click links in text for more info

Kells, County Meath

Kells is a town in County Meath, Ireland. The town lies off 16 km from Navan and 65 km from Dublin, it is best known as the site of Kells Abbey. The settlement was known by the Irish name Ceannanas or Ceannanus, it is suggested that the name'Kells' developed from this. From the 12th century onward, the settlement was referred to in English and Anglo-Norman as Kenenus, Kenles, Kenlis and Kells, it has been suggested that Kenlis and Kells come from an alternative Irish name, Ceann Lios, meaning " head fort". Kells and Headfort all feature in the titles taken by the Taylor family. In 1929, Ceannanus Mór was made the town's official name in both English. Following the creation of the Irish Free State, a number of towns were renamed likewise. Ceanannas has been the official Irish-language form of the place name since 1969. In 1993, Kells was re-adopted as the town's official name in English. Before Kells was a monastery, it was the site of a royal site inhabited by the High King Cormac mac Airt who moved his residence from the Hill of Tara, for reasons scholars are not yet sure about.

Kells was an important place on one of the five ancient roads that came out of Tara - this road being named Slí nan nAssail and which ran from Tara to Rathcrogan, another royal site, in County Roscommon. About 560 AD, Colmcille – a prince of the royal house of the Northern Uí Néill family – acquired Kells in recompense of a fault acted against him by his cousin the High King Diarmuid MacCarroll, who granted him the Dún of Ceannanus to establish a Monastery; the present monastery at Kells is thought to have been founded around 804 AD by monks from St Colmcille's monastery in Iona who were fleeing Viking invasions. In 1152, the Synod of Kells completed the transition of the Colmcille's establishment from a monastic church to a diocesan church. A synod reduced the status of Kells to that of a parish. Following the Norman invasion of Ireland, Hugh de Lacy was granted the Lordship of Meath in 1182; the religious establishments at Kells continued to flourish under their Anglo-Norman overlords. Kells became a border town garrison of the Pale and was the scene of many battles between the Kingdom of Breifne and the Hiberno-Normans.

From 1561 to 1800, Kells returned two MPs to the Parliament of Ireland. During the Irish rebellion of 1641, Kells was burned by the O'Reilly clan during their attacks on the Pale; the period of the Great Famine saw the population of Kells drop by 38% as measured by the census records of 1841 and 1851. The Workhouse and the Fever Hospital were described as full to overflowing; the Kells Monastic Site, with its round tower, is associated with St Colmcille, the Book of Kells, now kept at Trinity College Dublin and the Kells Crozier, exhibited at the British Museum. The round tower and five large Celtic crosses can still be viewed today. Four of the crosses are in the churchyard of St Columba's church; the other Celtic cross was positioned in the middle of a busy crossroads until an accident involving a school bus. It now stands in front of a former courthouse. A roof protects the cross from the elements. Curiously, a replica is safe from the elements inside the museum. Close by the graveyard of St. Columba's church stands.

This dates from the 11th century. Access to the monks' sleeping accommodation aloft is by ladder; this small rectangular building is positioned at one of the highest points in the town. The Oratory is kept locked. Just outside the town of Kells on the road to Oldcastle is the hill of Lloyd, named after Thomas Lloyd of Enniskillen, who camped a large Williamite army here during the wars of 1688-91 against the Jacobites. Here stands a 30m high building called the Spire of Lloyd, an 18th-century lighthouse folly, the area around the tower has been developed as a community park, includes the Paupers' Grave; this cemetery was a necessity in the times of great poverty in the country. Mass is still celebrated there annually and the cemetery is a reminder of the Workhouse and extreme poverty engendered by changes in farming practice in the 19th century and during the Famine; the population of Kells town was 6,135. This represents a slight increase in population over the 2011 Census. There was a 22% increase in total population between 1996 and 2002.

