Salem County, New Jersey
Salem County is a county located in the U. S. state of New Jersey. Its western boundary is formed by the Delaware River and it has the eastern terminus of the Delaware Memorial Bridge, connecting to New Castle, Delaware, its county seat is Salem. The county is part of the Delaware Valley area; as of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 62,792, making it the state's least populous county, representing a 5.0% decrease from the 66,083 enumerated at the 2010 Census, in turn increasing by 1,798 from the 64,285 counted in the 2000 Census, retaining its position as the state's least populous county. The most populous place was Pennsville Township, with 13,409 residents at the time of the 2010 Census. Lower Alloways Creek Township covers the largest total area of any municipality. European settlement began with English colonists in the seventeenth century, who were settling both sides of the Delaware River, they established a colonial court in the area in 1681, but Salem County was first formally organized within West Jersey on May 17, 1694, from the Salem Tenth.
Pittsgrove Township was transferred to Cumberland County in April 1867, but was restored to Salem County in February 1868. The area was settled by Quakers; the Old Salem County Courthouse, situated on the same block as the Salem County Courthouse, serves as the court for Salem City in the 21st century. It is the oldest active courthouse in New Jersey and is the second oldest courthouse in continuous use in the United States, the oldest being King William County Courthouse in Virginia; the courthouse was built in 1735 during the reign of King George II using locally manufactured bricks. The building was enlarged in 1817 and additionally enlarged and remodeled in 1908, its distinctive bell tower is unchanged and the original bell sits in the courtroom. Judge William Hancock of the King's Court presided at the courthouse, he was killed by the British in the American Revolutionary War during the massacre at Hancock House committed by the British against local militia during the Salem Raid in 1778.
Afterward the courthouse was the site of the "treason trials," wherein suspected Loyalists were put on trial for having aided the British during the Salem Raid. Four men were sentenced to death for treason; the courthouse is the site of the legend of Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson's proving the edibility of the tomato. Before 1820, Americans assumed tomatoes were poisonous. In 1820, Colonel Johnson, according to legend, stood upon the courthouse steps and ate tomatoes in front of a large crowd assembled to watch him do so. Salem County is notable for its distinctive Quaker-inspired architecture and masonry styles of the 18th century, it had a agricultural economy. In the early 20th century, its towns received numerous immigrants from eastern and southern Europe, who markedly added to the population. In the period following World War II, the county's population increased due to suburban development. To accommodate increasing traffic, the Delaware Memorial Bridge was built from Salem County to New Castle, Delaware.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 372.33 square miles, including 331.90 square miles of land and 40.43 square miles of water. The county is bordered on the west by the Delaware River, drained by Salem River and other creeks; the terrain is uniformly flat coastal plain, with minimal relief. The highest elevation in the county has never been determined with any specificity, but is one of seven low rises in Upper Pittsgrove Township that reach 160 feet in elevation. Sea level is the lowest point; the county adjoins the following areas: Gloucester County, New Jersey - northeast Cumberland County, New Jersey - southeast Kent County, Delaware- southwest1 New Castle County, Delaware - west1across Delaware Bay. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 66,083 people, 25,290 households, 17,551.260 families residing in the county. The population density was 199.1 per square mile. There were 27,417 housing units at an average density of 82.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 79.83% White, 14.09% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.64% from other races, 2.22% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.82% of the population. There were 25,290 households out of which 29% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, 15% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.8 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.6 males. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 64,285 people, 24,295 households, 17,370 families
Queen Anne's County, Maryland
Queen Anne's County is a county located in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,798, its county seat and most populous municipality is Centreville. The census-designated place of Stevensville is the county's most populous place; the county is named for Queen Anne of Great Britain who reigned when the county was established in 1706. Queen Anne's County is included in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area; the Chesapeake Bay Bridge connects Queen Anne's of the Eastern Shore to Anne Arundel County on the Western Shore. Queen Anne's County has two hundred sixty-five miles of waterfront area, much of that being the shores of Kent Island, which stands out from the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay. From the waters of this county, watermen have brought oysters and terrapin. Migrating waterfowl overwinter here, hunting for geese and ducks has been an important part of the county's history.
The first settlement in Maryland was on Kent Island on August 21, 1631, included twenty-five settlers in a manor house, a fort, other buildings. The settlement was referred to as Winston's Island; the first houses were built similar to log cabins. Although the county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places, the original settlement no longer exists. One of the oldest towns still existing is Stevensville, earlier known as Broad Creek. Queen Anne's County was organized under a sheriff in 1706, bounded by Talbot and Dorchester Counties. In 1713, Queen Anne's County became an English postal district where the sheriff was the postmaster and would travel to Annapolis by boat to obtain mail. In 1773 a part of Queen Anne's County, together with a portion of Dorchester County, was taken to form Caroline County; the county now is enclosed by Talbot and Kent County as well as the Chesapeake Bay. By the time of Independence, the county had several churches, a government, a postal system.
