Kerala State Road Transport Corporation

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Kerala State Road Transport Corporation
Public Sector Corporation under the Ministry of Transport, Government of Kerala
Industry Public Transport
Founded 20 February 1938,1965
Headquarters Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Areas served
Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Mahe
Products Bus transport, Cargo Transport, Transit Services

Scania Garuda Maharaja
Volvo Garuda AC Multi axle Airbus
Super Deluxe Airbus
Sabari Airbus
Minnal delux air bus
Volvo Low Floor
Non AC low floor bus
Super Express
Super Fast
Fast Passenger
Silver Line Jet
Venad/Malabar Limited Stop
Ananthapuri City/Thiru Kochi City
Double Decker
Vestibule bus
Pink bus

Short wheel base / Ordinary Bus
Subsidiaries Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC)[1]
KSRTC Garuda Sanchari
KSRTC Kozhikode

The Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is the state-run bus company in Kerala, India. It is one of the oldest state run public bus transport services in India and is headquartered in Thiruvananthapuram.

KSRTC Bus at Parambikulam Tiger Reserve


The earliest of the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation was the Travancore State Transport Department, constituted by the King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, with the intent of reorganizing the transportation services of the former state. E.G. Salter, Assistant Operating Superintendent of London Passenger Transport Board, was appointed as Superintendent of the Transport Department on 20 September 1937.[2][3] The Transport Department grew with nationalisation of key interstate routes such as ThiruvananthapuramKanyakumari route and the PalakkadCoimbatore route.

The first fleet consisted of 60 Comet chassis fitted with Perkins diesel engines, imported from England, the bodies of the buses were built by the staff of the Travancore State Transport Department under the supervision of the Superintendent. The model for the selection of operating staff continues to be followed by the current operating staff, the Transport Department gave preference in recruitment for those who were likely to lose their private transport company jobs resulting from the nationalization of Thiruvananthapuram–Kanyakumari route. Thus the Transport Department began with a staff of about a hundred graduates appointed as Inspectors and Conductors.

The State Motor Service was inaugurated by The King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma on 20 February 1938, he and his kin were the first passengers of the system on the inaugural trip; Superintendent Salter was the driver of the bus. This bus, along with the thirty-three other buses brought on road driving through the Kowdiar Square was an attraction at that time.

Following the enactment of the Road Transport Corporation Act in 1950, the Government of Kerala formulated KSRTC rules in 1965 by Section 44. The Transport Department was converted into an autonomous corporation on 1 April 1965 and the Keralacation dated 15 March 1965. KSRTC buses are the registered under a dedicated RTO at Thiruvananthapuram with the registration series KL-15.

The State government had issued a notification in 2012 suspending the issuance of new permits to inter-district buses while exempting the Kerala State Transport Corporation (KSRTC), the presumption then was that State-run services would step in and operate on these routes. However, it had led to a shortage of services from Kochi to several northern districts, Madhu Sivaraman, CPPR Director (research and projects) said, who conducted a study regarding  choice between KSRTC and private buses. [4]


The corporation has a fleet of 6241 buses consisting Volvo buses, Scania buses, Ashok Leyland, Tata Motors, Eicher Motors, and minibuses.[5] The fleet composition as of 6 December 2010 was:

Service Type Model Numbers Description
City Ordinary Tata 1510 & Tata 1512c 42 Ordinary Buses in Thiruvananthapuram for city transportation.
City Double Decker Ashok Leyland Titan 2 Double Decker buses in Kochi (Angamaly to Vyttila Mobility Hub)and Thiruvananthapuram (East Fort to Sangumugham Beach) charging ordinary fares.
Thiru Kochi / Ananthapuri Fast Tata 1510 & Tata 1512c 205 City buses in Kochi / Thiruvananthapuram with 2x2 seating layout.
Low Floor Non-AC City Bus Ashok Leyland Panther RE Semi Low Floor 240 Low Floor City Buses under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission scheme with 2x2 seating layout.
Low Floor AC City Bus Volvo 8400 80 Low Floor AC City Buses under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission scheme in Kochi / Thiruvananthapuram with 2x2 seating layout.
Minibus Tata 709E, Ashok Leyland Stag 21 Mini Buses are used on small feeder routes charging ordinary fares.
Rajadhani ring road service[6] Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c 10 New ring road bus service in Thiruvananthapuram city
Short Wheel Base Ordinary Buses Tata 1512, Ashok Leyland Cheetah 200 Midi Buses with shorter wheelbase (176 in wheelbase) are used on routes in hilly areas, ghats and small narrower roads charging ordinary fares.
Ordinary Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c 3,958 Short routes served by older buses that used to run on higher grade services.
Venad / Malabar Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata Globus, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c 1,465 Comfortable buses used as Limited Stop Ordinary [LS ORD] / Fare Stage Limited Stop [FSLS] / Town to Town [TT] with 3x2 seating layout and Ordinary Fare Stage.
Fast Passenger Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512c 1152 Short and long distance no frill services with 3x2 seating layout.
Super Fast Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512c, Eicher 334 Fast, long distance services with 3x2 seating layout.
Super Express Airbus Ashok Leyland 12M, Tata 1612c, Eicher 50 Newly introduced long distance services on 12 m chassis, often interstate with 3x2 seating layout with more leg room and rear air suspension. Some buses have 2x2 reclining seating layout. Same fare as a Super Express.
Super Deluxe / Sabari Airbus Ashok Leyland Viking & Tata LPO1512c Ex 50 Luxury interstate and intrastate services, often long distance with 2x2 reclining seats and rear air suspension.
Silver Line Jet Ashok Leyland Viking 7 Luxury interstate and intrastate services, often long distance with 2x2 reclining seats, WiFi on board.
Vestibule bus Ashok Leyland 1 Thiruvananthapuram (East fort - Medical college).
Garuda King Class Multi Axle (AC) Volvo 9400 10 Luxury Interstate multiaxle bus