Until the opening of the new motorway in June 2010, Kells stood as a busy junction town on the old N3 road with over 18,000 vehicles passing through the town each day. Kells was a renowned traffic bottleneck from both the N3 national primary route and N52 national secondary route passing through the town centre; the new M3 motorway reduces the journey time to Dublin, as well as the numbers of vehicles in the town. Kells is served by a regular bus service run by Bus Éireann, the 109, 109A and 109X, which takes about 1.5 hours to Busáras in Dublin. The original Kells railway station, serving a line between Oldcastle and Drogheda via Navan, opened on 11 July 1853, it was closed for passenger traffic on 14 April 1958 and for all traffic on 1 April 1963."Meath on Track" are seeking reinstatement of the Navan railway link, on to Dublin. It is estimated that a Kells to Dublin City Centre rail service would take 60 minutes depending on stops; the Butcher Boy was filmed at Headfort House The Secret of Kells is an Oscar-nominated animated film set in Kells The late Hol

Vozokany, Galanta District

Vozokany is a village and municipality in Galanta District of the Trnava Region of south-west Slovakia. The municipality lies at an elevation of 119 metres and covers an area of 12.893 km². It has a population of about 1,103 people. In the 9th century, the territory of Vozokany became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In historical records the village was first mentioned in 1240. After the Austro-Hungarian army disintegrated in November 1918, Czechoslovak troops occupied the area acknowledged internationally by the Treaty of Trianon. Between 1938 and 1945 Vozokany once more became part of Miklós Horthy's Hungary through the First Vienna Award. From 1945 until the Velvet Divorce, it was part of Czechoslovakia. Since it has been part of Slovakia, it has a population of about 1,103 people. Https://

Oakes, North Dakota

Oakes is a city in Dickey County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 1,856 at the 2010 census. Oakes was founded in 1886. Oakes was laid out in 1886, it was named for a railroad official. A post office has been in operation in Oakes since 1886; the city was incorporated in 1888. Oakes is located in southeastern North Dakota at 46°8′14″N 98°5′23″W, it is the meeting place of several rail lines. Because of its rail access, Oakes is home to several major grain elevators that handle large volumes of grain corn. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.64 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,856 people, 807 households, 476 families living in the city; the population density was 1,131.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 912 housing units at an average density of 556.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.1% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population. There were 807 households of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.0% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age in the city was 45.7 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.9 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,979 people, 828 households, 495 families living in the city; the population density was 1,203.0 people per square mile. There were 908 housing units at an average density of 552.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.27% White, 0.20% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 1.01% from other races, 0.51% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.58% of the population. There were 828 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.2% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 24.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,263, the median income for a family was $39,625. Males had a median income of $29,135 versus $15,611 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,138. About 6.3% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.

Oakes has two schools, including Oakes High School. Oakes Public School provides pre-school and grades K-6. Oakes High School provides grades 7-12; the athletic teams of Oakes High School are called the Tornadoes, replacing the old name the Golden Tornadoes. The current school colors are orange and white. Phil Hansen, defensive end with the Buffalo Bills J. Paul Klinger Park is located just southwest of the pool; the park has a roofed shelter with seating and tables. Klinger Park has a beach volleyball court a picnic area, a playground that includes a slide, tire swing, tunnel tubes, rock wall, a rope wall; the Oakes softball complex has three softball diamonds, a playground, a two-hole Frisbee golf course, a concessions stand. This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Oakes has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps


Shuffle! is a Japanese visual novel developed by Navel. It was released as an adult game for Windows on January 30, 2004, it was subsequently followed by an all-ages release for the PlayStation 2 and an expanded adult release for Windows. The Windows version was localized in English by MangaGamer in 2009, the PS2 version was localized in English by YumeHaven in 2016 on Steam; the gameplay in Shuffle! follows a branching plot line which offers pre-determined scenarios and courses of interaction and focuses on the appeal of the female main characters. Shuffle! has been re-made into an expanded version called Shuffle! Essence+, it has expanded routes for the original five main heroines as well as new routes for six other characters. Shuffle! has three spin-off sequels: Tick! Tack!, Really? Really! and Shuffle! Love Rainbow. Shuffle! has made several transitions to other media. There have been two manga series based on the visual novel; the first was serialized in Kadokawa Shoten's magazine Comptiq between December 2003 and 2006.

