SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Kenyan shilling

The shilling is the currency of Kenya. It is divided into 100 cents; the exchange rate of the Kenyan shilling slumped in mid-2011, from about 83 shillings per US dollar to about 100 shillings per US dollar at late 2011 and to 105 shillings in September 2015. The Central Bank of Kenya shifted its target to tighten liquidity, including increasing interest rate and money market operations, but expected inflows due to tea export drove up the exchange rate to about 84 shillings per US dollar on 31 January 2012. The Kenyan shilling replaced the East African shilling in 1966 at par; the first coins were issued in 1966 in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents, 1 and 2 shillings. In 1973 and 1985, 5-shillings coins were introduced, followed by 10-shillings in 1994 and 20-shillings in 1998. Between 1967 and 1978, the portrait of Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya appeared on the obverse of all of independent Kenya's coins. In 1980, a portrait of Daniel arap Moi replaced Kenyatta until 2005, when the central bank introduced a new coin series that restored the portrait of Kenyatta.

The coins are 50 cents and 1 shilling in stainless steel and bi-metallic coins of 5, 10 and 20 shillings. A bi-metallic 40-shilling coin with the portrait of then-President Mwai Kibaki was issued in 2003 to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of independence. New coins with the image of Kenyatta were issued in 2005. In 2010, Section 231 of the 2010 Constitution of Kenya stated "Notes and coins issued by the Central Bank of Kenya may bear images that depict or symbolise Kenya or an aspect of Kenya but may not bear the portrait of any individual." New banknotes and coins are scheduled to be released by 2018 to meet up with this new law. A new series of coins was issued on 11th December 2018, in denominations of 1-, 5-, 10 and 20 shillings. All of the coins depict the national Coat of arms of Kenya on the obverse and images of Africa's recognizable animals on the reverse; the new series of coins is designed to be more recognizable for visually impaired people. On 14 September 1966, the Kenyan shilling replaced the East African shilling at par, although the latter was not demonetised until 1969.

The Central Bank of Kenya issued notes in denominations of 10, 20, 50 and 100 shillings. All of the notes feature a portrait of Kenya's first prime minister and president, Jomo Kenyatta, on the front and diverse economic activities on the back.5 shillings notes were replaced by coins in 1985, with the same happening to 10 and 20 shillings in 1994 and 1998. In 1986, 200 shillings notes were introduced, followed by 500 shillings in 1988 and 1000 shillings in 1994; as with the coins, Kenyatta appeared on the banknotes issued until 1978, with Daniel arap Moi's portrait replacing him in 1980. In 2003, after Mwai Kibaki replaced Moi as president, 5, 10, 20 shillings notes from the 1978 series with Kenyatta's picture, in storage were issued, circulated for a time. A new series of notes was introduced on which Kenyatta reappeared in denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 shillings; the issue of the 200 shillings banknote dated 12 December 2003 commemorates the "40 years of Independence 1963–2003".

The banknotes are printed in Nairobi by security printer De La Rue. On May 31, 2019, the Central Bank of Kenya issued a new family of banknotes without the portraits of known Kenyan individuals, as mandated by the Constitution of Kenya of 2010. At the same time, the Central Bank of Kenya has withdrawn all previous versions of the 1,000 shillings banknote; these remained legal tender until October 1, 2019. All of the banknotes for this series share a common design of the Kenyatta International Convention Centre on the front side of the notes, the back side of the notes feature images showcasing the richness of the people and nature of Kenya: "Green Energy", "Agriculture", "Social Services", "Tourism" and "Governance". All five denominations embody each of the big five animals of Africa: the buffalo, the leopard, the lion and the elephant; the Kenyan Shilling has been used since its inception without any symbolic graphic representation. In 2013 a concept symbol was designed by a freelance artist.