services using Volvo B9R with 2x2 semisleeper seats and full air suspension.

Garuda Maharaja Multi Axle (AC) Scania Metrolink 18 Luxury Interstate and Intrastate multiaxle bus

services using Scania Metrolink buses with 2x2 semisleeper seats and full air suspension.*

Total 6,184 Total number of Schedules : 5,598

Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation[edit]

In November 2014, Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC), with headquarters in Kochi, was formed to operate low-floor buses which are procured with the financial assistance from the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).[1]

The 314 low-floor buses already procured are to be brought under this newly formed subsidiary (KURTC).[citation needed] With 400 low-floor buses to be procured for extending services to 12 more districts in the State under JNNURM scheme 2013-14, the number of these sleek modern buses is to go up to 767.[citation needed]


[[File:Kollam KSRTC Bus Station.jpg|right|thumb|Kollam KSRTC Bus Terminal near Cutchery in Kollam city]] Kerala State Road Transport Corporation have a total of 5 zones in the state, each zone is managed by a zonal officer.

No. Zone Office
1 Thiruvananthapuram Vikas Bhavan Depot.
2 Kollam Kollam KSRTC Bus Station
3 Ernakulam Ernakulam KSRTC Bus Station
4 Thrissur Thrissur KSRTC Bus Station
5 Kozhikode Kozhikode KSRTC Bus Station[7]

Depots and workshops[edit]

KSRTC has 28 depots, 45 sub depots, 19 operating centres, 28 station master offices, 5 workshops and 3 staff training colleges spread throughout the Kerala;[8] in 1995 Kerala State Road Transport Corporation ventured into the technical education field by establishing an engineering college named Sree Chitra Thirunal College of Engineering at Pappanamcode on its Central Workshop premises.

KSRTC is also having 28 Station Master (SM) Offices at Ambalapuzha, Ayoor, Eenchakkal, Ernakulam Jetty, Ettumanoor, Iritty, Kadakkal, Kaliyakkavila, Kuthiyathode, Malayilkeezh, Manjery, Mundakkayam, Nagarcoil, Ochira, Pattambi, Pothencode, Puthenkurishu, Tirur, Valanchery, Varkala, Vytila Hub and also have 3 staff training colleges in Trivandrum, Ernakulam and Edappal . [9]


Historical Fares[edit]

"Half a Chakram was the minimum fare in 1938. The first class tickets had cost 50% more than the coordinating rate, during that period free travel was allowed for children up to 3 years and only half the fare was charged for children until age 14. There were no luggage tickets, but when the luggage weighed more than 28 pounds up to 56 pounds, a fee was assessed for 4 chakras. Passengers with luggage that weighed more than 56 pounds were assessed a fee of 6 chakras up to 112 pounds and above, as the Chakram had triple the value of a 100 rupee currency note today, the cost of travelling was comparatively higher during those days".

Current Fares[edit]

The fares were last revised on 11 November 2012 .

  • 64 paise for City/Ordinary Services,
  • 68 paise for City Fast Services,
  • 68 paise for Fast Passenger/Limited Stop FP Services,
  • 72 paise for Super Fast Services,
  • 77 paise for Super Express Services,
  • 90 paise for Super Deluxe/Semi Sleeper Services,
  • 110 paise for Luxury/High-Tech/Air Conditioned Services, and
  • 130 paise for Volvo Services.[10]

Note: w.e.f 1 March 2016, the minimum charge for Ordinary bus has been bought down to 6.00 INR, in order to benefit the common man, owing to the decrease in oil prices. Ordinary bus charges for all fare stages has been bought down by 1.00 INR. However, the Kerala Government reversed its decision in December 2016 and the minimum charge of ordinary bus has been bought back to 7.00 INR[11]


Bus Type Minimum Fare in Indian Rupees
LOW FLOOR Non A/C 8.00


  • The daily scheduled distance for bus services has increased from 12,00,000 km to 14,22,546 km.[12]
  • 6,241 buses run on 6,389 schedules every day.[13]
  • Average number of passengers transported in a day is 3145,000 (3.145 million)



External links[edit]