American Civil War
The American Civil War was an internal conflict fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states grouped together as the Confederate States of America, the Union won the war, which remains the bloodiest in U. S. history. Among the 34 U. S. states in February 1861, War broke out in April 1861 when Confederates attacked the U. S. fortress of Fort Sumter. The Confederacy grew to eleven states, it claimed two more states, the Indian Territory, and the southern portions of the western territories of Arizona. The Confederacy was never recognized by the United States government nor by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal, including border states where slavery was legal, were known as the Union or the North, the war ended with the surrender of all the Confederate armies and the dissolution of the Confederate government in the spring of 1865. The war had its origin in the issue of slavery. The Confederacy collapsed and 4 million slaves were freed, but before his inauguration, seven slave states with cotton-based economies formed the Confederacy.
The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, the first seven with state legislatures to resolve for secession included split majorities for unionists Douglas and Bell in Georgia with 51% and Louisiana with 55%. Alabama had voted 46% for those unionists, Mississippi with 40%, Florida with 38%, Texas with 25%, of these, only Texas held a referendum on secession. Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession, outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Lincolns March 4,1861 inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war, speaking directly to the Southern States, he reaffirmed, I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists. I believe I have no right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. After Confederate forces seized numerous federal forts within territory claimed by the Confederacy, efforts at compromise failed, the Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on King Cotton that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter, while in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theater, the battle was inconclusive in 1861–62. The autumn 1862 Confederate campaigns into Maryland and Kentucky failed, dissuading British intervention, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made ending slavery a war goal. To the west, by summer 1862 the Union destroyed the Confederate river navy, much of their western armies, the 1863 Union siege of Vicksburg split the Confederacy in two at the Mississippi River. In 1863, Robert E. Lees Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg, Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grants command of all Union armies in 1864
Tennessee State Route 22
State Route 22 is a 172. 8-mile long south-to-north state highway in the western part of the U. S. state of Tennessee. It begins at the Mississippi state line in McNairy County, where the roadway continues as Mississippi Highway 2 and it ends at the Kentucky state line in Lake County, when it crosses into the Kentucky Bend, a detached portion of Fulton County, Kentucky. The monument for the 1862 Battle of Island Number Ten in the American Civil War is located on SR-22, State Route 22A is a 26. 0-mile-long alternate route of SR-22 that exists in the west-central part of the U. S. state of Tennessee. Its routing takes it through parts of McNairy, Chester, SR-22 is one of only three highways in the state to have signed alternate routes. It begins in Milledgeville, at an intersection with the SR-22 mainline and SR-69, the highway travels due west for one block and curves to the northwest and enters Chester County. Just on the city limits of Milledgeville, SR-22A curves to a western routing. There, it intersects the terminus of SR-224 and curves to the north-northwest.
After a slight jog to the west, it resumes its north-northwesterly routing, SR-22A travels through rural areas of the county and enters Jacks Creek, where it intersects SR-100. The alternate route curves to the north-northeast and enters Henderson County, SR-22A is not part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nations economy and mobility. State Route 22 Business is a route in Huntingdon, Tennessee. The SR-22 freeway section from Martin to Union City is proposed to be Interstate 169, roads portal Tennessee Department of Transportation. State Highway and Interstate List 2003, Interstate 169 on Interstate-guide. com Tennessee State Route 22 3-digit Interstates from I-69
Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States, Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky and Virginia to the north, North Carolina to the east, Georgia and Mississippi to the south, and Arkansas and Missouri to the west. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, Tennessees capital and second largest city is Nashville, which has a population of 654,610. Memphis is the states largest city, with a population of 655,770, the state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact generally regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians. What is now Tennessee was initially part of North Carolina, Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1,1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war.
Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state besides Virginia and this sharply reduced competition in politics in the state until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-20th century. This city was established to house the Manhattan Projects uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the worlds first atomic bomb, Tennessees major industries include agriculture and tourism. Poultry and cattle are the primary agricultural products, and major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment. In the early 18th century, British traders encountered a Cherokee town named Tanasi in present-day Monroe County, the town was located on a river of the same name, and appears on maps as early as 1725. The meaning and origin of the word are uncertain, some accounts suggest it is a Cherokee modification of an earlier Yuchi word. It has been said to mean meeting place, winding river, according to ethnographer James Mooney, the name can not be analyzed and its meaning is lost.
