The Kennedy Center Honors is an annual honor given to those in the performing arts for their lifetime of contributions to American culture. The honors have been presented annually since 1978, culminating each December in a star-studded gala celebrating the honorees in the Kennedy Center Opera House in Washington, D. C. George Stevens Jr. created the Kennedy Center Honors with Nick Vanoff and produced the first gala in 1978. He was the producer and co-writer through the 2014 awards, after which he sold the production rights to the Kennedy Center; the Kennedy Center Honors started in 1977, after that year's 10th-anniversary White House reception and Kennedy Center program for the American Film Institute. Roger L. Stevens, the founding chairman of the Kennedy Center, asked George Stevens Jr. the founding director of the AFI, to hold an event for the Center. George asked Isaac Stern to become involved, pitched the idea to the television network CBS, who bought it. With the announcement of the first honors event and honorees, CBS vice president for specials Bernie Sofronski stated:George came to us with this.
What turned us on is that this is the only show of its kind. In Europe and most countries, they have ways of honoring their athletes. England has its command performances for the queen. We see this as a national honoring of people who have contributed to society, not someone who happens to have a pop record hit at the moment... Our intention is not to do just another award show. We're going to make an effort in terms of a real special; the first host was Leonard Bernstein in 1978, followed by Eric Sevareid in 1979 and Beverly Sills in 1980. Walter Cronkite hosted from 1981 to 2002 and Caroline Kennedy hosted from 2003 until 2012. Glenn Close hosted in 2013 and Stephen Colbert hosted from 2014 to 2016. There was no formal host in 2017. In 2018, Gloria Estefan hosted and in 2019, LL Cool J hosted. Ricky Kirshner and Glenn Weiss of White Cherry Entertainment were selected as Executive Producers of the 38th annual Kennedy Center Honors after George Stevens Jr. stepped down. This is one of the few awards shows that does not air live, but an edited version lasting two hours is televised on CBS after Christmas.
The show has been aired between Christmas and New Year's on CBS television, but, in a departure from this tradition, The 2019 Kennedy Center Honors aired on regular television in early December and was made available on CBS All Access. Honoree recommendations are accepted from the general public, the Kennedy Center initiated a Special Honors Advisory Committee, which comprises two members of the Board of Trustees as well as past honorees and distinguished artists; the Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees selects the honoree recipients based on excellence in music, theater, motion pictures or television. The selections are announced sometime between July and September; the invitation-only weekend-long ceremony includes the Chairman's Luncheon, State Department dinner, White House reception, the Honors gala performances and supper. Surrounded by the Honorees, the luncheon is held on Saturday at the Kennedy Center, with a welcoming speech by the Chairman of the Board of Trustees. At that evening's reception and dinner at the State Department, presided over by the Secretary of State, the Honorees are introduced and the Honors medallions are presented by the Chairman of the Board.
The wide rainbow-colored ribbon hung around the necks of the recipients, prominently noticeable when the events are televised, symbolizes "a spectrum of many skills within the performing arts" according to creator Ivan Chermayeff. On Sunday, there is an early-evening White House reception, traditionally hosted by the President of the United States and the First Lady, followed by the Honors gala performance at the Kennedy Center and supper. For the 2015 gala performance, President Barack Obama did attend after addressing the nation in a live telecast. Prior to 2017, there had been four occasions where the President did not attend the gala performances: President Jimmy Carter did not attend the December 1979 gala performance during the hostage crisis, President George H. W. Bush did not attend in December 1989 and President Bill Clinton did not attend in 1994. On August 19, 2017, the White House announced that President Donald Trump and the first lady, Melania Trump, had decided not to participate in events honoring recipients of the 2017 Kennedy Center Honors awards to "allow the honorees to celebrate without any political distraction."
President and Mrs. Trump did not attend the 2017 ceremony, held on December 3, 2017. Caroline Kennedy presented the honorees; the traditional dinner at the State Department on the Saturday evening before the ceremony was hosted by Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and the White House reception was canceled. Donald and Melania Trump did not attend the 2018 or 2019 events. There have been 230 recipients to date of the Kennedy Center Honors award during the Honors' 42 years, although the award given to Bill Cosby in 1998 was rescinded in 2018, following his sexual assault conviction; the vast majority have been bestowed on individuals. On 11 occasions since 1985, awards have been presented to duos or groups, including three married couples who were actors: Hume Cronyn and Jessica Tandy, Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward, Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee; the dancers Fayard Nicholas and Harold Nicholas of the Nicholas Brothers were honored, along with three musical theater songwriting duos: Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe, Betty Comden and Adolph Green and John Kander and Fred Ebb.
