Koryū is a Japanese term for Japanese martial arts that predate the Meiji Restoration. The term is synonymous with Kobudo and contrasted with Gendai budō "modern martial arts" which refer to schools developed after the Meiji Restoration. In Japanese, Koryū Kobudō are treated as synonyms, but in English, the International Hoplology Society makes a distinction between Koryū and Kobudō concerned the origin and the difference between the ranking of priorities concerning combat, discipline and/or aesthetic form. The term Koryū translates as "old school" or "traditional school". Koryū is a general term for Japanese schools of martial arts that predate the Meiji Restoration which sparked major socio-political changes and led to the modernization of Japan; the system of Koryū is considered in following priorities order: 1) combat, 2) discipline 3) morals. Kobudō is a Japanese term for a system that can be translated as 古 武 道 "old martial art". Kobudō marks the beginning of the Tokugawa period called the Edo period, when the total power was consolidated by the ruling Tokugawa clan.
The system of kobudō is considered in following priorities order: 1) morals, 2) discipline 3) aesthetic form. Kobudō can be used to refer to Okinawan kobudō where it describes collectively all Okinawan combative systems; these are different and unrelated systems. The use of the term kobudō should not be limited, as it popularly is, to the describing of the ancient weapons systems of Okinawa. List of koryū schools of martial arts Draeger, Donn F. Classical Bujitsu. Weatherhill, 1973, 2007. ISBN 978-0834802339 Hall, David A. Encyclopedia of Japanese Martial Arts. Kodansha USA, 2012. ISBN 978-1568364100 Skoss, Editor. Koryu Bujutsu: Classical Warrior Traditions of Japan. Koryubooks, 1997. ISBN 978-1890536046 Skoss, Editor. Sword and Spirit: Classical Warrior Traditions of Japan, Volume 2. Koryubooks, 1999. ISBN 978-1890536053 Skoss, Editor. Keiko Shokon: Classical Warrior Traditions of Japan, Volume 3. Koryubooks, 2002. ISBN 978-1890536060 What is Koryu? Koryu.com in English. Provides articles and links to books.
KoryuWeb in French and English. Nihon Kobudō Kyokai Official Koryu Website in Japanese
Iaidō, abbreviated with iai, is a Japanese martial art that emphasizes being aware and capable of drawing the sword and responding to a sudden attack. Iaido is associated with the smooth, controlled movements of drawing the sword from its scabbard, striking or cutting an opponent, removing blood from the blade, replacing the sword in the scabbard. While beginning practitioners of iaido may start learning with a wooden sword depending on the teaching style of a particular instructor, most of the practitioners use the blunt edged sword, called iaitō. Few, more experienced, iaido practitioners use a sharp edged sword. Practitioners of iaido are referred to as iaidoka; the term "iaido" appears in 1932 and consists of the kanji characters 居, 合, 道. The origin of the first two characters, iai, is believed to come from saying Tsune ni ite, kyū ni awasu, that can be translated as "being match/meet immediately", thus the primary emphasis in'iai' is on the psychological state of being present. The secondary emphasis is on drawing the sword and responding to the sudden attack as as possible.
The last character, 道, is translated into English as the way. The term "iaido" translates into English as "the way of mental presence and immediate reaction", was popularized by Nakayama Hakudo; the term emerged from the general trend to replace the suffix -jutsu with -dō in Japanese martial arts in order to emphasize the philosophical or spiritual aspects of the practice. Iaido encompasses hundreds of styles of swordsmanship, all of which subscribe to non-combative aims and purposes. Iaido is an intrinsic form of Japanese modern budo. Iaido is a reflection of the morals of the classical warrior and to build a spiritually harmonious person possessed of high intellect and resolute will. Iaido is for the most part performed solo as an issue of kata, executing changed strategies against single or various fanciful rivals; every kata finishes with the sword sheathed. Notwithstanding sword method, it obliges creative ability and fixation to keep up the inclination of a genuine battle and to keep the kata new.