The second was a comic anthology published by Kadokawa Shoten between July 2004 and December 2005. Two anime adaptations were produced by the animation studio Asread; the first anime was twenty-four episodes in length and was broadcast in Japan between July 2005 and January 2006. The second series was a twelve-episode readaptation and was broadcast between January and March 2007. Seven light novels, two fanbooks, nine drama CDs, seven radio drama CDs adaptations have been produced; the visual novel was well received. Across the national semi-monthly ranking of bishōjo games in amount sold in Japan, the limited edition of Shuffle! Premiered in second place at the time of its release and remained in the top 50 for an additional three and a half-months; the normal edition premiered in ninth place at the time of its release and remained in the top 50 for an additional three half-months. Critics of the anime series were divided between whether or not the anime series set itself apart from other series in the harem genre and as to the quality of its audio and visual aspects.

The gameplay consists of reading and listening to the conversations provided. Every now and a "Please Select Your Destiny" event will occur, giving the player multiple choices on how to respond; the choices selected determine. At a certain point in the visual novel, a translucent image of the destined character appears when the day changes indicating who Rin has fallen in love with after which the multiple-choice events become nonexistent. Near the end of the game, two sex scenes will occur. After some more conversation the visual novel ends. After the visual novel has been completed at least once, players can view CG artwork they have observed, skip to scenes or endings for characters they have viewed, listen to music they have heard in the game; the PlayStation 2 version varies from the PC version as all the sex scenes are removed and the player may follow two new storylines: Mayumi Thyme's and Kareha's. Additionally, Kareha's younger sister Tsubomi makes her first appearance in the PS2 version during Kareha's path.

Shuffle! Essence+ allows the player to follow the storylines of seven heroines, including four new storylines: Tsubomi's, Sakura Yae's, Nadeshiko Benibara's and Daisy's. In Daisy's path, Erica Suzuran makes her first appearance as a secondary character and Ruri Matsuri appears as the second main heroine, but she does not have any sex scenes; the story takes place in a fictional universe where humans live in harmony with gods, resembling humans with pointed ears, devils, who have more prominently pointed ears. Despite their respective positive and negative connotations, both races are kind and good-natured. Ten years prior to the story, the gateway between the worlds of the gods and devils were opened, since people from all races have been immigrating between the worlds; the characters attend the multi-racial high school, National Verbena Academy in Kōyō-chō. This is so humans and devils can interact and learn to live together in harmony with mutual understanding rather than hatred and ignorance.

Due to dimensional tears, whose appearances are never explained, some members of each race had been transported to one of the other worlds where they married and had children. This is how some of the students with mixed lineage are able to be older than the gateway to the human world like Mayumi Thyme, whose human parent had fallen into the world of the Devils through one of those tears years before the gateway to the Human world had been opened, or Asa's mother, Ama Shigure, who somehow was transported from the world of the Devils to the Human world. Shuffle! Contains a leitmotif of allusions to flowers. All of the characters' names are references to flowers in some way genera of flowering plants; the protagonist and player character of Shuffle! is Rin Tsuchimi, a normal seventeen-year-old second-year high school student and the male protagonist to the series. Since a young age, he has placed the well-being of others before his own and dislikes seeing people in sorrow. Since he lost his parents in his childhood, he has been living with Kaede Fuyou, a life envied by many of his classmates.

One of the heroines of Shuffle!, Kaede believes it her duty in life is to take care of Rin, which she takes upon herself in order to atone for her treatment of him in the past and bears a one-sided love towards Rin. Kaede appears again as the heroine in Really? Really!, a se

Maurice Pradines

Maurice Pradines was a French philosopher. Although his thought was original, Pradines may be categorized among the interwar period philosophers of the mind. A professor, he developed a philosophy of knowledge in light of problems of sensation. In the work of Pradines, the problem of sensation is brought back to that of the union of soul and body. A number of classic authors considered their separation theoretically. Pradines posed the inverse thesis: that of the immanence of the mind to the body. Any primary or developed psychic phenomenon above all belongs to a living being. How could it be that the body could proceed from the mind? Pradines endeavored to show that in order to explain this relationship, it is necessary to constitute a history or a genesis of the life of the mind. If the mind is something living this question must be answered: what is life? Pradines distinguished two modalities of life: defensive life, they are characterized by their respective movements: The movement of involution is defined by a living thing's tendency to preserve itself.

