Keighley and Worth Valley Railway
The Keighley and Worth Valley Railway is a 5-mile-long heritage railway line in the Worth Valley, West Yorkshire, which runs from Keighley to Oxenhope. It connects to the national rail network at Keighley railway station. In 1861, John McLandsborough, a civil engineer, visited Haworth to pay tribute to Charlotte Brontë but was surprised to find that it was not served by a railway, he proposed a branch running from the Midland Railway's station at Keighley to Oxenhope. The line would serve 15 mills along its length. A meeting of local gentlemen were told. A total of 3,134 shares worth £10 each were issued at this meeting, along with the election of directors, bankers and engineers. J McLandsborough, the original proposer of the line was appointed acting engineer; the railway was incorporated by an Act of Parliament in 1862 and the first sod was cut on Shrove Tuesday, 9 February 1864 by Isaac Holden, the chairman of the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway. The railway was built as single track but with a trackbed wide enough to allow upgrading to double track for expansion.
Although the work was estimated to take one year, delays including buying land for the line, a cow eating the plans near Oakworth and engineering problems meant the work took nearly two years to complete. In particular the southern tunnel to Ingrow West had quicksand oozing through bore holes that required additional piles to be driven down to the bedrock to support and stabilise the tunnel; the work damaged the foundation to the Wesley Place Methodist Church resulting in the church receiving £1,980 from the railway company. Tracklaying was completed in 1866, having joined in the middle; the line was tested with a locomotive from Ilkley, which took nearly two hours to get from Keighley to Oxenhope, but just 13 minutes to get back. Before opening, violent storms struck the line in November of that year; the opening ceremony was held on Saturday 13 April 1867. The train got stuck on Keighley bank and again between Oakworth and Haworth, necessitating splitting it before carrying on with the journey.
On 15 April 1867, public passenger services on the Worth Valley commenced. The line was operated by the Midland Railway, who owned most of the rail network in the area, was bought by the Midland in part due to interest from the rival railway company, the Great Northern. Upon sale of the railway, the mill owners made a profit, unusual for many lines of that type, as the Midland wanted to prevent the GN from taking over its territory. After becoming part of the London and Scottish Railway in 1923 during Grouping, ownership passed to British Railways following nationalisation in 1948. On 6 November 1892 the deviation line between Haworth and Oakworth through Mytholmes Tunnel was opened and the original route abandoned; the deviation was built as a condition of the buy out of the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway by the Midland Railway. The need for the deviation was to avoid a large wooden trestle viaduct that crossed a mill pond, as the locals believed the viaduct was unsafe, many alighted at Oakworth and continued on foot to Haworth to avoid crossing the viaduct.
The original design for the deviation was to skirt the mill pond through a cutting to rejoin the original formation. However, during construction the material in the cutting proved to be unstable, resulting in the construction of the short Mytholmes Tunnel; the original trestle viaduct can be seen in a picture hanging in the booking hall of Oakworth station. British Railways operated the last scheduled passenger train on Saturday 30 December 1961 and with no Sunday service the passenger service was deemed withdrawn from Monday 1 January 1962. Freight trains continued to run to Oxenhope until 18 June 1962. On 23 June 1962 the new formed Keighley and Worth Valley Railway Preservation Society chartered a special passenger train which ran from Bradford to Oxenhope and return. After this train the section between Oxenhope and Ingrow Junction was closed. A preservation society was formed in 1962 of rail enthusiasts and local people which bought the line from BR and reopened it on 29 June 1968 as a heritage railway.
The first train to leave Keighley for Oxenhope on that date was the only train to operate anywhere on the network due to a national train strike. The line is now a major tourist attraction operated by 500+ volunteers and 10 paid staff, it carries more than 100,000 passengers a year. The KWVR is one of only three UK preserved railways which operates a complete branch line in its original form, the other two being the heritage Ecclesbourne Valley Railway in Wirksworth and the Swanage Railway, in Dorset. On 10 July 2008, the Duke of Kent visited the railway following the 40th anniversary of its reopening. While at the railway, the Duke travelled on a specially prepared "Royal Train", consisting of tank locomotive 41241, an LMS Class 2MT, pulling a single carriage, The Old Gentleman's Saloon, as featured in The Railway Children, a former North Eastern Railway directors Saloon. While visiting, the Duke travelled on the locomotive footplate. Mainline connections to Leeds, Skipton, Lancaster and London King's Cross Railway shop and buffet Turntable Picnic area Station restored to BR 1950s condition complete with cast-iron platform canopy on Platform 4, as once existed on all of the platforms Acces
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Northern (train operating company)
Northern is a train operating company in Northern England. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, it began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail. Central to franchise commitments will be the introduction of 101 new-built units – the Class 195 and 331; these will be the first new-build trains for the Northern franchise since the introduction of the Class 333 in 2000 and the new rolling stock will enable all 102 Pacer trains in service with Northern to be retired by the end of 2019. Additionally, it is planned that a franchise sub-brand, known as Northern Connect, will provide inter-urban services between major cities and towns in Northern England, as well as serving a number of major commuting stations; however since the franchise began in April 2016, it has been beset by falling punctuality, poor customer service, regular industrial action by staff and delays in introducing new rolling stock due to issues encountered during testing.
