Paul Laurence Dunbar High School (Baltimore, Maryland)
Paul Laurence Dunbar High School for Health Professionals referred to as Paul Laurence Dunbar High School, is a public high school in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1918, Paul Laurence Dunbar High School opened around the corner from its present location as the Paul Laurence Dunbar Elementary School, No. 101. The original school was part of the segregated "colored schools" system, abolished by 1954; the present school is part of the Baltimore City Public Schools system. It was named in memory of Paul Laurence Dunbar, a famous African-American poet, who had died twelve years before the school opened. In 1925, it was renamed Dunbar Junior High School, No. 133. In 1940, Dunbar became a high school and awarded its first diploma, the second school for African-Americans in Baltimore to do so. In the summer of 2007, after thirty years of heavy use, the main high school building was emptied for renovations. Students were moved behind Dunbar at 601 North Central Avenue; the renovations were completed in late August 2009 with costs totaling $32 million.
Newly renovated features include science and robotics labs, wider interior hallways, larger windows, a new cafeteria, a new library. Dunbar High School is a magnet school, offering biotechnology, emergency medical technology, accounting and health care delivery systems programs. Dunbar High School has been named a Bronze Medal School by U. S. News and World Report; the male varsity sports offered at Dunbar are baseball, football and wrestling. The women's varsity sports offered are badminton, soccer and volleyball; the four varsity teams that are coed are cross country, indoor track and field, outdoor track and field. The Baltimore City Public Schools withdrew from the Maryland Scholastic Association in 1993, its long-time home since 1909 and the home of the segregated schools and Douglass, since 1956; the schools joined the larger, statewide Maryland Public Secondary Schools Athletic Association, since Dunbar has had great success in the class 1A division. The Dunbar football team, the Poets, won state championships in 1994, 1995, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2012, 2013 and 2017.
Since 1993, the school's basketball team, the Poets, have won the State Championship fifteen times. Additionally, the Poets were National Champions in 1983, 1985 and 1992. Dunbar's girls basketball team, the Lady Poets, have excelled as well, winning the state girls basketball title in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2011 and 2012. Dunbar is one of the partner schools of Thread the Incentive Mentoring Program, an organization formed by Johns Hopkins School of Medicine that tutors high school students to help prevent them from failing high school. Struggling students selected by the principal can receive one-on-one tutoring from Thread mentors, as well as social support to address any personal challenges that may be affecting their school performance. Robert M. Bell, Chief Judge, Maryland Court of Appeals Clarence "Tiger" Davis, Maryland House of Delegates, District 45 Ken Harris, Baltimore City Council, District 4 Tupac Shakur, hip hop artist Ultra Nate, musician Calvin Williams, former wide receiver, Philadelphia Eagles.
University of Maryland, College Park
The University of Maryland, College Park is a public research university in College Park, Maryland. Founded in 1856, UMD is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland, is the largest university in both the state and the Washington metropolitan area, with more than 41,000 students representing all fifty states and 123 countries, a global alumni network of over 360,000, its twelve schools and colleges together offer over 200 degree-granting programs, including 92 undergraduate majors, 107 master's programs, 83 doctoral programs. UMD is a member of the Association of American Universities and competes in intercollegiate athletics as a member of the Big Ten Conference; the University of Maryland's proximity to the nation's capital has resulted in many research partnerships with the federal government. It is classified as one of 115 first tier research universities in the country by the Carnegie Foundation, is labeled a "Public Ivy", denoting a quality of education comparable to the private Ivy League.
UMD is ranked among the top 100 universities both nationally and globally by several indices. In 2016, the University of Maryland, College Park and the University of Maryland, Baltimore formalized their strategic partnership after their collaboration created more innovative medical and educational programs, as well as greater research grants and joint faculty appointments than either campus has been able to accomplish on its own; as of 2017, the operating budget of the University of Maryland is $2.1 billion. For the 2018 fiscal year, the university received a total of over $545 million in external research funding. In October 2017, the university received a record-breaking donation of $219.5 million from the A. James & Alice B. Clark Foundation, ranking among the largest philanthropic gifts to a public university in the country. On March 6, 1856, the forerunner of today's University of Maryland was chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College. Two years Charles Benedict Calvert, a future U.
