Orcas Island is the largest of the San Juan Islands, which are located in the northwestern corner of Washington state in San Juan County, United States. The name "Orcas" is a shortened form of Horcasitas, or Juan Vicente de Güemes Padilla Horcasitas y Aguayo, 2nd Count of Revillagigedo, the Viceroy of Mexico who sent an exploration expedition under Francisco de Eliza to the Pacific Northwest in 1791. During the voyage, Eliza explored part of the San Juan Islands, he did not apply the name Orcas to Orcas Island, but rather to part of the archipelago. In 1847, Henry Kellett assigned the name Orcas to Orcas Island during his reorganization of the British Admiralty charts. Kellett's work eliminated the patriotically American names that Charles Wilkes had given to many features of the San Juans during the Wilkes Expedition of 1838–1842. Wilkes had named Orcas Island "Hull Island", after Commodore Isaac Hull. Other features of Orcas Island named by Wilkes include "Ironsides Inlet" for East Sound and "Guerrier Bay" for West Sound.
One of the names Wilkes gave remains: Mount Constitution. Wilkes' names follow a pattern: Isaac Hull was the commander of "Old Ironsides" and won fame after capturing the British warship Guerriere in the War of 1812; the islands were first claimed by Spain by England, who agreed that all below the 49th parallel was part of the US, in the treaty signed after the War of 1812. The Oregon territory, which included Washington state and this island. Was used jointly by the US and England until 1848, but border disputes concerning the San Juan Islands, including the Pig War, were not settled until 1871. With a land area of 57.3 square miles and a population of 5,387, Orcas Island is larger, but less populous, than neighboring San Juan Island. Orcas is shaped like a pair of saddlebags, separated by fjord-like Eastsound, with Massacre Bay on the south side, tiny Skull Island just off the coast. At the northern end of the island is the village of Eastsound, the largest population center on Orcas and the second largest in San Juan County.
In 1989, the people of San Juan County asked the federal government to purchase a Lummi Nation site on Orcas Island's Madrona Point in Eastsound. The land was given to the Lummi who agreed to operate it as Madrona Point Park, a private preserve characterized by hundreds of twisting madrona trees sprouting from the rocky shoreline. Several years ago, the Lummi tribe declared the land sacred ancestral burial grounds and the park was closed following incidents of vandalism. Public access has been denied since that time. Other, smaller towns - or hamlets - on the island include Orcas, West Sound, Deer Harbor, Rosario and Doe Bay. There are a number of former settlements that no longer exist, which were built up around the lime kiln industry, including Ocean and Dolphin Bay. Orcas Island is accessible by air via Orcas Island Airport or water landings by seaplane as well as by water via the Washington State Ferry system or private watercraft. During the summer season, there is an island shuttle that runs from the ferry landing to Eastsound and other points.
The state supports island access through the Washington State Ferries system. In addition, the island can be accessed through a variety of private sea charter services; the Orcas Island Historical Museum is located down town Eastsound and is the only object-based, interpretive heritage facility for the island, with a permanent collection containing 6000 objects, paper documents and photographs. Orcas Island is home to three historic camps: Camp Orkila, Four Winds Westward Ho and Camp Indralaya; the Lambiel Museum is a small private collection in the home of local resident Leo Lambiel. Lambiel's museum contains a collection of works inspired by the San Juan Islands, including works by Helen Loggie; the museum is open to the public by appointment. The Orcas Island School District operates three schools: Orcas Island Elementary School housed in the island's historic Nellie S. Milton school building. All of the island's public schools are located in Eastsound; the Orcas Island Public Library is located in Eastsound and serves a population of 6,000 card holders.
