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Kenneth Roth

Kenneth Roth is an American attorney, the executive director of Human Rights Watch since 1993. Born in the United States of America, Kenneth Roth, a graduate of Yale Law School and Brown University, said that he was drawn to human rights causes through his family ties, he said that his father would keep his three young sons quiet as he cut their hair by telling tales of their grandfather's butcher shop in Frankfurt, Germany. Roth stated that as they grew older, his father told them about living under the Nazis as a young boy and fleeing Nazi Germany in July 1938. Jimmy Carter's introduction of human rights as an element of US foreign policy in the late 1970s further inspired Roth to take on human rights as a vocation, Roth has said. Prior to starting at Human Rights Watch in 1987, Roth worked in private practice as a litigator and served as a federal prosecutor for the U. S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York and the Iran-Contra investigation in Washington DC. During the early years of his work in human rights movement, Roth focused on the Soviet imposition of martial law in Poland in 1981.

Roth joined Human Rights Watch in 1987 as deputy director. His initial work centered on Haiti, just emerging from the Duvalier dictatorship but continued under military rule. Since Roth has travelled internationally on behalf of Human Rights Watch, his biography on the HRW website says he has "special expertise on: issues of justice and accountability for atrocities committed in the quest for peace. In September 2007, Roth gave a lecture entitled "The Dynamics of Human Rights and the Environment" at the University of San Diego's Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice Distinguished Lecture Series. Roth addresses audiences around the world, including at the United Nations in New York and conferences, including the Munich Security Conference and the World Economic Forum in Davos. In 1987, Roth was hired by Aryeh Neier to be deputy director of HRW and since 1993, Roth has been the organization's executive director. Under Roth's leadership, Human Rights Watch has grown eight-fold in size and vastly expanded its reach.

It now operates in more than 80 countries. During Roth's tenure, Human Rights Watch has documented war crimes in Bosnia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone. Human Rights Watch researchers have testified at international tribunals; the organization has done extensive work on child soldiers. Human Rights Watch published reports on Liberian dictator Charles Taylor, Peru's Alberto Fujimori and Chile's Augusto Pinochet, among others, who were subsequently convicted for crimes against humanity; as a founding member of the International Campaign to ban Landmines, in 1997 Human Rights Watch shared the Nobel Peace Prize for helping bring about the Mine Ban Treaty. Following WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange's arrest, Roth stated that Assange's prosecution in the United States for publishing leaked documents is "a major threat to global media freedom."In 2020, Roth was denied entry to Hong Kong, before the publication of a report, critical of the Chinese government. Under Roth's leadership, Human Rights Watch has been criticized for perceived biases and misconstructions.

On December 17, 2009, 118 scholars from Argentina, Brazil, México, the UK, the US, Venezuela and other countries publicly criticized HRW in an open letter to the HRW Board of Directors in response to an HRW report, A Decade Under Chávez: Political Intolerance and Lost Opportunities for Advancing Human Rights in Venezuela. The report was criticized for bias against the government of Venezuela and its President, Hugo Chavez, stating that it "does not meet the most minimal standards of scholarship, accuracy, or credibility." One of the letter's authors, Hugh O'Shaughnessy, accused HRW of using false and misleading information, said the HRW report was "put together with the sort of know-nothing Washington bias..." Kenneth Roth responded, stating that the letter misrepresented "both the substance and the source material of the report." Fred Oluoch-Ojiwah, of Rwanda's New Times newspaper, questions Roth's impartiality and equates his criticism of Rwanda's human rights record to a "love affair" with the "genocidaires" that carried out the Rwandan Genocide of 1994."As a western human rights personality …will always fail to understand the intricacies and complexities surrounding the 1994 Genocide against Tutsi.

Wrapping it up simplistically the way he has done will only serve to undo the gains registered in driving the delicate process of bringing forth a new dispensation in Rwanda and by extension the African Great Lakes region," Oluoch-Ojiwah wrote. Kenneth Roth has been criticized by the Jerusalem-based NGO Monitor for being biased against Israel. Gerald M. Steinberg has been a long-time critic of Roth's role as head of Human Rights Watch from 1993. Writing in a 2004 Jerusalem Post article in response to Roth's op