It gained quite a lot of positive with the Kenyan public praising the idea of having and owning their own signature symbol for the local currency, The Kenya Shilling, in existence since 1966 when it replaced the East African Shilling. The proposed sign or symbol uses the uppercase letter'K' representing Kenya, is combined with two parallel lines to represent the "=" symbol. Arithmetically, the equality sign is a function that shows balanced relationships between items of the same value - a relationship that forms the basis of money as a medium of exchange; this equivalence "certifies" the stability of the Shilling. Economy of Kenya Official website of the Central Bank of KenyaThe banknotes of Kenya

Cherry Boom

Cherry Boom was an all-female Taiwanese alternative rock band formed by four students of Fu-Jen Catholic University, a university previously attended by Taiwanese pop singer Jolin Tsai and pop band F. I. R. Vocalist Faye Zhan. In 2006, Cherry Boom released their debut album My Dear Prince. In 2007, they released their second album, Goody-Goody; the band disbanded after the release of their third album. Zha Jiawen or Lena Cha, stage name Zhazha, vocalist Liao Yijia, stage name Gua, guitarist Xu Ruoqian, stage name Xiaoqian, bass player Feng Kangtian, stage name Datian, drummer Eva Abou Samra & Nancy Asmar - Back up singers After Cherry Boom disbanded, Lena Cha started her solo project Astro Bunny with bassist/producer Jay Cheng. Astro Bunny performed their first concert on 13 June 2012, at the Riverside Cafe in Taipei and released their debut five-track EP "What If There’s No Tomorrow" the same month. In an interview with the Taipei Times, Cha said, "We named the group ‘bunny’ because I love bunnies and I forced him to like them too," Cha laughed.

"I picked the word "astro" because I'm an anime and computer game geek"

√Čric Woerth

Éric Woerth is a French politician. Woerth was born in Oise, he studied at Panthéon-Assas University, HEC School of Management and Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris. He was elected député for Oise in 2002, was treasurer of the UMP until he resigned in July 2010, he was state secretary for state reform in the government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin from 2004 to 2005. Woerth founded the "club de la boussole", a group of UMP députés, is a member of the Réformateurs, a liberal trend within the UMP, he was named Minister for the Budget, Public Accounts and the Civil Service on 18 May 2007, in the government of Prime Minister François Fillon. Woerth was appointed Minister of Labor and Civil Service in March 2010. On 5 July 2010, following its investigations on the Liliane Bettencourt and Éric Woerth political controversy, the online newspaper Mediapart revealed a report where Claire Thibout, an ex-accountant working for Liliane Bettencourt, accused Nicolas Sarkozy and Éric Woerth of receiving illegal campaign donations in 2007, in cash.

The Canard enchaîné and Marianne weeklies revealed that Éric Woerth authorized the sale of the Compiegne racetrack to a group with close connections to the UMP, for a low price and through an improper procedure. He was placed under formal investigation by the Cour de Justice de la République for that sale. All charges against him were dismissed in 2015. Governmental functions Minister of Labor and Public service: March–November 2010. Minister of Budget, Public Accounts, Public Service and State Reform: 2007-2010. Secretary of State for State Reform: 2004-2005. Electoral mandates National Assembly of France Member of the National Assembly of France for Oise: 2002-2004 / 2005-2007 / And since 2010. Elected in 2002, reelected in 2005, 2007. Regional Council Vice-president of the Regional Council of Picardy: 1992-1998. Regional councillor of Picardy: 1986-2002. Reelected in 1992, 1998. Municipal Council Mayor of Chantilly, Oise: 1995-2004 / And since 2005. Reelected in 2001, 2005, 2008. Deputy-mayor of Chantilly, Oise: 2004-2005.

Municipal councillor of Chantilly, Oise: Since 1995. Reelected in 2001, 2008. Community of communes Council President of the Communauté de communes of the aire cantilenne: Since 1995. Reelected in 2001, 2008. Member of the Communauté de communes of the aire cantilienne: Since 1995. Reelected in 2001, 2008. Éric Woerth's blog Affaire Bettencourt: les banques suisses chargent Eric Woerth, Le Monde la justice rattrape woerth au pas de course, Libération eric-woerth-aurait-bien-brade-l-hippodrome-de-compiegne,Le Monde