Despite passenger growth at the vast majority of train operating companies in the United Kingdom and the Northern franchise operating more services, the number of passengers carried since the franchise commenced in 2016 has declined and has been attributed to worsening performance. The franchise will run to 2025 with an option for an additional year, dependent on performance. In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced that Abellio and Govia had been shortlisted to bid for the next Northern franchise; the franchise was awarded to Arriva in December 2015. In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority launched an investigation into the transport department's decision to award the Northern network to Arriva. Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned many bus companies in the Northern trains operating area in which'a significant overlap occurs without competition from other service providers.'In April 2018, a penalty fare scheme under the Railways Regulations 2018 commenced to encourage passengers to purchase a ticket before boarding trains.
Although this scheme is not wholly enforced across the Northern network, passengers are liable to paying a £20 penalty fare if they are deemed to have travelled without a valid ticket and had the ability to purchase a ticket prior to boarding the train at the station of origin. Customers who need to purchase a ticket at the station of origin with cash may do so by collecting a'Promise to Pay' notice prior to boarding from a ticket machine as these are not capable of accepting cash; these notices can be exchanged with the on-board conductor or with a member of railway staff at the destination station for a paid ticket. Section 6 of the Railways Regulations 2018 covers a number of scenarios that prohibit penalty fares being issued such'no facilities in operation for the sale of a travel ticket for that passenger’s journey'; the franchise was criticised for implementing a new timetable in May 2018 which resulted in widespread delays and cancellations. Network Rail and Northern announced an independent inquiry to learn lessons and identify route alterations in readiness for the next timetable change in December 2018.
In an attempt to counter operational problems, Northern implemented an emergency timetable on 4 June 2018 – it stemmed some delays and cancellations but was still problematic compared with performance before the timetable change. Punctuality was bad in the North West due to the delay in the Blackpool-Preston electrification scheme and the number of trains per hour through Manchester increased with more services utilising the Ordsall Chord which became operational in December 2017. Network Rail only informed train operating companies in January 2018 that the electrification scheme would be delayed until November – Northern had planned for the scheme to be complete as scheduled by May and had trained drivers to operate new routes with electric rolling stock. An alternative timetable had to be drafted up and many train drivers were not sufficiently trained to drive the existing diesel rolling stock which resulted in widespread cancellations. Furthermore, the additional services through the Manchester corridor resulted in increased congestion and which had a knock-on effect.
Performance statistics published by the Office of Rail and Road in October 2018 showed that from April to June 2018, the franchise recorded the lowest PPM – measured by train service departing within 5 minutes of its scheduled time – of any quarter since punctuality records began on the Northern franchise in 2009. Performance towards the latter half of the 2018 continued to be poor with many passengers protesting and the network beset by a reduced service on Saturdays due to industrial action. In October 2018 it was announced that Manchester Oxford Road station, the busiest station managed by Northern with over 8 million passengers, was the most delayed station in the United Kingdom in 2018 – this was attributed to the chaos following the May 2018 timetable. Between 14 October and 10 November 2018, Northern recorded the worst monthly performance on record with more trains late than on time. Less than 40% of services arrived on time and only 71.9% departed within 5 minutes of the scheduled departure time.