Emilio Lavazza

Emilio Lavazza was an Italian businessman. Known as, "Mr. Espresso," he shaped the way many Italians drink their coffee and dedicated half of his lifetime to provide quality coffee globally. Lavazza served as the President of the Lavazza company, he served as President of Lavazza from 1979 until 2008. Throughout his lifetime, he had received much recognition such as, Honorary President prior to retiring his position in the Lavazza company. In 2010, Lavazza died due to a severe heart attack in Italy; the Lavazza company, today, is the sixth biggest coffee roaster with mustering over $1.1billion euros in sales. The company sells coffee in more than 90 countries after Emilio's reign as head of Lavazza. Emilio Lavazza was born on August 1932 in Turin, Italy. Lavazza was married to Maria Teresa, a socialist and a humanitarian, she was the captain of the Italian National Team, known as the "Second Blue Team." Lavazza and Teresa have two children: Joseph, Francesca. According to Lavazza's spokesperson, he was described as having a reserved-calm introverted personality.

Despite having this reserved personality, he was a multi-dimensional person who enjoyed various activities: playing golf, reading murder mystery books, listening to jazz music, collecting models of soldiers. Lavazza had written two murder mystery books. On February 18, 2010, Lavazza died at the age of 78, leaving his wife and two children to take charge of the company; as Lavazza grew older, he became invested in his family business, started by his grandfather, Luigi, in 1895. Luigi worked as a salesman, but soon bought a coffee shop which transformed into the Lavazza company. Emilio joined the company in 1955, his role in the company expanded when his father, died in 1971. He became the Chief Executive and succeeded his uncle Pericle and became the company's President in 1979. Emilio spoke multiple languages, including Portuguese and English, which assisted him in making the company more successful. By the year of 1892, the Lavazza company had expanded in international countries, such as France and Switzerland.

To promote the brand, Lavazza used the "bandwagon tactic" by using famous-award winning actors, Luciano Pavarotti and Monica Vitti, to promote the Lavazza coffee brand. Lavazza had invested himself in advancing technology to produce greater quality of coffee, he called the need for having coffee capsules for shot brewing, developed the technology to roast and vend the coffee in the years of his leadership within the company. In addition, he made a productive partnership coalition with Catalan Chef Ferran Adria, the founder of "Molecular gastronomy" and worked at El Bulli restaurant. With this collaboration, they worked together to produce Italian caviar. With the growing success of the Lavazza company under Emilio's reign, he managed to obtain recognition worldwide, he received various honors, such as becoming the President of European Coffee Roasters Associazione Italiana Industrie Prodotti Alimentari and was honored with the title of "Calivere del Lavoro" by the Italian President in 1991. In 2001, Lavazza further expanded the company in Portugal to reinforce the idea of internationalism.

Furthermore, in 2015, the Lavazza company faced inconsistent fluctuations in their shares, which resulted in the Keurig company to buy half of the shares that are worth $624 million. The Lavazza company has a home beverage maker share, worth 6.6% and in February, the shares' value dropped 7.8%. Keurig purchased 5.2 million shares with a 3% discount because of the stock's declining prices. Because of this, Keurig was able to maintain the stability of the company's condition. Prior to retiring, on February 1, 2008, Lavazza signed an agreement to occupy one of the Brazilian companies, Cafe Grao Nobre Ltda, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. After signing the agreement, Lavazza had obtained Cafe Terra Brasil in Sao Paulo, Brazil. With these two major transactions, the Lavazza company becomes one of the major coffee vendors in the world. Emilio Lavazza, who died on February 16, is survived by his wife and their son and daughter, both are directors of the company. Today, the Lavazza company sells coffee in four broad categories: ground, whole bean and single serve in the variations of dark to medium roastings.

The pricing of the coffee varies from $0.00 to $30.00 maximum. By 2014, the company's profits had increased to $139.9 million after Emilio's death. Lavazza Coffee Official Website "Mr Espresso taught the world how to drink coffee,' Financial Times, March 19, 2010 Obituary in The Independent by Robin Young The Telegraph: Emilio Lavazza obituary Vending Times: Emilio Lavazza Dies.