The Orcas Island Library District is a junior-taxing district that funds the Orcas Island Public Library's operating budget through property taxes. The annual Library Fair sells books donated by Orcas Island residents and visitors, the proceeds of which are donated back to the Library's operating budget. Mount Constitution is the highest point in the San Juan islands; the mountain is part of Moran State Park, the largest public recreation area in the San Juan Islands. Moran State Park encompasses over 5,000 acres of woodland and has several lakes and numerous waterfalls; the park was given to the Island. Moran State Park on Orcas Island Deer Harbor Orcas Island Chamber of Commerce Orcas Island Heritage Orcas Island Historical Museum Orcas Island at Curlie Orcas Island Orcas Today
Cessna 208 Caravan
The Cessna 208 Caravan is an American single-engined turboprop, fixed-tricycle landing gear, short-haul regional airliner and utility aircraft, built by Cessna. The airplane seats nine passengers with a single pilot, although with a FAR Part 23 waiver it can seat up to fourteen passengers; the aircraft is used for cargo operations. On November 20, 1981, the project was given a go-ahead by Cessna for its Pawnee engineering facility. John Berwick, chief engineer at Pawnee, came with a concept of a single engine, high-wing airplane with a large payload. Berwick had approached VP Bill Boettger with the idea and once Dwane Wallace approved it, Berwick told Russ Meyer he would design it; the prototype first flew on December 9, 1982. The production model was certified by the Federal Aviation Administration in October 1984. A freighter variant without cabin windows was developed at the request of Federal Express as the Cargomaster. Another cargo variant for Federal Express, with a longer fuselage and a cargo pod under the belly, was developed as the 208B Super Cargomaster and flew for the first time in 1986.
FedEx was planning to build twin-engine piston-powered airplanes with Piper Aircraft, but picked the Caravan after surveying it and having flown the prototype, becoming its standard carrier. A passenger model, the 208B Grand Caravan, was derived from the Super Cargomaster. Since the Caravan has undergone a number of design evolutions, including upgrading the avionics in 2008 to provide a glass cockpit with the Garmin G1000 system. In January 2013 a higher-powered version, the Grand Caravan EX, received FAA certification. In August 2016, Textron announced that it would move the Cessna 208 production line from its Wichita headquarters to its Independence, Kansas production facility, for manufacture alongside along the piston-powered 172S Skyhawk, 182T Skylane, T206H Turbo Stationair and Cessna TTx; the move was made to make room for Denali in Wichita. In May 2012 Cessna announced that an assembly line for the 208 would be established in China, with the government-owned China Aviation Industry General Aircraft conducting final assembly of Caravans at its plant in Shijiazhuang for the Chinese market.
Chinese government approval was granted in September the following year and the first Chinese-assembled Caravan was delivered in December 2013. By April 2016 about 30 aircraft, assembled from kits of parts shipped from the US by Cessna, had been delivered to Chinese operators by the joint venture; the Cessna 208 is a high-wing braced cabin monoplane powered by a single Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A turboprop in tractor configuration. The cabin has room for nine passengers and two crew when used as a passenger aircraft with four doors: one for each crew member, an airstair door on the right side of the cabin and a cargo door on the left; the aircraft can be optionally fitted with an underslung cargo pod. The basic 208 airframe has a fixed tricycle landing gear but can be fitted with various types of landing gear, allowing it to operate in a wide variety of environments; some common adaptations include floats with retractable landing gear on the Caravan Amphibian model and skis. The Caravan interior can be outfitted as a cargo compartment.
The standard high-density airline configuration has four rows of 1-2 seating behind the two seats in the cockpit. This variant is capable of holding up to thirteen passengers, although it is marketed as being able to make a profit carrying just four; the cabin can be configured in a low density passenger configuration, with 1-1 seating, as a combination of passengers and cargo, or as a cargo aircraft. Many variants include an underbelly cargo pod, which can be used for additional freight capacity, or for passenger baggage. A number of Caravans are operated as skydiving aircraft with the left-side cargo hatch converted to a roll-up door. 208 Caravan First production variant with a PT6A-114 turboprop engine and seating for up to nine passengers. The landplane variant was type approved on October 23, 1984 and the seaplane version with Wipline Model 8000 Amphibious/Seaplane Floats was type approved on March 26, 1986. Early aircraft can be modified to use the higher-powered PT6A-114A but have restricted operating limits.208 Caravan 675Marketing designation for the 208 Caravan with a higher-powered PT6A-114A engine.
