Al St. John
Al St. John was an early American film comedian, nephew of Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle, with whom he appeared, he was employed by Mack Sennett and worked with many leading players such as Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton and Mabel Normand. In the talkies, he played the scruff-character "Fuzzy Q. Jones" in the Billy the Kid series. Born in Santa Ana, California to Walter St. John and Nora Arbuckle, he entered silent films around 1912 and soon rose to co-starring and starring roles in short comic films from a variety of studios, his uncle on his mother's side, Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle, may have helped him in his early days at Mack Sennett Studios, but talent kept him working. He was an acrobat. St. John appeared as Arbuckle's mischievously villainous rival for the attentions of leading ladies such as Mabel Normand and Minta Durfee, he worked with Arbuckle and Charles Chaplin in The Rounders, although his most critically praised film during this period with Arbuckle remains Fatty and Mabel Adrift. In France, he was billed as "Picratt."
When Arbuckle formed his own production company, he brought St. John with him and recruited stage star Buster Keaton into his films, creating a formidable roughhouse trio. After Arbuckle was involved in a publicized scandal that prevented him from appearing in movies, he pseudonymously directed his nephew Al as a comic leading man in silent and sound films such as The Iron Mule and Bridge Wives. Dozens of St. John's early films were screened during the 56-film Arbuckle retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City in 2006. During the sound era St. John was seen as an scruffy and bearded comic character, he played this rube role in Buster Keaton's 1937 comedy Love Nest on Wheels. That same year he began supporting cowboy stars Fred Scott and Jack Randall, but most of his films were made for Poverty Row studio Producers Releasing Corporation. For that studio, he played "Fuzzy Q. Jones" in the Billy the Kid series starring Bob Steele, the Lone Rider series, the Billy the Kid/Billy Carson series starring Buster Crabbe.
The name "Fuzzy" belonged to a different actor, John Forrest “Fuzzy“ Knight, who took on the role of "cowboy sidekick" before St. John; the studio first intended to hire Knight for the western series, but gave the role to St. John instead, who took on the nickname of his rival for his screen character. Exhibitors loved Fuzzy. Fuzzy's character was the main box-office draw in these films when shown in Europe; these ultra-low-budget Westerns took only a bit more than a week to film, so that Crabbe and St. John made 36 films together in a short time; when Crabbe left PRC, St. John was paired with new star Lash LaRue. St. John made more than 80 Westerns as Fuzzy. St. John created a character, "Stoney," in the film The Law of 45's that appeared, but played by different actors, in the continuing Western film series The Three Mesquiteers. St. John's last film was released in 1952. From that time on until his death in 1963 in Lyons, Georgia, he made personal appearances at fairs and rodeos, traveled with the Tommy Scott Wild West Show.
Altogether, Al St. John acted in 346 movies, spanning five decades from 1912 to 1952, he was working with a traveling Wild West show in Georgia and was waiting to go on when he suffered a massive heart attack and died at age 70. Al St. John filmography Those Great Cowboy Sidekicks, by David Rothel. Fuzzy St. John: Our Fuzzy Q. Jones, by Bobby J. Copeland. Official website Run by the Estate of Al St. John Al'Fuzzy' St. John page at the Old Corral Website Al St. John on IMDb Al St. John at Virtual History Al St. John in Bridge Wives on YouTube
Henry Lehrman was an American actor, screenwriter and producer. Lehrman was a prominent figure of Hollywood's silent film era, working with such cinematic pioneers as D. W. Griffith and Mack Sennett. However, he is remembered today not for his own achievements, but for three biographical facts: he had directed Charlie Chaplin's first film, Making a Living. Born in Sambir, Austria-Hungary, Lehrman emigrated to the United States in December 1906 and although he is best remembered as a film director, he began his career as an actor in a 1909 Biograph Studios production directed by D. W. Griffith, he gained the nickname "Pathé," because he told Biograph he had been sent there from Europe to have a job by France's Pathé Frères. While the executive at Biograph may not have believed him, they gave him his first acting work in film, appearing as one of many in a mob scene with another aspiring actor named Mack Sennett. A few years Lehrman was a successful actor and would make his directorial debut, co-directing a 1911 Biograph production with Sennett.