By November 2018, Arriva were re-evaluating their future involvement in the franchise due to a combination of declining passenger numbers as a result of the chaotic May 2018 timetable change and increasing compensation claims as a result of falling punctuality. Both have pushed the franchise into a loss-making entity and face a £282 million government subsidy shortfall, due to be passed onto the franchise. Since the franchise commenced in April 2016 and despite an increase
Keighley is a town and civil parish within the City of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, 11 miles north-west of Bradford at the confluence of the rivers Aire and Worth. In the West Riding of Yorkshire, Keighley lies between Airedale and Keighley Moors; the town is the terminus of the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway, a heritage steam branch line, restored and runs through the Worth Valley to Oxenhope via Oakworth and Haworth. At the 2011 census, Keighley had a population of 56,348; the name Keighley, which has gone through many changes of spelling throughout its history, means "Cyhha's farm or clearing", was mentioned in the Domesday Book as "In Cichhelai and Thole, Ravensuar, William had six carucates to be taxed." Henry de Keighley, a Lancashire knight, was granted a charter to hold a market in Keighley on 17 October 1305 by King Edward I. The poll tax records of 1379 show that the population of Keighley, in the wapentake of Staincliffe in the West Riding of Yorkshire, was 109 people. From 1753 the Union stage coach departed on the Keighley and Kendal Turnpike from what was the Devonshire Arms coaching inn on the corner of Church Street and High Street.
Rebuilt about 1788, this public house has a classical style pedimented doorcase with engaged Tuscan columns in the high fashion of that age. The original route towards Skipton was Spring Gardens Lane – Hollins Lane – Hollins Bank Lane. Keighley was to become an intersection with other turnpikes including the Two-Laws to Keighley branch of the Toller Lane – Blue Bell turnpike from Bradford to Colne; the town's industries have been in textiles wool and cotton processing. In addition to the manufacture of textiles there were several large factories making textile machinery; these included George Hattersley & Son and Prince, Smith & Stell. The first of these operated as a manufacturer of CNC machine tools precision lathes, until 2008; the 1842 Leeds Directory description of Keighley reads "Its parish had no dependent townships though it is about six miles long and four miles broad, comprises 10,160 acres of land and a population which amounted, in the year 1801, to 5,745." The town was incorporated as a municipal borough on 28 July 1882 under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act 1882 in the West Riding of Yorkshire.
On 1 April 1974 it became part of the City of Bradford Metropolitan District in accordance with the 1972 Local Government Act in the newly formed county of West Yorkshire. The merger caused a lot of bitterness among Keighley people who resented being'taken over' by Bradford and accused the city's council of neglecting the town. Civil parish status was restored to Keighley in 2002; the council's 30 members elect a mayor from amongst their number once a year. The town has a local history society and District Local History Society, a family history society and District Family History Society. Keighley lies at the confluence of the rivers Worth and Aire in the South Pennines, its northern boundary is with Bradley and its southern limit is the edge of Oxenhope. To the west, the town advances up the hill to the suburb of Black Hill and in the east it terminates at the residential neighbourhoods of Long Lee and Thwaites Brow; the outlying northeastern suburb of Riddlesden is sometimes incorrectly referred to as a separate village, but is part of the town.
Past Black Hill and via Braithwaite Edge Road lies Braithwaite village which leads to Laycock, mentioned in the Domesday Book. Laycock is a conservation area; the River Aire passes through north eastern Keighley, dividing the neighbourhood of Stockbridge and running parallel to the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. The Worth links up with the Aire in Stockbridge and runs south-westerly, dividing eastern Keighley from central and western districts of the town; the Worth is lined with abandoned, semi-derelict industrial sites and tracts of waste ground dating from the period when Keighley thrived as a major textile centre. Parts of Keighley are prone to flooding and the town was badly hit in by floods 2000. Since millions have been spent on strengthening flood defences. Other outlying villages around the town are Oakworth, Cross Roads, Haworth and Oxenhope; the two main settlements to the north are Steeton. Although these villages are referred to as separate places they are part of the wider Keighley area.
These areas add a total of 22,669 to the Keighley area, taking the population of the wider Keighley area up to 74,098. To the north east is Rombald's Moor which contains many signs of stone age and bronze age occupation including cup and ring marks, as it drops back down into Wharfedale and the town of Ilkley five miles away, becomes the more famous Ilkley Moor. † The 1939 population is estimated from the National Registration Act figures. The 1941 census did not take place because of the Second World War. Much of the town centre has been pedestrianised. Keighley has three large supermarkets, Sainsbury's and Asda; the Airedale shopping centre, is a large indoor shopping precinct which houses most of the town's high street retail chains. There are several budget supermarkets situated in small retail parks around the town. Keighley benefits from an electrified railway service with connections to Leeds, Shipley, Skipton and Morecambe; the Keighley and Worth Valley railway is a heritage steam r
City of Bradford
The City of Bradford is a local government district of West Yorkshire, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. It is named after its largest settlement, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Keighley, Bingley, Haworth and Denholme. Bradford has a population of 528,155, making it the fourth-most populous metropolitan district and the sixth-most populous local authority district in England, it forms part of the West Yorkshire Urban Area conurbation which in 2011 had a population of 1,777,934, the city is part of the Leeds-Bradford Larger Urban Zone, with a population of 2,393,300, is the fourth largest in the United Kingdom after London and Manchester. The city is situated on the edge of the Pennines, is bounded to the east by the City of Leeds, the south east by the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees and the south west by the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale; the Pendle borough of Lancashire lies to the west, whilst the Craven and Harrogate boroughs of North Yorkshire lie to the north west and north east of the city.