In 1876, Queen Anne's County had the first printed independent paper called the Maryland Citizen, a bank, located in Centreville. When the Railroad Company was finished in 1868 it operated from Baltimore around the top of the Chesapeake Bay down to Queenstown, connected with other railroads that continued east into Delaware as far as Rehoboth, southward to the Eastern Shore of Virginia. In the 20th century, Queen Anne's County was the home of Baseball Hall of Famer Jimmie Foxx. There is a statue and small park in Sudlersville. Queen Anne’s was the most secessionist and Democratic county in Maryland, it voted for the Democratic Presidential nominee in every election from 1868 to 1948, before Dwight D. Eisenhower became the first Republican to carry the county in 1952. Since that time, Queen Anne’s has turned into a solidly Republican county. No Democratic presidential candidate has carried Queen Anne’s County since Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 landslide, Jimmy Carter in 1980 remains the last Democrat to obtain forty percent of the county’s vote.
Queen Anne’s County was granted home rule in 1990 under a state code. Queen Anne’s County has a commission form of government; the commission consists of five elected commissioners who are elected at large by the general population and each must reside in the district they represent: one of the four commission districts. The fifth commissioner serves as president the first year. County code allows for rotation of the president position thereafter; the current Board of Commissioners was elected in the 2014 election, serve a four-year term. The current form of five commissioners elected at large started in 2002. Prior to the 2002 election Queen Anne’s County was run by three commissioners. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 511 square miles, of which 372 square miles is land and 139 square miles is water. Kent County Kent County, Delaware Talbot County Caroline County Anne Arundel County As of the census of 2000, there were 40,563 people, 15,315 households, 11,547 families residing in the county.
The population density was 109 people per square mile. There were 16,674 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.05% White, 8.78% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, 0.93% from two or more races. 1.09 % of the population were Latino of any race. 16.9 % were of 15.1 % American, 14.6 % English, 14.2 % Irish and 5.3 % Italian ancestry. There were 15,315 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.60% were non-families. 19.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $57,037, the median income for a family was $63,713. Males had a median income of $44,644 versus $30,144 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,364. About 4.40% of families and 6.30% of the population were below th
Apollo 7 was an October 1968 human spaceflight mission carried out by the United States. It was the first mission in the United States' Apollo program to carry a crew into space, it was the first U. S. spaceflight to carry astronauts since the flight of Gemini XII in November 1966. The AS-204 mission known as "Apollo 1", was intended to be the first manned flight of the Apollo program, it was scheduled to launch in February 1967, but a fire in the cabin during a January 1967 test killed the crew. Manned flights were suspended for 21 months, while the cause of the accident was investigated and improvements made to the spacecraft and safety procedures, unmanned test flights of the Saturn V rocket and Apollo Lunar Module were made. Apollo 7 fulfilled Apollo 1's mission of testing the Apollo command and service module in low Earth orbit; the Apollo 7 crew was commanded by Walter M. Schirra, with senior pilot / navigator Donn F. Eisele, pilot / systems engineer R. Walter Cunningham. Official crew titles were made consistent with those that would be used for the manned lunar landing missions: Eisele was Command Module Pilot and Cunningham was Lunar Module Pilot.
Their mission was Apollo's'C' mission, an 11-day Earth-orbital test flight to check out the redesigned Block II CSM with a crew on board. It was the first time, it was launched on October 11, 1968, from what was known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station, Florida. Despite tension between the crew and ground controllers, the mission was a complete technical success, giving NASA the confidence to send Apollo 8 into orbit around the Moon two months later; the flight would prove to be the final space flight for all of its three crew members—and the only one for both Cunningham and Eisele—when it splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean on October 22, 1968. It was the only manned launch from Launch Complex 34, as well as the last launch from the complex. Ronald E. Evans William R. Pogue John L.'Jack' Swigert Schirra and Cunningham were first named as an Apollo crew on September 29, 1966. They were to fly a second Earth orbital test of the original Block I command and service module after Apollo 1, the first manned flight, to be made by Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Ed White, Roger Chaffee.