When Sennett left to create his own Keystone Studios, Henry Lehrman would join him, working as an actor, a screenwriter, as the first director of Charlie Chaplin. In 1915, Lehrman established his own film company called the L-KO Kompany to make two-reel comedies for Universal Studios. Lehrman was notorious for his low regard toward actors, such as for Charles Chaplin in the actor's earliest films, his willingness to place his actors in dangerous situations earned him the nickname "Mr. Suicide." Author Kalton C. Lahue noted that bit players and extras refused calls from L-KO. In 1916 Lehrman gave up acting to devote himself to directing and producing. In 1917 Lehrman left the L-KO Kompany and moved to Fox Film Corporation as producer of their "Sunshine Comedies" unit. In 1919 Lehrman met a young actress named Virginia Rappe and a personal relationship ensued that resulted in their engagement. However, in September 1921, Rappe, 26, died after attending a private party hosted by Roscoe'Fatty' Arbuckle at a hotel in San Francisco.
Arbuckle was charged with her murder. Arbuckle was found not guilty. For the two years following his fiancée's death, Henry Lehrman was inactive in the film business, he went through a short-lived marriage in 1922 to Jocelyn Leigh. In 1924 he accepted an offer from the Fox Film Corporation to return to directing their "Sunshine Comedies" unit. Lehrman continued as a successful director until the introduction of talkies at the end of the 1920s, he directed two sound films for Fox in 1929, one a short comedy, the other a feature-length production titled "New Year's Eve" starring Mary Astor. The films demonstrated Lehrman's difficulty adapting to directing with sound and he was dropped by Fox. Two years he made his final attempt at sound films and directing a comedy short for Universal Studios. Henry Lehrman died of a heart attack in Hollywood in 1946 and was interred in the Hollywood Memorial Park Cemetery next to Virginia Rappe, he was 60. Henry Lehrman on IMDb
Wished on Mabel
Wished on Mabel is a 1915 American silent comedy short or "one-reeler" filmed at Golden Gate Park in San Francisco and directed by Mabel Normand. The short co-stars Normand and Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle; this "farce comedy" begins with an older, well-dressed woman sitting down on a park bench with her daughter Mabel. With a magazine in hand, "Mama" proceeds to read to the bored young woman, whose spirits are lifted when nearby she sees her boyfriend "Fatty". Mabel motions to him to come sit with them. After sneaking a few quick kisses with Mabel, Fatty takes her away so they can spend time together, leaving Mama alone on the bench. Elsewhere, a strolling "Keystone Cop" encounters a man sleeping on another park bench; the policeman uses his nightstick and foot to chase away the loiterer, who promptly spies Mama sitting by herself. An experienced thief, he sidles up to her and uses a small pair of scissors to steal a ladies' pocket-style watch suspended from her neck by a long ribbon; the thief hastily departs with the watch.
Once Mama notices her timepiece is missing, she yells for help, which rouses the policeman, dozing on the same beach from which he had chased the thief. The officer runs to the distraught woman, feigns interest in her plight, but returns to the bench to resume his nap. Fatty and Mabel meanwhile are playing hide-and-seek along the park's lakeside and battling a bee that has landed on Mabel's nose. Not far away, the thief admires the pilfered watch and puts it in his trousers' pocket, which has a hole, for the watch exits the cuff of his trousers and drops to the ground; the crook ambles away, unaware of the loss of his ill-gotten gain. Fatty soon finds the watch; when she returns, he presents the watch as a gift. Elated, Mabel does not recognize the watch though Fatty pins it to the lapel of her dress using a small piece of Mama's ribbon still attached to the timepiece's top metal loop or "bow". While Fatty leaves to buy sweets at a concession stand, the passing thief notices Mabel wearing "his" watch after realizing he had lost it.
A struggle for the watch ensues. Fatty hears the ruckus and rushes to Mabel's aid as Mama arrives and sees her stolen property. Fatty and the thief frantically pass the watch back and forth to one another, each man disavowing any connection to it. Mama reclaims the watch, recognizes the thief, calls again for help; the snoozing officer, awakened by his angry police chief appears. The crook flees, he carries the unconscious thief off to jail. The film ends with Fatty putting his arms around Mama and Mabel and all three walking away together. Mabel Normand - Mabel Roscoe'Fatty' Arbuckle - Fatty Alice Davenport - Mabel's mother Joe Bordeaux - Thief Edgar Kennedy - Cop Glen Cavender - Pedestrian in park Ted Edwards - Man on bench Billy Gilbert - Police chief Directed by Mabel Normand, Wished on Mabel is one of no less than a staggering 188 shorts in which Normand performed from the beginning of 1911 through 1915; this breakneck pace in production amounted to her working in shorts that were organized rehearsed and edited on an average of one every 10 days for five straight years.
