University College London
University College London, which has operated under the official name of UCL since 2005, is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom. It is a constituent college of the federal University of London, is the third largest university in the United Kingdom by total enrolment, the largest by postgraduate enrolment. Established in 1826 as London University by founders inspired by the radical ideas of Jeremy Bentham, UCL was the first university institution to be established in London, the first in England to be secular and to admit students regardless of their religion. UCL makes the contested claims of being the third-oldest university in England and the first to admit women. In 1836 UCL became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London, granted a royal charter in the same year, it has grown through mergers, including with the Institute of Neurology, the Royal Free Hospital Medical School, the Eastman Dental Institute, the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, the School of Pharmacy and the Institute of Education.
UCL has its main campus in the Bloomsbury area of central London, with a number of institutes and teaching hospitals elsewhere in central London and satellite campuses in Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratford, east London and in Doha, Qatar. UCL is organised into 11 constituent faculties, within which there are over 100 departments and research centres. UCL operates several culturally significant museums and manages collections in a wide range of fields, including the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology and the Grant Museum of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, administers the annual Orwell Prize in political writing. In 2017/18, UCL had around 41,500 students and 15,100 staff and had a total group income of £1.45 billion, of which £476.3 million was from research grants and contracts. In the most recent Research Excellence Framework rankings for research power, UCL was the top-rated university in the UK as calculated by Times Higher Education, second as calculated by The Guardian/Research Fortnight.
UCL had the 9th highest average entry tariff in the UK for students starting in 2016. UCL is ranked from tenth to twentieth in the four major international rankings, from eighth to eleventh in the national league tables. UCL is a member of numerous academic organisations, including the Russell Group and the League of European Research Universities, is part of UCL Partners, the world's largest academic health science centre, the "golden triangle" of research-intensive English universities. UCL alumni include the'Father of the Nation' of each of India and Mauritius, the founders of Ghana, modern Japan and Nigeria, the inventor of the telephone, one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA. UCL academics discovered five of the occurring noble gases, discovered hormones, invented the vacuum tube, made several foundational advances in modern statistics; as of 2018, 33 Nobel Prize winners and 3 Fields medalists have been affiliated with UCL as alumni, faculty or researchers. UCL was founded on 11 February 1826 under the name London University, as an alternative to the Anglican universities of Oxford and Cambridge.
London University's first Warden was Leonard Horner, the first scientist to head a British university. Despite the held belief that the philosopher Jeremy Bentham was the founder of UCL, his direct involvement was limited to the purchase of share No. 633, at a cost of £100 paid in nine instalments between December 1826 and January 1830. In 1828 he did nominate a friend to sit on the council, in 1827 attempted to have his disciple John Bowring appointed as the first professor of English or History, but on both occasions his candidates were unsuccessful; this suggests that while his ideas may have been influential, he himself was less so. However, Bentham is today regarded as the "spiritual father" of UCL, as his radical ideas on education and society were the inspiration to the institution's founders the Scotsmen James Mill and Henry Brougham. In 1827, the Chair of Political Economy at London University was created, with John Ramsay McCulloch as the first incumbent, establishing one of the first departments of economics in England.
In 1828 the university became the first in England to offer English as a subject and the teaching of Classics and medicine began. In 1830, London University founded the London University School, which would become University College School. In 1833, the university appointed Alexander Maconochie, Secretary to the Royal Geographical Society, as the first professor of geography in the UK. In 1834, University College Hospital opened as a teaching hospital for the university's medical school. In 1836, London University was incorporated by royal charter under the name University College, London. On the same day, the University of London was created by royal charter as a degree-awarding examining board for students from affiliated schools and colleges, with University College and King's College, London being named in the charter as the first two affiliates; the Slade School of Fine Art was founded as part of University College in 1871, following a bequest from Felix Slade. In 1878, the University of London gained a supplemental charter making it the first British university to be allowed to award degrees to women.
