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Kenneth Kaunda

Kenneth David Buchizya Kaunda known as KK, is a Zambian former politician who served as the first President of Zambia from 1964 to 1991. Kaunda is the youngest of eight children born to an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher, an immigrant from Malawi, he was at the forefront of the struggle for independence from British rule. Dissatisfied with Harry Nkumbula's leadership of the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress, he broke away and founded the Zambian African National Congress becoming the head of the United National Independence Party, he was the first President of the independent Zambia. In 1973 following tribal and inter-party violence, all political parties except UNIP were banned through an amendment of the constitution after the signing of the Choma Declaration. At the same time, Kaunda oversaw the acquisition of majority stakes in key foreign-owned companies; the oil crisis of 1973 and a slump in export revenues put Zambia in a state of economic crisis. International pressure forced Kaunda to change the rules.

Multi-party elections took place in 1991, in which Frederick Chiluba, the leader of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy, ousted Kaunda. Kaunda was stripped of Zambian citizenship in 1999, but the decision was overturned the following year. At 95, he is the oldest living former Zambian president. Kaunda was the youngest of eight children, he was born at Lubwa Mission in Northern Province of Northern Rhodesia, now Zambia. His father was the Reverend David Kaunda, an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher, born in Nyasaland and had moved to Chinsali to work at Lubwa Mission, he attended Munali Training Centre in Lusaka. Both Kaunda's father and mother were teachers, his father was from Nyasaland known as Malawi and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia. They were both teachers among the bamba ethnic group, location in northern Zambia; this is. It was common during this time for Africans in colonial Zambia who has achieved a little bit of middle-class status.

He on followed in his parents footsteps and became a teacher. Kaunda was a teacher at the Upper Primary School and Boarding Master at Lubwa and Headmaster at Lubwa from 1943 to 1945. For a time, he worked at the Bindura Mine. In early 1948, he became a teacher in Mufulira for the United Missions to the Copperbelt, he was assistant at an African Welfare Centre and Boarding Master of a Mine School in Mufulira. In this period, he was leading a Pathfinder Scout Group and was Choirmaster at a Church of Central Africa congregation, he was Vice-Secretary of the Nchanga Branch of Congress. In April 1949, Kaunda returned to Lubwa to become a part-time teacher, but resigned in 1951. In that year he became Organising Secretary of Northern Province's Northern Rhodesian African National Congress. On 11 November 1953 he moved to Lusaka to take up the post of Secretary General of the ANC, under the presidency of Harry Nkumbula; the combined efforts of Kaunda and Nkumbula failed to mobilise native African peoples against the European-dominated Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.

In 1955 Kaunda and Nkumbula were imprisoned for two months with hard labour for distributing subversive literature. The experience of imprisonment had a radicalising impact on Kaunda; the two leaders drifted apart as Nkumbula became influenced by white liberals and was seen as being willing to compromise on the issue of black majority rule, waiting until most of the indigenous population was responsibly educated before extending the franchise. The franchise was to be determined by existing property and literacy qualifications, dropping race altogether. Nkumbula's autocratic leadership of the ANC resulted in a split. Kaunda broke from the ANC and formed the Zambian African National Congress in October 1958. ZANC was banned in March 1959. In June Kaunda was sentenced to nine months' imprisonment, which he spent first in Lusaka in Salisbury. While Kaunda was in prison, Mainza Chona and other nationalists broke away from the ANC and, in October 1959, Chona became the first president of the United National Independence Party, the successor to ZANC.

However, Chona did not see himself as the party's main founder. When Kaunda was released from prison in January 1960 he was elected President of UNIP. In 1960 he visited Martin Luther King Jr. in Atlanta and afterwards, in July 1961, Kaunda organised a civil disobedience campaign in Northern Province, the so-called Cha-cha-cha campaign, which consisted of arson and obstructing significant roads. Kaunda subsequently ran as a UNIP candidate during the 1962 elections; this resulted in a UNIP–ANC Coalition Government, with Kaunda as Minister of Local Government and Social Welfare. In January 1964, UNIP won the next major elections, defeating their ANC rivals and securing Kaunda's position as prime minister. On 24 October 1964 he became the first President of an independent Zambia, appointing Reuben Kamanga as his Vice-President. At the time of its independence, Zambia's modernisation process was far from complete; the nation's educational system was one of the most poorly developed in all of Britain's former colonies, it had just 109 university graduates and less than 0.5% of the population was estimated to have completed primary education.