Regit, is an automotive tech firm that provides digital car management services for drivers based on their car's registration plate. It provides drivers with reminders such as MOT, Tax and Recalls to keep drivers safe and legal, it provides car news and content for its 2.5m drivers. It is located in Greater Manchester's Northern Quarter. Sir John Hegarty was appointed Creative Director in 2016 to lead the switch of brand to Regit from The company was founded in 2008 as by Terry Hogan and Chris Green and provides various tools for motorists including free car valuations, car comparison and car reviews. As of 2015 it had 2 million registered users with over 850,000 monthly visits. focused on providing classified adverts in the used car market and has since diversified significantly. It is known for offering a large array of free tools to both auto-enthusiasts. In August 2014 secured £500,000 from The Greater Manchester Loan Fund, managed by Maven Capital Partners to accelerate the launch of its new platform,

In May 2017, it was announced. In February 2018, Regit launched a crowdfunding campaign to scale its user base from 1.4m to 6m users. "Regit raising £1,200,000 investment on Crowdcube. Capital At Risk". In September 2014 the company launched, with the aim to support all motorists throughout their entire car owning life-cycle, by giving them regular updates and reminders. By April 2015, had attracted over 500,000 registered users. Regit Official website Official website Official website

René-Jean Clot

René-Jean Clot was a French painter, novelist. His novel, L'Enfant halluciné, won the 1987 Prix Renaudot, he corresponded with Albert Camus. L’Annonciation à la licorne, coll. « Méditerranéennes », Algiers: éditions Edmond Charlot, 1936 Les Gages charnels de l'art français, éditions Charlot Alger, 1941 Paysages africains, Tibesti, Borkou, 1945 Le noir de la vigne: roman, Gallimard, 1948 Fantômes au soleil, éditions Gallimard, 1949 Empreintes dans le sol, éditions Gallimard, 1950 Le Poil de la bête, Gallimard, 1951 prix des Deux Magots Le Mat de cocagne, Gallimard, 1953 Le Meunier, son fils, l'âne, 1954 Le Bleu d'outre-tombe, Gallimard, 1956 La Querelle des images, édition Pierre Cailler, 1960 La révélation: pièce en quatre actes, Gallimard, 1961 Le ramoneur de neige: récits, Gallimard, 1962 Arc-en-enfer, Gallimard, 1963 La rose de Noël, Gallimard, 1964 Les Voix dans la cour, suivi de La nuit n'est pas si noire et de Un feu de bois vert, Gallimard, 1964 Le Cœur pourpre, édition Pierre Cailler, 1965 La educación artística, Jean Wahl, Planeta, 1976, ISBN 978-84-320-0344-8 Un amour interdit, éditions Grasset, 1984 L'Enfant halluciné, 1987.

Grasset, 1989 Une patrie de sel ou le souvenir d'Alger, librairie bleue. 1992 Pourquoi les femmes pleurent elles, éditions Grasset et Fasquelle, 1997 L'amour épouse sa nuit, éditions Grasset et Fasquelle, 1997 Charhouz le voyant, éditions Grasset et Fasquelle, 1997 Azzedine Haddour. Title Colonial myths: history and narrative. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-5992-6. Http://

USA Today Sports Weekly

USA Today Sports Weekly is an American sports newsmagazine, owned by the Gannett Company. A spin-off publication to Gannett's flagship newspaper USA Today, it focuses on coverage of baseball news from Major League Baseball, Minor League Baseball and the National Collegiate Athletic Association from spring to early fall, as well as football coverage from the National Football League during the fall and winter months; the magazine features statistics for each covered league and interviews with players and staff members. Sharing production facilities with its parent publication at Gannett's corporate headquarters in McLean, Sports Weekly is printed on newsprint and distributed throughout the United States and Canada; the magazine is published on Wednesdays, though special editions that preview major events or cover fantasy sports are released several times per year on newsprint of better quality than that used in the weekly editions. The magazine was first published by the Gannett Company as USA Today Baseball Weekly, formatted as a tabloid-sized publication focusing on baseball coverage that launched on April 5, 1991, in concert with the first week of regular season play for that year's Major League Baseball season.

For its first ten years of publication, it was released on a weekly basis during the baseball season and bi-weekly during the off-season. The publication was renamed USA Today Sports Weekly on September 4, 2002, preceding the official start of the 2002 National Football League season, when it began to incorporate stories and statistics about the NFL; the editorial operations of Sports Weekly operated autonomously from those managed by the sports department of USA Today, before being integrated with its parent newspaper's sports unit in late 2005. Sports Weekly added coverage and interviews from the NASCAR circuit beginning with the February 15, 2006 issue; however this lasted only for the auto racing organization's 2006 racing season, with Gannett announcing it was dropping weekly coverage of NASCAR from Sports Weekly after one season after the November 22, 2006 issue of the publication. For the 2007 professional and collegiate baseball season, USA Today Sports Weekly announced that it would incorporate more comprehensive baseball coverage, along with the return of college baseball features.