The musicians of four music gr
The Glenwood Bridge is a cantilever bridge in Pittsburgh, which carries Pennsylvania Route 885 over the Monongahela River. It started construction on June 3, 1958 and was completed in 1966 to replace an old decayed unsafe iron bridge built in 1894 which carried Pittsburgh Railways streetcar tracks and vehicle traffic on a wooden deck; the original bridge was built by the Penn Bridge Company of Beaver Falls and carried trolley tracks between Pittsburgh and Homestead. It was paved with wood to allow vehicle traffic to share the crossing. Permission was given by the Public Utilities Commission on November 8, 1962 for Pittsburgh Railways to convert trolley routes 55 East Pittsburgh via Homestead and Braddock and 98 Glassport to bus service, as the replacement bridge planned did not incorporate trolley tracks. Trolley service 55 across the bridge ended on July 4, 1964. At the southern end of the bridge is an expressway-style interchange with Pennsylvania Route 837; this interchange was built for a spur of the cancelled "East-West Expressway", at the proposal stage when the bridge was built.
List of crossings of the Monongahela River
"Here It Goes Again" is a song by OK Go and is the third released single from the album Oh No. It was the band's only single to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 until "I Won't Let You Down" entered the Hot 100 in November 2014. Featuring the band dancing on treadmills, the video became a staple on YouTube. In addition, the single peaked at number 36 on the UK Singles Chart on October 1, 2006, hence marking their second UK Top 40 single and their third UK Top 75 single, its B-side, "The Lovecats", a cover of The Cure's single, was released on the band's Do What You Want EP and the single "A Million Ways". An alternate version was nicknamed "UK Surf". Written by Damian Kulash Jr. the three-minute "Here It Goes Again" is set in common time at a "Moderately fast rock" tempo of 144 beats per minute. It is composed in the key of C major, with the vocal range spanning from C4 to A4. Kulash sang and played the guitar in the original mix, produced by Tore Johansson with co-production done by Eric Drew Feldman, Howard Willing and Ken Sluiter.
Andy Duncan was another guitarist on the track. Other instruments on the recording include drums performed by bass by Tim Nordwind. David Carlsson and Petter Lindgård were the song's engineers, with Jens Lindgård being the engineering assistant. Recorded at Gula Studion in Malmö, Sweden, it was mixed at The Village Recorder in Los Angeles by Dave Sardy, mastered by Robert Vosgien at Capitol Mastering in Los Angeles; the music video of the song is an elaborate performance of the band dancing on eight treadmills, arranged in two rows of four and in alternating opposite directions, in a single continuous take. Choreographed by Trish Sie and directed by Sie and the band, it took a total of seventeen attempts to complete the video; as in the band's video for "A Million Ways", Tim Nordwind lip-syncs the lead vocals instead of Damian Kulash, following the format from the dance choreographed for the song "C-C-C-Cinnamon Lips", which Tim sings. The video debuted on YouTube on July 31, 2006; as of March 2010, it had been viewed over 50 million times, but the video was taken down and reposted and has over 47 million views.
It premiered on VH1's Top 20 Countdown that same day. OK Go performed; the music video won the 2007 Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video and the 2006 YouTube awards for Most Creative Video. In "The Must List" on the August 18, 2006, issue of Entertainment Weekly, the video was ranked number nine: "The votes have been tallied, this year's award for Best Use of Treadmills in an Alt-Pop Music Video goes to... http://okgo.net/news.aspx". In July 2011, the music video was named one of "The 30 All-TIME Best Music Videos" by Time Magazine; the song has been featured in: The 2005 video game SSX on Tour. The 2007 video game Thrillville: Off the Rails The video game Rock Band; the TV shows Scrubs, Grey's Anatomy, Hidden Palms and Gossip Girl, in addition to the films Mr. Woodcock, Bachelor Party 2: The Last Temptation and Beezus and Bucky Larson: Born to Be a Star; the 2008 video game Dance Dance Revolution X. The E3 2016 trailer for Lego Dimensions. Parodies of the video have appeared on The Simpsons, The Fairly OddParents, Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends and Kuu Kuu Harajuku.
During the summer of 2006, the band recorded a slower version of "Here It Goes Again" "in their attic". This version, dubbed "UK Surf" or the "UK Surf Mix", was released on iTunes in the UK the same day as the single. After being featured in the January 2007 Grey's Anatomy episode "Great Expectations", it was released in the US through iTunes on February 1, 2007 as a digital download. On the American Billboard Hot 100 chart, issue dated September 16, 2006, "Here It Goes Again" debuted at number 87, by the next week it rose to its peak into the top 40 at 38; the track lasted a total of 20 weeks. Additionally, it reached into the top 40 onto the Pop 100 at number 34, as well as number 17 on the Adult Top 40 and Alternative Songs charts. "Here It Goes Again" was a Top 40 hit in other countries. On the UK Singles Chart, it debuted at number 36, while on the Official New Zealand Music Chart its peak position was 28. In Australia, the song began at number 67 on the ARIA top 100 singles chart, rose to 63 the next week and topped the Hitseekers chart, which surveys tracks by bands that have not reached into the top 50 of the main chart.
It was number ten on the FDR Ukrainian Rock chart. "Here It Goes Again" "The Lovecats" "Here It Goes Again" Credits are adapted from liner notes of the single release. LocationsRecorded at Gula Studion in Malmö, Sweden Mixed at The Village Recorder in Los Angeles, California Mastered at Capitol Mastering in Los Angeles, CaliforniaPersonnel