S. Representative from the sixth congressional district of Maryland, 1861-1863, during the American Civil War and descendent of the first Lord Baltimores, colonial proprietors of the Province of Maryland in 1634, purchased 420 acres of the Riversdale Mansion estate nearby today's College Park, Maryland; that year, Calvert founded the school and was the acting president from 1859 to 1860. On October 5, 1859, the first 34 students entered the Maryland Agricultural College; the school became a land grant college in February 1864. During the Civil War, Confederate soldiers under Brigadier General Bradley Tyler Johnson moved past the college on July 12, 1864 as part of Jubal Early's raid on Washington, D. C. By the end of the war, financial problems forced the administrators to sell off 200 acres of land, the continuing decline in enrollment sent the Maryland Agricultural College into bankruptcy. For the next two years the campus was used as a boys preparatory school. Following the Civil War, in February 1866 the Maryland legislature assumed half ownership of the school.
The college thus became in part a state institution. By October 1867, the school reopened with 11 students. In the next six years, enrollment grew and the school's debt was paid off. In 1873, Samuel Jones, a former Confederate Major General, became president of the college. Twenty years the federally funded Agricultural Experiment Station was established there. During the same period, state laws granted the college regulatory powers in several areas—including controlling farm disease, inspecting feed, establishing a state weather bureau and geological survey, housing the board of forestry. Morrill Hall was built the following year. On November 29, 1912, a fire destroyed the barracks where the students were housed, all the school's records, most of the academic buildings, leaving only Morrill Hall untouched. There were no injuries or fatalities, all but two students returned to the university and insisted on classes continuing. Students were housed by families in neighboring towns until housing could be rebuilt, although a new administration building was not built until the 1940s.
A large brick and concrete compass inlaid in the ground designates the former center of campus as it existed in 1912. The state took control of the school in 1916, the institution was renamed Maryland State College; that year, the first female students enrolled at the school. On April 9, 1920, the college became part of the existing University of Maryland, replacing St. John's College, Annapolis as the University's undergraduate campus. In the same year, the graduate school on the College Park campus awarded its first PhD degrees and the university's enrollment reached 500 students. In 1925 the university was accredited by the Association of American Universities. By the time the first black students enrolled at the university in 1951, enrollment had grown to nearly 10,000 students—4,000 of whom were women. Prior to 1951, many black students in Maryland were enrolled at the University of Maryland, Eastern Shore. In 1957, President Wilson H. Elkins made a push to increase academic standards at the university.
His efforts resulted in the creation of one of the first Academic Probation Plans. The first year the plan went into effect, 1,550 students (18% of the total student body
Mark Leo Turgeon is an American college basketball coach. He is the head men's basketball coach at the University of Maryland, College Park, a position he has held since 2011. Turgeon served the head men's basketball coach at Jacksonville State University from 1998 to 2000, Wichita State University from 2000 to 2007, Texas A&M University from 2007 to 2011. Mark Turgeon was raised as one of five children in Topeka, Kansas. After graduating from Hayden High School, Turgeon attended The University of Kansas, where he earned a bachelor's degree in Personnel Administration in 1987, he is married to Ann Fowler whom he met at KU, together they have three children. Turgeon played basketball at Hayden High School, helping the team post a 47-3 record and capture two consecutive Class 4A State Championships in 1982 and 1983. Turgeon earned All-State Tournament team honors in both of those years. Although only 5 feet 10 inches out of high school, Turgeon earned a scholarship to play basketball at Kansas University under Coach Larry Brown.
