Kane County, Illinois
Kane County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 515,269, making it the fifth-most populous county in Illinois, its county seat is Geneva, its largest city is Aurora. Kane County has been one of the collar counties of the metropolitan statistical area designated "Chicago–Naperville–Elgin, IL–IN–WI" by the US Census. Kane County was formed out of LaSalle County in 1836; the county was named in honor of Elias Kane, United States Senator from Illinois, the first Secretary of State of Illinois. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county's area was 524 square miles, of which 520 square miles is land and 4.1 square miles is water. Its largest cities are along the Fox River. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Geneva have ranged from a low of 10 °F in January to a high of 84 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 111 °F was recorded in July 1936; the average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches in February to 4.39 inches in July.
McHenry County Cook County DuPage County Will County Kendall County DeKalb County Fox River Trail Great Western Trail Illinois Prairie Path James "Pate" Philip State Park Kane County has an extensive forest preserve program, with numerous nature preserves, historic sites, trails. As of the 2010 census, there were 515,269 people, 170,479 households, 128,323 families residing in the county; the population density was 990.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 182,047 housing units at an average density of 350.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 74.6% white, 5.7% black or African American, 3.5% Asian, 0.6% American Indian, 13.0% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 30.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.3% were German, 13.0% were Irish, 7.9% were Polish, 7.4% were Italian, 7.1% were English, 2.4% were American. Of the 170,479 households, 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families, 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. The median age was 34.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $67,767 and the median income for a family was $77,998. Males had a median income of $53,833 versus $39,206 for females; the per capita income for the county was $29,480. About 7.0% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. Aurora University Elgin Community College Judson University Waubonsee Community College There are several hospitals serving the county: Advocate Sherman Hospital, Elgin Delnor Hospital, Geneva Presence Mercy Medical Center, Aurora Presence Saint Joseph Hospital, Elgin Rush-Copley Medical Center, Aurora Metra Pace Aurora Municipal Airport Interstate 88 Interstate 90 U. S. Highway 20 U. S. Highway 30 U. S. Highway 34 Illinois Route 19 Illinois Route 25 Illinois Route 31 Illinois Route 38 Illinois Route 47 Illinois Route 56 Illinois Route 58 Illinois Route 62 Illinois Route 64 Illinois Route 68 Illinois Route 72 Illinois Route 110 Aurora Batavia Elgin Geneva St. Charles Yorkville Prestbury As one of the Yankee-settled and prosperous suburban “collar counties”, Kane County was a stronghold of the Free Soil Party in its first few elections, being one of nine Illinois counties to give a plurality to Martin van Buren in 1848.
Kane County unsurprisingly became solidly Republican for the century and a half following that party’s formation. It voted for the GOP Presidential nominee in every election between 1856 and 2004 except that of 1912 when the Republican Party was mortally divided and Progressive Theodore Roosevelt carried the county with a majority of the vote over conservative incumbent William Howard Taft; the gradual shift of the GOP towards white Southern Evangelicals, has led the moderate electorate of Kane and the other “collar counties” to trend towards the Democratic Party. In 2008, Illinois-bred Barack Obama became the first Democrat to carry Kane County since Franklin Pierce in 1852, the first to win an absolute majority of the county’s vote. Obama won a plurality in 2012, Hillary Clinton improved upon Obama’s showing to become the second Democrat to win a majority in 2016. Dundee Township Park District Fermilab Fox River Golden Corridor Illinois Technology and Research Corridor Kane-DuPage Regional Museum Association National Register of Historic Places listings in Kane County, Illinois Tri-Cities, Illinois Patricia Golden Frank D.
Weir GeneralForstall, Richard L.. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990: From the Twenty-One Decennial Censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Kane County official government website
Elgin is a city in Cook and Kane counties in the northern part of the U. S. state of Illinois. Located 35 mi northwest of Chicago, it lies along the Fox River; as of 2017, the city had an estimated population of 112,456, making it the eighth-largest city in Illinois. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the Black Hawk Indian War of 1832 led to the expulsion of the Native Americans who had settlements and burial mounds in the area, set the stage for the founding of Elgin. Thousands of militiamen and soldiers of Gen. Winfield Scott's army marched through the Fox River valley during the war, accounts of the area's fertile soils and flowing springs soon filtered east. In New York, James T. Gifford and his brother Hezekiah Gifford heard tales of this area ripe for settlement, travelled west. Looking for a site on the stagecoach route from Chicago to Galena, they settled on a spot where the Fox River could be bridged. In April 1835, they established the city, naming it after the Scottish tune "Elgin".