The modern spelling, Tennessee, is attributed to James Glen, the governor of South Carolina, the spelling was popularized by the publication of Henry Timberlakes Draught of the Cherokee Country in 1765. In 1788, North Carolina created Tennessee County, the county to be established in what is now Middle Tennessee. When a constitutional convention met in 1796 to organize a new out of the Southwest Territory. Other sources differ on the origin of the nickname, according to the Columbia Encyclopedia. Tennessee ties Missouri as the state bordering the most other states, the state is trisected by the Tennessee River. The highest point in the state is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet, Clingmans Dome, which lies on Tennessees eastern border, is the highest point on the Appalachian Trail, and is the third highest peak in the United States east of the Mississippi River
Obion County, Tennessee
Obion County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,807, the county seat is Union City. The county was formed in 1823 and organized in 1824 and it was named after the Obion River. Obion County is part of the Union City, TN–KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, from 1877-1950, there were 18 lynchings of blacks in the county, the second-highest number in the state. Neighboring Lake County had 13 lynchings and these two counties have had small overall populations compared to Shelby County, where there were 20 lynchings in that period. Most of the murders occurred around the turn of the century, part of racial terrorism. Obion was established in 1823 and organized the following year and it was named for the Obion River, which flows through the county and is a tributary of the nearby Mississippi River. The word Obion is believed to be derived from a Native American word meaning many forks, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 556 square miles, of which 545 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water.
The population density was 60 people per square mile, there were 14,489 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 88. 16% White,9. 85% Black or African American,0. 19% Asian,0. 14% Native American,0. 05% Pacific Islander,0. 91% from other races, and 0. 71% from two or more races. 1. 90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,25. 70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12. 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was out with 23. 40% under the age of 18,8. 40% from 18 to 24,27. 70% from 25 to 44,25. 40% from 45 to 64. The median age was 39 years, for every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males, the median income for a household in the county was $32,764, and the median income for a family was $40,533. Males had an income of $32,963 versus $20,032 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $17,409, about 10. 10% of families and 13. 30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18. 60% of those under age 18 and 15. 10% of those age 65 or over. The county is part of District 77 of the Tennessee House of Representatives, currently represented by Republican Bill Sanderson, the county is part of District 24 of the Tennessee Senate, currently represented by Republican John Stevens
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the largest drainage system on the North American continent. Flowing entirely in the United States, it rises in northern Minnesota, with its many tributaries, the Mississippis watershed drains all or parts of 31 U. S. states and 2 Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian Mountains. The Mississippi ranks as the fourth longest and fifteenth largest river in the world by discharge, the river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, Arkansas and Louisiana. Native Americans long lived along the Mississippi River and its tributaries, most were hunter-gatherers, but some, such as the Mound Builders, formed prolific agricultural societies. The arrival of Europeans in the 16th century changed the way of life as first explorers, settlers. The river served first as a barrier, forming borders for New Spain, New France, and the early United States, and as a vital transportation artery and communications link.
Formed from thick layers of the silt deposits, the Mississippi embayment is one of the most fertile agricultural regions of the country. In recent years, the river has shown a shift towards the Atchafalaya River channel in the Delta. The word itself comes from Messipi, the French rendering of the Anishinaabe name for the river, see below in the History section for additional information. In addition to historical traditions shown by names, there are at least two measures of a rivers identity, one being the largest branch, and the other being the longest branch. Using the largest-branch criterion, the Ohio would be the branch of the Lower Mississippi. Using the longest-branch criterion, the Middle Mississippi-Missouri-Jefferson-Beaverhead-Red Rock-Hellroaring Creek River would be the main branch and its length of at least 3,745 mi is exceeded only by the Nile, the Amazon, and perhaps the Yangtze River among the longest rivers in the world. The source of this waterway is at Browers Spring,8,800 feet above sea level in southwestern Montana and this is exemplified by the Gateway Arch in St.