In December 1966, the second mission was deemed redundant and canceled, Schirra's crew were reassigned as Grissom's backup. Plans for the first manned Apollo flights were disrupted by the January 27, 1967 cabin fire which killed Grissom and Chaffee. Schirra and Cunningham were named as prime crew for the first manned flight, which would now use the Block II spacecraft designed for the lunar missions; the command module and astronauts' spacesuits had been extensively redesigned, to reduce and eliminate the chance of a repeat of the accident which killed the first crew. Schirra thus became the only astronaut to fly Mercury and Apollo missions, his crew would test the life support, propulsion and control systems during this "open-ended" mission. The duration was limited to 11 days, reduced from the original 14-day limit for Apollo 1. Since it flew in low Earth orbit and did not include the lunar module, Apollo 7 was launched with the Saturn IB booster rather than the much larger and more powerful Saturn V.
Throughout the Mercury and Gemini programs, McDonnell Aircraft engineer Guenter Wendt had been leader of the spacecraft launch pad teams, with ultimate responsibility for condition of the spacecraft at launch. He earned the astronauts' admiration, including Schirra's. However, the spacecraft contractor had changed from McDonnell to North American Rockwell, so Wendt was not the pad leader for Apollo 1. So adamant was Schirra in his desire to have Wendt back as Pad Leader for his Apollo flight, that he got his boss Deke Slayton to persuade North American management to hire Wendt away from McDonnell, Schirra lobbied North American's launch operations manager to change Wendt's shift from midnight to day so he could be pad leader for Apollo 7. Wendt remained as Pad Leader for the entire Apollo program. Wendt's face was the last they saw before the hatch was sealed, after liftoff Eisele said with a mock German accent into his radio, "I vonder vere Guenter Vendt?" The first manned American space flight in 22 months lifted from LC-34 at 15:02:45 UTC on Friday, October 11, 1968.
Liftoff proceeded flawlessly. The astronauts described it as smooth riding compared to the rough, bumpy Titan II used to launch the Gemini spacecraft. During the countdown, the wind was blowing in from the east. To launch under these weather conditions was in violation of safety rules since in the event of a launch vehicle malfunction and abort, the command module would touch down on land in Florida, which would be rough and have the potential for the crew to be injured or killed. Apollo 7 was still equipped with the old Apollo 1-style crew couches, which did not provide adequate shock protection in the event of a terrestrial landing; the crew couches had been since redesigned. While seated inside the command module, Schirra protested that launching with the wind going east to west was dangerous, but these complaints were ignored by the blockhouse crew. Following orbital injection and separation from the S-IVB, the crew turned the CSM around usin
Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about 1 second of mean solar time at 0° longitude, is not adjusted for daylight saving time. In some countries where English is spoken, the term Greenwich Mean Time is used as a synonym for UTC and predates UTC by nearly 300 years; the first Coordinated Universal Time was informally adopted on 1 January 1960 and was first adopted as CCIR Recommendation 374, Standard-Frequency and Time-Signal Emissions, in 1963, but the official abbreviation of UTC and the official English name of Coordinated Universal Time were not adopted until 1967. The system has been adjusted several times, including a brief period where time coordination radio signals broadcast both UTC and "Stepped Atomic Time" before a new UTC was adopted in 1970 and implemented in 1972; this change adopted leap seconds to simplify future adjustments. This CCIR Recommendation 460 "stated that carrier frequencies and time intervals should be maintained constant and should correspond to the definition of the SI second.
A decision whether to remove them altogether has been deferred until 2023. The current version of UTC is defined by International Telecommunications Union Recommendation, Standard-frequency and time-signal emissions, is based on International Atomic Time with leap seconds added at irregular intervals to compensate for the slowing of the Earth's rotation. Leap seconds are inserted as necessary to keep UTC within 0.9 seconds of the UT1 variant of universal time. See the "Current number of leap seconds" section for the number of leap seconds inserted to date; the official abbreviation for Coordinated Universal Time is UTC. This abbreviation arose from a desire by the International Telecommunication Union and the International Astronomical Union to use the same abbreviation in all languages. English speakers proposed CUT, while French speakers proposed TUC; the compromise that emerged was UTC, which conforms to the pattern for the abbreviations of the variants of Universal Time. Time zones around the world are expressed using positive or negative offsets from UTC, as in the list of time zones by UTC offset.
The westernmost time zone uses UTC−12, being twelve hours behind UTC. In 1995, the island nation of Kiribati moved those of its atolls in the Line Islands from UTC−10 to UTC+14 so that Kiribati would all be on the same day. UTC is used in many World Wide Web standards; the Network Time Protocol, designed to synchronise the clocks of computers over the Internet, transmits time information from the UTC system. If only milliseconds precision is needed, clients can obtain the current UTC from a number of official internet UTC servers. For sub-microsecond precision, clients can obtain the time from satellite signals. UTC is the time standard used in aviation, e.g. for flight plans and air traffic control clearances. Weather forecasts and maps all use UTC to avoid confusion about daylight saving time; the International Space Station uses UTC as a time standard. Amateur radio operators schedule their radio contacts in UTC, because transmissions on some frequencies can be picked up in many time zones. UTC is used in digital tachographs used on large goods vehicles under EU and AETR rules.