Early Elgin achieved fame for the butter and dairy goods it sold to the city of Chicago. Gail Borden established a condensed milk factory here in 1866, the local library was named in his honor; the dairy industry became less important with the arrival of the Elgin Watch Company. The watch factory employed three generations of Elginites from the late 19th to the mid 20th century, when it was the largest producer of fine watches in the United States and the operator of the largest watchmaking complex in the world. Today, the clocks at Chicago's Union Station still bear the Elgin name. Elgin has a long tradition of invention. Elgin is home to the Elgin Academy, the oldest coeducational, non-sectarian college preparatory school west of the Allegheny Mountains. Elgin High School boasts five Navy admirals, a Nobel Prize winner, a Pulitzer Prize winner, a Tony Award winner, two Academy Award–winning producers, Olympic athletes and a General Motors CEO among its alumni. Elgin resident John Murphy invented the motorized streetsweeper in 1914 and formed the Elgin Sweeper Corporation.
Pioneering African-American chemist Lloyd Hall was an Elgin native, as was the legendary marketer and car stereo pioneer Earl "Madman" Muntz and Max Adler, founder of the Adler Planetarium in Chicago, America's first planetarium. Local historian E. C. Alft has written an ongoing newspaper column about Elgin's history. Elgin is located at 42°2′18″N 88°19′22″W. According to the 2010 census, Elgin has a total area of 37.704 square miles, of which 37.16 square miles is land and 0.544 square miles is water. On March 28, 1920, Elgin was struck by several tornadoes along the Fox River that caused significant damage to Chicago and several western suburbs. Four people were killed and several businesses and homes were destroyed, including the Opera House and Grant Theater; as of the census of 2010, there were 108,188 people, 37,848 households. The population density was 2,911.2 people per square mile. There were 37,848 housing units at an average density of 1,306.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 65.9% White, 7.4% African American, 1.40% Native American, 5.4% Asian, 16.3% from other races, 3.6% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.6% of the population. A significant portion of Elgin's Asian population was of Laotian origin. There were 35,094 households out of which 38% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.0% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals 65 years and older, 7.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.56. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. 50.2% of the population was female. The median income for a household in the city was $56,337, the median income for a family was $68,740. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $28,488 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,478.
About 6.4% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. In 2013, Elgin ranked number one in the Chicago metropolitan area in new home starts, while ranking second in new home closings. Elgin's downtown has been the center of city renovations and new developments. New townhouses, condo towers, loft spaces, art galleries have opened in the last decade. In October 2003 the Gail Borden Public Library moved into a new $30 million, 139,980 square foot, 460,000 volume-capacity building. In August 2009 the city opened the first satellite branch; the 10,000 square foot Rakow Branch, situated on Elgin's West Side, was LEED registered, was designed to be expandable up to 30,000 square feet. Elgin opened the 185,000 sq. ft. Centre of Elgin recreation facility across the street from the library. In 2009, Gail Borden was one of five libraries to receive the National Medal for Museum and Library Service issued by the Institute of Museum and Library Service in Washington DC.
In 2014, Elgin completed the Central Business District Streetscape Improvement Project and the Riverside Drive Promenade. In the 1990s, Elgin became one of the few cities in northern Illinois to host a riverboat casino; the Grand Victoria Casino generated controversy, but went on to be a significant source of income for the city
Frankfort is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the seat of Franklin County. It is a home rule-class city in Kentucky. Located along the Kentucky River, Frankfort is the principal city of the Frankfort, Kentucky Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Franklin and Anderson counties; the town of Frankfort received its name from an event that took place in the 1780s. American Indians attacked a group of early European-American pioneers from Bryan Station, who were making salt at a ford in the Kentucky River. Pioneer Stephen Frank was killed, the settlers thereafter called the crossing "Frank's Ford." This name was elided to Frankfort. In 1786, James Wilkinson purchased the 260-acre tract of land on the north side of the Kentucky River, which developed as downtown Frankfort, he was an early promoter of Frankfort as the state capital. After Kentucky became the 15th state in early 1792, five commissioners from various counties were appointed on June 20 to choose a location for the capital.