Turgeon played in four straight NCAA tournaments. He was a reserve point guard for the 1985–86 Jayhawk team that won the Big Eight Conference regular season and tournament title and advanced to the Final Four in the 1986 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament; the team finished that season 35–4 overall. Turgeon was a team captain for both the 1986 and 1987 squads, a member of the Big Eight All-Freshmen Team in 1984, was a Big Eight All-Academic Performer in 1986. Fans called him "The Surgeon" because, in addition to the phrase rhyming with his surname, he had the ability to "carve up defenses." After his freshman year, coach Larry Brown told Turgeon that he would never play in the NBA and should consider becoming a coach after college. Turgeon agreed, Brown soon began asking his advice during games and practices, inquiring "What would you do here?" Turgeon remembers. After Turgeon earned a degree from the University of Kansas in 1987, he took a position as an assistant to his former coach, Larry Brown.
In his first year of coaching, he helped the team win a national championship in the 1988 NCAA Tournament. That team has been dubbed "Danny and the Miracles" due to the leadership of National Player of the Year Danny Manning. Turgeon remained on the Kansas staff when Roy Williams took over after Brown left for the San Antonio Spurs in 1989, he served as the head coach of the junior varsity team. During this time, Kansas won back-to-back Big Eight Conference Championships in 1991 and 1992, captured the conference tournament championship in 1992. Following the 1992 season, Turgeon left Kansas to become the top assistant to hired University of Oregon head coach Jerry Green, an assistant at Kansas. During his five years as an assistant at Oregon, the Ducks were invited to the NCAA Tournament for the first time in 34 years, earned a spot in the 1997 NIT, had three consecutive winning seasons for the first time in two decades. Turgeon served as the team's recruiting coordinator in 1995, recruited a class that ranked 35th nationally.
The following year, he signed two of the top 100 prospects in the country. Turgeon left college coaching in 1997; when head coach Jerry Green left Oregon to coach at the University of Tennessee, Turgeon again chose to work for his former coach, Larry Brown, becoming an assistant for the National Basketball Association's Philadelphia 76ers for a year. Turgeon accepted his first head coaching position in 1998 with Jacksonville State University in Alabama. In his first year as head coach, the team accumulated an 8-18 record, finishing tied for 10th in the Trans America Conference; the following season, his team improved to 17-11, 12-6 in conference, with a 3rd place conference finish. After the 1999–2000 season, Turgeon returned to his home state as head coach of the Wichita State Shockers, a team which had had only two winning seasons in the previous 11 years. In his first season with the Shockers, the team lost their first 11 games before winning 9 of their last 17 for a 9–19 record. Of their losses, two came in overtime and four others were decided by fewer than four points.
They improved the following season to 15 wins and 15 losses, the most wins the team had had in a season in four years. For the next three seasons, the team improved, earning a berth in the National Invitation Tournament for each of 2003, 2004, 2005 seasons. During the 2006 season, the Shockers continued to improve, winning the Missouri Valley Conference for the first time since 1983; the team earned a trip to the 2006 NCAA Tournament, the program's first since 1988. The Shockers defeated 10th-seed Seton Hall by 20 points in their first round game and upset 2nd-seed Tennessee to advance to the Sweet Sixteen for the first time in 25 years; the Shockers were defeated by Final Four-participant George Mason, 63-55. Mark Turgeon and the Shockers started the 2006-2007 season 9-0, winning on the road at George Mason, LSU, Syracuse; the Shockers were ranked as high as #8 on the AP Poll before entering a slump, ending the season 17-14 and without a postseason. After former head men's basketball coach Billy Gillispie left Texas A&M to coach at Kentucky, Turgeon was hired as head coach on April 10, 2007.