The living thing perdures by organizing itself. On the one hand, it is capable of withdrawing into itself and on the other hand to persevere in its distinction with respect to that, not itself; the movement of evolution is defined by confrontation and collaboration with the alterity that constitutes reality. The person with an egoistic tendency likes himself. But, in order to perdure, he must find means of preserving himself, he will have no other choice than to confront himself with the world. This contact with exteriority is capital: it is what will make possible the distinction between soul and mind; as a tendency first to preservation, as a tension originating toward self and toward others as self, life is love, soul. The soul is the first degree of spiritualization of the living thing, as a tendency towards something. How does the soul constitute mind? Here sensation intervenes as an urgent point in Pradinesian thought and is distinguished into two categories: Needy sensitivity by which the body seeks that, useful.

Defensive sensitivity which consists of fleeing that which threatens. According to Pradines, philosophy never wondered about the problem of sensation, he takes aim at the empirists as those who missed the essential: they held sensation only as the starting point of knowledge. In reality, philosophy always sticks to the causes and never to the function. Sensation, in its function, is of primary importance since someone who provokes it in a living body does so only if the provocation interests the body and acquires a meaning for its life. Sensation is the psychic phenomenon by which life gives itself something to understand the reality with which it is confronted. If it proves to be paramount, it is not the first criterion of the mind, it is preceded by affectivity. Here again, Pradines distinguishes two occurrences: Affective or sensitive sensitivity, being impersonal, it does not provide knowledge of the object but only of the states of pain or pleasure with respect to it, it is not located in any precise part of the body.

Sensory sensitivity or sensoriality, the perceptive function of given organs, generating more or less precise information. Sensoriality makes possible the meaning of the defense. But, it is not less affective; because the affectivity, fuzzy and vague cannot be divided into degrees, sensoriality is instead more or less representative. If affectivity is not characterized by pleasure or pain, it is between these two extremes that the sensoriality will be able to exert itself. At this point sensation becomes a perception. What can be made of this apparent paradox? Space is what is constituted in sensoriality: we always perceive that, not us according to our adaptation to reality; this is the meaning of defense, which we allow ourselves because if there is not escape, there is, through detachment, foresight of the possible pain. These meanings are specific to space and thus to the mind because they do not blindly embrace reality but permit an intellectual knowledge through the depth that they establish in our relationships with objects.

In being forced to differentiate space, the living thing accedes to the world of the mind, to say, to intelligence and knowledge. Philosophie de la sensation: I. Les sens du besoin, Belles Lettres, 1932. II. Les sens de la défense, Belles Lettres, 1934. Traité de psychologie PUF, coll. Dito, reprinted 1986. La fonction perceptive, Cours de la Sorbonne, Delanoël-Gonthier, 1981. L'aventure de l'esprit dans les espèces, Flammarion, 1954. Le beau voyage, Paris, Le Cerf, 1982

John Tresilian

John Tresilian was a British master smith who worked for Edward IV of England. All we know about Tresilian comes through few documents in Windsor Castle and his surviving handiwork, his name is Cornish but the dates of his death unclear. According to official documents, John Tresilian was a "principal smith" that worked in Windsor Castle from 1477-1484, his annual wage was £ 16 pence a day. Documents mention him in connection to a 1479 creation of a large anvil, brought to Windsor. In the King's Book of Payments for the year 1515 Tresilian was paid 30s 5d for clockmaking, he died within a couple of years. His successor was Anthony Trassillion. Other clues are based on his unique handiwork. Based on the craftsmanship, Tresilian was involved with making gates to Edward IVs tomb and suite of door furniture for his chantry at St. George's Chapel, between 1477-1484. Before 1841 these had been attributed to Brabant painter Quentin Metsys. Tresilian's other works would be the lock and ring plates to the door of Edward IVs chantry, the lock plates on the north and south sides of the choir and Henry VI offertory.

Notes SourcesJane Geddes, "The Search for John Tresilian, Master Smith to Edward IV"