They were John Allen and John Edwards, Henry Lee, Thomas Kennedy, Robert Todd. A number of communities competed for this honor. According to early histories, the offer of Andrew Holmes' log house as capitol for seven years, a number of town lots, £50 worth of locks and hinges, 10 boxes of glass, 1,500 pounds of nails, $3,000 in gold helped the decision go to Frankfort. Frankfort had a United States post office with Daniel Weisiger as postmaster. John Brown, a Virginia lawyer and statesman, built a home now called Liberty Hall in Frankfort in 1796. Before Kentucky's statehood, he represented Virginia in the Continental Congress and the U. S. Congress. While in Congress, he introduced the bill granting statehood to Kentucky. After statehood, he was elected by the state legislature as one of the state's U. S. Senators. In 1796, the Kentucky General Assembly appropriated funds to provide a house to accommodate the governor; the Old Governor's Mansion is claimed to be the oldest official executive residence still in use in the United States.
In 1829, Gideon Shryock designed Kentucky's third, in Greek Revival style. It served Kentucky as its capitol from 1830 to 1910; the separate settlement known as South Frankfort was annexed by the city in January 3, 1850. During the American Civil War, the Union Army built fortifications overlooking Frankfort on what is now called Fort Hill; the Confederate Army occupied Frankfort for a short time starting from September 3, 1862, the only such time that Confederate forces took control of a Union capitol. On February 3, 1900 Governor-elect William Goebel was assassinated in Frankfort while walking to the capitol on the way to his inauguration. Former Secretary of State Caleb Powers was found guilty of a conspiracy to murder Goebel. Frankfort grew in the 1960s. A modern addition to the State Office Building was completed in 1967; the original building was completed in the 1930s on the location of the former Kentucky State Penitentiary. Some of the stone from the old prison was used for the walls surrounding the office building.
The Capitol Plaza was established in the 1960s. It comprises the Capitol Plaza Office Tower, the tallest building in the city, the Capitol Plaza Hotel, the Fountain Place Shoppes; the Capital Plaza Office Tower opened in 1972 and became a visual landmark for the center of the city. By the early 2000s, maintenance of the concrete structures had been neglected and the plaza had fallen into disrepair, with sections of the plaza closed to pedestrian activity out of concerns for safety. In August 2008, city officials recommended demolition of the Tower and redevelopment the area over a period of years. Ten years the demolition of the office tower was completed on Sunday, March 11, 2018 at 1:30 PM EST, was televised by WKYT-TV on The CW Lexington as well as streamed live on Facebook. Demolition of the nearby convention center, which opened in 1971 and has hosted sporting events and other local events, was completed in Spring 2018. City officials intend to replace the outdated office tower with a smaller, four- or five-story building in order to create a more pedestrian-oriented scale at the complex, to encourage street activity.