UTC divides time into days, hours and seconds. Days are conventionally identified using the Gregorian calendar, but Julian day numbers can be used; each day contains each hour contains 60 minutes. The number of seconds in a minute is 60, but with an occasional leap second, it may be 61 or 59 instead. Thus, in the UTC time scale, the second and all smaller time units are of constant duration, but the minute and all larger time units are of variable duration. Decisions to introduce a leap second are announced at least six months in advance in "Bulletin C" produced by the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service; the leap seconds cannot be predicted far in advance due to the unpredictable rate of rotation of the Earth. Nearly all UTC days contain 86,400 SI seconds with 60 seconds in each minute. However, because the mean solar day is longer than 86,400 SI seconds the last minute of a UTC day is adjusted to have 61 seconds; the extra second is called a leap second. It accounts for the grand total of the extra length of all the mean solar days since the previous leap second.
The last minute of a UTC day is permitted to contain 59 seconds to cover the remote possibility of the Earth rotating faster, but that has not yet been necessary. The irregular day lengths mean that fractional Julian days do not work properly with UTC. Since 1972, UTC is calculated by subtracting the accumulated leap seconds from International Atomic Time, a coordinate time scale tracking notional proper time on the rotating surface of the Earth. In order to maintain a close approximation to UT1, UTC has discontinuities where it changes from one linear function of TAI to another; these discontinuities take the form of leap seconds implemented by a UTC day of irregular length. Discont
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Kent County, Maryland
Kent County is a county located in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, its population was 20,197, its county seat is Chestertown. The county was named for the county of Kent in England; the county is located on Maryland's Eastern Shore. In 1642, the governor and council appointed commissioners for the County of Kent; this act appears to have led to the establishment of Kent County. In 1675, the first county seat was New Yarmouth; the seat was moved upriver to Quaker Neck, to the site of modern Chestertown. Before the American Revolution New Town on Chester, now Chestertown, was a port entry for the counties of Cecil and Queen Anne's; the county has a number of properties. Kent County was the mean center of US population in the census of 1790. In 1793, the county had its first newspaper, called Chestertown Spy, it was succeeded by local papers such as the Chestertown Gazette. Washington College, the oldest college in Maryland, is located in Kent County. Kent County was granted home rule in 1970 under a state code.
In the early post-Civil War era Kent County, having been Confederate-leaning, tended towards the Democratic Party. William McKinley was the only Republican to carry the county between 1876 and 1924. After that, although carried by Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman during the five consecutive Democratic victories between 1932 and 1948, the county trended Republican relative to national voting. Kent County is along with Somerset County further south the most politically competitive county on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. In 2004, Republican George W. Bush won it with 52 percent of the vote to Democrat John Kerry’s 46%. In the 2008 United States Presidential Election, Barack Obama won Kent County by 48 votes more than John McCain. In 2012 Republican Mitt Romney won Kent County by 28 votes over Democrat Barack Obama; the Sheriff of Kent County is John Price IV. The commissioners of Kent County are - Ronald H. Fithian President, William W. Pickrum and William A. Short According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 413 square miles, of which 277 square miles is land and 136 square miles is water.
According to the Maryland Geological Survey, the highest point in Kent County is 102 ft above sea level 2.25 mi west of Coleman's Corner, just northeast of the mouth of Still Pond Creek. Kent County is the smallest county in Maryland, it has a 209-mile shoreline, including Eastern Neck Island. The Chesapeake Bay is on the west, Sassafras River on the north, the Chester River on the south; the eastern border with Delaware is part of the Mason–Dixon line. Cecil County New Castle County, Delaware Harford County Queen Anne's County Kent County, Delaware Anne Arundel County Baltimore County Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 19,197 people, 7,666 households, 5,136 families residing in the county; the population density was 69 people per square mile. There were 9,410 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 79.64% White, 17.41% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, 1.18% from two or more races.