Wished on Mabel is among three one-reel shorts that Mabel Normand and Roscoe Arbuckle made with other Keystone cast and crew while on location in San Francisco and the Bay Area between March 25 and April 18, 1915. In addition to filming Wished on Mabel, Keystone personnel shot footage for Mabel and Fatty Viewing the World's Fair at San Francisco and for Mabel's Wilful Way, the latter being filmed in Oakland, across the bay from San Francisco. Several early features of Golden Gate Park can be seen in Wished on Mabel. One prominent structure in the film is Stone Bridge, which connects the park's south-side mainland to Strawberry Hill, an island in Stow Lake; the original bridge, completed in 1893, was reconstructed after it was damaged by a massive earthquake that struck San Francisco in 1906, just nine years prior to the filming of Wished on Mabel. Fatty Arbuckle filmography Wished on Mabel on IMDb Wished on Mabel is available for free download at the Internet Archive
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin was an English comic actor and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. He became a worldwide icon through his screen persona, "The Tramp", is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry, his career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death in 1977, encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin's childhood in London was one of poverty and hardship, as his father was absent and his mother struggled financially, he was sent to a workhouse twice before the age of nine; when he was 14, his mother was committed to a mental asylum. Chaplin began performing at an early age, touring music halls and working as a stage actor and comedian. At 19, he was signed to the prestigious Fred Karno company, he began appearing in 1914 for Keystone Studios. He soon formed a large fan base, he directed his own films and continued to hone his craft as he moved to the Essanay and First National corporations.
By 1918, he was one of the best-known figures in the world. In 1919, Chaplin co-founded the distribution company United Artists which gave him complete control over his films, his first feature-length film was The Kid, followed by A Woman of Paris, The Gold Rush, The Circus. He refused to move to sound films in the 1930s, instead producing City Lights and Modern Times without dialogue, he became political, his next film The Great Dictator satirized Adolf Hitler. The 1940s were a decade marked with controversy for Chaplin, his popularity declined rapidly, he was accused of communist sympathies, while he created scandal through his involvement in a paternity suit and his marriages to much younger women. An FBI investigation was opened, Chaplin was forced to leave the United States and settle in Switzerland, he abandoned the Tramp in his films, which include Monsieur Verdoux, Limelight, A King in New York, A Countess from Hong Kong. Chaplin wrote, produced, starred in, composed the music for most of his films.
He was a perfectionist, his financial independence enabled him to spend years on the development and production of a picture. His films are characterized by slapstick combined with pathos, typified in the Tramp's struggles against adversity. Many contain political themes, as well as autobiographical elements, he received an Honorary Academy Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century" in 1972, as part of a renewed appreciation for his work. He continues to be held in high regard, with The Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern Times, The Great Dictator ranked on lists of the greatest films of all time. Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on 16 April 1889 to Charles Chaplin Sr.. There is no official record of his birth, although Chaplin believed he was born at East Street, Walworth, in South London, his mother and father had married four years at which time Charles Sr. became the legal guardian of Hannah's illegitimate son, Sydney John Hill. At the time of his birth, Chaplin's parents were both music hall entertainers.
Hannah, the daughter of a shoemaker, had a brief and unsuccessful career under the stage name Lily Harley, while Charles Sr. a butcher's son, was a popular singer. Although they never divorced, Chaplin's parents were estranged by around 1891; the following year, Hannah gave birth to a third son – George Wheeler Dryden – fathered by the music hall entertainer Leo Dryden. The child was taken by Dryden at six months old, did not re-enter Chaplin's life for 30 years. Chaplin's childhood was fraught with poverty and hardship, making his eventual trajectory "the most dramatic of all the rags to riches stories told" according to his authorised biographer David Robinson. Chaplin's early years were spent with his mother and brother Sydney in the London district of Kennington; as the situation deteriorated, Chaplin was sent to Lambeth Workhouse. The council housed him at the Central London District School for paupers, which Chaplin remembered as "a forlorn existence", he was reunited with his mother 18 months before Hannah was forced to readmit her family to the workhouse in July 1898.
The boys were promptly sent to another institution for destitute children. In September 1898, Hannah was committed to Cane Hill mental asylum – she had developed a psychosis brought on by an infection of syphilis and malnutrition. For the two months she was there and his brother Sydney were sent to live with their father, whom the young boys scarcely knew. Charles Sr. was by a severe alcoholic, life there was bad enough to provoke a visit from the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Chaplin's father died two years at 38 years old, from cirrhosis of the liver. Hannah entered a period of remission but, in May 1903, became ill again. Chaplin 14, had the task of taking his mother to the infirmary, from where she was sent back to Cane Hill, he lived alone for several days, searching for food and sleeping rough, until Sydney – who had enrolled in the Navy two years earlier – returned. Hannah was released from the asylum eight months but in March 1905, her illness returned, this time permanently.