The same year, UCL admitted women to the faculties of Arts and Law and of Science, although women remained barred from the faculties of Engineering and of Medicine. While UCL claims to have been the first university in England
The Anarchy was a civil war in England and Normandy between 1135 and 1153, which resulted in a widespread breakdown in law and order. The conflict was a succession crisis precipitated by the accidental death of William Adelin, the only legitimate son of Henry I, in a shipwreck in 1120. Henry's attempts to install his daughter, the Empress Matilda, as his successor were unsuccessful and on Henry's death in 1135, his nephew Stephen of Blois seized the throne with the help of Stephen's brother, Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester. Stephen's early reign was marked by fierce fighting with English barons, rebellious Welsh leaders and Scottish invaders. Following a major rebellion in the south-west of England, Matilda invaded in 1139 with the help of her half-brother Robert of Gloucester. Neither side was able to achieve a decisive advantage during the first years of the war; the castles of the period were defensible, much of the fighting was attritional in character, comprising sieges and skirmishing between armies of knights and footsoldiers, many of them mercenaries.
In 1141 Stephen was captured following the Battle of Lincoln, causing a collapse in his authority over most of the country. However, on the verge of being crowned queen, Empress Matilda was forced to retreat from London by hostile crowds. Stephen almost seized Matilda in 1142 during the siege of Oxford, but the Empress escaped from Oxford Castle across the frozen River Thames to safety; the war dragged on for many more years. Empress Matilda's husband, Geoffrey V of Anjou, conquered Normandy, but in England neither side could achieve victory. Rebel barons began to acquire greater power in northern England and in East Anglia, with widespread devastation in the regions of major fighting. In 1148 the Empress returned to Normandy, leaving the campaigning in England to her young son Henry FitzEmpress. In 1152 Stephen and Matilda of Boulogne, queen consort and Stephen's wife, unsuccessfully attempted to have their eldest son, recognised by the Church as the next king of England. By the early 1150s the barons and the Church wanted a long-term peace.
When Henry FitzEmpress re-invaded England in 1153, neither faction's forces were keen to fight. After limited campaigning and the siege of Wallingford and Henry agreed a negotiated peace, the Treaty of Wallingford, in which Stephen recognised Henry as his heir. Stephen died the next year and Henry ascended the throne as Henry II, the first Angevin king of England, beginning a long period of reconstruction. Chroniclers described the period as one in which "Christ and his saints were asleep" and Victorian historians called the conflict "the Anarchy" because of the chaos, although modern historians have questioned the accuracy of the term and of some contemporary accounts; the origins of the Anarchy lay in a succession crisis involving Normandy. In the 11th and 12th centuries, north-west France was controlled by a number of dukes and counts in conflict with one another for valuable territory. In 1066 one of these men, Duke William II of Normandy, mounted an invasion to conquer the rich Anglo-Saxon kingdom of England, pushing on into south Wales and northern England in the coming years.
The division and control of these lands after William's death proved problematic and his children fought multiple wars over the spoils. William's son Henry I seized power after the death of his elder brother William Rufus and subsequently invaded and captured the Duchy of Normandy, controlled by his eldest brother Robert Curthose, defeating Robert's army at the Battle of Tinchebray. Henry intended for his lands to be inherited by his only legitimate son, seventeen-year-old William Adelin. In 1120, the political landscape changed when the White Ship sank en route from Barfleur in Normandy to England. With Adelin dead, the inheritance to the English throne was thrown into doubt. Rules of succession in western Europe at the time were uncertain. In other parts of Europe, including Normandy and England, the tradition was for lands to be divided up, with the eldest son taking patrimonial lands—usually considered to be the most valuable—and younger sons being given smaller, or more acquired, partitions or estates.