Frankfort is home to several major distilleries of Kentucky Bourbon, including the Buffalo Trace Distillery. Although there was some rapid economic and population growth in the 1960s, both tapered off in the 1980s and have remained stable since that time. In 2018, several teachers protested at the city in response to Senate Bill 151 being passed on March 29, 2018. Frankfort is located in the Bluegrass region of Central Kentucky; the city is bisected by the Kentucky River, which makes an s-turn as it passes through the center of town. The river valley widens at this point; the valley within the city limits contains Downtown and South Frankfort districts, which lie opposite one another on the river. A small neighborhood with its own distinct identity, Bellepoint, is located on the west bank of the river to the north of Benson Creek, opposite the river from the "downtown" district; the suburban areas on either side of the valley are referred to as the "West Side" and "East Side". According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.6 square miles, of w
Illinois's 14th congressional district
The 14th congressional district of Illinois is represented by Democrat Lauren Underwood. The congressional district covers parts of DeKalb, DuPage, Kendall, Lake, McHenry and Will counties, as of the 2011 redistricting which followed the 2010 census. All or parts of Batavia, Campton Hills, Crystal Lake, Huntley, McHenry, Saint Charles, North Aurora, Plainfield, Sycamore, Wauconda and Yorkville are included; the representatives for these districts were elected in the 2012 primary and general elections, the boundaries became effective on January 5, 2013. Incumbent Randy Hultgren defeated Democratic challenger Dennis Anderson to keep his spot in the House of Representatives; this election was a repeat of the 2012 election, Hultgren keeps his spot. Hultgren wins again, this time against Democrat Jim Walz. Hultgren lost his releection bid to Democrat Lauren Underwood; the 14th district was represented from 1987 to 2007 by Republican Dennis Hastert, who served as Speaker of the House during the 106th through 109th congresses.
Joseph Gurney Cannon, who served as speaker during four congresses, represented the district early in his career, although he was representing the 18th district when he was speaker. Following Hastert's November 2007 resignation from Congress, a special election was held on March 8, 2008 to fill the vacancy. Democrat Bill Foster defeated Republican Jim Oberweis by 52.5% to 47.5%. That November, Foster won a full two-year term. However, Foster failed to win re-election in 2010. Republican Randy Hultgren won back the seat for the GOP and was sworn in when the 112th Congress convened. Hultgren was re-elected in 2012, 2014, 2016. In the 2018 election, Democratic nominee Lauren Underwood defeated Hultgren, 52.5 to 47.5 percent, thus flipping the Cook PVI R+5 district to Democratic. As of January 2019, there are three living former members of the House from the district. Illinois's 14th congressional district special election, 2008 Illinois's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C..
The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Washington Post page on the 14th District of Illinois U. S. Census Bureau - 14th District Fact Sheet
U.S. Route 34
U. S. Route 34 is an east–west United States highway that runs for 1,122 miles from north-central Colorado to the western suburbs of Chicago. Through Rocky Mountain National Park it is known as the Trail Ridge Road where it reaches elevation 12,183 feet, making it the highest paved through highway in the United States; the highway's western terminus is Granby, Colorado at US 40. Its eastern terminus is in Berwyn, Illinois at Illinois Route 43 and Historic US 66. U. S. Route 34 becomes a toll road for a short distance in Colorado, where it passes through Rocky Mountain National Park. In the state of Colorado, U. S. Route 34 runs north from Granby through Rocky Mountain National Park, it passes through Estes Park and Greeley before entering Nebraska east of Wray. Within Rocky Mountain National Park US 34 is known as Trail Ridge Road. Due to its high elevation through the park and over the Continental Divide, Route 34 closes in winter from the Colorado River Trailhead on the west to Many Parks Curve on the east Closure runs from mid-October to Memorial Day weekend in May, can occur at any time in summer due to high alpine snow storms.
Route 34 transverses Fall River Milner Pass in the Front Range of Colorado. In the state of Nebraska, U. S. Route 34 is a major east–west arterial surface road along the southern portion of Nebraska, it overlaps other routes for the majority of its routing. U. S. 34 passes through Hastings, Grand Island and Lincoln before entering Iowa east of Plattsmouth over the Plattsmouth Bridge. U. S. Route 34 from between Hastings and Grand Island is known as the Tom Osborne Expressway, named for the former Hastings resident, Nebraska Cornhuskers football coach, Congressman. In Lincoln, U. S. 34 overlaps with Interstate 180 from its junction with Interstate 80 into downtown where it becomes North 9th/North 10th Streets east as "O" Street. The segment from the Lancaster County/Cass County border to Nebraska Highway 1 south of Elmwood is the Bess Streeter Aldrich Memorial Highway, after the former author and Elmwood resident. In the state of Iowa, U. S. Route 34 is a major east–west arterial surface road across southern Iowa.