Because of this, Zambia had to invest in education at all levels. Kaunda

Cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants

Cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants play a role in the context of allergy diagnosis. The terms CCD or CCDs describe protein-linked carbohydrate structures responsible for the phenomenon of cross-reactivity of sera from allergic patients towards a wide range of allergens from plants and insects. In serum-based allergy diagnosis, antibodies of the IgE class directed against CCDs therefore give the impression of polysensitization. Anti-CCD IgE, does not seem to elicit clinical symptoms. Diagnostic results caused by CCDs are therefore regarded as false positives; when in 1981 Rob Aalberse from the University of Amsterdam noticed the enormous cross-reactivity of some patients´ sera against any plant and insects, insect venoms, it took ten years to arrive at a possible structural explanation of this phenomenon. 1991, Japanese researchers determined the structure of the epitope common to horseradish peroxidase and Drosophila neurons as being an asparagine-linked oligosaccharide containing a xylose and a core-linked α1,3-linked fucose residue.

These structural features are not present in animals. Core α1,3-fucose was found to be relevant for the binding of patients´ IgE to honeybee venom allergens, which contain N-glycans with structural similarities to plant N-glycans. Since core α1,3-fucose emerged as the structural element most relevant as a CCD in plants and insect allergens. Much both xylose and core α1,3-fucose were revealed as heart pieces of two independent glycan epitopes for rabbit IgG; the occurrence of human anti-xylose IgE, has not been verified so far. Still, because of the two possible epitopes and the different carrier structures, the plural CCDs is in frequent use though core α1,3-fucose appears to be the single culprit. IgE antibodies against plant/insect CCD determinants were shown to have both strict specificity and high affinity, so in principle they might be expected to lead to clinical symptoms just as habitual for anti-peptide IgE. In vitro experiments with polyvalent glyco-allergens corroborated this view. Provocation tests with patients as well as empirical evidence however, indicate that CCDs never cause any ponderable allergic symptoms.

It is assumed that the frequent contact with CCD containing foods induces tolerance akin a specific immune therapy. While α-galactose as a part of glycoprotein glycans from vertebrates other than higher apes was known for a long time as being a prominent xeno-antigen, its implication in allergy only began to materialize when complications during treatment with a recombinant monoclonal antibody were attributed to IgE directed against α-Gal containing N-glycans on this antibody; the incidencies of anaphylaxis due to Erbitux were confined to a certain area in the eastern United States, which raised speculations about the involvement of a particular type of tick endemic in this area. However, IgE antibodies against the α-Gal epitope should be taken into account in the diagnosis of milk and meat allergy, it is largely unexplored whether this type of CCD is also clinically irrelevant such as the plant/insect CCDs. The localized case of Erbitux complications points at a possible if rare clinical significance of α-Gal.

Yet other immunogenic carbohydrates with widespread occurrence such as N-Glycolylneuraminic acid, which does not occur in humans, or plant O-glycans may be mentioned but have so far not qualified as either IgE or as cross-reactive determinants. Literature

City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council elections

One third of City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council is elected each year, followed by one year without election. Conservative 1973–1980 Labour 1980–1982 No overall control 1982–1986 Labour 1986–1988 No overall control 1988–1990 Labour 1990–2000 No overall control 2000–2014 Labour 2014– 1973 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1975 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1976 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1978 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1979 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1980 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1982 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1983 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1984 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1986 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1987 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1988 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1990 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1991 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1992 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1994 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1995 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1996 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1998 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 1999 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2000 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2002 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2003 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2004 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2006 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2007 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2008 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2010 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2011 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2012 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2014 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2015 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2016 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election 2018 City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council election City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council

Welsh Conservatives

The Welsh Conservative Party is the part of the Conservative Party that operates in Wales. At general elections, it is the second-most popular political party in Wales, having obtained the second largest share of the vote at every general election since 1931. At Welsh Assembly elections, the Conservatives are the third-most supported party, they hold fourteen of the forty Welsh seats in the UK Parliament, ten of the sixty seats in the National Assembly for Wales. At the 2019 general election, the Welsh Conservatives won 14 seats and 36.1% of the vote, their best result in Wales in over a century. The Welsh Conservatives were formed in 1921 by the merger of the three existing Welsh Provincial Associations of the Party's National Union. For much of their history they were dominated by the party in England to the extent of supplying the Welsh Secretaries of State, it was after the Assembly came to be established in 1999, which their members opposed, that they adjusted to becoming more of a Welsh orientated party.