Bradford is the 4th largest metropolitan district in the country, the contiguous urban area to the north which includes the towns of Shipley and Bingley is populated. The spa town of Ilkley lies further north. Two thirds of the district is rural, with an environment varying from moorlands in the north and west, to valleys and floodplains formed by the river systems that flow throughout the district. More than half of Bradford's land is green open space, stretching over part of the Airedale and Wharfedale Valleys, across the hills and the Pennine moorland between; the Yorkshire Dales and the Peak District are both in close proximity. The City of Bradford has architecture designated as being of special or historic importance, most of which were constructed with local stone, with 5,800 listed buildings and 59 conservation areas; the model village of Saltaire has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Central Bradford rose to prominence during the 19th century as an international centre of textile manufacture wool.
The area's access to a supply of coal, iron ore and soft water facilitated the growth of Bradford's manufacturing base, which, as textile manufacture grew, led to an explosion in population and was a stimulus to civic investment. However, Bradford has faced similar challenges to the rest of the post-industrial area of northern England, including deindustrialisation, housing problems, economic deprivation. Wool and textiles still play an important part in the city's economy, but today's fastest-growing sectors include information technology, financial services, digital industries, environmental technologies, cultural industries and retail headquarters and distribution. Bradford's reputation as a base for high technology and computer-based industries is growing, building on a long tradition of innovation, high skill levels and quality products. Bradford has experienced significant levels of immigration throughout the 20th centuries. In the 1840s Bradford's population was increased by migrants from Ireland rural Mayo and Sligo, by 1851 around 18,000 people of Irish origin resided in the town, representing around 10% of the population, the largest proportion in Yorkshire.
Around the same time there was an influx of German Jewish migrants to the town, by 1910 around 1,500 people of German origin resided in the city. In the 1950s there was large scale immigration to a lesser extent from Poland. Bradford has the second highest proportion in England and Wales outside London, in terms of population and in percentage. An estimated 140,149 people of South Asian origin reside in the city, representing around 26.83% of the city's population. An estimated 352,317 of all White ethnic groups reside in the city which includes people of Polish and Irish origin, representing around 67.44% of the city's population. Bradford was granted the status of a city in 1897. Bradford was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1847, covering the parishes of Bradford and Manningham, it became a county borough with the passing of the Local Government Act 1888. The county borough was granted city status by Letters Patent in 1897. Bradford was expanded in 1882 to include Allerton, Bowling, Heaton and Tyersall.
In 1899 it was further expanded by adding North Bierley, Idle, Thornton and Wyke. Clayton was added in 1930; the Brontë sisters, Emily and Charlotte were born along with their brother Branwell at 74 Market Street in Thornton in Bradford before moving to the parsonage at Haworth in the heart of West Yorkshire's Brontë Country where they wrote a range of classics of English literature including "Wuthering Heights" and "Jane Eyre". The city played an important part in the early history of the Labour Party. A mural on the back of the Priestley Centre For The Arts in Little Germany commemorates the centenary of the founding of the Independent Labour Party in Bradford in 1893; the Bradford Pals were three First World War Pals battalions of Kitchener's Army raised in the city. When the three battalions were taken over by the British Army they were named the 16th, 18th and 20th Battalions, The Prince of Wales's Own West Yorkshire Regiment. On the morning of 1 July 1916, an estimated 1,394 young men from Bradford and District The Bradford Pals, the 16th and 18th Battalions of the Prince of Wales Own West Yorkshire Regiment left their trenches in Northern France to advance across No Man's Land.