Louis and the phrase Trans-Mississippi as used in the name of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition. It is common to qualify a regionally superlative landmark in relation to it, the New Madrid Seismic Zone along the river is noteworthy. These various basic geographical aspects of the river in turn underlie its human history and present uses of the waterway, the Upper Mississippi runs from its headwaters to its confluence with the Missouri River at St. Louis, Missouri. The source of the Upper Mississippi branch is traditionally accepted as Lake Itasca,1,475 feet above sea level in Itasca State Park in Clearwater County, the lake is in turn fed by a number of smaller streams. From its origin at Lake Itasca to St. Louis, fourteen of these dams are located above Minneapolis in the headwaters region and serve multiple purposes, including power generation and recreation. The remaining 29 dams, beginning in downtown Minneapolis, all locks and were constructed to improve commercial navigation of the upper river
It forms one pole of the North Atlantic oscillation, the other being the Icelandic Low. The system influences the weather and climatic patterns of vast areas of North Africa and southern Europe, the aridity of the Sahara Desert and the summer drought of the Mediterranean Basin is due to the large-scale subsidence and sinking motion of air in the system. In its summer position, the high is centered near Bermuda, in summer, the Azores-Bermuda High is strongest. The central pressure hovers around 1024 mbar and this high-pressure block exhibits anticyclonic nature, circulating the air clockwise. Latitudinal displacement of the ridge is occurring, and computer models depict more westward expansion of the anticyclone in the future. However, during the winter of 2009–2010, the Azores High was smaller, displaced to the northeast and weaker than usual, hadley cell Cold front Mediterranean tropical cyclone
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae. The fiber is almost pure cellulose, under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will tend to increase the dispersal of the seeds. The plant is a native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa. The greatest diversity of wild species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia. Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds, the fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile. Current estimates for world production are about 25 million tonnes or 110 million bales annually, China is the worlds largest producer of cotton, but most of this is used domestically. The United States has been the largest exporter for many years, in the United States, cotton is usually measured in bales, which measure approximately 0.48 cubic meters and weigh 226.8 kilograms.
Cotton cultivation in the region is dated to the Indus Valley Civilization, the Indus cotton industry was well-developed and some methods used in cotton spinning and fabrication continued to be used until the industrialization of India. Between 2000 and 1000 BC cotton became widespread across much of India, for example, it has been found at the site of Hallus in Karnataka dating from around 1000 BC. Cotton fabrics discovered in a cave near Tehuacán, Mexico have been dated to around 5800 BC, the domestication of Gossypium hirsutum in Mexico is dated between 3400 and 2300 BC. Cotton was grown upriver, made into nets, and traded with fishing villages along the coast for supplies of fish. The Spanish who came to Mexico and Peru in the early 16th century found the people growing cotton and this may be a reference to tree cotton, Gossypium arboreum, which is a native of the Indian subcontinent. According to the Columbia Encyclopedia, Cotton has been spun, woven and it clothed the people of ancient India and China.
Hundreds of years before the Christian era, cotton textiles were woven in India with matchless skill, in Iran, the history of cotton dates back to the Achaemenid era, there are few sources about the planting of cotton in pre-Islamic Iran. The planting of cotton was common in Merv and Pars of Iran, in Persian poets poems, especially Ferdowsis Shahname, there are references to cotton. Marco Polo refers to the products of Persia, including cotton. John Chardin, a French traveler of the 17th century who visited the Safavid Persia, during the Han dynasty, cotton was grown by Chinese peoples in the southern Chinese province of Yunnan. Mohamed Ali Pasha accepted the proposition and granted himself the monopoly on the sale and export of cotton in Egypt, and dictated cotton should be grown in preference to other crops
Kentucky Educational Television
Kentucky Educational Television is a state network of PBS member television stations serving the U. S. KET has centers in Louisville as well as at the Kentucky State Capitol Annex in Frankfort. KET carries national programming from PBS and American Public Television along with a range of local programming, basic skills. KET was founded by O. Leonard Press, a member of the University of Kentucky faculty, before coming to the university, Press had developed the weekly broadcast from the National Press Club, which has aired for over half a century. This was a choice given UKs history in educational broadcasting. UK had been involved in broadcasting in one form or another since 1921, and operated WBKY and this drive failed, but Press and his colleagues decided to set their sights higher and make a bid for a statewide educational television network along the lines of Alabama Educational Television. At the time, the educational station in Kentucky was WFPK-TV in Louisville. The idea gained momentum until 1959, when Press addressed the local Rotary Club in the state capital of Frankfort.
After landing support from UK officials, what was supposed to be a meeting with Governor Bert T. Combs turned into a proposal to start the state network. The Kentucky Authority for Educational Television was created in 1962 with Press serving as its executive director, the project made little progress until 1965 when Ashland Oil founder Paul G. Blazer personally acquired the first thirteen transmitter sites and gifted the sites to the authority. Ownership of the led to KETs expanded inclusion in the state budget and eligibility for United States Department of Health and Welfare. KET finally took to the air on September 23,1968 with programming relayed on 10 stations, over the next 13 years after the networks sign-on, five more full-power stations were added to the network, WKMU-TV in Murray joined the network 16 days after the networks inception. WCVN-TV of Covington was signed on to be part of the network in September 1969 to serve Northern Kentuckys suburbs of Cincinnati, in Louisville, KET signed on WKMJ-TV on September 2,1970, giving that area a second educational television outlet.