Their first Welsh Assembly leader, the former Welsh Office Minister Rod Richards, showed a combative style of politics against the Labour Assembly government. Richards subsequently resigned shortly after the Assembly had become established in response to allegations of an assault, from which he was cleared. Nicholas Bourne, a law professor and former leader of the No campaign in the Welsh Assembly referendum became the leader, in an election, unopposed. From 1999 to 2007 the party remained in opposition in Wales, opposed to forming an alliance with other political parties; this changed in 2007 when the Welsh Conservatives were involved in coalition talks after the indecisive 2007 Welsh election on a "rainbow coalition" with the Welsh Liberal Democrats and Plaid Cymru which collapsed after the Liberal Democrats backed out. Plaid Cymru ruled itself out of having a coalition with the Conservatives on an ideological basis. Plaid Cymru and Labour formed the government under the terms of their One Wales agreement.

As a result of the agreement, the Conservatives, the largest opposition party, became the Official Opposition in the Welsh Assembly. In the otherwise successful Welsh Assembly elections of 2011 the long serving Welsh Conservative assembly group leader, Nicholas Bourne lost his regional list seat in Mid and West Wales, he had been the longest serving of the party political leaders in the Welsh Assembly. The Preseli Pembrokeshire Assembly Member Paul Davies became the interim group leader whilst an election took place; the contest consisted of Andrew R. T. Davies against Nick Ramsay. Andrew RT Davies won with some 53.1 per cent of the vote on a 49 per cent turnout of the party's Welsh membership. In the post May 2011 Welsh Assembly elections period David Melding was elected as the Deputy Presiding Officer for the Welsh Assembly; the first time a Conservative had held this post. *The 2012 figures excludes Anglesey, elected in 2013 although the change in seats and votes shown is a direct comparison between the 2008 and 2012 figures in the 21 councils up for election.

The 2017 figures are based on changes from the 2012 & 2013 elections

Wyoming Highway 291

Wyoming Highway 291 is a 9.46-mile-long north-south Wyoming state road located in central Park County and provides access to Buffalo Bill State Park, Buffalo Bill Dam, Buffalo Bill Reservoir as well as other areas southwest of Cody. Wyoming Highway 291 begins its southern end at Park CR 6WX near the south end of the Buffalo Bill Reservoir, southwest of Cody. Highway 291, named Southfork Road, meanders along the southeastern side of the state park and reservoir before traveling more northeast in direction toward Cody. WYO 291 turns to head due north. At just under 9.5 miles, WYO 291 reaches its northern terminus at the Buffalo Bill Cody Scenic Byway, better known as US 14/US 16/US 20, on the west side of Cody. The entire route is in Park County. List of state highways in Wyoming List of highways numbered 291 Wyoming State Routes 200-299 WYO 291 - US 14/US 16/US 20 to Southfork Rd

2010 Winter Paralympics medal table

The 2010 Winter Paralympics known as the X Paralympic Winter Games, were held in Vancouver, British Columbia, from March 12 to March 21, 2010. A total of 506 athletes from 44 nations participated in 64 events from five different sport disciplines. Athletes from 21 countries won 15 of them winning at least one gold medal. For the second consecutive Winter Games, Russia won the most medals in total, with 38. Germany collected the most gold medals, with 13; the most individual gold medals were won by Canadian Lauren Woolstencroft, who secured five in alpine skiing, German Verena Bentele, with two in biathlon and three in cross-country skiing. Viviane Forest of Canada became the first Paralympian to win a gold medal in both the Winter and Summer Games when she won the women's downhill event for visually impaired athletes, she had won gold medals in the 2000 and 2004 Summer Paralympics for women's goalball. The ranking in this table is based on information provided by the International Paralympic Committee and is consistent with IPC convention in its published medal tables.

By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IPC country code. In the men's downhill standing two silver medals were awarded for a second-place tie. No bronze medal was awarded for that event. * Host nation 2010 Winter Olympics medal table