Iaidoka are prescribed to practice kendo to safeguard that battling feel. To appropriately perform the kata, iaidoka learn carriage and development and swing. At times iaidoka will practice accomplice kata like kenjutsu kata. Dissimilar to kendo, iaido is never honed in a free-competing way; the metaphysical aspects in iaido have been influenced by several philosophical and religious directions. Iaido is a blend of the ethics of Confucianism, methods of Zen, the philosophical Taoism, the purificatory rites of Shintoism and aspects from bushido; because iaido is practiced with a weapon, it is entirely practiced using solitary forms, or kata performed against one or more imaginary opponents. Multiple person kata exist within some schools of iaido. Iaido does not use sparring of any kind; because of this non-fighting aspect, iaido's emphasis on precise, fluid motion, it is sometimes referred to as "moving Zen." Most of the styles and schools do not practice tameshigiri. A part of iaido is nukitsuke.
This is a quick draw of the sword, accomplished by drawing the sword from the saya and moving the saya back in saya-biki. Iaido started in the mid-1500s. Hayashizaki Jinsuke Shigenobu is acknowledged as the organizer of Iaido. There were a lot of people Koryu, however just a little extent remain today. Just about every one of them additionally concentrate on more seasoned school created amid 16-seventeenth century, in the same way as Muso-Shinden-ryu, Hoki-ryu, Muso-Jikiden-Eishin-ryu, Shinto-Munen-ryu, Tamiya-ryu, Yagyu-Shinkage-ryu, Mugai-ryu, Sekiguchi-ryu, et cetera. After the collapse of the Japanese feudal system in 1868 the founders of the modern disciplines borrowed from the theory and the practice of classical disciplines as they had studied or practiced; the founding in 1895 of the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai 大日本武徳会 in Kyoto, Japan. Was an important contribution to the development of modern Japanese swordsmanship. In 1932 DNBK approved and recognized the Japanese discipline, iaido. After this initiative the modern forms of swordsmanship is organised in several iaido organisations.
During the post-war occupation of Japan, the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai and its affiliates were disbanded by the Allies of World War II in the period 1945–1950. However, in 1950, the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai was reestablished and the practice of the Japanese martial disciplines began again; the Zen Nippon Iaido Renmei, All Japan Iaido Federation was founded in 1948 by Ikeda Hayato. In 1952, the Kokusai Budoin, International Martial Arts Federation was founded in Japan. IMAF is a Japanese organization promoting international Budō, has seven divisions representing the various Japanese martial arts, including iaido. In 1952, the All Japan Kendo Federation was founded. Upon formation of various organizations overseeing martial arts, a problem of commonality appeared. Since members of the organization were drawn from various backgrounds, had experience practicing different schools of iaido, ther
Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practiced for a number of reasons such as self-defense and law enforcement applications, physical and spiritual development. Although the term martial art has become associated with the fighting arts of East Asia, it referred to the combat systems of Europe as early as the 1550s; the term means "arts of Mars", the Roman god of war. Some authors have argued that fighting arts or fighting systems would be more appropriate on the basis that many martial arts were never "martial" in the sense of being used or created by professional warriors. Martial arts may be categorized along a variety of criteria, including: Traditional or historical arts vs. contemporary styles of folk wrestling and modern hybrid martial arts. Techniques taught: Armed vs. unarmed, within these groups by type of weapon and by type of combat By application or intent: self-defense, combat sport, choreography or demonstration of forms, physical fitness, etc. Within Chinese tradition: "external" vs. "internal" styles UnarmedUnarmed martial arts can be broadly grouped into focusing on strikes, those focusing on grappling and those that cover both fields described as hybrid martial arts.
Strikes Punching: Boxing, Wing Chun, Karate Kicking: Taekwondo, Savate Others using strikes: Muay Thai, Kung Fu, Pencak SilatGrappling Throwing: Hapkido, Sumo, Aikido Joint lock/Chokeholds/Submission holds: Judo, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Sambo Pinning Techniques: Judo, AikidoArmedThe traditional martial arts, which train in armed combat encompass a wide spectrum of melee weapons, including bladed weapons and polearms. Such traditions include eskrima, kalaripayat and historical European martial arts those of the German Renaissance. Many Chinese martial arts feature weapons as part of their curriculum. Sometimes, training with one specific weapon will be considered a style of martial arts in its own right, the case in Japanese martial arts with disciplines such as kenjutsu and kendo and kyudo. Modern martial arts and sports include modern fencing, stick-fighting systems like canne de combat, modern competitive archery. Combat-oriented Health-orientedMany martial arts those from Asia teach side disciplines which pertain to medicinal practices.