The problem was further complicated by the sequence of unstable Anglo-Norman successions over the previous sixty years: there had been no peaceful, uncontested successions. With William Adelin dead, Henry had only one other legitimate child, but female rights of inheritance were unclear during this period. Despite Henry taking a second wife, Adeliza of Louvain, it became unlikely that Henry would have another legitimate son and instead he looked to Matilda as his intended heir. Matilda had been married to Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, from which she claimed the title of empress, her husband died in 1125 and she was remarried in 1128 to Geoffrey V of Anjou, whose county bordered the Duchy of Normandy. Geoffrey was unpopular with the Anglo-Norman elite: as an Angevin ruler, he was a traditional enemy of the Normans. At the same time, tensions continued to grow as a result of Henry's domestic policies, in particular the high level of revenue he was raising to pay for his various wars. Conflict was curtailed, however, by the power of the king's reputation.
Henry attempted to build up a base of political support for Matilda in bot
The Man from St. Petersburg
The Man from St. Petersburg is a thriller novel written by Ken Follett and published in 1982; the book is set just before the outbreak of the First World War. It is an account of how the lives of the main characters were interwoven with the success or failure of secret naval talks between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Russian Empire. In these, Britain had to win the support of Russia; as a result, Czar Nicholas’s nephew Prince Alexei was sent to London for high-level bilateral talks. Lord Stephen Walden is married to a Russian aristocrat called Lydia, his wife is related to the young visiting Prince and Walden was one of the people taking part in the talks. When Prince Alexei arrived in London, his presence aroused the interest of not only the establishment, but tragically that of Feliks, an anarchist. Feliks a Russian, decided to eliminate Prince Alexei so that the Anglo-Russian negotiations would collapse. Having failed once to assassinate the Russian prince, Feliks looked for alternative methods.
He learned that Lydia, his ex-lover, was married to Walden. He was able to get details of the Prince's whereabouts, but his plot was foiled when Lydia, guided by her intuition, realised that Feliks had evil designs and told her husband about Feliks’ visit. As the drama unfolded, Walden’s daughter Charlotte got to know the effervescent Feliks, it was through her. It was about this time that Charlotte Feliks. Lydia had been pregnant for two months before marrying Walden but this fact was unknown to Walden himself; the story moved up to a crescendo with the Russian prince being hidden in the country home of the Waldens. Yet again, the assassin, wheedled this piece information from Charlotte. With her active support, Feliks hid himself right in the Walden home while the Special Branch was combing the entire village for him. At this point, Feliks decided, he set the house on fire. When the prince came out, Feliks shot him dead, but he himself lost his life in his attempt to save Charlotte, trapped in the house by the inferno.
When Walden learnt of the paternity of Charlotte, he took it in his stride. For Feliks, it was a case of poetic justice. In the final chapter, Winston Churchill - at the time First Lord of the Admiralty and having recent experience as Home Secretary - arrives on the scene and formulates a comprehensive plan for damage control: Disposing of Feliks' body, hiding that such a person existed and regretfully informing the Czar that his nephew died in the fire but had signed the treaty, thus - in common with the conventions of Secret History - the whole affair remains hidden from public scrutiny and the First World War breaks out on schedule, goes on with its four years of mass bloodshed
Poole is a large coastal town and seaport in Dorset, on the south coast of England. The town is 33 kilometres east of Dorchester, adjoins Bournemouth to the east. Since 1 April 2019 the local authority is Bournemouth and Poole Council, a unitary authority. Poole had an estimated population of 151,500 making it the second largest town in ceremonial county of Dorset. Together with Bournemouth and Christchurch, Poole has a total population of over 465,000. Human settlement in the area dates back to before the Iron Age; the earliest recorded use of the town's name was in the 12th century when the town began to emerge as an important port, prospering with the introduction of the wool trade. The town had important trade links with North America and, at its peak during the 18th century, it was one of the busiest ports in Britain. In the Second World War, Poole was one of the main departing points for the Normandy landings. Poole is a tourist resort, attracting visitors with its large natural harbour, the Lighthouse arts centre and Blue Flag beaches.