2.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.7 % were of 11.3 % American ancestry. There were 7,666 households out of which 26.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.70% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.00% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.81. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, 19.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,869, the median income for a family was $46,708. Males had a median income of $31,899 versus $24,513 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $21,573. About 9.30% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,197 people, 8,165 households, 5,272 families residing in the county; the population density was 72.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 10,549 housing units at an average density of 38.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 80.1% white, 15.1% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.7% were English, 18.7% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 7.9% were American, 5.8% were Italian. Of the 8,165 households, 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.78. The median age was 45.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $50,141 and the median income for a
Buzz Aldrin is an American engineer and a former astronaut and fighter pilot. As lunar module pilot on the Apollo 11 mission, he and mission commander Neil Armstrong were the first two humans to land on the Moon. Born in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, Aldrin graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1951, with a degree in mechanical engineering, he was commissioned into the United States Air Force, served as a jet fighter pilot during the Korean War. He shot down two MiG-15 aircraft. After earning a Sc. D. degree in astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Aldrin was selected as a member of NASA's Astronaut Group 3, making him the first astronaut with a doctoral degree. His doctoral thesis was Line-of-Sight Guidance Techniques for Manned Orbital Rendezvous, earning him the nickname "Dr. Rendezvous" from fellow astronauts, his first space flight was in 1966 on Gemini 12 during which he spent over five hours on extravehicular activity. Three years Aldrin set foot on the Moon at 03:15:16 on July 21, 1969, nine minutes after Armstrong first touched the surface, while Command Module Pilot Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit.
A Presbyterian elder, Aldrin became the first person to hold a religious ceremony on the Moon when he took communion. Upon leaving NASA in 1971, he became Commandant of the U. S. Air Force Test Pilot School, he retired from the Air Force after 21 years of service. His autobiographies Return to Earth, Magnificent Desolation, recount his struggles with clinical depression and alcoholism in the years after leaving NASA, he continued to advocate for space exploration a human mission to Mars, developed the Aldrin cycler, a special spacecraft trajectory that makes travel to Mars possible using less time and propellant. He has been accorded numerous honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969, is listed in several Halls of Fame. Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. was born on January 20, 1930, at Mountainside Hospital in Glen Ridge, New Jersey. His parents, Edwin Eugene Aldrin Sr. and Marion Aldrin, lived in New Jersey. His father was an Army aviator during World War I and the assistant commandant of the Army's test pilot school at McCook Field, from 1919 to 1922, but left the Army in 1928 and became an executive at Standard Oil.
Aldrin had two siblings, both sisters: Madeleine, four years older, Fay Ann, a year and a half older. His nickname, which became his legal first name in 1988, arose as a result of Fay's mispronouncing "brother" as "buzzer", shortened to "Buzz", he was a Boy Scout, with the rank of Tenderfoot Scout. Aldrin did well in school, he played football and was the starting center for Montclair High School's undefeated 1946 state champion team. His father wanted him to go to the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis and enrolled him at nearby Severn School, a preparatory school for Annapolis and secured him an appointment from Albert W. Hawkes, one of the United States Senators from New Jersey. Aldrin had other ideas about his future career, he suffered from considered ships a distraction from flying airplanes. He faced down his father and told him to ask Hawkes to change the nomination to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Aldrin entered West Point in 1947, he did well academically.
He was a member of the academy field team. In 1950 he traveled with a group of West Point cadets to Japan and the Philippines to study the military government policies of Douglas MacArthur. During his trip, the Korean War broke out. On June 5, 1951, he graduated third in the class of 1951 with a Bachelor of Science degree; as one of the highest-ranking members of the class, Aldrin had his choice of assignments. He chose the United States Air Force, which had become a separate service in 1947 while Aldrin was still at West Point and did not yet have its own academy, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant, underwent basic flight training in T-6 Texans at Bartow Air Base in Florida. His classmates included Sam Johnson, who became a prisoner of war in Vietnam. At one point, Aldrin suffered a grayout, he recovered in time averting what would have been a fatal crash. When deciding what sort of aircraft he should fly, his father advised him to choose bombers, because command of a bomber crew gave an opportunity to learn and hone leadership skills, which could open up better prospects for career advancement.
Aldrin chose instead to fly fighters. He moved to Nellis Air Force Base in Las Vegas, where he learned to fly the F-80 Shooting Star and the F-86 Sabre. Like most jet fighter pilots of the era, he preferred the latter. In December 1952, Aldrin was assigned to the 16th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, part of the 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing. At the time it was based at Suwon Air Base, about 20 miles south of Seoul, was engaged in combat operations as part of the Korean War. During an acclimatization flight his main fuel system froze at 100 percent power, which would have soon used up all his fuel, he was able to override the setting manually, but this required holding a button down, which in turn made it impossible to use his radio. He managed to make it back under enforced radio silence, he shot down two MiG-15 aircraft. The first Mig-15 he shot down was on May 14, 1953. Aldrin was flying about 5 miles south of the Yalu River