208A Cargomaster A pure-cargo version of the Caravan developed with Federal Express. All 208A aircraft were serialized as 208 models. 208B Grand Caravan Officially marketed as the Grand Caravan. The 208B is 4 ft longer than the 208; the 208B has a PT6A-114A engine. It was certified as a two-seater cargo version on October 9, 1986 and as an 11-seater passenger aircraft on December 13, 1989.208B Grand Caravan EXMarketing name for upgraded version of the 208B Caravan certified in December 2012, with a more powerful 867 hp Pratt and Whitney Canada PT6A-140 that improves the rate of climb by 38% and was developed by Pratt & Whitney Canada to power the 208B. The unladen weight is 807 lb more but maximum payload is only 90 lb more. While the 192 hp more powerful PT6A-140 gives a 11-knot higher cruise speed – and rate of climb is improved by 94 feet per minute, range is reduced to 964 nautical miles on a similar fuel capacity, it requires a longer take off run at 2,160 feet and its landing roll is at 1,871 feet.
Production had reached 347 aircraft as of May 2017.208B Super CargomasterMarketing name for the cargo variant of the 208B series. FedEx purchased 260 of th
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, up from 603,502 in 2011; the Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre, which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city with over 250,000 residents in North America behind New York City, San Francisco, Mexico City according to the 2011 census. Vancouver is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada according to that census. 30% of the city's inhabitants are of Chinese heritage. Vancouver is classed as a Beta global city. Vancouver is named as one of the top five worldwide cities for livability and quality of life, the Economist Intelligence Unit acknowledged it as the first city ranked among the top-ten of the world's most well-living cities for five consecutive years.
Vancouver has hosted many international conferences and events, including the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, UN Habitat I, Expo 86, the World Police and Fire Games in 1989 and 2009. In 2014, following thirty years in California, the TED conference made Vancouver its indefinite home. Several matches of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup were played in Vancouver, including the final at BC Place; the original settlement, named Gastown, grew up on clearcuts on the west edge of the Hastings Mill logging sawmill's property, where a makeshift tavern had been set up on a plank between two stumps and the proprietor, Gassy Jack, persuaded the curious millworkers to build him a tavern, on July 1, 1867. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels appeared along the waterfront to the west. Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville, B. I.. As part of the land and political deal whereby the area of the townsite was made the railhead of the Canadian Pacific Railway, it was renamed "Vancouver" and incorporated shortly thereafter as a city, in 1886.
By 1887, the Canadian Pacific transcontinental railway was extended westward to the city to take advantage of its large natural seaport to the Pacific Ocean, which soon became a vital link in a trade route between the Orient / East Asia, Eastern Canada, Europe. As of 2014, Port Metro Vancouver is the third-largest port by tonnage in the Americas, 27th in the world, the busiest and largest in Canada, the most diversified port in North America. While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, making tourism its second-largest industry. Major film production studios in Vancouver and nearby Burnaby have turned Greater Vancouver and nearby areas into one of the largest film production centres in North America, earning it the nickname "Hollywood North"; the city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names. The family name "Vancouver" itself originates from the Dutch "Van Coevorden", denoting somebody from the city of Coevorden, Netherlands.
The explorer's ancestors came to England "from Coevorden", the origin of the name that became "Vancouver". Archaeological records indicate that Aboriginal people were living in the "Vancouver" area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago; the city is located in the traditional and presently unceded territories of the Squamish and Tseil-Waututh peoples of the Coast Salish group. They had villages in various parts of present-day Vancouver, such as Stanley Park, False Creek, Point Grey and near the mouth of the Fraser River. Europeans became acquainted with the area of the future Vancouver when José María Narváez of Spain explored the coast of present-day Point Grey and parts of Burrard Inlet in 1791—although one author contends that Francis Drake may have visited the area in 1579; the explorer and North West Company trader Simon Fraser and his crew became the first-known Europeans to set foot on the site of the present-day city. In 1808, they travelled from the east down the Fraser River as far as Point Grey.