This is prevalent in traditional Asian martial arts which may teach bone-setting and other aspects of traditional medicine. Spirituality-orientedMartial arts can be linked with religion and spirituality. Numerous systems are reputed to have been disseminated, or practiced by monks or nuns. Throughout Asia, meditation may be incorporated as part of training. In those countries influenced by Hindu-Buddhist philosophy, the art itself may be used as an aid to attaining enlightenment. Japanese styles, when concerning non-physical qualities of the combat, are strongly influenced by Mahayana Buddhist philosophy. Concepts like "empty mind" and "beginner's mind" are recurrent. Aikido, for instance, can have a strong philosophical belief of the flow of energy and peace fostering, as idealised by its founder Morihei Ueshiba. Traditional Korean martial arts place emphasis on the development of the practitioner's spiritual and philosophical development. A common theme in most Korean styles, such as taekkyeon and taekwondo, is the value of "inner peace" in a practitioner, stressed to be only achieved through individual meditation and training.
The Koreans believe. Systema draws upon breathing and relaxation techniques, as well as elements of Russian Orthodox thought, to foster self-conscience and calmness, to benefit the practitioner in different levels: the physical, the psychological and the spiritual; some martial arts in various cultures can be performed in dance-like settings for various reasons, such as for evoking ferocity in preparation for battle or showing off skill in a more stylized manner. Many such martial arts incorporate music strong percussive rhythms; the oldest works of art depicting scenes of battle are cave paintings from eastern Spain dated between 10,000 and 6,000 BCE that show organized groups fighting with bows and arrows. Chinese martial arts originated during the legendary apocryphal, Xia Dynasty more than 4000 years ago, it is said. The Yellow Emperor is described as a famous general who before becoming China's leader, wrote lengthy treatises on medicine and martial arts. One of his main opponents was Chi You, credited as the creator of jiao di, a forerunner to the modern art of Chinese wrestling.
The foundation of modern Asian martial arts is a blend of early Chinese and Indian martial arts. During the Warring States period of Chinese history extensive development in martial philosophy and strategy emerged, as described by Sun Tzu in The Art of War. Legendary accounts link the origin of Shaolinquan to the spread of Buddhism from ancient India during the early 5th century AD, with the figure of Bodhidharma, to China. Written evidence of martial arts in Southern India dates back to the Sangam literature of about the 2nd century BC to the 2nd century AD; the combat techniques of the Sangam period were the earliest precursors to Kalaripayattu. In Europe, the earlie
A Japanese sword is one of several types of traditionally made swords from Japan. Swords have been made from as early as the Kofun period, though "Japanese swords" refer to the curved blades made after the Heian period. There are many types of Japanese swords that differ by size, field of application and method of manufacture; some of the more known types of Japanese swords are the katana, wakizashi and tachi. The type classifications for Japanese swords indicate the combination of a blade and its mounts as this determines the style of use of the blade. An unsigned and shortened blade, once made and intended for use as a tachi may be alternately mounted in tachi koshirae and katana koshirae, it is properly distinguished by the style of mount it inhabits. A long tanto may be classified as a wakizashi due to its length being over 30 cm, however it may have been mounted and used as a tanto making the length distinction somewhat arbitrary but necessary when referring to unmounted short blades; when the mounts are taken out of the equation, a tanto and wakizashi will be determined by length under or over 30 cm unless their intended use can be determined or the speaker is rendering an opinion on the intended use of the blade.
In this way, a blade formally attributed as a wakizashi due to length may be informally discussed between individuals as a tanto because the blade was made during an age where tanto were popular and the wakizashi as a companion sword to katana did not yet exist. The following are types of Japanese swords: Chokutō: A straight single edged sword, produced prior to the 10th century, without differential hardening or folding. Tsurugi/Ken: A straight two edged sword, produced prior to the 10th century, may be without differential hardening or folding. Tachi: A sword, longer and more curved than the katana, with curvature centered from the middle or towards the tang, including the tang. Tachi were worn suspended, with the edge downward; the tachi was in vogue before the 15th century. Kodachi: A shorter version of the tachi, but with similar mounts and intended use found in the 13th century or earlier. Ōdachi /Nodachi: Very large tachi, some in excess of 100 cm, a blade of the late 14th century. Uchigatana: A development from the tachi in the 15th century.