It enters Iowa west of Glenwood and passes through Glenwood, Red Oak and Creston before intersecting Interstate 35 at Osceola. East of Osceola, it continues through Chariton and Georgetown onto Albia before meeting U. S. Route 63 at a traffic circle in Ottumwa. East of Ottumwa to Burlington, the highway overlaps Iowa Highway 163; this segment of highway is an expressway with some freeway segments. As of November 12, 2008, it bypasses Fairfield and bypasses Mt. Pleasant, with a portion of this concurrent with U. S. Route 218, the Iowa route for the Avenue of the Saints, it continues southeast towards Burlington bypassing New London and Danville and Middletown. The freeway segment through Burlington was completed in the 1970s, it crosses the Mississippi River on the Great River Bridge into Illinois, completed in the early 1990s. In 2015, a 15-mile segment of U. S. Route 34 in Montgomery and Adams counties won the Sheldon G. Hayes Award for the highest quality asphalt pavement in the nation. Much of this route was known as the Bluegrass Highway and parallels tracks of what was the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad and is now the BNSF.
Amtrak's California Zephyr passenger rail service parallels this route. U. S. 34 in the state of Iowa is designated the Red Bull Highway in honor of the 34th Infantry Division. In the state of Illinois, U. S. Route 34 enters at the Mississippi River across from Iowa, it passes through or around the cities of Monmouth, Princeton, Oswego, Naperville, Downers Grove, Clarendon Hills, Western Springs, La Grange, Brookfield and Riverside and continues in a southwest-northeast direction to its eastern terminus at Illinois Route 43 and Historic US 66 in Berwyn. Through much of the Chicago area, the highway is known as "Ogden Avenue", after William Butler Ogden, Chicago's first mayor; the entire highway in Illinois is named the Walter Payton Memorial Highway after Pro Football Hall of Famer Walter Payton, who wore #34 for the Chicago Bears. The highway is 211.37 miles long within the state. Nebraska and Iowa are planning a new U. S. Route 34 bridge which would reroute U. S. 34 north of the Platte River concurrent with U.
S. 75 turn east to cross the Missouri River south of Bellevue, Nebraska. It would align with the current U. S. 34 alignment near Iowa. Colorado US 40 in Granby US 36 in Deer Ridge Junction US 36 in Estes Park US 287 in Loveland I‑25 / US 87 in Loveland US 85 in Evans; the highways travel concurretly to Greeley. I‑76 / US 6 northeast of Wiggins; the highways travel concurrently to west-southwest of Log Lane Village. US 385 in Wray Nebraska US 6 west of Culbertson; the highways travel concurrently to Hastings. US 83 in McCook; the highways travel concurrently through the city. US 283 in Arapahoe US 136 north-northwest of Edison US 183 in Holdrege US 281 in Hastings; the highways travel concurrently to Grand Island. I‑80 south of Grand Island US 81 in York; the highways travel concurrently to north of York. I‑80 / I‑180 / US 77 in Lincoln. I-180/US 34 travels concurrently through the city. US 75 east of Union; the highways travel concurrently to north-northwest of La Platte. Iowa I‑29 / US 275 north-northwest of Pacific Junction.
US 34/US 275 travels concurrently to east-southeast of Glenwood. US 59 north of Emerson US 71 north of Villisca US 169 in Afton
U.S. Route 30
U. S. Route 30 is an east–west main route of the system of United States Numbered Highways, with the highway traveling across the northern tier of the country, it is the third longest U. S. route, after U. S. Route 20 and U. S. Route 6; the western end of the highway is at Oregon. Despite long stretches of parallel and concurrent Interstate Highways, it has not been decommissioned unlike other long haul routes such as U. S. Route 66. Much of the historic Lincoln Highway, the first road across America, became part of US 30; the west end of US 30 is at an intersection with U. S. Route 101 at the south end of the Astoria–Megler Bridge in downtown Astoria, Oregon 5 miles from the Pacific Ocean, it heads east to Portland, where it uses a short section of freeway built for the canceled Interstate 505. From there it heads around the north side of downtown on Interstate 405 and Interstate 5 to reach Interstate 84. Most of the rest of the route is concurrent with I-84, with only about 70 miles, under 1/5 of its remaining length, off the freeway on old alignments.