The town has a commercial port with cross-Channel passenger ferry services. The headquarters of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution are in Poole, the Royal Marines have a base in the town's harbour. Despite their names, Poole is the home of The Arts University Bournemouth, the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra and a significant part of Bournemouth University; the town's name derives from a corruption of the Celtic word bol and the Old English word pool meaning a place near a pool or creek. Variants include Pool, Poles, Polle and Poolman; the area around modern Poole has been inhabited for the past 2,500 years. During the 3rd century BC, Celts known as the Durotriges moved from hilltop settlements at Maiden Castle and Badbury Rings to heathland around the River Frome and Poole Harbour; the Romans landed at Poole during their conquest of Britain in the 1st century and took over an Iron Age settlement at Hamworthy, an area just west of the modern town centre. In Anglo-Saxon times, Poole was included in the Kingdom of Wessex.
The settlement was used as a base for fishing and the harbour a place for ships to anchor on their way to the River Frome and the important Anglo-Saxon town of Wareham. Poole experienced two large-scale Viking invasions during this era: in 876, Guthrum sailed his fleet through the harbour to attack Wareham, in 1015, Canute began his conquest of England in Poole Harbour, using it as a base to raid and pillage Wessex. Following the Norman conquest of England, Poole grew into a busy port as the importance of Wareham declined; the town was part of the manor of Canford, but does not exist as an identifiable entry in the Domesday Book. The earliest written mention of Poole occurred on a document from 1196 describing the newly built St James's Chapel in "La Pole"; the Lord of the Manor, Sir William Longspée, sold a charter of liberties to the burgesses of Poole in 1248 to raise funds for his participation in the Seventh Crusade. Poole gained a small measure of freedom from feudal rule and acquired the right to appoint a mayor and hold a court within town.
Poole's growing importance was recognised in 1433 when it was awarded staple port status by King Henry VI, enabling the port to begin exporting wool and in turn granting a licence for the construction of a town wall. In 1568, Poole gained further autonomy when it was granted legal independence from Dorset and made a county corporate by the Great Charter of Elizabeth I. During the English Civil War, Poole's puritan stance and its merchants' opposition to the ship money tax introduced by King Charles I led to the town declaring for Parliament. Poole escaped any large-scale attack and with the Royalists on the brink of defeat in 1646, the Parliamentary garrison from Poole laid siege to and captured the nearby Royalist stronghold at Corfe Castle. Poole established successful commerce with the North American colonies in the 16th century, including the important fisheries of Newfoundland. Trade with Newfoundland grew to meet the demand for fish from the Catholic countries of Europe. Poole's share of this trade varied but the most prosperous period started in the early 18th century and lasted until the early 19th century.
The trade followed a three-cornered route. By the early 18th century Poole had more ships trading with North America than any other English port and vast wealth was brought to Poole's merchants; this prosperity supported much of the development which now characterises the Old Town where many of the medieval buildings were replaced with Georgian mansions and terraced housing. The end of the Napoleonic Wars and the conclusion of the War of 1812 ended Britain's monopoly over the Newfoundland fisheries and other nations took over services provided by Poole's merchants at a lower cost. Poole's Newfoundland trade declined and within a decade most merchants had ceased trading; the town grew during the industrial revolution as urbanisation took place and the town became an area of mercantile prosperity and overcrowded poverty. At the turn of the 19th century, nine out of ten workers were engaged in harbour activities, but as the century progressed ships became too large for the shallow harbour and the port lost business to the deep water ports at Liverpool and Plymouth.
Poole's first railway station opened in Hamworthy in 1847 and extended to the centre of Poole in 1872 ending the port's busy coastal shipping trade. The beaches and landscape of southern Dorset and south-west Hampshire began to attract tourists during
Winter of the World
Winter of the World is a historical novel written by the Welsh-born author Ken Follett, published in 2012. It is the second book in the Century Trilogy. Revolving about a family saga that covers the interrelated experiences of American, Russian and British families during the 20th century; the novel follows the second generation of those families, born to the main characters of the first novel, Fall of Giants, is followed by a further generation of those families in the third and final book in the series, Edge of Eternity. The story starts in 1933, with the Nazi seizure of power, includes World War II, concludes in 1949; the story follows characters from Germany, the United States and the Soviet Union, who become linked by events leading to World War II, continues through the war and its immediate aftermath. The major characters are children of the characters who were seen in Fall of Giants; the novel covers a wide range of world events during the period, including the rise of Nazism, the ascent of Franco in Spain, the short-lived growth of British fascism, Action T4, the Battle of Moscow, the Blitz, the Normandy landings, the attack on Pearl Harbor, the development of the atom bomb, the fall of Berlin and many more.
