Kermanshah known as Kermānshāhān, is the capital of Kermanshah Province, located 525 kilometres from Tehran in the western part of Iran. According to the 2016 census, its population is 946,681. A majority of the population speaks Southern Kurdish. Kermanshah has a mountainous climate. Kermanshah is the largest Kurdish-speaking city in Iran. Most of the inhabitants of Kermanshah are Shia Muslims, but there are minorities such as Sunni Muslims, so on. "Kermanshah" derives from the Sasanian-era title Kirmanshah, which translates as "King of Kerman". Famously, this title was held by the son of Shapur III, Prince Bahram, bestowed with the title upon being appointed governor of the province of Kirman. In 390, when he had succeeded his father as Bahram IV, he founded Kermanshah, applied his former title to the new city, i.e. " King of Kerman". After the revolution in 1979, the city was named Ghahramanshahr for a short period of time, the name of the city as well as the province changed to Bakhtaran due to the presence of the word "Shah" in the original name.
Bakhtaran means western, which refers to the location of the province within Iran. After the Iran–Iraq War, the city was renamed Kermanshah, as it resonated more with the desire of its residents, the Persian literature, the collective memory of the Iranians; because of its antiquity, attractive landscapes, rich culture and Neolithic villages, Kermanshah is considered one of the cradles of prehistoric cultures. According to archaeological surveys and excavation, the Kermanshah area has been occupied by prehistoric people since the Lower Paleolithic period, continued to Paleolithic periods till late Pleistocene period; the Lower Paleolithic evidence consists of some handaxes found in the Gakia area to the east of the city. The Middle Paleolithic remains have been found in various parts of the province in the northern vicinity of the city in Tang-e Kenesht, Tang-e Malaverd and near Taq-e Bostan. Neanderthal Man existed in the Kermanshah region during this period and the only discovered skeletal remains of this early human in Iran was found in three caves and rockshelter situated in Kermanshah province.
The known Paleolithic caves in this area are Warwasi, Malaverd and Do-Ashkaft Cave. The region was one of the first places in which human settlements including Asiab, Sarab, Chia Jani, Ganj-Darreh were established between 8,000-10,000 years ago; this is about the same time that the first potteries pertaining to Iran were made in Ganj-Darreh, near present-day Harsin. In May 2009, based on a research conducted by the University of Hamadan and UCL, the head of Archeology Research Center of Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization announced that the one of the oldest prehistoric village in the Middle East dating back to 9800 B. P. was discovered in Sahneh, located west of Kermanshah. Remains of village occupations and early Bronze Age are found in a number of mound sites in the city itself. In ancient Iranian mythology, construction of the city is attributed to Tahmuras, the third king of Pishdadian dynasty, it is believed that the Sassanids have constructed Kermanshah and Bahram IV gave his name to this city.
It was a glorious city in Sassanid period about the 4th century AD when it became the capital city of Persian Empire and a significant health center serving as the summer resort for Sassanid kings. In AD 226, following a two-year war led by the Persian Emperor, Ardashir I, against "Kurdish" tribes in the region, the empire reinstated a local "Kurdish" prince, Kayus of Medya, to rule Kermanshah. At the time, the term "Kurd" was used as a social term, designating Iranian nomads, rather than a concrete ethnic group; the word became an ethnic identity in the 13th century. Within the dynasty known as the House of Kayus remained a semi-independent kingdom lasting until AD 380 before Ardashir II removed the dynasty's last ruling member. Kermanshah was conquered by the Arabs in AD 640. Under Seljuk rule in the eleventh century, it became the major cultural and commercial center in western Iran and the southern Kurdish-inhabited areas as a whole; the Safavids fortified the town, the Qajars repulsed an attack by the Ottomans during Fath Ali Shah's rule.
Kermanshah was occupied by Ottomans between 1723–1729 and 1731–1732. Occupied by the Imperial Russian army in 1914, followed by the Ottoman army in 1915 during World War I, it was evacuated in 1917 when the British forces arrived there to expel the Ottomans. Kermanshah played an important role in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution during the Qajar dynasty period and the Republic Movement in Pahlavi dynasty period; the city was harshly damaged during the Iran–Iraq War, although it was rebuilt, it has not yet recovered. Kermanshah has a climate, influenced by the proximity of the Zagros mountains, classified as a hot-summer Mediterranean climate; the city's altitude and exposed location relative to westerly winds makes precipitation a little bit high, but at the same time produces huge diurnal temperature swings in the rainless summers, which remain hot during the day. Kermanshah experiences rather cold winters and there are rainfalls in fall and spring. Snow cover is seen for at least a couple of weeks in winter.