"There was nothing we could do but accept poor mother's fate", Chaplin wrote, a
Hollywood Cavalcade is a 1939 American film featuring Alice Faye as a young performer making her way in the early days of Hollywood, from slapstick silent pictures through the transition from silent to sound. Atypical for Faye's 20th Century Fox output, this has no musical numbers, the tone is more dramatic than comic; the first part of the film provides a fictionalized look at silent-era performers and their productions. In 1913, Director Michael Linnett Connors, chooses Broadway star Molly Adair to be in his next film. Molly, though in love with him ends up marrying Nicky Hayden. Connors misunderstands her and fires her, but with that his career declines with the beginning of the sound era. Hollywood Cavalcade on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Turner Classic Movies page
A police officer known as an officer, policewoman, cop/copper, police agent, or a police employee is a warranted law employee of a police force. In most countries, "police officer" is a generic term not specifying a particular rank. In some, the use of the rank "officer" is reserved for military personnel. Police officers are charged with the apprehension of criminals and the prevention and detection of crime and assistance of the general public, the maintenance of public order. Police officers may be sworn to an oath, have the power to arrest people and detain them for a limited time, along with other duties and powers; some officers are trained in special duties, such as counter-terrorism, child protection, VIP protection, civil law enforcement, investigation techniques into major crime including fraud, rape and drug trafficking. Although many police officers wear a corresponding uniform, some police officers are plain-clothed in order to dissimulate as ordinary. In most countries police officers are given exemptions from certain laws to perform their duties.
For example an officer may use force if necessary to arrest or detain a person when it would ordinarily be assault. Officers can break road rules to perform their duties; the word police comes from the Greek politeia meaning government, which came to mean its civil administration. Police officers are those empowered by government to enforce the laws. In The Federalist Papers, James Madison wrote "If men were pure, no government would be necessary."These words apply to those who serve government, including police. The more general term for the function is peace officer. A sheriff is the top police officer of a county, with that word coming from the person enforcing law over a shire. A person, deputized to serve the function of the sheriff is referred to as the deputy. A common nickname for a police officer is cop; the term copper is used in Britain to mean "someone who captures". The common myth is that it's a term referring to the police officer's buttons which are made of copper; the term County Mountie is used in reference to county police officers or county sheriff's deputies in the United States.
As with Canadian Mounties, the term mountie comes from police. Responsibilities of a police officer are varied, may differ from within one political context to another. Typical duties relate to keeping the peace, law enforcement, protection of people and property and the investigation of crimes. Officers are expected to respond to a variety of situations. Rules and guidelines dictate how an officer should behave within the community, in many contexts, restrictions are placed on what the uniformed officer wears. In some countries and procedures dictate that a police officer is obliged to intervene in a criminal incident if they are off-duty. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers while off duty. In the majority of Western legal systems, the major role of the police is to maintain order, keeping the peace through surveillance of the public, the subsequent reporting and apprehension of suspected violators of the law, they function to discourage crimes through high-visibility policing, most police forces have an investigative capability.
Police have the legal authority to arrest and detain granted by magistrates. Police officers respond to emergency calls, along with routine community policing. Police are used as an emergency service and may provide a public safety function at large gatherings, as well as in emergencies, disasters and rescue situations, road traffic collisions. To provide a prompt response in emergencies, the police coordinate their operations with fire and emergency medical services. In some countries, individuals serve jointly as police officers as well as firefighters. In many countries, there is a common emergency service number that allows the police, firefighters, or medical services to be summoned to an emergency; some countries, such as the United Kingdom have outlined command procedures, for the use in major emergencies or disorder. The Gold Silver Bronze command structure is a system set up to improve communications between ground-based officers and the control room Bronze Commander would be a senior officer on the ground, coordinating the efforts in the center of the emergency, Silver Commanders would be positioned in an'Incident Control Room' erected to improve better communications at the scene, a Gold Commander who would be in the Control Room.
Police are responsible for reprimanding minor offenders by issuing citations which may result in the imposition of fines for violations of traffic law. Traffic enforcement is and accomplished by police officers on motorcycles—called motor officers, these officers refer to the motorcycles they ride on duty as motors. Police are trained to assist persons in distress, such as motorists whose car has broken down and people experiencing a medical emergency. Police are trained in basic first aid such as CPR; some park rangers are commissioned as law enforcement officers and carry out a law-enforcement role within national parks and other back-country wilderness and recreational areas, whereas Military police perform law enforcement functions within the military. In most countries, candidates for the police force