The first episode of Eastbound & Down included a fictional cover of Sports Weekly featuring the main character. In a 2006 episode of Family Guy, the main character Peter Griffin is seen reading Sports Weekly on a plane traveling to London. In the 2001 baseball comedy film Summer Catch, one scene features an announcer's booth at a Cape Cod League stadium accidentally being lit on fire when a cigarette ash falls on a pile of fictional Baseball Weekly issues. In the 2001 comedy film Shallow Hal, the character Mauricio is shown reading a copy of Baseball Weekly. A photo of Bob Dylan appeared in an issue of Rolling Stone in which he was reading Baseball Weekly in a 7-Eleven store

Cinque Ports

The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Essex. It was formed for military and trade purposes, but is now ceremonial; the ports lie at the eastern end of the English Channel, where the crossing to the continent is narrowest. The name is Norman French, meaning "five ports", they were: Hastings New Romney Hythe Dover SandwichRye a subsidiary of New Romney, was raised as one of the Cinque Ports once New Romney was damaged by storms, its harbour silted up, the River Rother shifted course closer to Rye. As a result, New Romney lost importance in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Other towns contribute to the confederation, including two'ancient towns', seven'limbs'; the five ports are supported by the two so-called Ancient Towns of Rye and Winchelsea, whose councils traditionally maintained defence contingents for the realm of England. Apart from the five ports and the two Ancient Towns, there are seven other members of the Confederation, which are considered to be Limbs of the other towns.

These are: Lydd Folkestone Faversham Margate Deal Ramsgate Tenterden There are in addition some 23 towns and offices that have varying degrees of connection to the ancient Liberties of the Cinque Ports. They are expressly mentioned in the Magna Carta of 1297; the coastal confederation during its mediaeval period consisted of a confederation of 42 towns and villages in all. These include: Limbs of Hastings – Grange, Bulverhythe, Eastbourne, Pebsham and Seaford Limbs of Sandwich – Reculver, Fordwich, Walmer and Brightlingsea. Brightlingsea, is the only town north of the Thames Estuary in the confederation. Limbs of Dover – Birchington, St. Johns, St. Peters, Ringwould and Kingsdown Limbs of Hythe – West Hythe Walmer, Ramsgate The origins of the Cinque Ports can be traced back to Anglo-Saxon times, when certain south-east ports were granted the local profits of justice in return for providing ships. By 1100, the term Cinque Ports had come into use; the chief obligation laid upon the ports, as a corporate duty, was to provide 57 ships for 15 days' service to the king annually, each port fulfilling a proportion of the whole duty.

In return the towns received the following privileges: Exemption from tax and tallage, right of soc and sac and team, blodwit and fledwit and tumbril, infangentheof and outfangentheof, mundbryce and strays, flotsam and jetsam and ligan That is to say: Exemption from tax and tolls. The leeway given to the Cinque Ports, the turning of a blind eye to misbehaviour, led to smuggling, though common everywhere at this time becoming more or less one of the dominant industries. A significant factor in the need to maintain the authority of the Cinque Ports by the King was the development of the Royal Navy. King Edward I of England granted the citizens of the Cinque Ports special privileges, including the right to bring goods into the country without paying import duties; the associated ports, known as "limbs", were given the same privileges. The five head ports and two ancient towns were entitled to send two Members to Parliament. A Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports was appointed, held the title of Constable of Dover Castle, whilst this office exists today, it is now a purely honorary title, with an official residence at Walmer Castle.

The town of Hastings was the head port of the Cinque Ports in mediaeval times. The towns had their own system of courts. All Freemen of the ports, termed "portsmen", were deemed in the age of Feudalism to be barons, thus members of the baronage entitled to attend the king's parliament - a privilege granted in 1322 in recognition of their earlier support of the Despensers and son. Termed "Barons of the Cinque Ports", they reflected an early concept that military service at sea constituted land tenure per baroniam making them quasi feudal barons; the early-14th-century treatise Modus Tenendi Parliamentum stated the Barons of the Cinque Ports to hold a place of precedence below the lay magnates but above the representatives of the shires and boroughs. During the deposition of Edward II, the chronicles made a specific point of noting the presence of the Barons in the embassy of deposition - "praecipue de portubus...barones des Portez". Writs of summons to parliament were sent to the warden following which representative barons of the Cinque Ports were selected to attend parliament.

Thus the warden's duty in this respect was similar to that of the sheriff who received the writs for