The Fraser Gold Rush of 1858 brought over 25,000 men from California, to nearby New Westminster on the Fraser River, on their way to the Fraser Canyon, bypassing what would become Vancouver. Vancouver is among British Columbia's youngest cities. A sawmill established at Moodyville in 1863, began the city's long relationship with logging, it was followed by mills owned by Captain Edward Stamp on the south shore of the inlet. Stamp, who had begun logging in the Port Alberni area, first attempted to run a mill at Brockton Point, but difficult currents and reefs forced the relocation of the operation in 1867 to a point near the foot of Dunlevy Street; this mill, known as the Hastings Mill, became the nucleus. The mill's central role in the city waned after the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s, it remained important to the local economy until it closed in the 1920s. The settlement which came to be called Gastown grew around
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci
Lopez Island is the third largest of the San Juan Islands and an unincorporated town in San Juan County, United States. Lopez Island is 29.81 square miles in land area. The 2000 census population was 2,177, though the population swells in the summer, as second homes, rental houses and campsites fill up. During the Wilkes Expedition, Lopez Island was given the name Chauncey Island, after the American naval commander Isaac Chauncey; when the British reorganized the official admiralty naval charts in 1847, Henry Kellett systematically removed many of Wilkes's names. He renamed the island Lopez, for Gonzalo López de Haro, the Spanish naval officer, the first European to discover the San Juan Islands archipelago; the Lopez Island Historical Museum collects and preserves the regional history of Lopez and the San Juan Islands. The museum features artifacts reflecting Lopez's contributions to the maritime and farming industries; the museum has an extensive archive of local historical documents as well as artifacts depicting life on Lopez Island in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Lopez Island is flatter than most of the other major San Juan Islands. It is the most rural of the larger islands, has rolling terrain of forest and beaches; the island is longest in the north-south direction This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Lopez Island has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. There are no highways on Lopez Island, no bridges connecting to the mainland or other islands; the primary means of travel to and from Lopez Island is by ferry. The ferry terminal is located at the extreme north end of the island, it is the first stop of four on the Washington State Ferries’ San Juan Islands run. A typical sailing from Anacortes takes 40 minutes. Lopez Island Airport is the main airstrip for the island, located on its west side, with daily commercial flights. Charter floatplanes land in Fisherman Bay at Fisherman Bay Seaplane Base, located three-fourths mile north of the airport.
A small airstrip called Windsock Airport is located not far from the ferry terminal. Lopez is home to a large number of tourist related businesses country-style bed and breakfasts, many with ocean views. There is a vineyard and one resort. Lopez Island is a popular destination for bicycle tourists; some of the roads, are narrow which can lead to occasional traffic and bicycle congestion. But overall the drivers are bicycle friendly and the roads are easier to ride than the other islands; the island is locally famous for the longstanding custom of waving at every motorist, bicyclist, or pedestrian encountered on the island's roads. In 1996 Paul Allen bought a large Sperry Peninsula site on Lopez Island; the purchase displaced Camp Nor'wester, a summer camp for local children, running for 50 years. Allen refused to return camp-owned equipment. Agate Beach County Park — This picnic area and beach is at the end of MacKaye Harbor Road at the south end of the island. Odlin County Park — This park is used for camping and picnics and has a boat launch.
One of the most popular beaches on the island, Odlin Park resides just south of the Ferry Landing and is a popular stop during the summer. Otis Perkins Day Park — This park has one of the longest beaches in the San Juan Islands. Shark Reef Park — This park offers long views west over San Juan Channel, it includes a half-mile trail through some old-growth trees. Spencer Spit State Park — The focus of this park on the northeast side of the island is a long, low sandspit that connects to small Frost Island just offshore; this 130 acre park has picnic sites and mooring buoys for boats. Upright Channel Park — This state-operated facility offers several picnic sites and a hike down to a sandy beach. KLOI-LP - local low-power FM radio station based on Lopez Island. Lopez Island Chamber of Commerce, including webcam. Lopez Island Historical Museum Lopez Island Heritage San Juan Islands Visitors Bureau Lopez Island at Curlie
San Juan Island
San Juan Island is the second-largest and most populous of the San Juan Islands in northwestern Washington, United States. It has a population of 6,822 as of the 2000 census. Washington State Ferries serves Friday Harbor, San Juan Island's major population center, the San Juan County seat, the only incorporated town in the islands; the name "San Juan" originates from the 1791 expedition of Francisco de Eliza, who named the archipelago Isla y Archiepelago de San Juan to honor his patron sponsor, Juan Vicente de Güemes Padilla Horcasitas y Aguayo, 2nd Count of Revillagigedo. One of the officers under Eliza's command, Gonzalo López de Haro, was the first European to discover San Juan Island. During the Wilkes Expedition, American explorer Charles Wilkes renamed the island Rodgers Island; the island saw seasonal use for salmon fishing. The Hudson's Bay Company established the first permanent, non-native settlement on the island on December 13, 1853, with the intention of creating a sheep farm; the island was occupied by Native Americans, many of whom arrived seasonally for fishing.