It was the first hour of the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Of the es
Shipley railway station
Shipley railway station serves the historic market town of Shipley in West Yorkshire, England. It is 10 3⁄4 miles northwest of Leeds. Train services are commuter services between Leeds and Bradford, the Airedale line, the Wharfedale Line. There are a few main-line London North Eastern Railway services between Bradford or Skipton and London, it lies on the line from Leeds to Glasgow via the Settle-Carlisle Railway; when the Leeds and Bradford Railway built the first railway link into Bradford in 1846, they did not take the shortest route, but a flatter and longer one up Airedale to Shipley south along Bradford Dale to Bradford. They built stations at several places along the route, including Shipley, which opened in July 1846. In 1847, the Leeds and Bradford Extension Railway was built from Shipley to Keighley and Skipton, creating the triangle of lines which surrounds today's station; the north curve was on a much tighter alignment than the present 1883 curve. The original curve would pass through the car park.
The Leeds and Bradford was absorbed by the Midland Railway in 1851, the Midland successively became part of the LMS and British Railways. The Ordnance Survey map of Shipley in 1852 shows the station some 500 m south of the present one, where Valley Road crosses the line to Bradford. However, an article in the Bradford and Wakefield Observer in February 1849 describes the station in its present position, it is not clear if it was moved in its first few years or there is an error on the map. The present station was built at some time between 1883 and 1892, nestling between the western and eastern arms of the triangle, it was designed by the Midland's architect Charles Trubshaw. Platform 3 was lengthened in 1990; the northern arm of the triangle is distant from the main station and had no platforms until May 1979. Before trains on the Leeds-Shipley-Skipton run had to come through the station to the Bradford branch and reverse. From 1979, there was a single platform there, on the inside of the triangle, so Skipton-Leeds trains had to cross over to reach it.
The current platform 1 on the north side was built in 1992. It is now one of two remaining triangular stations in the UK: the other being Earlestown station in Merseyside. Ambergate station was triangular but only retains one platform and Queensbury station was closed to passengers in 1955; until the Beeching Axe closures of 1965, the next stations from Shipley were Saltaire on the Airedale line to the west, Baildon on the Wharfedale line to the North, Apperley Bridge in the east towards Leeds, Frizinghall in the south towards Bradford. Baildon station closed in 1953, but on 20 March 1965, the other three of these stations closed, along with another dozen stations and the local service between Bradford and Leeds. Most of the services through Shipley were under threat and hung in the balance until the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive adopted them in the 1970s. All four of these adjacent stations have since been reopened: Baildon on 5 January 1973, Saltaire in April 1984, Frizinghall in 1987, Apperley Bridge on 13 December 2015.
Between 1875 and 1931, there was a second station and Windhill railway station on Leeds Road close to Shipley Station which served the Shipley and Windhill Line. The station lies to the east of the town centre, across Otley Road, There is no access directly from Otley Road: pedestrian access from town is either via a tunnel at the bottom of Station Road, or from Stead Street onto platform 1. Vehicular access is from the side away from town, under the bridge and up a long cobbled drive from Briggate and there is a large car-park between the main station and platforms 1/2. There are no bus stops on the station forecourt: bus connections are either on Briggate/Leeds Road, or in the Market Square. There is no taxi rank within the station: again, passengers need to go into the town centre; the station is staffed - the ticket office is open seven days per week and only closed in the evening. Ticket machines are available, along with digital information screens and a long-line Public Address System for training running information.
Step-free access is available to platforms 2, 3 and 5. Platforms 1 and 4 can be reached by disabled passengers via lifts. Most of the services are commuter services operated as part of the MetroTrain network. During Monday to Saturday daytimes, these operate every 30 minutes on each of the following routes: Leeds-Bradford Forster Square. In the evening a half-hourly service is maintained between Skipton. Ilkley and Skipton to Bradford are hourly. There is no direct service between Leeds and Bradford but a shuttle from Shipley to Bradford connects with Leeds departures. On Sundays, Ilkley/Skipton - Bradford and Skipton and Bradford to Leeds each operate once per hour; these services are operated by Northern Class 333 electric multiple units, although Class 321 and Class 322 sets are used on some weekday workings. There are a number of trains each day from Leeds to Carlisle and Lancaster, from both Skipton and Bradford Forster Square to London King's Cross, which are operated by London North Eastern Railway.