The families, spread across four countries, are related to each other, though they themselves aren't aware of it. Point of view characters include: Carla von Ulrich- the daughter of Reichstag member Walter von Ulrich and magazine editor Maude Fitzherbert, she was rejected for a medical scholarship due to anti-female policies in Nazi Germany, but takes a job as a nurse in Berlin. After her father is murdered by the Gestapo for protesting Action T4, she helps her friends- who are German Resistance members- transmit vital battle plans to the Soviet Union. Carla is raped by five Red Army soldiers during the fall of Berlin, gives birth to a son that she raises with her husband, Werner Franck and her mother, she adopts a fourteen-year-old Jewish girl named Rebecca, after saving her from being raped by the same Red Army soldiers. Erik von Ulrich- Carla's older brother, he is much more narrow-minded and less liberal than his sister and parents. Erik is a firm supporter of the Nazi regime and serves in the German Army as a medical orderly in the invasions of France and Russia.
However, when he witnesses the massacre of Jewish civilians by the SS, he has a change of heart. Captured during the Battle of Berlin, Erik becomes a die-hard supporter of communism, much to his mother and sister's dismay. Thomas Macke- a sadistic, ambitious member of the Gestapo. A fanatical Nazi, Macke gains ownership of a restaurant owned by Walter von Ulrich's cousin Robert by threatening to persecute Robert for his homosexuality, he orders the murder of Carla and Erik's father and nearly manages to uncover the German Resistance circuit run by Carla and her boyfriend Werner. When Macke is injured during a bombing, Werner smothers him to death in the hospital where Carla works. Lloyd Williams- the son of Welsh MP Ethel Leckwith and the bastard of Earl Fitzherbert. Lloyd was a student at Cambridge University alongside his unknowing half-brother, Viscount'Boy' Fitzherbert. After leading anti-Fascist demonstrations in London, he fights for the Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War and helps downed airmen escape German-occupied France during World War II.
Lloyd falls in love with Daisy early in the story. After the war, he becomes a Labour Party MP and supporter of the Marshall Plan to combat communist aggression. Daisy Peshkov-the daughter of Russian-American film tycoon/gangster Lev Peshkov and Olga Vyalov, she is a superficial- but kind-natured- social climber; when she is rejected by New York high society due to her father's reputation, she romances and marries Viscount'Boy' Fitzherbert in England. However, their relationship soon breaks down due to his infidelities and her growing attraction to Lloyd Williams. Daisy becomes close friends with Lloyd's mother Ethel. After Boy is killed when his plane is shot down, Daisy remarries to Lloyd and starts a family with him after the war. Grigori "Greg" Peshkov- Daisy's half-brother, the son of Lev and his mistress Marga. A former student at Harvard, Greg is much his father's son in his initiative and womanizing habits, he rises amid the bureaucracy of Washington D. C. during World War II and becomes an observer for the government on the Manhattan Project, the development of the nuclear bomb.
During World War II, Greg discovers he has a son, conceived during his earlier romance with a young African-American actress, Jacky Jakes. Vladimir "Volodya" Peshkov- the son of Soviet General Grigori Peshkov and his wife Katerina, although Vladimir's biological father is Grigori's brother Lev. An intelligence officer for the Red Army, Vladimir is the handler for several Soviet espionage cells in Germany and the U. S, including that of Carla and Werner, he fights in the Spanish Civil War and in the Battle of Moscow, manages to obtain covert intelligence on U. S. development of the nuclear bomb. Over time, Vladimir becomes uncertain in his devotion to communism as he witnesses the brutal measures taken by Stalin. Vladimir romances a beautiful physicist named Zoya and marries and starts a family with her after the war. Woody Dewar- The son of U. S. Senator Gus Dewar and his wife Rosa, a former friend of Daisy and Greg's. Although drawn to politics like his father, Woody finds his true passion in news writing and photography.
