From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A Khanate or Khaganate is a political entity ruled by a Khan or Khagan. This political entity is typical for people from the Eurasian Steppe and it can be equivalent to tribal chiefdom, principality, kingdom or even empire.

Mongol khanates (or khaganates)[edit]

After Genghis Khan established appanages for his family in the Mongol Empire during his rule (1206-1227),[1] his sons, daughters,[2] and grandsons inherited separate sections of the empire. The Mongol Empire and Mongolian khanates emerging from those appanages[3] are listed below. Furthermore, the proto-Mongols also established some khanates (or khaganates) such as the Rouran Khaganate.

The Oirats established the following khanates in the 17th century:

Turkic khanates[edit]

Central Asian Turkic khanates[edit]

18th to early 19th century Khanates of the Caucasus in the Qajar Empire[edit]

Other khanates[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Peter Jackson 2000, p. 12
  2. ^ Jack Weatherford - The Secret History of the Mongol Queens: How the Daughters of Genghis Khan Rescued His Empire, Crown Publishing Group, 2011
  3. ^ Thomas T. Allsen, "Sharing Out the Empire: Apportioned Lands under the Mongols", in Nomads in the Sedentary World, ed. Anatoly M. Khuzanov and André Wink (Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press, 2001): 172–190