Turgeon acquired all of Gillispie's recruits for the 2007–08 season, including 5 star-rated DeAndre Jordan. The Aggies started. Once the season progressed, they won the 2007 NIT Season Tip-Off to extend their winning streak to 7–0, they would lose their first game of the season to unranked Arizona, compil
Philip Douglas Jackson is a former American professional basketball player and executive in the National Basketball Association. A power forward, Jackson played 12 seasons in the NBA, winning NBA championships with the New York Knicks in 1970 and 1973. Jackson was the head coach of the Chicago Bulls from 1989 to 1998, during which time Chicago won six NBA championships, he coached the Los Angeles Lakers from 1999 to 2004 and again from 2005 to 2011. Jackson's 11 NBA titles as a coach, surpassed the previous record of nine set by Red Auerbach, he holds the NBA record for the most combined championships. Jackson is known for his use of Tex Winter's triangle offense as well as a holistic approach to coaching, influenced by Eastern philosophy, garnering him the nickname "Zen Master". Jackson cited Robert Pirsig's book Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance as one of the major guiding forces in his life, he applied Native American spiritual practices, as documented in his book Sacred Hoops. He is the author of several candid books about his basketball strategies.
In 2007, Jackson was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame. In 1996, as part of celebrations for the National Basketball Association's 50th anniversary, Jackson was named one of the 10 greatest coaches in league history. Jackson retired from coaching in 2011 and joined the Knicks as an executive in March 2014, he was fired as the Knicks' team president on June 28, 2017. Jackson was born in Montana. Both of his parents and Elisabeth Funk Jackson, were Assemblies of God ministers. Elisabeth came from a long line of German Mennonites before her conversion to the Assemblies of God. In the churches that they served, his father preached on Sunday mornings and his mother on Sunday evenings, his father became a ministerial supervisor. Phil, his two brothers, his half-sister grew up in a remote area of Montana in an austere environment, in which no dancing or television was allowed. Jackson did not see his first movie until he was a senior in high school, went to a dance for the first time in college.
Growing up, he assumed. Jackson attended high school in Williston, North Dakota, where he played varsity basketball and led the team to two state titles, he played football, was a pitcher on the baseball team, threw the discus in track and field competitions. The high school now has a sports complex named after him, his brother Chuck speculated years that the three Jackson sons threw themselves passionately into athletics because it was the only time they were allowed to do what other children were doing. Jackson attracted the attention of several baseball scouts, their notes found their way to future NBA coach Bill Fitch, who had coached baseball, had been doing some scouting for the Atlanta Braves. Fitch took over as head basketball coach at the University of North Dakota in the spring of 1962, during Jackson's junior year of high school. Bill Fitch recruited Jackson to the University of North Dakota, where he was a member of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. Jackson did well there, helping the Fighting Sioux to third- and fourth-place finishes in the NCAA Division II tournament in his sophomore and junior years.
Both years, they were beaten by the Southern Illinois Salukis. Jackson's future Knicks teammate Walt Frazier was the Salukis' biggest star, but the two only faced off in 1965, as Frazier was academically ineligible in 1966. In 1967, Jackson was drafted in the second round by the New York Knicks. While he was a good all-around athlete, with unusually long arms, he was limited offensively and compensated with intelligence and hard work on defense. Jackson established himself as a fan favorite and one of the NBA's leading substitutes, although he had little playing time, he was a top reserve on the Knicks team that won the NBA title in 1973. Jackson did not play during New York's 1969–70 championship season due to spinal fusion surgery. Soon after the 1973 title, several key starters retired, creating an opening for Jackson in the starting lineup. In the 1974–75 NBA season and the Milwaukee Bucks' Bob Dandridge shared the lead for total personal fouls, with 330 each. Jackson lived in New Jersey, during this time.
After going across the Hudson in 1978 to play two seasons for the New Jersey Nets, he retired as a player in 1980. In the years following the end of his playing career, Jackson coached in lower-level professional leagues like the Continental Basketball Association and Puerto Rico's National Superior Basketball. While in the CBA, he won his first coaching championship, leading the Albany Patroons to their first title in 1984. In Puerto Rico, he coached the Gallitos de Isabela, he sought NBA jobs, but was turned down. Jackson had acquired a reputation for being sympathetic to the counterculture during his playing years, which may have scared off potential NBA employers. In 1987, Jackson was hired as an assistant coach by the Chicago Bulls under Doug Collins, he was promoted to head coach in 1989. It was around this time that he became a devotee of Winter's triangle offense. Over nine seasons, Jackson coached the Bulls to six championships, winning three straight championships over separate three-year periods.