This brings a second station to become available to the Evansville media market. In 1981, WKPD of Paducah was converted to a KET station in 1981 after ten years of broadcasting as commercial independent station WDXR-TV and this was done so KET can reach areas of the Jackson Purchase area that WKMU-TV could not reach. Until that time, WSIU-TV in Carbondale, Illinois was the default PBS station, before joining PBS in 1970, KET was a member of its predecessor, National Educational Television, for its first two years of operation. The first instructional television program produced by KET was Kentucky is My Land, originally operating only during school hours, within a year it had acquired enough support to begin broadcasting its programming during the evening as well. By 1975, it was showing programming seven days a week, the network began nightly coverage of the Kentucky General Assembly in 1978
Enclave and exclave
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state. Territorial waters have the same attributes as land, and enclaves may therefore exist within territorial waters. An exclave is a portion of a state or territory geographically separated from the part by surrounding alien territory. Enclave is sometimes used improperly to denote a territory that is partly surrounded by another state. Vatican City and San Marino, enclaved by Italy, and Lesotho, unlike an enclave, an exclave can be surrounded by several states. The Azeri exclave of Naxçıvan is an example of an exclave. Semi-enclaves and semi-exclaves are areas that, except for possessing an unsurrounded sea border and semi-enclaves can exist as independent states, while exclaves always constitute just a part of a sovereign state. A pene-enclave is a part of the territory of one country that can be approached conveniently — in particular by wheeled traffic — only through the territory of another country, pene-enclaves are called functional enclaves or practical enclaves.
Many pene-exclaves partially border their own territorial waters, a pene-enclave can exist entirely on land, such as when intervening mountains render a territory inaccessible from other parts of a country except through alien territory. A commonly cited example is the Kleinwalsertal, a part of Vorarlberg, Austria. The word enclave is French and first appeared in the century as a derivative of the verb enclaver. In law, this created a servitude of passage for the benefit of the owner of the surrounded land, the first diplomatic document to contain the word enclave was the Treaty of Madrid, signed in 1526. Later, the term began to be used to refer to parcels of countries, fiefs, towns, parishes. This French word eventually entered the English and other languages to denote the same concept although local terms have continued to be used, in India, the word pocket is often used as a synonym for enclave. In British administrative history, subnational enclaves were usually called detachments or detached parts, in English ecclesiastic history, subnational enclaves were known as peculiars.
The word exclave, modeled on enclave, is a extension of the concept of enclave. Enclaves exist for a variety of historical and geographical reasons, in particular, this state of affairs persisted into the 19th century in the Holy Roman Empire, and these domains exhibited many of the characteristics of sovereign states. Prior to 1866 Prussia alone consisted of more than 270 discontiguous pieces of territory, over time enclaves have tended to be eliminated. This exchange thus effectively de-enclaved another two dozen second-order enclaves and one third-order enclave, eliminating 197 of the Indo-Bangladesh enclaves in all, the residents in these enclaves had complained of being effectively stateless
Project Gutenberg is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks. It was founded in 1971 by Michael S. Hart and is the oldest digital library, most of the items in its collection are the full texts of public domain books. The project tries to make these as free as possible, in long-lasting, as of 3 October 2015, Project Gutenberg reached 50,000 items in its collection. The releases are available in plain text but, wherever possible, other formats are included, such as HTML, PDF, EPUB, MOBI, most releases are in the English language, but many non-English works are available. There are multiple affiliated projects that are providing additional content, including regional, Project Gutenberg is closely affiliated with Distributed Proofreaders, an Internet-based community for proofreading scanned texts. Project Gutenberg was started by Michael Hart in 1971 with the digitization of the United States Declaration of Independence, Hart, a student at the University of Illinois, obtained access to a Xerox Sigma V mainframe computer in the universitys Materials Research Lab.
Through friendly operators, he received an account with an unlimited amount of computer time. Hart has said he wanted to back this gift by doing something that could be considered to be of great value. His initial goal was to make the 10,000 most consulted books available to the public at little or no charge and this particular computer was one of the 15 nodes on ARPANET, the computer network that would become the Internet. Hart believed that computers would one day be accessible to the general public and he used a copy of the United States Declaration of Independence in his backpack, and this became the first Project Gutenberg e-text. He named the project after Johannes Gutenberg, the fifteenth century German printer who propelled the movable type printing press revolution, by the mid-1990s, Hart was running Project Gutenberg from Illinois Benedictine College. More volunteers had joined the effort, all of the text was entered manually until 1989 when image scanners and optical character recognition software improved and became more widely available, which made book scanning more feasible.