Upon entering Idaho, US 30 runs along its old surface route through Fruitland and New Plymouth before joining I-84. It leaves at Bliss and soon crosses the Snake River, running south of it through Twin Falls and Burley before crossing it again and rejoining I-84. At the split with Interstate 86, US 30 continues east with I-86 to its end at Pocatello. US 30 cuts southeast through downtown Pocatello to Interstate 15. There it exits and heads east and southeast, not parallel to an Interstate for the first time since Portland, into Wyoming; the Thousand Springs Scenic Byway is a picturesque section of old US 30 in southern Idaho between the towns of Bliss and Buhl, dipping down into the Hagerman Valley and a canyon of the Snake River. The byway takes its name from the numerous streams and rivulets springing forth out of the east wall of that canyon, many of them plainly visible from the road, with the panoramic river in the foreground; these springs are outlets from the Snake River Aquifer, which flows through thousands of square miles of porous volcanic rock and is one of the largest groundwater systems in the world.
The aquifer is believed In Wyoming, US 30 heads southeast through Kemmerer to Granger, where it joins Interstate 80 across southern Wyoming. It is here that it joins the historic Lincoln Highway; as in the previous two states, US 30 remains with the Interstate for most of its path, only leaving for the old route in the following places: 97 miles from Walcott to Laramie 12 miles through Cheyenne 2 miles through Pine Bluffs to the Nebraska state line Unlike the three states to the west, Nebraska keeps US 30 separate from its parallel Interstates. From the state line to Grand Island, US 30 parallels I-80. East of Grand Island, US 30 diverges from I-80 and runs northeast towards Columbus on a highway parallel to the Platte River. At Columbus, it turns east towards Schuyler and Fremont and crosses the Missouri River into Iowa east of Blair. US 30 crosses Iowa from west to east 20 miles north of Interstate 80. Between Missouri Valley and Denison, the highway runs in a southwest-to-northeast direction.
Several freeway bypasses have been built around the major cities on US 30 - Ames, Tama, Cedar Rapids and DeWitt. It crosses the Mississippi River into Illinois on the Gateway Bridge at Clinton. U. S. Route 30S and U. S. Route 30A are two previous alternate alignments of U. S. Route 30 in Iowa, they followed the original alignment of US 30 in Iowa. They both began in Nebraska, entered Iowa in Council Bluffs, extended north to Missouri Valley via Crescent to meet the current highway. US 30 heads east in Illinois to Rock Falls, where it begins to parallel Interstate 88. At Aurora it turns southeast to Joliet, where it is a major thoroughfare in the city of Joliet, back east through New Lenox, Mokena, Olympia Fields, Chicago Heights, Ford Heights, Lynwood to the Indiana state line, bypassing Chicago to the south; the original 1926 routing of US 30 ran directly through downtown Chicago, however. US 30 in Indiana is a major rural divided highway, it is not a freeway except at Fort Wayne, where it runs around the north side on Interstate 69 and Interstate 469.
Between I-65 and I-69, there are over 40 traffic signals on this divided highway, hindering smooth traffic flow. This is pronounced near Warsaw and Columbia City, where the speed limit is reduced and there are many driveways from businesses, as well as traffic signals that are too near each other and poorly timed, causing frequent bottlenecks. Warsaw's Mayor, Joe Thallemer, has caused most of the bottleneck by continuing to allow new signal lights to pop up on US 30 during his tenure in office. Many of the other signals are concentrated between Hobart and Valparaiso, the two cities being about 20 miles apart, it is, however, a four lane divided road through its entirety within Indiana avoiding small towns. Speed limits range, but are 60 miles per hour. US 30 heads east across northern Ohio via Canton. After several upgrades, it is now a four-lane divided highway from the Indiana state line to Canton with controlled-access freeway sections between Van Wert and Delphos and Canton, Ohio. At Upper Sandusky, the highway runs concurrent with US 23.