The "three-peat" was the first since the Boston Celtics won eight titles in a row from 1959 through 1966. Jackson and the Bulls made the playoffs every year, failed to win the title only three times. Michael
1997 NBA draft
The 1997 NBA draft took place on June 25, 1997, in Charlotte, North Carolina. Although the Boston Celtics had the second-worst record in the 1996–97 season and the best odds of winning the lottery with two picks, the Spurs a model of winning and consistency, lost David Robinson and Sean Elliott to injury early in the season, finished with the third-worst record, subsequently won the lottery. Leading up to the draft, there was no doubt that Tim Duncan would be selected at No. 1 by the Spurs, the rest of the draft was regarded with some skepticism. The Celtics had the third and sixth picks, selecting Chauncey Billups and Ron Mercer, both of whom were traded in the next two years; the Washington Wizards forfeited their 1997 first-round pick in connection with the signing of Juwan Howard. Thus, the draft only had 57 selections overall; these players were not selected in the 1997 NBA Draft but have played in the NBA. "Official website". Archived from the original on 2001-02-15. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown 1997 NBA Draft at Basketball-reference
Loyola University Maryland
Loyola University Maryland is a private Jesuit liberal arts university in Baltimore, Maryland. Established as Loyola College in Maryland by John Early and eight other members of the Society of Jesus in 1852, it is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, the ninth-oldest Jesuit college in the United States, the first college in the United States to bear the name of St. Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Society of Jesus. Loyola's main campus is in Baltimore and features Collegiate Gothic architecture, as well as a pedestrian bridge across Charles Street. Academically, the university is divided into three schools: the Loyola College of Arts and Sciences, the Loyola School of Education, the Sellinger School of Business and Management, it operates a Clinical Center at Belvedere Square in Baltimore and has graduate centers in Timonium and Columbia, Maryland. The student body is composed of 4,000 undergraduate and 1,900 graduate students, representing 39 states and 44 countries, 84% of undergraduates reside on campus.
The average class size is 20, with a student-to-faculty ratio of 12:1. 73% of the student body receives some form of financial aid. Campus groups include the Association of Latin American & Spanish students and the college newspaper, The Greyhound. There is the student-run, online-only publication, The Rival; this publication features opinion and satire in its three section: campus and current. Notable alumni include Tom Clancy, author of The Hunt for Red October, Mark Bowden, author of Black Hawk Down. Loyola's sports teams are nicknamed the Greyhounds and are best known for the perennially ranked men's and women's lacrosse teams; the men's lacrosse team's biggest rival. The annual lacrosse games played between these two institutions is known as the "Battle of Charles Street"; the school colors are grey. Loyola College in Maryland was founded in 1852 by John Early and eight other members of the Society of Jesus, was the first college in the United States to bear the name of St. Ignatius of Loyola.
Loyola College in Maryland is the ninth-oldest among the nation's 28 Jesuit colleges and universities. The college's first campus was in two large townhouses on Holliday Street between East Lexington Street and East Fayette Street, in downtown Baltimore. After only three years, in 1855, Loyola relocated to a newly built structure on North Calvert Street, between East Monument Street and East Madison Street, adjacent to and just south of newly established St. Ignatius Church in the city's historic Mount Vernon-Belvedere neighborhood, moved to its present "Evergreen" campus in north Baltimore on North Charles Street during 1922. Evening classes commenced in 1942. During the early 1930s, the high school section moved to nearby Towson, north of Baltimore. In 1949, the college established a graduate division in education, adding a graduate degree program in business management in 1968, a graduate program in speech pathology in 1971, finance in 1973. Today, the college's list of graduate programs has grown to include psychology, modern studies, pastoral counseling, computer science, software engineering.