Both the British and Americans asserted control of the island. A small force of American soldiers was sent to the island over concern for this issue and with Native American raids on American settlers; the territorial dispute over this island and the rest of the San Juan Islands heightened when an American settler shot an HBC pig, starting the Pig War in 1859. The dispute was resolved in favor of the Americans in 1872. San Juan Island has a number of weekly newspapers, two online daily news sites: the San Juan Islander, the online daily news site is the Island Guardian; the Island is dotted with numerous farms, is a tourist-driven economy. The island hosts one in Friday Harbor, the other in Roche Harbor. One sees tall ships and large yachts in the marinas; the Island has a new hospital: the Peace Health Peace Island Medical Center and a supermarket, the Friday Harbor Marketplace, a small supermarket/marine supply that services the marina, folks who live in town. There is a hardware store in town and a Home Center on the outskirts that services contractors and DIYers.
The island is home to a number of celebrities, one encounters them in the local stores recognizable, but treated as fellow islanders and not hassled or bothered for autographs. Transportation to the Island is by boat, Washington State Ferries.pr airplane. The Friday Harbor Airport is on the outskirt of town. Outside of Friday Harbor, the only major commercial establishment resort is the village of Roche Harbor, located on the northwest side of the island. Other landmarks are the old English and American Camps at opposite ends of the island, which together comprise the San Juan Island National Historical Park, which commemorates the 1859 Pig War. Interpretive centers and reconstructed buildings, formal gardens, etc. recall the history of early European settlement in the area. The University of Washington runs Friday Harbor Laboratories, a marine research lab and campus outside Friday Harbor; the campus has been extant since 1909 and has dormitories, a food service, classrooms for holding lectures.
San Juan Island is considered a "small town" community, in that it is quiet rural living with little distractions or incidents aside from tourism. One notable resident would be Lisa "Ivory" Moretti, a retired female professional wrestler of World Wrestling Entertainment fame, it has a number of attractions including The Whale Museum. Lime Kiln Park is so named because it housed a lime kiln, is home to the Lime Kiln Lighthouse listed on National Historic Register, September 15, 1978 Campgrounds: are San Juan County,Lakedale Resort, San Juan County Fairgrounds and Free Horse Farm Camping. Public schools are operated by the San Juan Island School District #149, it operates four schools: Friday Harbor Elementary School, Friday Harbor Middle School, Friday Harbor High School, Griffin Bay Schools, Stuart Island School. There are two operated schools; the waters surrounding San Juan Island are home to a variety of unique species including red sea urchins and pinto abalone. Though no commercial fishing of abalone has been allowed in this area, recreational fishing of abalone was outlawed in 1994.
The National Marine Fisheries Service listed pinto abalone as a Species of Concern in 2004. Westcott Bay Shellfish Co. is one of the few small, family-run aquaculture farms in the San Juan Islands. The soul of Westcott Bay is a philosophy of community and environmental stewardship, a respect for its unique natural and cultural history. Westcott Bay Shellfish Co. welcomes visitors by hiking in. Visitors can buy osyters and mussels while enjoying a picnic along the waterfront. Visitors can see first hand what an oyster operation looks like and can physically see where their oysters come from. Westcott Bay Shellfish Co. hand-raises Pacific Oysters, Manila clams and Mediterranean mussels on their tidelands in Westcott Bay. San Juan Islander - daily news site San Juan Island Chamber of Commerce San Juan Island at Curlie San Juan Island Heritage Historical collections from the San Juan Island Library District and local partners. American Biography A New Cyclopedia VOL 5 Pa
South Cascade Glacier
South Cascade Glacier is a large alpine glacier in the North Cascades of Washington, USA. It is bordered on the east by 8,261-foot Sentinel Peak, is about 17 mi north of Glacier Peak in the Glacier Peak Wilderness. Meltwater from the glacier flows directly into South Cascade Lake, which feeds the South Fork Cascade River, a tributary of the Skagit River; the South Cascade Glacier has been monitored by glaciologists studying the effects of climate on glaciers. Between 1958 and 2009 South Cascade Glacier lost nearly a half of its volume. Ptarmigan Traverse Retreat of glaciers since 1850 List of glaciers in the United States