Worn with the edge upwards in the obi. Katate-uchi: A short type of uchigatana developed in the 16th century, with short tang, intended for one handed use. One of the forerunners of the wakizashi. Katana: A general term for the traditional sword with a curved blade longer than 60 cm, worn with the edge upwards in the sash. Developed from the uchigatana and the sword of the samurai class of the Edo period. Wakizashi: A general term for a sword between one and two shaku long, predominantly made after 1600, it is the short blade that accompanies a katana in the traditional samurai daisho pairing of swords, but may be worn by classes other than the samurai as a single blade worn edge up as the katana. The name derives from the way, it should be noted that there are bladed weapons made in the same traditional manner as other Japanese swords and they are considered to be swords though they are not swords, these include: Nagamaki: A polearm similar to a naginata, but with a straighter blade, more like that of a tachi or katana, mounted with a wrapped handle similar to a exaggerated katana handle.
The name refers to the style of mount as well as a blade type which means that a naginata blade could be mounted in a nagamaki mount and be considered a nagamaki. Naginata: A polearm with a curved single-edged blade. Naginata mounts consist of a long wooden pole, different from a nagamaki mount, shorter and wrapped. Yari: A spear, or spear-like polearm. Yari have various blade forms, from a simple double edged and flat blade, to a triangular cross section double edged blade, to those with a symmetric cross-piece or those with an asymmetric cross piece; the main blade is symmetric and straight unlike a naginata, smaller but can be as large or bigger than some naginata blades. Tantō: A knife or dagger with a blade shorter than 30 cm. One-edged, but some were double-edged, though asymmetrical. Ken: Usually a tanto or wakizashi length religious or ceremonial blade, with a gentle leaf shape and point, but some may be larger and can refer to old pre-curve types of swords as above. Symmetrical and double edged.
Other edged weapons or tools that are made using the same methods as Japanese swords: Arrowheads for war, yajiri. Kogatana: An accessory or utility knife, sometimes found mounted in a pocket on the side of the scabbard of a sword. A typical blade is about 10 cm long and 1 cm wide, is made using the same techniques as the larger sword blades. Referred to as a "Kozuka", which means'small handle', but this terminology can refer to the handle and the blade together. In entertainment media, the kogatana is sometimes shown as a throwing weapon, but its real purpose was the same as a'pocket knife' in the West; the production of swords in Japan is divided into time periods: Jōkotō Kotō
Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū
Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū is one of the oldest extant Japanese martial arts, an exemplar of bujutsu. The Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū was founded by Iizasa Ienao, born 1387 in Iizasa village, living near Katori Shrine at the time; the ryū itself gives 1447 as the year it was founded, but some scholars claim circa 1480 is more accurate. Iizasa Ienao was a respected spearman and swordsman whose daimyō was deposed, encouraging him to relinquish control of his household to conduct purification rituals and study martial arts in isolation. Iizasa was born in the village of Iizasa in Shimōsa Province; when he was young, he moved to the vicinity of the famous Katori Shrine, a venerable Shinto institution northeast of Tokyo in modern-day Chiba Prefecture. The Katori Shrine enjoys a considerable martial reputation. After studying swordsmanship he went to Kyoto, according to most authorities, he was employed in his youth by the eighth Muromachi shōgun, Ashikaga Yoshimasa, a devotee of the martial arts.
Iizasa was known as Yamashiro no Kami in accordance with a practice of Muromachi times, whereby noted warriors took old court titles. On in his life, Iizasa became a Buddhist lay monk and was known as Chōi-sai, sai being a character that many noted swordsmen chose for their sword name; when Chōi-sai returned home, he offered prayers to the deities of both Katori Shrine and Kashima Shrine, the latter being a famous local shrine in nearby Ibaraki Prefecture, where shrine officials themselves reputedly practised a form of swordsmanship, called'Hitotsu no Tachi'. Today the Kashima Shrine training hall attracts Kendo practitioners from around the world, the chief object of interest for visitors is the shrine's sacred sword. Supplementing his considerable skills with assorted weaponry, Chōi-sai was an expert in Musō Jikiden ryū yawaragi, holding the position of seventh Headmaster in the history of that ryū. Legend says at the age of 60 Chōi-sai spent 1000 days in Katori Shrine practising martial techniques day and night, until the kami of the shrine, appeared to him in a dream and handed down the secrets of martial strategy in a scroll named Mokuroku Heiho no Shinsho.