Loyola became coeducational in 1971, following its joining with Mount Saint Agnes College, a neighboring women's college, experiencing financial difficulties and closed following the joining. That same year, the college's Board of Trustees elected its first lay chairperson. Working from these foundations, Loyola has transformed itself from a small, commuter college into a residential college with an undergraduate population of more than 3,000 students. In 1981, Loyola established a separate business school: Jr.. School of Business and Management; the school would expand geographically with two graduate centers in Columbia, Maryland. The Executive Committee of the college's Board of Trustees announced on August 20, 2008 its decision to change the institution's name to Loyola University Maryland, its request was approved on March 25, 2009 by the Maryland Higher Education Commission, with the change taking effect five months on August 19. The Reverend Brian F. Linnane, the university's president, stated that the "college" designation no longer fit the school and that its comprehensive array of academic fields, some with graduate programs, was better reflected in its new name.
Some alumni were disappointed because they felt the change made the institution less distinct from Loyola University Chicago, Loyola University New Orleans and Loyola Marymount University. Loyola University Maryland was founded by the Society of Jesus in the tradition of Ignatius of Loyola; the Society of Jesus, therefore Loyola University Maryland, operate according to the mandate Ad maiorem Dei gloriam, directing their ends toward that which brings forth the "greater glory of God". This cornerstone of the Jesuit philosophy functions to remind students that their education is meant to be applied toward the betterment of humanity and the worship of God, in particular. Loyola's focus on cura personalis, or the education of the whole person, functions to attain that end. A broad base of knowledge, supported by a strong liberal arts core, prepares Jesuit students to undertake the goal of AMDG. In keeping with this overarching principle, Loyola undergraduates must complete the core curriculum which includes courses in English, theology, history, fine arts, foreign language, natural science, social sciences.
Though Loyola encourages plurality, its religious heritage is preserved and cultured by encouraging all of its students and faculty to cultivate and live by the core values of the Socie
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports; the organization is headquartered in Indiana. In its 2016–17 fiscal year the NCAA took in $1.06 billion in revenue, over 82% of, generated by the Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. In August 1973, the current three-division system of Division I, Division II, Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently, the term "Division I-AAA" was added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer used by the NCAA.
In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision and Football Championship Subdivision. Controversially, the NCAA caps the benefits that collegiate athletes can receive from their schools. There is a consensus among economists that these caps for men's basketball and football players benefit the athletes' schools at the expense of athletes. Intercollegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale universities met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing; as rowing remained the preeminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and had to be adapted for each contest.
The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century in response to repeated injuries and deaths in college football which had "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport." Following those White House meetings and the reforms which had resulted, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes in football playing rules. The IAAUS was established on March 31, 1906, took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910. For several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships. More rules committees were formed and more championships were created, including a basketball championship in 1939. A series of crises brought the NCAA to a crossroads after World War II; the "Sanity Code" – adopted to establish guidelines for recruiting and financial aid – failed to curb abuses.
Postseason football games were multiplying with little control, member schools were concerned about how the new medium of television would affect football attendance. The complexity of those problems and the growth in membership and championships demonstrated the need for full-time professional leadership. Walter Byers a part-time executive assistant, was named executive director in 1951, a national headquarters was established in Kansas City, Missouri in 1952. Byers wasted no time placing his stamp on the Association. A program to control live television of football games was approved, the annual Convention delegated enforcement powers to the Association's Council, legislation was adopted governing postseason bowl games; as college athletics grew, the scope of the nation's athletics programs diverged, forcing the NCAA to create a structure that recognized varying levels of emphasis. In 1973, the Association's membership was divided into three legislative and competitive divisions – I, II, III.
Five years in 1978, Division I members voted to create subdivisions I-A and I-AA in football. Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead, the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, with nearly 1000 member schools, governed women's collegiate sports in the United States; the AIAW was in a vulnerable position. Following a one-year overlap in which both organizations staged women's championships, the AIAW discontinued operation, most member schools continued their women's athletics programs under the governance of the NCAA. By 1982 all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics. A year in 1983, the 75th Convention approved an expansion to plan women's athletic program services and pushed for a women's championship program. By the 1980s, televised college football had become a larger source of income for the NCAA. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma.
The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football tel