The East Coast service from Kings Cross must access platform 3 in
Halifax railway station (England)
Halifax railway station serves the town of Halifax in West Yorkshire, England. It is 17 miles west from Leeds. Platform 2 heads eastbound, towards Bradford and Leeds while Platform 1 heads westbound towards Brighouse, Sowerby Bridge, Blackpool North, Manchester Victoria; the two routes divide about a mile south of the station at Dryclough Junction. To the east, the line divided with the current line passing into Beacon Hill tunnel and a disused line via Halifax North Bridge to Ovenden going on to a junction at Holmfield with the Halifax High level line which had stations in Pellon and at St Paul's, Queens Road; the station has bicycle parking and a pick up point, like many other stations. There is a staffed ticket booth with option of paying for a ticket using a ticket machine. A lift to the platform is available for wheelchair users, but there are no lower counters for easier access to buy tickets. Entry to the station is via a cobbled road bridge from opposite the bottom of Horton Street. A campaign, run by the local newspaper the Halifax Evening Courier was started to get the station refurbished.
The paper said that it wanted a station fit "for the 21st century" and that its current state was "disgraceful". Due to the amount of support generated, Network Rail and Northern agreed to do so. Work began in May 2009 on a £2.5 million refurbishment scheme that has seen the station footbridge and canopies repaired, new glazing and lighting installed and repainting of the structures. The second phase of the refurbishment, covering the platform and the concourse, was completed in November 2010. In October 2014 plans were submitted to bring an old platform back into use to create three platforms together with signalling improvements. Network Rail subsequently announced plans to upgrade the eastern portion of the Calder Valley line in 2017, which will see the surviving signal box here closed. Control of the upgraded track layout and new signalling was passed to the York Rail Operating Centre in October 2018; the original station was built at Shaw Syke 220 yards west of the current location and opened on 1 July 1844 by the Manchester and Leeds Railway as the terminus of a branch off their main line from Manchester to Normanton.
With the opening of the line between Halifax and Bradford on 7 August 1850, a new station was opened on the current site. The station at Shaw Syke was extended and used as a goods depot The permanent buildings at the current site were designed by Thomas Butterworth and opened on 23 June 1855; this Grade II listed building now houses the nursery associated with the Eureka! Children's Museum. A new line was constructed by the Great Northern Railway in the mid-1870s from the main station over a long viaduct to a station at North Bridge, across and indeed in tunnel beneath the hilly terrain north of the town to an unusual triangular station at Queensbury, where the line divided into track for Keighley to the north-west, Bradford in the east. Halifax station was redesigned during 1884–85, rebuilt during 1885–86. Part of the new station opened on 25 October 1885, the remainder on 30 May 1886; the new station had separate accommodation for LYR and GNR trains, the latter being on the west side. The Halifax High Level Railway was a related branch line opened in 1890, leading from Holmfield near Ovenden, on the line to Queensbury, through a half-mile tunnel through the ridge and across the Wheatley Valley on a ten arch viaduct past Samuel Webster's brewery, to Pellon, where there were sizeable goods facilities and to St Paul's railway station in Queens Road.
This branch line fell into disuse, losing its regular passenger service as early as 1917. The last goods train ran in 1960 and the line was dismantled, leaving the viaduct standing as a reminder of the former freight link; the Queensbury branch as a whole was closed in stages from 1955 onwards although many of its engineering features remain. The route has been adopted and to an extent brought back into public use and attention by Sustrans as a walking and cycle route; the principal structure on the line, Queensbury Tunnel, was, at its opening, the longest on the GNR system at 2,501 yards. It is derelict flooded and impassible, although a campaign is underway to save it for inclusion in the Sustrans route. To distinguish it from Halifax St. Paul's and Halifax North Bridge stations, the main station was known from June 1890 as Halifax Old Station. On 30 September 1951 the name was changed again to Halifax Town, on 12 June 1961 it reverted to Halifax. Eastbound: Monday to Saturdays there is a train every 15 minutes heading to Bradford Interchange and Leeds with one train per hour continuing through to York.
During the evenings and on Sundays there are three trains per one to York. Westbound: Monday to Saturday daytimes there is a half-hourly service to Manchester Victoria, one train an hour to Preston and one per hour to Huddersfield via Brighouse. One of the two Manchester trains is limited stop, whilst the other calls at all intermediate stations to Todmorden fast to Rochdale & Manchester. On Sundays there is an hourly service to each of Manchester Victoria, Blackpool North and to Huddersfield. New Northern Rail franchisee Arriva Rail North plans to introduce additional services to Leeds & Manchester in 2019, many of which will run through to either Liverpool Lime Street or Chester. Through services to Manchester Airport will operate once the pla