After Canton, the road continues on to East Liverpool as two-lane highway (until, near the unincorporated
Amos Kendall was an American lawyer and politician. He rose to prominence as editor-in-chief of the Argus of Western America, an influential newspaper in Frankfort, the capital of the U. S. state of Kentucky. He used his newspaper, writing skills, extensive political contacts to build the Democratic Party into a national political power. An ardent supporter of Andrew Jackson, he served as United States Postmaster General during the Jackson and Martin Van Buren administrations, he was one of the most influential members of Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet", an unofficial group of Jackson's top appointees and advisors who set administration policy. Returning to private life, Kendall wrote one of the first biographies of Jackson, published in 1843, he invested in Samuel Morse's new invention, the telegraph. He became one of the most important figures in the transformation of the American news media in the 19th century. Amos Kendall was born in Dunstable, Massachusetts, on August 16, 1787, he was the sixth child of Molly Kendall.
The Kendalls were English Americans who emigrated to Massachusetts from England in 1640. The Kendalls were prominent landowners in the town of Dunstable, quite numerous. Members of his family owned the tavern where elections and town meetings were held, were elected town selectmen, served on the committee of correspondence. Molly Kendall gave birth to six more children after Amos, but only two of them lived past the age of six. Two years after Amos was born, Zebedee Kendall was named a deacon of the local Congregational church; the Kendalls were religious, family life was strict. Kendall's early years were spent working on the family farm, an average-sized property which had 22 acres of arable land; the farm raised sheep and dairy cattle and provided pasture for the family horses and oxen. The family farmed corn, hay and rye. A small part of the land was devoted to growing tobacco. Amos assisted in clearing rocks from the farmland, mending stone and split-rail fences. Amos was a sickly child and prone to colds and severe headaches.
Amos Kendall attended free public elementary schools in Massachusetts and New Hampshire during two months each summer, was a heavy user of the subscription library in Dunstable, Massachusetts. Kendall attended the New Ipswich Academy in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, for a few weeks in the fall of 1805, a free public secondary school in New Ipswich for a month in the winter of 1806. In April 1806, he re-entered New Ipswich Academy, he remained there until the fall studied a few weeks in December 1806 at a free public school in Dunstable. Although he was only 16 years old, Amos' education was advanced enough that his father obtained a two-month teaching position for him at a school in Reading, Massachusetts, in summer 1806 and another in the fall at a public school in Dunstable, New Hampshire. Amos Kendall entered the Lawrence Academy at Groton in Groton, Massachusetts, in April 1807. Despite poor health, he felt prepared enough to apply to Dartmouth College, he succeeded, was admitted to Dartmouth on September 10, 1807.
Unable to afford the $80 to $90 cost of the fall and winter term, Zebedee Kendall obtained another teaching position for Amos at a school in Dunstable, New Hampshire. Away from his father's control for an extended period of time, Kendall began to play cards and drink alcohol. With money in hand, he entered Dartmouth in March 1808. Kendall joined the Social Friends, a fraternal society, as well as a small, semisecret study and debating society known as the Gymnasion Adelphon. Through the college's and society's libraries, he had access to more than 4,000 books, many of which were by recent authors and in fields which he had been unable to study while under his father's strict moral supervision. Kendall said that the informal education he received through reading and discussion outside the classroom was more productive that the formal classes he attended. Kendall spent the fall and winter terms of 1808 teaching in New Ipswich and began attending classes again in March 1809; when the college banned on-campus drinking, students blamed Kendall — who had circulated a petition to have it stopped.
He was bullied and nearly assaulted on several occasions, some students attempted to injure him by dropping heavy roof timbers onto him as he exited a building. Kendall would have left Dartmouth, he admitted that he learned a valuable lesson from the experience: Never attempt to impose his moral values on others. In July 1809 he joined the Handel Society, participated in their productions, he again taught in Ipswich from November 1809 to February 1810. Returning to Dartmouth in the spring of 1810, Kendall's social standing at school improved, he participated in a prank in which the cattle of the townspeople were herded into a basement room at the college. When several students were brought up on charges, Kendall defended them so ably that the charges were dropped. Kendall, like most people from Dunstable, was a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, but most students at Dartmouth belonged to the Federalist Party. When asked to provide an oration at the Independence Day celebrations in 1810, he declined by arguing that the Federalists were taking over the event.
When he was embraced by the radical Democrat