Fairfield Christian Academy is a private Christian school in Lancaster, Ohio. Established in 1998, the school serves students from preschool to twelfth grade. Fairfield Christian Academy was founded in 1998 as a ministry of Fairfield Christian Church in Lancaster, Ohio, a historical community 25 miles southeast of Columbus in Fairfield County; the school opened its doors to 200 students and 20 faculty. Today the school has 500 students in preschool through high school with over 80 faculty and staff; the school is accredited by Association of Christian Schools International. Student groups and activities include Academic Quiz Team, Media Team, Ski Club, National Art Society, Ecology Club, Mu Alpha Theta, National Honor Society, National Junior Honor Society, Spanish club; the school's athletic teams, known as the Knights, compete in Ohio High School Athletic Association Division 4 in the Mid-State League. The school fields teams in archery, basketball, football, softball and field, cross-country, volleyball.
Superintendent: Craig CarpenterAthletic Director: Anthony Turner High school principal: Craig CarpenterElementary school principal: Laura Putinski Fairfield Christian Academy Fairfield Christian Church
The 2015 UCI Road World Championships took place in Richmond, United States from September 19–27, 2015. It was the 88th Road World Championships. Peter Sagan won the men's road race and Lizzie Armitstead won the women's road race. By UCI's deadline expired on February 20, 2011, three nations had announced their intention to bid for this event: Richmond, United States Richmond announced its bid to host these championships at an official press conference on December 21, 2010. OmanDuring the 2011 Tour of Oman race organiser Eddy Merckx confirmed that the Arabian country would bid to host the 2015 world championships, he offered his support, media reports indicated he could have a key role in the organisation of the championships. Quebec City, Canada Quebec City bid for these championships after being encouraged by Pat McQuaid, president of the UCI. Quebec City was the only Canadian city that entered a bid by Cycling Canada's deadline of November 7, 2010. In 2011 Quebec City withdrew. On September 21, 2011, Richmond was selected as the host for the championships.
Planners anticipated over 500,000 visitors over the 10-day event According to the organizers the championships are believed to generate a significant economic impact in the Greater Richmond region. Staging the event can generate a $21.3 million cumulative economic impact in the region from 2012 to 2015. Visitor spending can bring a $129.2 million economic impact to the region in 2015. The Richmond 2015 visitor spending is estimated to result in $3.8 million in tax revenue for local governments in the Greater Richmond region in 2015. For Virginia, the economic impact of Richmond 2015 is estimated to be $158.1 million, from both event staging and visitor spending. Richmond 2015 is estimated to generate $5.0 million in state tax revenue. Main qualification was based on performances on the UCI events during 2015. Results from January to the middle of August counted towards the qualification criteria, with the rankings being determined upon the release of the numerous tour rankings on August 15, 2015.
The men's time trial and women's time trial were part of the qualification system for these cycling disciplines at the 2016 Summer Olympics. 791 national representatives from 76 national federations and 40 trade teams registered for the championships. The two riders from the Dominican Republic who would compete in the men's time trial did not start. Riders from Syria and Uganda registered for the championships but did not start; the number of cyclists per nation that competed, excluding riders in the team time trials, is shown in parentheses. All events will finish in Richmond, Virginia. All times are in Eastern Daylight Time; the process for designing the courses began in the summer of 2011. Three main factors were considered when designing the courses: technical aspects. An UCI official inspected the courses in December 2013; the courses were announced in February 2014. The course was used in competition during the national collegiate championships over May 2–4, 2014. All the races will finish in downtown Richmond on Broad Street, where the last few hundred meters are flat.
The lead-up in the final kilometers will be a bit uphill. Each lap of the 10-mile road circuit will contain a number of challenging climbs; each lap of the circuit includes cobbles. The course for the team time trial is 38.8 km, has a total elevation of 240 meters. The team time trial starts in Henrico County at Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden the Lakeside Wheel Club, founded in 1895 as a gathering spot for turn-of-the-century cyclists; the first kilometers go through Richmond's historic Northside neighborhoods leading into downtown. The course continues east of Richmond down rural Route 5, which parallels the 50-mile Virginia Capital Trail; the first few kilometers are scenic, open roads that narrow and wind through Richmond National Battlefield Park, a historic Civil War site. The race re-enters the city through Shockoe Bottom making a hard right turn on Governor Street to ascend 300 meters. At the top, the teams have to take a sharp left turn onto the false-flat finishing straight, 680 meters to the finish.
The length of the course has a total elevation of 244 meters. The course begins 20 mi north of Richmond at Kings Dominion, Virginia's premier amusement park in Hanover County, it will go to Meadow Event Park, home to the State Fair of Virginia and birthplace of thoroughbred racing legend Secretariat. Racers will head south on long, open straights past the Hanover County Courthouse, the third oldest courthouse still in use in the U. S. and dating back to about 1740. Long hills on Brook and Wilkinson roads bring the racers back into the city through Virginia Union University before turning into downtown. Nearly half the turns of the entire route fall within the closing kilometers, the second to last of, to ascend 300 meters on Governor Street. At the top, the teams have to take a sharp left turn onto the false-flat finishing straight, 680 meters to the finish. All individual time trials apart from the elite men time trial are on a circuit. Elite women, under-23 and junior men will ride two laps of the circuit and junior women will complete one lap.
The length of 1 lap has a total elevation of 96 meters. The circuit is a technical course; the start will head west from downtown to Monument Avenue, a paver-lin