He called his swordsmanship style derived from this miraculous dream the Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū, the "Heavenly True, Correctly Transmitted Style of the Way of the God of Katori". This legend is typical of martial arts Ryūha and other cultural forms as well. Ryūha founders attributed their mastery to magical teachings transmitted by Shinto or Buddhist deities, by long-dead historical figures like Minamoto no Yoshitsune, or by legendary supernatural creatures such as the tengu, Japanese goblins depicted with a long red nose. Iizasa's Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū, thus linked to the sacred tradition of both Katori and Kashima Shrines, was transmitted through his own family. Iizasa Yamashiro-no-Kami Ienao Choisai, died April 15, 1488 Iizasa Wakasa-no-Kami Morichika Iizasa Wakasa-no-Kami Morinobu Iizasa Yamashiro-no-Kami Moritsuna Iizasa Saemon-no-Jo Morihide Iizasa Oi-no-Kami Morishige Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morinobu Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morinaga Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morihisa Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morisada Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morishige Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Moritsugu Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morikiyo Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Nagateru Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Moriteru Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morishige, died July 11, 1853, at 78 years of age Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morifusa, died January 4, 1854, at 51 years of age Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Morisada, participated in the Mito Rebellion against the shogunate, died June 2, 1896, at 56 years of age Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Kinjiro, died in 1943 Iizasa Shuri-no-Suke Yasusada In 1896, the 18th soke died without a male heir.
Yamaguchi Eikan shihan governed the ryu until his death March 14, 1917. Until Iizasa Kinjiro married into the Iizasa household, the following eight shihan headed the ryu: Tamai Kisaburo Shiina Ichizo Ito Tanekichi Kuboki Sazaemon Isobe Kohei Motomiya Toranosuke Hayashi Yazaemon Kamagata Minosuke Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū is the source tradition of many Japanese martial arts. Several famous swordsmen who learned directly from Chōi-sai or his immediate followers became founders of their own schools, with either the same name or different names: Kashima Shintō-ryū, Kashima-ryū, Kashima shin-ryū, Arima-ryū, Ichiu-ryū, Shigen-ryū, others; as such in 1960 the school received the first "Intangible Cultural Asset" designation given to a martial art. It claims to have never aligned itself with any estate or faction, no matter what stipend was offered; this allowed the ryū to maintain its integrity. Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū was popularised in the west by the extensive research and writings of late Donn F. Draeger.
The current, twentieth generation headmaster, is Yasusada Iizasa. He does not teach his family's system and has instead appointed as his current, main representative instructor Risuke Otake who has a personal dojo close to. Iizasa devised a unique method to ensure warriors could train without serious injury and yet maintain a resemblance to'riai' and combative reality; the weapon training of the r
Iaijutsu is a combative quick-draw sword technique. This art of drawing the Japanese sword, katana, is one of the Japanese koryū martial art disciplines in the education of the classical warrior. Iaijutsu is a combative sword-drawing art but not an aggressive art because iaijutsu is a counterattack-oriented art. Iaijutsu technique may be used aggressively to wage a premeditated surprise attack against an unsuspecting enemy; the formulation of iaijutsu as a component system of classical bujutsu was made less for the dynamic situations of the battlefield than for the static applications of the warrior's daily life off the field of battle. It is unclear when the term "iaijutsu" performed, when techniques to draw katana from the scabbard was first practiced as a decided form of exercise; the Japanese sword has existed since the Nara period, where techniques to draw the sword have been practiced under other names than'iaijutsu'. The term'iaijutsu' was first verified in connection with Iizasa Chōisai Ienao, founder of the school Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū.