He spends much of the story trying to win the heart of his longtime crush, Joan
Triple is a spy thriller novel written by British author Ken Follett. It was published in 1979; the background of the plot is Operation Plumbat, a 1968 operation carried out by Mossad that did not become publicly known about until 1977. The book's prologue describes a chance meeting of several people in Oxford in the year 1947; the main character is Nathaniel "Nat" Dickstein, a victim of experimentation in the Nazi concentration camps who becomes an Israeli agent. The three go together to a sherry party given by Professor Ashford, who teaches Hebrew Literature at Oxford. Dickstein, studying under Ashford, is in love with his wife Eila, but there are rival suitors. Another guest, Yasif Hassan, of Palestinian origin, has an affair with Eila, as seen in Professor Ashford's garden. Ashford's daughter, Suza makes an appearance. In the first chapters Pierre Bourg, the head of the Israeli secret service Mossad finds out in 1968 that Egypt is building a nuclear reactor in the Western Desert, in order to produce an atom bomb.
He assigns his best agent, Nat Dickstein, to steal about two hundred tons of uranium ore for Israel, to pre-empt the potential Egyptian threat and to enable them to build a bomb themselves. Dickstein has to ensure. Dickstein travels to Luxembourg to obtain documentation on all uranium shipments from the EURATOM agency located there, he achieves this by blackmailing a EURATOM employee. In his hotel he has a chance encounter with Yasif Hassan, now an Egyptian agent; as a result of this the KGB gets onto Dickstein's tail. For practical reasons, because in 1948 he hijacked an arms shipment at sea, Dickstein meanwhile decides to make the uranium theft from a maritime transport of yellowcake ore, from a freighter called the Coparelli. Dickstein is persistently followed by Rostov's KGB group, to which Hassan now belongs; this culminates in the tailing of all Israeli diplomats in London by the KGB. Despite this, Dickstein succeeds in shaking off his pursuers, he travels to Oxford to see Professor Ashford again.
Instead of his former teacher, the now grown-up daughter Suza Ashford answers the door. They fall in love. A short time Hassan visits the Professor, tells him of Dickstein's true activities and plans; the two persuade Suza to help eliminate Dickstein. She pretends to go along with this in order to be in a better position to warn her lover of this danger. Hassan intends to deliver the uranium to the Palestinian Fedayeen, betraying both Rostov and the Egyptians. To facilitate the robbery at sea, Dickstein acquires the Stromberg, a sister ship of the Coparelli, founds a bogus maritime company, he arranges for the Coparelli to suffer a mechanical breakdown at sea, for the crew to be completely disembarked. Through further complicated measures, Dickstein hopes to erase traces of the uranium theft. Israeli commandos aboard the Stromberg are to attack the Coparelli, but Hassan and his Fedayeen arrive first; however Dickstein and the Israelis recapture the Coparelli, Hassan is killed. Dickstein goes alone to board the Russian ship Karla, in the area, as Suza Ashford is a prisoner there.
