Johnny. Kirsten confronts her alcohol addiction and leaves rehab, only to encounter more problems when she begins business with a con artist; the other characters look towards college, with Seth and Summer competing for a spot at Brown University. Sandy's moral compass becomes imperiled when a past love interest makes her way back into his life, he takes over Caleb's old position as head of The Newport Group, pursuing a project to establish more low-income housing in Newport. Ryan attempts to resolve his individual relationships with his mother, with his childhood friend Theresa Diaz, he pursues the idea of a post-secondary education, with encouragement from both Sandy and Kirsten to visit Berkeley. Ryan's life is put on hold when, in the season 3 finale, Ryan decides to drive Marissa to the airport, they are run off the road by Kevin Volchok, Marissa's most recent love affair gone wrong.
In the last few minutes of the episode, Ryan pulls Marissa out f