Archaeological excavations dated the oldest sword in Japan from at least as early as second century B. C; the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki, ancient texts on early Japanese history and myth that were compiled in the eighth century A. D. describe iron swords and swordsmanship that pre-date recorded history, attributed to the mythological age of the gods. The development of Japanese swordsmanship as a component system of classical bujutsu created by and for professional warriors, begins only with the invention and widespread use of the Japanese sword, the curved, single-cutting-edged long sword. In its curved form, the sword is known to the Japanese as tachi in the eighth century, it evolved from and gained ascendancy over its straight-bladed prototype because years of battlefield experience proved that the curved form of sword was better suited to the needs of the bushi than the straight-bladed kind. Around the curved long sword the bushi built a mystique of fantastic dimensions, one that still influences Japanese culture today.
The nature of the bushi's combative deployment, mounted as he was on horseback, required the classical warrior to reach out for his enemy, who might either be mounted or otherwise ground-deployed. During the Kamakura period the Japanese sword smiths achieved the highest level of technical excellence and because the war between two influential families, the Minamoto and the Taira, made it possible to test and evaluate swords under the severest of conditions. By the end of the Kamakura period the tachi was superseded by a shorter weapon in a new form, called katana, it was with the general widespread use of the curved sword mounted and worn as a katana that classical Japanese swordsmanship for infantry applications begins. The earliest reliable documentation to prove that the bushi practiced swordsmanship in a systematic manner is dated in the 15th century. In this connection it is believed that kenjutsu, which deals with the art of swordsmanship as it is performed with an unsheathed sword, is the preceding form of iaijutsu.
Iaijutsu is extant today but there exists a modern form for drawing the Japanese sword, called iaido. Iaido, the way of drawing the sword, appeared as a term in 1932. According to Donn F. Draeger, iaijutsu is a combative art and, the warrior considered only two starting positions in the execution of a sword-drawing technique; the first technique is the low crouching posture named iai-goshi. The second is the standing posture named tachi-ai; the seated posture, tate-hiza, is not used in iaijutsu because it does not permit all-around mobility. Seiza, the formal kneeling-sitting posture, is not used because it is a "dead" posture, regarded by the warrior as less combatively efficient, it would be difficult for the swordsman using either of these two latter postures to go into action in an emergency. Some of the Ryū that still exist and include iaijutsu in their curriculum are listed below; the school below are koryū, or arts developed before the Meiji era.: Musō Jikiden Eishin-ryū—Traces back to the Hayashizaki-ryū Iai of Hayashizaki Jinsuke Suiō-ryū Iai Kenpō—Founded around 1600 by Mima Yoichizaemon Kagenobu Shin Shin Sekiguchi-ryū—Sekiguchi-ryū was founded by Sekiguchi Yorokuuemon Ujimune.
Mugai-ryū—Founded in 1693 by Tsuji Gettan Sukemochi, who had learned Yamaguchi-ryū kenjutsu. The iai-jutsu is transmitted ryuha, it is from Jikyo-ryu ii founded Taga Gon-nai. Jigen-ryū—Founded by Tōgō Hizen-no-kami Shigetada, its lineage traces back to the Shintō-ryū of Iizasa Chōisai Ienao. Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū—Founded in the 15th century by Iizasa Chōisai Ienao. Tamiya Shinken-ryu—A branch of the Tamiya-ryu in Saijo-han, arranged by Tsumaki Seirin in the 20th century. Yagyū Seigo-ryu—Founded by Nagaoka Torei Fusashige in the 17th century. Yagyū Shinkage-ryū—From the Shinkage-ryū of Yagyū Muneyoshi, who studied under Kamiizumi Nobutsuna in the 16th century. Yoshin-ryū—from the Yoshin-ryū founded by Akiyama Shirobei Yoshitoki in the mid 17th century. Shin-Tamiya-ryuーFounded by Wada Heisuke in 17th century. Hoki-ryuーA branch of the Tamiya-ryu, founded by Katayama Hoki-no-kami Hisayasu in 17th century. Hoshino-ha Hoki-ryu in Kumamoto spread to other areas. Hayashizaki-Shin-Muso-ryuーFounded by Hayashizaki Jinsuke Shigenobu in 16th century.
Ishiguro-ryuーA part of the Ishiguro-ryu Jujutsu, Founded by Ishiguro Ansai in 19th century. Kageyama-ryuーFounded by Kageyama Kiyoshige in 16th century. Shingyotoh-ryuーFounded by Iba-Hideaki in 17th century. "the Association of Japanese Traditional Martial Arts " (in Japan