Rostov and a KGB force are aboard. Suza is able to create a diversion, enabling Dickstein to rescue her and destroy the Karla by means of a magnetic mine; the story ends with the statement. The book concludes with a newspaper article appearing in the Daily Telegraph in 1977, revealing that Israel is suspected of involvement in the disappearance at sea of the uranium shipment nine years earlier
Barbara Follett (politician)
Daphne Barbara Follett is a British Labour Party politician who served as the Member of Parliament for Stevenage from 1997 until 2010. During this time she held several ministerial positions. In the decade before entering Parliament she played a major part in transformation of the Labour Party, firstly by making members more aware of their visual impact on voters and secondly by co-founding and running two organisations, Labour Women's Network and Emily's List UK, which spearheaded reforms that helped Labour to return a record 101 women to Parliament in 1997. Following the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal, she repaid more than £32,000 which she had claimed in expenses, she stood down in 2010 in order to take over the running the business of her husband, author Ken Follett. Follett was born Daphne Barbara Hubbard in Kingston, where her father was an insurance executive. In 1946 the family returned to Britain, first to Jersey in 1947 to Billericay, Essex. In 1952 the family moved to Ethiopia where her father set up the country's first insurance company in partnership with Emperor Haile Selassie.
In 1957 after an unfortunate incident involving her alcoholic father, a toast and a drinks trolley, the family were asked to leave the country and went to Cape Town in South Africa. She began a University degree in Art, but in 1962 had to give it up and started work with Barclays Bank, she married Richard Turner in 1963 and they moved to Paris where Turner studied for his doctorate and she taught at the Berlitz School of Languages. In 1964 her first daughter, was born, they returned to South Africa in 1966 to run his mother's fruit farm in Stellenbosch, where they had their second daughter, Kim. In 1969, after experiencing first-hand the hardships of life for farm workers in rural South Africa, she started working for Kupugani, an organisation which bought and processed agricultural surplus and sold it cheaply to poor families, it provided basic health and education. In 1970, on the breakdown of her marriage Follett moved back to Cape Town and became acting Regional Secretary at the Institute of Race Relations.
She worked again for Kupugani from 1971 to 1978, first as Regional Manager for the Cape and South-West Africa – as National Health Education Director. After a brief marriage to Gerald Stonestreet, she married architect Les Broer in 1974, their son Adam was born in 1975. In January 1978 her ex-husband Richard Turner, a prominent anti-apartheid activist, was assassinated. Three months Follett, running the Women's Movement for Peace was told that she too was about to be "banned", she and her children lived in Farnham, Surrey. Follett found work as Assistant Course Organiser and lecturer on Africa for the Farnham-based Centre for International Briefing and joined the local Labour Party. Follett was not elected. In 1985 she married author Ken Follett. From 1984 to 1992 she was a freelance lecturer and consultant, contesting Epsom and Ewell for Labour in 1987, again unsuccessfully. Unhappy with the inequalities that women faced in public life, she joined the Fawcett Society and the National Alliance of Women's Organisations and jointly founded the Labour Women's Network in 1987, on whose Steering Committee she has served since.
Inspired by women in the US, Follett imported the idea of EMILYs List, a fundraiser for women Democrat candidates, into Britain for the Labour Party. She became the Director of EMILY's List UK in 1993; the organisation has since backed more than 80 women seeking selection. During this period she obtained a BSc in Economic History from the London School of Economics, she was selected as the candidate in Stevenage. She concentrated instead on work as Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Public Policy Research. Follett is an alumna of the Open University and she has since become a patron of Action on Pre-Eclampsia; the 1997 General Election saw. In Parliament she went on the Select Committee on International Development, as well as becoming Chair of the All Party Retail Industry Group, she is a member of the Fabian Society. In May 1999, Follett became a member of the Britain in Europe Council, served on the Select Committee on Modernisation of the House of Commons. In June 2005, she was elected as Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party Women's Committee.
In November 2005, she became Parliamentary Private Secretary to Tessa Jowell. In June 2007 she was appointed to become Minister for the East of England, and, in October 2007, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of Equality, supporting the Minister for Women and Equalities, Harriet Harman, with a particular role in drafting the government's equality legislation, she went on to serve as Minister for Culture and the Creative Industries between October 2008 and September 2009, before serving as Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Department for Communities and Local Government until May 2010. Following the controversy generated by the public disclosure of her expenses Follett announced her decision to stand down at the 2010 general election on 1 October 2009, she cited a desire to spend more time with her family as her motivation for standing d