Hart came to an arrangement with Carnegie Mellon University, which agreed to administer Project Gutenbergs finances, as the volume of e-texts increased, volunteers began to take over the projects day-to-day operations that Hart had run. Starting in 2004, an online catalog made Project Gutenberg content easier to browse, access. Project Gutenberg is now hosted by ibiblio at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Italian volunteer Pietro Di Miceli developed and administered the first Project Gutenberg website and started the development of the Project online Catalog. In his ten years in this role, the Project web pages won a number of awards, often being featured in best of the Web listings, Hart died on 6 September 2011 at his home in Urbana, Illinois at the age of 64. In 2000, a corporation, the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. Long-time Project Gutenberg volunteer Gregory Newby became the foundations first CEO, in 2000, Charles Franks founded Distributed Proofreaders, which allowed the proofreading of scanned texts to be distributed among many volunteers over the Internet
Tiptonville is a town in and the county seat of Lake County, Tennessee. Its population was 2,439 as of the 2000 census and 4,464 in 2010 and it was designated the county seat when Lake County was created in 1870. Tiptonville was the scene of the surrender of Confederate forces at the end of the 1862 Battle of Island Number Ten in the American Civil War, Tiptonville is located at 36°22′39″N 89°28′34″W, on a small rise known as the Tiptonville Dome and within the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The Mississippi River is to the west and north, the Kentucky Bend is to the north, according to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.4 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,439 people,918 households, the population density was 1,704.0 people per square mile. There were 992 housing units at a density of 693.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 62. 57% White,36. 16% African American,0. 33% Native American,0. 08% Asian,0. 12% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 82% of the population. 35. 2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the town, the population was out with 20. 7% under the age of 18,9. 4% from 18 to 24,28. 3% from 25 to 44,23. 2% from 45 to 64. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.9 males, the median income for a household in the town was $19,475, and the median income for a family was $24,929. Males had an income of $25,089 versus $18,333 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,843, about 21. 1% of families and 26. 5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43. 0% of those under age 18 and 28. 7% of those age 65 or over. A local newspaper, The Lake County Banner, is published in Tiptonville, Lake County High School is located in Tiptonville. Margret Newton Elementary Clifton Cates, 19th Commandant of the U. S
New Madrid, Missouri
New Madrid is a city in New Madrid County, United States. Located on the Kentucky Bend of the Mississippi River, it is 42 miles south by west of Cairo, New Madrid was founded in about 1778 by Spanish Governor Bernardo de Gálvez, who controlled Spanish Louisiana. He welcomed settlers from the United States, but required them to citizens of Spain. In addition, they had to agree to live under the guidance of his appointed empresario, Colonel William Morgan, Morgan recruited a number of American families to settle at New Madrid, attracting some 2,000 people to the region. In 1800, Spain traded the territory to France in the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, France promptly sold it to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The town is on the side of the Kentucky Bend in the Mississippi River. The river curves in an oxbow around an exclave of Fulton County, scientists expect the river eventually to cut across the neck of the peninsula and make a more direct channel. The city is remembered as being near the Mississippi River Battle of Island Number Ten and this floodplain area was cultivated as cotton plantations.
By the turn of the 20th century, New Madrid contained two mills, a grist mill, a stave and heading factory, and a cotton gin. There were four Protestant churches, two with African-American congregations, and one Catholic church, in 1900,1,489 people lived in New Madrid, Missouri, in 1910, the population was 1,882. The population was 3,116 at the 2010 census, New Madrid is the county seat of New Madrid County. The town is home to the middle and high schools. New Madrid lies far away from any plate boundaries, but it is on the New Madrid Seismic Zone, the major earthquake was felt as far away as the East Coast. New Madrid is located at 36°35′16″N 89°32′9″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.53 square miles, of which,4.49 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. New Madrid has a subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and chilly. The hottest has been 107 °F or 41.7 °C record on August 4,1964, whilst an average of 2.9 days exceed 100 °F or 37.8 °C.
Between 1963 and 2012 the wettest calendar year was 1990 with 71.24 inches or 1,809.5 millimetres and the driest 2005 with 32.36 inches or 821.9 millimetres. The wettest day was September 23,2006 with 11.38 inches in one day, and September 2006 was the wettest month with 15.27 inches, whilst no precipitation fell during October 1964